General assembly thirty-eighth regular session




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BEARING IN MIND:
The reports submitted by the Executive Secretariat for Integral Development (SEDI) to the Inter-American Council for Integral Development (CIDI) and to the Permanent Council on the design and execution of the Inter-American Program on Education for Democratic Values and Practices, in accordance with resolution AG/RES. 2320 (XXXVII-O/07);
The development of the various OAS initiatives aimed at young people, among them the Model OAS General Assembly for university students;
The launching of the Young Researchers Program designed to incorporate them into the activities of the Inter-American Program; the use of distance-learning materials for teachers on the Inter-American Democratic Charter in the National Program for Continuing Education and Training, 2008-2011, of the Ministry of Education of Peru; and the holding of the Second International Summit on Conflict Resolution Education: Youth and Conflict - Global Challenges, Local Strategies, held in Cleveland, Ohio, United States of America, in March 2008; and
That the substantive theme of the thirty-eighth regular session of the OAS General Assembly is “Youth and Democratic Values,” which points to the importance of promoting opportunities for youth to participate in a meaningful way in political, economic, and cultural affairs,
RESOLVES:


  1. To underscore the importance of the Inter-American Program on Education for Democratic Values and Practices, which will help generate and provide information to strengthen democratic culture through formal and nonformal education, and promote active and genuine participation by young people in the decisions that affect them.




  1. To acknowledge the progress made in implementing the Program, including the launching of the Inter-American Journal of Education for Democracy and the Report on Civic Education Policies in member countries, presented during the Fifth Meeting of Ministers of Education within the Framework of CIDI, held from November 14 to 16, 2007, in Cartagena de Indias, Colombia.

3. To request the Advisory Board of the Program, within its possibilities, to incorporate youth perspectives into the development of the Inter-American Program on Education for Democratic Values and Practices, in order to issue recommendations for permanent means of consultation with young people on the topics of democratic values and practices and on fostering youth participation in public policy management.


4. To instruct the General Secretariat to continue carrying out activities under the Program that can help achieve its purpose, such as the project on strengthening democratic values and practices for sustaining and strengthening democracy in Peru and Latin America, to be implemented in Peru and Colombia from 2008 to 2010; the course on democratic citizenship in the Caribbean a distance education course for educators now under way in the English-speaking Caribbean; and the design and execution of a course on evaluating civic education policies and programs, among others.
5. To request the General Secretariat to continue, through the Executive Secretariat for Integral Development (SEDI) and the Secretariat for Political Affairs, supporting the Permanent Council, the Inter-American Council for Integral Development (CIDI), and the member states in the ongoing design and implementation of the Inter-American Program on Education for Democratic Values and Practices, and to report thereon on a regular basis to CIDI and the Permanent Council.
6. To instruct the Inter-American Committee on Education (CIE) to follow up on implementation of the Inter-American Program on Education for Democratic Values and Practices, in collaboration with the Secretariat for Political Affairs and other pertinent bodies of the inter-American system.
7. To reaffirm support for the efforts of member states in the area of literacy training, taking into account the close link between these efforts and the Program’s objectives.
8. To thank those member states those have contributed financial, logistical, and human resources for the Program’s activities.
9. To invite member states and permanent observers, as well as individuals and national or international organizations, whether public or private, that wish to do so to make voluntary contributions to support the development and implementation of the Program.
10. To request the General Secretariat to report to the General Assembly at its thirty-ninth regular session on the implementation of this resolution, the execution of which shall be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.
AG/RES. 2424 (XXXVIII-O/08)
SUPPORT FOR THE STRENGTHENING OF POLITICAL STABILITY
AND FOR SOCIOECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN HAITI
(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 3, 2008)

