Guide to the very best plants for a range of conditions




Дата канвертавання25.04.2016
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The Ultimate Garden Plants

Andrew Humphris

wellies@tiscali.co.uk
The Aim
To provide a simple guide to the very best plants for a range of conditions.
The reasons
The number and variety of plants available can be bewildering even to experienced gardeners. Over the years of growing plants we have found that some are exceptional, either for length of flowering or for having more than one season of interest and some are generally trouble free. This guide aims to bring all of these plants together so that any one can create a stunning display in their garden that will last for the longest possible time.
The Criteria for Plant Selection
1) Generally disease free and pest resistant
2) At least two seasons of interest or

a) An exceptionally long flowering season i.e. 2months or more

b) Will repeat flower once cut back
3) Generally easy to maintain and hardy

Here are a few things to consider when choosing plants
To ensure the greatest possible success for the plants you choose it will help if you answer the following three questions about the conditions in your garden.
1)Is your soil
Acid Neutral Alkaline
You can get a soil testing kit from your local garden centre if you want to know exactly what your soil is. It is known as a ph testing kit, 3 is very acid, 7 is neutral and 10 is very alkaline.

Where as many alkaline plants will grow on acid soils, very few acid lovers will grow on alkaline soils. If you have Rhododendrons and Azaleas growing in your area you are almost certainly on an acid soil.


2)Is your soil type


Heavy Good soil Sandy
A fork around in your soil will establish the type of conditions you have. Whether your soil holds moisture easily or is free draining can be crucial to a plants success.
3)Are your growing conditions
Shady Semi Shade Full Sun
In most gardens there are a variety of these conditions and there are many plants to suit each.
If you have selected a plant from the list below remember to check whether it is suitable for where you want to put it, taking into consideration the above, and the ultimate height and width of the plant.

Below are the categories of plants to choose from.


  • Medium tree – up to 30ft tall

  • Small tree – up to 20ft tall

  • Large shrub – up to 15ft tall

  • Medium shrub – up to 8ft tall

  • Small shrub – below 6ft tall

  • Perennials

  • Climbers

  • Grasses

  • Ferns

  • Bulbs

  • Tender perennials

The sizes above are maximums, many plants in the list will be smaller than this.




Medium Sized Trees

  1. Cornus kousa var. chinensis

  2. Fraxinus ornus

  3. Magnolia sieboldii

  4. Prunus avium Plena

  5. Prunus sargentii

  6. Prunus padus plena

  7. Betula papyrifera

  8. Betula utilis var. jacquemontii


Small Trees

1)Cornus kousa ‘ Bodnant’ or ‘ Satomi’

2) Sorbus vilmorinii , ‘Winter Cheer’, Eastern Promise’or ‘Chinese Lace’

3) Malus ‘ Charlottiae’or ‘Red Sentinel’

4) Crataegus pinnatifida Major or prunifolia

5) Acer griseum

6) Arbutus unedo rubra

7) Acer japonicum ‘aconitifolium’

8) Acer hersii

9) Prunus x hillerii ‘Spire’ or ‘Pandora’



10) Prunus incisa Praecox

Large Shrub

  1. Amelanchier lamarkii

  2. Staphyllea ‘Hessei’

  3. Vibunum plicatum tomentosum

  4. Viburnum opulus & ‘sterile’ or ‘roseum’

  5. Viburnum x burkwoodii ‘ Park Farm Hybrid’ or carlesii aurora

  6. Rhododendron luteum

  7. Buddleja ‘Dartmoor’

  8. Rosa moyesii ‘Geranium’

  9. Rosa rugosa & ‘Rosarie de l’hay’

10)Sinocalycanthus x raulstonii ‘Hartlage Wine’

Medium Shrub

  1. Cotoneaster conspicuous ‘Red Pearl’

  2. Hydrangea paniculata ‘Pinky Winky’ or ‘Phantom’

  3. Hypericum kouytchense

  4. Hydrangea quercifolia ‘Snowqueen’

  5. Colutea arborescens

  6. Daphne bholua ‘Jacqueline Postill’

  7. Vaccinium corymbosum

  8. Berberis darwinii

  9. Berberis thunbergii atropurpurea

10)Rosa ‘Frensham’or ‘Lady Emma Hamilton’

