Herptology key (corrected) Station I siren Write the scientific name of this specimen

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HERPTOLOGY KEY (corrected)
Station I siren
1. Write the scientific name of this specimen (siren lacertian)
2. To which order do these belong? Caudata
3. The most distinguishing feature of this family of amphibians is

a. external gills

b. presence of costal grooves

c. absence of hind limbs

d. rounded tail

4. All members of this class have

a. a two chambered heart

b. a three chambered heart

c. a four chambered heart

Station II (Marbled salamander)
5. The name of the family of this specimen is

a. Cryptobranchidae

b. Ambystomatidae

c. Salamandridae

d. Plethodontidae
6. This species lays its eggs

a. on land

b. in water

7. Members of this family have

a. four toes on each front foot and five toes on each back foot

b. four toes on each foot

c. five distinct toes on each foot

d. four webbed toes on each foot

8. Members of this class

a. have claws

b. have no claws

c. only have claws on the back feet

d. only have claws on the front feet

Station III (Eastern spadefoot)
9. The family of this specimen is _________________ pelobatidae
10. This family of toads has a distinguishing feature on its hind feet called _______ spade
11. With the feature from #10 above, this animal

a. mates

b. digs

c. captures prey

d. swims
12. This specimen is

a. nocturnal

b. diurnal

c. both nocturnal and diurnal
13. A distinguishing feature of these toads is

a. a vertical contracted pupil

b. feet that are not webbed

c. smooth and warty skin

d. large tongue

14. Which feature of this class of animals makes it particularly vulnerable to pollutants?

a. large eyes

b. tongue attached in the front of the mouth

c. disappearing habitat

d. highly permeable skin

Station IV mudpuppy
15. To which family does this specimen belong? Proteidae
16. A unique feature of this animal is its retention of a larval feature as an adult. Name this noticeable feature__________ exterior gills
17. Does this animal feed at night or during the day? night
18. Where the water is less pure and oxygenated, these animals have

a. thinner skin

b. more porous skin

c. shorter external gills

d. they don’t live in muddy water

Station V alligator
19. To which order and family does this specimen belong? Crocodylia alligatoridae

20. How is this animal recognized and distinguished from the other family of large scaled animals in this order? Shape of snout is broader

21. How does this animal, by its common habits, assist the ecology of its environment during times of drought? Digs deep holes that fill with water.

22. What are the two main activities of humans that have greatly reduced the numbers of these animals in many areas? Poaching/overharvesting and destruction of habitat

Station VI snapping turtle
23. To which family does this specimen belong? Chelydridae
24. The common name of this animal describes what unique feature?

a. strong scent

b. shell shape and color

c. favorite habitat

d. powerful jaws

25. What is the temperament of the members of this family?

a. reticent and shy

b. aggressive

c. communal cooperation

d. herd-like

Station VII tree frog/peeper
26. What is the genus and common name of this cute little frog? Hyla /peeper/treefrog
27. What is the name of the larval form of the members of this order? tadpole
28. Is the vocal sac of the males of this genus double or single? single
29. What is a major difference between frogs and toads?

a. egg mass type

b. length of tadpole development

c. mating

d. skin

Station VIII scarlet milk snake
30. To which genus does this animal belong? lampropeltis
31. In which way does it kill its prey?

a. rapid strike

b. constriction

c. venom

d. combination of rapid strike, constriction, and venom
32. How are its young born?

a. water birth

b. eggs

c. live birth

33. What is the adult length of this snake?

a. 10-14 inches

b. 15-22 inches

c. 23-27 inches

d. 28-38 inches

Station IX copperhead
34. To which family belong? viperidae
35. To which genus does this animal belong? agkistrodon
36. How are its young born?

a. live birth

b. eggs
37. In what way does this snake kill its prey?

a. venom

b. constriction

c. stare down
Station X green iguana
38. Name the genus and species of this creature—iguanidae iguana
38. This creature has a special organ for vision called the

a. compound eye

b. perietal eye

c. spinal eye

d. dewlap eye
39. This animal is considered a/an

a. omnivore

b. herbivore

c. carnivore

40. Threats to this animal are

a. loss of habitat

b. selling as pets

c. both a and b
41. Iguana reproduction includes

a. live birth of offspring

b. laying of many eggs that are tended through hatching and early life

c. laying eggs and leave them unattended

d. are tended by the female only until they hatch

Station XI skink (neoseps)
42. To which family does it belong? Scincidae
43. Name a distinguishing feature of this animal’s feet.

a. It has no front feet.

b. It has only one toe on its front feet

c. It has three toes on its back feet

d. Both b and c are true

44. The habitat of this animal is

a. forest /woodland

b. damp swampy marshy areas

c. scrub, sand, xeric areas

d. grasslands with streams

45. The primary diet of this animal is

a. mice and other small rodents

b. vegetation, especially roots

c. insects and arachnids

d. fish and crustaceans

46. This animal is primarily found in which of the United States __________ Florida

47. The greatest threat to this animal's survival is

a. drought

b. flooding

c. over collecting for pet stores

d. overdevelopment in native habitat

Station XII soft shelled turtle
48. The family of this animal is ____________ trionychidae
49. It is able to stay under water for long periods of time partly because
a. it absorbs oxygen through the skin

b. it has two sets of lungs

c. it is very muscular

d. it doesn’t really dive that far

50. A major threat to the survival of this species is
a. it lacks camoflage

b. it’s high on the food chain

c. it has a soft shell

d. turtle is a food delicacy
Station 1


Station 2


Station 3


Station 4


Station 5


Station 6


Station 7


Station 8

Station 9


Station 10


Station 11


Station 12


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