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,


Recognizing that among the essential purposes set forth in the Charter of the Organization of American States (OAS) are to promote and consolidate representative democracy, with due respect for the principle of nonintervention; to promote, by cooperative action, the economic, social, and cultural development of the member states; and to eradicate extreme poverty, which constitutes an obstacle to the full democratic development of the peoples of the Hemisphere; and reaffirming its strong attachment to the sovereignty, independence, well-being, and prosperity of the people of Haiti;
UNDERSCORING that, according to the Inter-American Democratic Charter, “[d]emocracy and social and economic development are interdependent and mutually reinforcing”;
EMPHASIZING the need to support the Government and people of Haiti in accordance with the Declaration on Security in the Americas, which recognizes that “[r]epresentative democracy is an indispensable condition for the stability, peace, and development of the states of the Hemisphere” and that “the security of states of the Hemisphere is affected, in different ways, by traditional threats and the following new threats, concerns, and other challenges of a diverse nature: … extreme poverty and social exclusion of broad sectors of the population, which also affect stability and democracy. Extreme poverty erodes social cohesion and undermines the security of states”;
RECALLING its resolutions, in particular resolution AG/RES. 2306 (XXXVII-O/07), and the report presented by the Secretary General to the Permanent Council on developments in the situation in Haiti (CP/doc.4253/08);
UNDERSCORING the positive change in the level of political stability, as well as progress in security and in macroeconomic performance, based on the Haitian Government’s efforts at inclusion and dialogue, with support from the OAS, the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH), and other international organizations;
NOTING that these advances have not yet been reflected in the economic and social conditions of the majority of the population, and that this situation, together with weaknesses in job creation and worldwide price increases, threatens to adversely affect the durability of still fragile democratic achievements;
NOTING WITH SATISFACTION the adoption of the National Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (DSNCRP), which provides a framework for government action for the design and implementation of development projects and for international cooperation;
CALLING UPON the international community, in particular international financial institutions and bilateral donors, to contribute as much as possible to finance implementation of that strategy;
UNDERSCORING the positive outcomes of the high-level mission to Port-au-Prince on April 24 and 25, 2008, to discuss the current food crisis with the Haitian Government and to explore short-term solutions as part of the international community’s long-term commitment to Haiti; and
MINDFUL of the need for donors to review their practices for channeling international assistance in order to bring them into line with the priorities established by the Government, as outlined in the National Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper; and encouraging the rescheduling of an international conference to discuss Haiti’s short-, medium- and long-term development strategies,
RESOLVES:


  1. To reiterate its support for the efforts of the Government of Haiti to strengthen security in Haiti and promote economic growth with equity and poverty reduction; to underscore the paramount importance of the policy of inclusion and dialogue practiced by the Government of Haiti; and to encourage the consolidation of a peaceful environment conducive to a steady process of sustainable development.




  1. To commend the progress made in the area of political stability and institution-building in Haiti, as well as the collaboration among the sectors of Haitian society, in order to preserve democratic achievements, further develop and consolidate democratic institutions of governance, and improve the socioeconomic conditions of the most vulnerable strata of the population.




  1. To commend the adoption of the National Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (DSNCRP), as well as the efforts to implement it as a framework for the social and economic policy of the Haitian Government and for international cooperation with Haiti. In that regard, to invite Haiti’s partners, in particular the international financial institutions, to provide technical and financial support for implementation of the programs set out in that strategy.




  1. To urge Haiti’s partners, including the international financial institutions, to continue to coordinate with the Haitian Government, in support of the principles expressed in the Paris Declaration, on channels and procedures for the delivery of aid, in order to optimize results.




  1. To encourage the Haitian authorities to organize as soon as possible elections to renew one third of the Senate, as well as indirect elections leading to the establishment of the Permanent Electoral Council, in order to establish all of the institutions mandated by Haiti’s Constitution.




  1. To support the resolve of the Government of Haiti to reform and reinforce state institutions, in particular, the justice system, the Haitian National Police, and the penitentiary system, so that Haiti will be in a better position to fight drug trafficking, combat corruption, control gang activities, increase government revenues, control the border area, ensure law and order, and provide basic services to the population, such as education and health care.

  2. To acknowledge the continuing significant contribution of the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH), in which several member states of the Organization of American States (OAS) are participating, to the ongoing improvement of security conditions, as part of the efforts to strengthen the political and institutional environment and improve the socioeconomic situation in Haiti.




  1. To continue to support the Government of Haiti in the promotion of the disarmament of armed groups, the prevention and reduction of violence, and programs to teach nonviolence as an essential component of peace and lasting reconciliation in Haiti.




  1. To pay tribute to the contributions of the Haiti Task Force as a tool for coordinating OAS programs in Haiti. To note with satisfaction the interest expressed by the OAS in Haiti through the visit, from February 14 to 17, 2008, of a delegation led jointly by the Chair of the Permanent Council and the Assistant Secretary General, and the high-level mission that visited Port-au-Prince on April 24 and 25, 2008, in which the Secretary General and the Assistant Secretary General participated.




  1. To request the General Secretariat through the Haiti Task Force and other support mechanisms to:

a. Pursue its efforts to support the Government of Haiti in the establishment of the Permanent Electoral Council;


b. Continue supporting the Haitian authorities, in particular the National Identity Office, in the process of modernizing the civil registry;
c. Strengthen its activities in the areas of tourism and trade promotion, and provide the Haitian Government with the necessary technical support for holding, on a date convenient for it, a forum on trade and investment, with a view to consolidating economic growth, stimulating job creation and wealth, and strengthening Haitian institutions involved in these sectors;
d. Continue playing an increased role in resource mobilization for the benefit of Haiti and in the coordination of international cooperation with Haiti, including through established mechanisms for donor coordination and through applicable technology, in order to ensure better control of projects being implemented and enhance the capacity to produce required reports;
e. Support the Haitian Government in the formulation of development policies, in coordination with the United Nations, the Caribbean Community (CARICOM), and other international institutions and agencies; and
f. Continue providing its cooperation to the Drug Observatory in Haiti, in the form of technical and scientific training, with a view to obtaining accurate and reliable information on the real situation in the country in this area.
11. To request the General Secretariat to submit an annual report to the Permanent Council on developments in the economic and social situation in Haiti, and a report to the General Assembly on the implementation of this resolution, the execution of which shall be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.
12. To request the OAS Secretary General to forward this resolution to the Secretary-General of the United Nations.
AG/RES. 2425 (XXXVIII-O/08)
PROMOTION OF WOMEN’S HUMAN RIGHTS AND GENDER EQUITY AND EQUALITY
(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 3, 2008)

