Glossary of terms used in Module 6

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ICT for Library and Information Professionals: A Training Package for Developing Countries

Glossary of terms used in Module 6

  • Access. Refers to the ability of the user to connect to a database, or Internet service.

  • Accessibility. Guidelines for designing web contents accessible to people with disabilities and more available to all users whatever software, hardware and platform they are using to access the Web and for making it easier to find information on the Web.

  • Anchor. Text and graphical elements embedded with hyperlinks and other objects users click on to jump to a web document pointed by the browser.

  • Applications software. A program that is designed to perform a specific task.

  • ASCII. The encoding system called American Standard Code for Information Interchange

  • Backup. Pertains to a procedure or device to make a duplicate of a system or data for future use in the event of loss from the server or hard disk due to various factors

  • Client - Computers that requests information on a web server.

  • Client / server - The computing architecture that designates computers as servers or clients dividing the workload.

  • Content. Textual, graphic elements, and other information in several media types that comprises a web page.

  • Design. Overall style, structure, and presentation of a web page.

  • Domain name. The familiar name of the computer hosting the web site of an individual or organization that correspond to a series of numbers (IP address) that serve as routing addresses on the Internet.

  • Domain Name System (DNS). An Internet service that translates domain names into IP addresses.

  • DNS Servers. Servers on the Internet that acts as Internet Directory transforming domain names into IP addresses. Points to the location of a web host by providing their IP address transformed from their domain names.

  • Domain Name Registrars. Companies accredited by ICANN (The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) that offers registration services for the domain names of organizations and individuals.

  • Electronic mail. A communications tool used to send messages to and from computers. Also called e-mail.

  • End user. Same as user. The individual providing input or using output from the computer.

  • FTP. File Transfer protocol. Refers to the protocol and the program used to transfer files from one computer to another.

  • Graphics. Images, Icons, and other graphical elements found on a web page.

  • Home page. The main page of a Web site that typically serve as an index or table of contents to other web pages.

  • Hyperlinks. The embedded hypertext links that points to other web pages and other related resources.

  • Hypertext. Presents and relates information in a non-linear and non-hierarchical organization allowing the user to view related information through a system of hypertext links (hyperlinks).

  • HyperText Markup Language (HTML). The standard language used to create web pages. Markup language that uses tags and attributes that web browsers interpret to display web pages on the screen.

  • HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP). The underlying protocol behind the World Wide Web.

  • ICANN. The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is the non-profit corporation that was formed to assume responsibility for the IP address space allocation, protocol parameter assignment, domain name system management, and root server system management functions previously performed under U.S. Government contract by IANA and other entities

  • Icons. Pictographs that are used in a Windows environment to indicate operations such as copy, save, delete, etc.

  • Information. The output of information processing. Useful data

  • Information system. Generally a computer based system for storing and retrieving data and information.

  • Intellectual property rights. Recognized legal claim to ownership of recorded or manifested ideas.

  • Interactive. Pertaining to online where there is immediate interaction between user and the computer.

  • InterNIC. The Internet's Network Information Center has been established to provide the public information regarding Internet domain name registration services.

  • Internet. A global network of computers communicating under one set of guidelines formally called the TCP/IP.

  • Intranet. An internal network belonging to an organization that uses TCP/IP with access limited only to members of the organization.

  • IP address. A series of numbers called Internet Protocol numbers that serve as routing addresses on the Internet used to locate and communicate information on the Internet.

  • Navigation. The system used to explore and view the set of information and related information on a web site.

  • Netiquette. The accepted behavior online on the Net.

  • Program. A set of instructions for the computer to perform a particular function. Also called software.

  • Protocols. The set of rules and standards computers used to communicate with each other.

  • Site structure. The overall layout of the web site, the connection and relationship of web documents on a web site.

  • Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP). The protocol used for sending and receiving electronic mail.

  • Text editor. Applications programs used to edit ASCII files like Notepad.

  • Top-level domains. Limited number of predefined suffixes attached to Internet domain names. Some of these are: .com, .net, .org, .edu, and .mil.

  • Uniform Resource Locator (URL). Is the uniform naming scheme that specifies unique addresses for web servers, documents and other resources, no matter what its access protocol.

  • Upload. The process of transferring files from a client computer to a server through the Internet.

  • User friendly. Used to describe a user interface that enables the inexperienced user to interact successfully with the computer

  • Web browser. Application software used to search and display web pages. The client software used to access the Web.

  • Web host. The machine that hosts web sites and applications programs needed to serve documents on the Internet. See web server

  • Web page. An electronic document on the World Wide Web formatted using HTML and displayed using a web browser.

  • Web server. The computer running application software that listens and respond to a client computer's request made through a web browser.

  • Web site. A collection of related web pages of a certain individual, group, or organization connected through a system of hyperlinks, hosted in a particular domain.

  • World Wide Web. A global hypertext information system that serve as a way to access and provide information in various media via the Internet.

Module 6: Web Page Concept and Design

Glossary: Page of

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