General assembly thirty-eighth regular session




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FOLLOW-UP TO THE SPECIAL CONFERENCE ON SECURITY



(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 3, 2008)

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,


HAVING SEEN the Annual Report of the Permanent Council to the General Assembly (AG/doc.4820/08), in particular the section on the matters entrusted to the Committee on Hemispheric Security;
RECALLING the decisions of the Second Summit of the Americas (Santiago, 1998), the Third Summit of the Americas (Quebec City, 2001), the Special Conference on Security (Mexico City, 2003), the Special Summit of the Americas (Monterrey, Mexico, 2004), and the Fourth Summit of the Americas (Mar del Plata, Argentina, 2005), as well as the mandates issued in General Assembly resolutions related to the Special Conference on Security, especially resolution AG/RES. 2274 (XXXVII-O/07), “Follow-up to the Special Conference on Security”; and the Hemispheric Plan of Action against Transnational Organized Crime, adopted by the Permanent Council [CP/RES. 908 (1567/06)];
RECALLING ALSO that the Declaration on Security in the Americas establishes that “[o]ur new concept of security in the Hemisphere is multidimensional in scope, includes traditional and new threats, concerns, and other challenges to the security of the states of the Hemisphere, incorporates the priorities of each state, contributes to the consolidation of peace, integral development, and social justice, and is based on democratic values, respect for and promotion and defense of human rights, solidarity, cooperation, and respect for national sovereignty”;
REAFFIRMING the commitment to revitalize and strengthen the organs, institutions, and mechanisms of the inter-American system related to the various aspects of hemispheric security, to achieve greater coordination and cooperation among them, within their areas of competence, in order to improve the ability of the states of the Americas to meet the traditional threats, as well as the new threats, concerns, and other challenges to hemispheric security;
RECALLING that, in 2006, the General Assembly established the Inter-American Defense Board (IADB) as an entity of the Organization, in fulfillment of paragraph 49 of the Declaration on Security in the Americas, and adopted the Statutes of the IADB, which, inter alia, define its legal and institutional relationship with the Organization of American States (OAS);
UNDERSCORING the Second Conference of States Party to the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), held in Mexico City on February 20 and 21, 2008, at which the states parties adopted the Tlatelolco Commitment, which will help combat new threats in accordance with the Declaration on Security in the Americas; and
WELCOMING WITH SATISFACTION the measures and actions undertaken by the organs, agencies, and entities of the OAS in order to implement the Declaration on Security in the Americas, which were presented at the meeting of the Committee on Hemispheric Security on preparations for the commemoration of the fifth anniversary of the Declaration on Security in the Americas, held in Washington, D.C., on February 25, 2008, as well as the work carried out by the Secretariat for Multidimensional Security to follow up on the Special Conference on Security,
RESOLVES:


  1. To urge all member states to continue implementing the Declaration on Security in the Americas, with a view to consolidating peace, stability, and security in the Hemisphere.




  1. To request the Permanent Council to continue, through the Committee on Hemispheric Security:




    1. Coordinating cooperation among the organs, agencies, entities, and mechanisms of the Organization of American States (OAS) related to the various aspects of security and defense in the Hemisphere, respecting the mandates and areas of competence of each, in order to achieve the application, evaluation, and follow-up of the Declaration on Security in the Americas;




    1. Maintaining the necessary liaison with other institutions and mechanisms, whether subregional, regional, or international, related to the various aspects of security and defense in the Hemisphere, respecting the mandates and areas of competence of each, in order to achieve the application, evaluation, and follow-up of the Declaration;




    1. Requesting, with the periodicity deemed appropriate, reports on measures and action related to implementation of the Declaration from the following inter-American and international bodies:




  1. OAS organs, agencies, entities, and mechanisms related to the various aspects of security and defense in the Hemisphere; and

  2. Other subregional, regional, and international institutions and mechanisms related to the various aspects of security and defense in the Hemisphere;




    1. Conducting an ongoing assessment of the progress achieved in the implementation of the Declaration at the national, subregional, regional, and international levels, taking into account the particular circumstances of each subregion and state, with the participation of the organs, agencies, entities, and mechanisms of the OAS, relevant international and subregional organizations, and, when appropriate, civil society, to be reflected in the annual report of the Permanent Council to the General Assembly;




    1. Preparing, in coordination with the Secretariat for Multidimensional Security and with relevant organs, agencies, and entities of the OAS, including among others the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD), the Inter-American Committee against Terrorism (CICTE), and the Consultative Committee of the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), coordinated strategies and integrated action plans related to the new threats, concerns, and other challenges to hemispheric security, in accordance with the Declaration on Security in the Americas;




    1. Considering in its work plans and, when appropriate, in developing coordinated strategies and integrated action plans, the recommendations formulated by specialized meetings and conferences of the inter-American system related to the subject of security in the Hemisphere; and




    1. Considering in its work related to the new threats, concerns, and other challenges to hemispheric security, the contributions and cooperation of civil society in this area, where appropriate.

3. To request the Permanent Council to convene, through the Committee on Hemispheric Security, any meetings it deems necessary to enable the member states to coordinate preparations for the commemoration of the fifth anniversary of the Declaration on Security in the Americas, to be held in Mexico in the last quarter of 2008.


4. To request the Permanent Council to convene, through the Committee on Hemispheric Security, a meeting in the last quarter of 2009 to analyze progress made in implementing the Declaration on Security in the Americas by the member states and by the organs, agencies, entities, and mechanisms of the OAS, and to examine the outcomes of the commemoration of the fifth anniversary of the Declaration and build upon lessons learned regarding strengthening its implementation.
5. To request the Permanent Council to report to the General Assembly at its thirty-ninth regular session on the implementation of this resolution, the execution of which shall be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.