Small Shrubs

  1. Fuchsia magellanica ‘Mrs Popple’ or var. gracilis variegata

  2. Coronilla glauca citrina

  3. Salvia microphylla ‘Pink Blush’ or ‘Cerro Potosi’

  4. Potentilla ‘Abbotswood’

  5. Prostanthera cuneata

  6. Skimmia japonica ‘Rubella’ or ‘Kew Green’

  7. Viburnum tinus ‘Eve Price’

  8. Phlomis fruticosa

  9. Rosa ‘Ballerina’

  1. )Daphne tangutica


Perennials

  1. Aster frikartii ‘Monch’

  2. Helenium ‘Sahin’s early Flowerer’

  3. Salvia nemerosa ‘Caradonna’

  4. Astrantia major ‘Gill Richardson’

  5. Geranium ‘Anne Thompson’ or ‘Rozanne’

  6. Helleborous orientalis

  7. Knautia macedonica

  8. Nepeta ‘Six Hills Giant’

  9. Brunnera macrophylla ‘Jack Frost’

10)Veronicastrum virginicum album

Tender or short-lived perennials

  1. Salvia involucrata bethellii or ‘Amistad’

  2. Verbena bonariensis

  3. Verbena rigida

  4. Erysimum ‘Apricot Delight’ or ‘Bowles mauve’

  5. Cuphea ignea

  6. Diascia personata

  7. Gaura ‘Siskyou pink’

  8. Agastache ‘Black Adder’

  9. Convolvulus cneorum or sabatius

10)Isoplexis canariensis
Climbers

  1. Rosa ‘Blush Noisette’

  2. Rosa ‘Parkdirektor Riggers’

  3. Passiflora caerulea

  4. Solanum jasminoides Album

  5. Clematis ‘Bill Mckenzie’

  6. Clematis ‘Etoile Violette’

  7. Clematis koreana ‘Brunette’

  8. Lonicera ‘Serotina’or ‘Graham Thomas’

  9. Schizophragma integrifolium

Bulbs

  1. Galanthus elwesii or nivalis ‘Sam Arnott’

  2. Schizostylus coccinea vars

  3. Galtonia candicans

  4. Narcissus poeticus

  5. Cyclamen hederifolium & coum

  6. Muscari latifolium

  7. Scilla sibirica

  8. Lilium tigrinum

  9. Erythronium ‘Pagoda’



Ferns

  1. Adiantum aleuticum japonicum

  2. Asplenium scolopendrium crispum

  3. Athyrium nipponicum pictum

  4. Dryopteris erythrosora

  5. Dryopteris wallichiana

  6. Polystichum aculeatum

  7. Polystichum polyblepharum

Grasses

  1. Stipa gigantea

  2. Stipa arundinacea

  3. Carex elata aurea

  4. Hakenochloa macra aureola

  5. Molinia caerulea ‘Transparent’or ‘Skyracer’

  6. Calamagrostis brachytricha

  7. Calamagrostis x acutiflora ‘Karl Foerster’

  8. Cortaderia selloana ‘Pumila’

  9. Miscanthus sinensis ‘Silberfeder’ & ‘Morning Light’


Plants for dry shade
Perennials

Bergenia ‘Rosi Klose’

Brunnera macrophylla ‘Jack Frost’

Dicentra ‘Bachanal’

Epimedium alpinum

Epimedium x perralchium ‘Frohleiton

Epimedium pinnatum subsp colchicum

Epimedium x rubrum

Epimedium x warleyense ‘Orangekonigen’

Euphorbia amygdaloides ‘Robbiae’

Geranium nodosum

Geranium macrorhizum ‘Ingwersons variety’ & ‘Mt Olympus’

Iris foetidissima

Lamium orvala

Lamium maculatum ‘White Nancy’
Bulbs

Arum italicum ‘Pictum’

Cyclamen hederifolium

Muscari armeniaicum

Muscari latifolium

Ornithogalum umbellatum

Scilla sibirica ‘Spring Beauty’
Ferns

Asplenium scolopendrium and varieties

Dryopteris affinis

Dryopteris erythrosora

Polystichum aculeatum
Others

Hedera helix and varieties

Aucuba japonica ‘Crotonifolia’

Ruscus aculeatus



Hardy and most reliable salvias
atrocyanea

concolor


guaranitica and the varieties ‘Blue Enigma’ and ‘Argentine Skies’

meyeri


uliginosa
Shrubby Varieties

gregii ‘Stormy Pink’

microphylla ‘Cerro Potosi’

‘Pleasant View’

‘Wild Watermelon’

‘Rodbaston Red’

x jamensis ‘Sila’s Dyson’

‘Los Lirios’

‘Joan’

‘Purple Queen’



‘Wendy’s Surprise’

‘Icing Sugar’

‘Penny’s Smile’

officianalis varieties

lavandulaefolia

candelabrum


Perennials

nemerosa and varieties

x sylvestris and varieties

verticillata and varieties



hians

przewalskii



pratensis


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