AG/RES. 2358 (XXXVIII-O/08)


SUPPORT FOR IMPLEMENTATION AT THE HEMISPHERIC LEVEL OF
UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTION 1540 (2004)
(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 3, 2008)

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,


RECALLING the commitments set forth in resolutions AG/RES. 2333 (XXXVII-O/07) and AG/RES. 2107 (XXXV-O/05), in which member states were urged to fulfill their obligations under United Nations Security Council resolution 1540 (2004) to take and enforce without delay effective measures to establish domestic controls to prevent the proliferation of nuclear, chemical, or biological weapons and their means of delivery, and in which states in a position to do so were encouraged to offer assistance in response to specific requests;
REAFFIRMING the rules and principles of international law embodied in the Charter of the United Nations and the Charter of the Organization of American States (OAS), among other instruments;
BEARING IN MIND United Nations Security Council resolutions 1673 (2006) and 1810 (2008) and the report of the committee established under Security Council resolution 1540 (2004) (the 1540 Committee), of April 2006, in which, inter alia, states were invited to provide information on efforts under way to implement resolution 1540 (2004), including planning for measures still pending, in order to achieve full implementation of that resolution;
RECOGNIZING the exchange of views that took place at the meeting of the Committee on Hemispheric Security (CSH) on support for implementation at the hemispheric level of United Nations Security Council resolution 1540 (2004), held on January 31, 2008, in compliance with a mandate issued in resolution AG/RES. 2333 (XXXVII-O/07);
REAFFIRMING member states’ commitment to arms control, disarmament, and the nonproliferation of all weapons of mass destruction, and to the principles and norms of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on Their Destruction (Chemical Weapons Convention), the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on Their Destruction (Biological Weapons Convention), and the 1925 Geneva Protocol to the 1907 Hague Convention;
RECOGNIZING the importance of calling upon member states to work jointly to achieve nonproliferation and disarmament objectives leading to the elimination of all kinds of weapons of mass destruction, so that they do not fall into the hands of non-state actors, and as a guarantee of stronger international peace and security;
REAFFIRMING the necessity that all member states fulfill their obligations with respect to arms control and disarmament and avoid all forms of proliferation of all weapons of mass destruction;

NOTING that the aforementioned meeting of the CSH once again pointed out the role that regional organizations like the OAS could play in promoting the discussion of experiences, disseminating best practices, and helping the states to present more and better reports in compliance with resolution 1540 (2004);


RECALLING that, according to the Statement by the President of the United Nations Security Council of February 23, 2007, said Council is mindful of the need to further explore, with international, regional, and subregional organizations, experience-sharing and lessons learned in the areas covered by resolution 1540 (2004), and the availability of programs which might facilitate implementation of that resolution;
STRESSING the usefulness of promoting the implementation of resolution 1540 (2004) by way of national, subregional, regional, and international seminars, such as those held in Guatemala City in July 2005, in Buenos Aires in September 2005, in Lima in November 2006, in Jamaica in July 2007, and in Mexico City in February 2008, as well as the workshop on nonproliferation controls held at United Nations headquarters in New York in March 2007, which was cosponsored by Chile, all of which demonstrate the commitment of the countries of the Hemisphere to monitor and promote full compliance with the mandates contained in the aforementioned United Nations Security Council resolution; and
STRESSING ALSO the OAS workshop on the implementation of United Nations Security Council resolution 1540 (2004), held in Buenos Aires on May 13 and 14, 2008, in compliance with resolution AG/RES. 2333 (XXXVII-O/07),
RESOLVES:


  1. To reiterate that, pursuant to resolution 1540 (2004) of the United Nations Security Council, all states shall refrain from providing any form of support to non-state actors that attempt to develop, acquire, manufacture, possess, transport, transfer, or use nuclear, chemical, or biological weapons and their means of delivery; and that none of the obligations set forth in said resolution shall be interpreted so as to conflict with or alter the rights and obligations of states parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on Their Destruction (Chemical Weapons Convention), and the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on Their Destruction (Biological Weapons Convention), or alter the responsibilities of the International Atomic Energy Agency or the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons.




  1. To urge member states to provide additional information to the 1540 Committee on efforts under way to implement resolution 1540 (2004), including road maps or action plans, as recommended by the 1540 Committee’s report of April 2006.




  1. To note with satisfaction the workshop of the Organization of American States (OAS) on the implementation of United Nations Security Council resolution 1540 (2004), held in Buenos Aires on May 13 and 14, 2008, in compliance with resolution AG/RES. 2333 (XXXVII-O/07), which constituted a new hemispheric contribution to the implementation of the aforementioned Security Council resolution.




  1. To keep this topic on the agenda of the Committee on Hemispheric Security and to foster increased information-sharing, including with other international, regional, and subregional organizations, on the implementation of resolution 1540 (2004), thus contributing to the efforts of the United Nations.




  1. To request that the Permanent Council, through the Committee on Hemispheric Security, support the member states in their implementation of resolution 1540 (2004) by holding a meeting for, inter alia, discussing lessons learned and experience gained, identifying specific areas and projects in which assistance is needed, and setting priorities from a hemispheric perspective, as well as receiving the recommendations and conclusions of the aforementioned OAS workshop.




  1. To request the Permanent Council to report to the General Assembly at its thirty-ninth and fortieth regular sessions on the implementation of this resolution, the execution of which shall be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.

AG/RES. 2359 (XXXVIII-O/08)



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