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,


HAVING SEEN the report of the Secretary General on the implementation of the Inter-American Program on the Promotion of Women’s Human Rights and Gender Equity and Equality (CP/doc.4298/08);
RECALLING:
That, through the adoption of the Inter-American Program on the Promotion of Women’s Human Rights and Gender Equity and Equality (IAP) [AG/RES. 1732 (XXX-O/00)], the governments of the Hemisphere committed to developing decisive strategies to integrate a gender perspective in all spheres of public life as a way of attaining the ultimate goal of promoting and protecting women’s human rights and gender equity and equality, and achieving equality of rights and opportunities between women and men;
That international forums such as the Summits of the Americas, the Special Conference on Security, held in Mexico, and the Summit of the Americas on Sustainable Development, held in Bolivia, have reiterated the mandate to promote gender equity and equality in all areas; and
That this year marks the eighth anniversary of the adoption by the General Assembly of the Inter-American Program on the Promotion of Women’s Human Rights and Gender Equity and Equality, through resolution AG/RES. 1732 (XXX-O/00), of June 2000; and
CONSIDERING:
The mandate emerging from the aforementioned resolution for the Organization of American States (OAS) to facilitate the integration of a gender perspective into all the work of its organs, agencies, and entities, and to provide support to governments in the systematic compilation and dissemination of statistical data disaggregated by sex;
Resolutions AG/RES. 1777 (XXXI-O/01), AG/RES. 1853 (XXXII-O/02), AG/RES. 1941 (XXXIII-O/03), AG/RES. 2023 (XXXIV-O/04), AG/RES. 2124 (XXXV-O/05), AG/RES. 2192 (XXXVI-O/06), and AG/RES. 2324 (XXXVII-O/07), which took note of the reports presented by the Secretary General on compliance with the IAP, and, as reflected in those reports, of the results of the actions taken in this respect by the organs, agencies, and entities of the OAS; and
That, according to the report presented by the Secretary General (CP/doc.4298/08), in 2007 only 17 of the 43 areas or departments of the General Secretariat and two of its 28 national offices reported on integration of the gender perspective into their annual activities, which indicates that a fully satisfactory level of compliance has not been reached,
RESOLVES:


  1. To take note of the Secretary General’s seventh report on the implementation of the Inter-American Program on the Promotion of Women’s Human Rights and Gender Equity and Equality (IAP), submitted in fulfillment of resolution AG/RES. 2324 (XXXVII-O/07); and to urge him to continue with its implementation.




  1. To reaffirm its support for the work of the Inter-American Commission of Women (CIM) as the principal forum for generating hemispheric policy on gender equity and equality and the promotion of women’s human rights; and to continue to support the CIM’s efforts at follow-up and implementation of the IAP, including activities to continue promoting gender mainstreaming in the ministerial meetings on labor, justice, education, social development, science and technology, and sustainable development, in matters related to leadership, migration, conflicts and peacebuilding, and natural disasters, among others, as well as in the follow-up to the mandates of the Summits of the Americas process, in particular the Fourth Summit of the Americas.




  1. Once again to request the Permanent Council, in fulfillment of the mandates handed down by this Assembly, the Summits of the Americas, and the IAP to:




    1. Continue its efforts to integrate a gender perspective into its resolutions, activities, and initiatives, as the case may be, to ensure that they benefit women and men on an equal and equitable basis; and




    1. Hold a meeting, in the first half of 2009, with the participation of the organs, agencies, and entities of the inter-American system, to exchange best practices and lessons learned in the implementation of the IAP.




  1. To urge the member states to:




    1. Continue their efforts to develop public policies, strengthen institutional mechanisms for the advancement of girls and women, including young women, and enforce laws that promote respect for their human rights and gender equity and equality, including equal opportunity for women and men at all levels;




    1. Begin or continue, in accordance with their domestic law and as appropriate, to compile statistics and analyze data disaggregated by sex and race in all sectors, so as to better understand and address the differentiated impact of policies, programs, and projects on specific populations, among them girls and women, including young women; and




    1. Fulfill the mandates of the Fourth Summit of the Americas through:




      1. The development of support programs that take into account the differentiated impact of labor and social policies on young people, women, and men and that can contribute to eliminating discrimination against women, including young women, in the workplace and to increasing their full and equal access to decent, dignified, and productive work; and




      1. The production and utilization of statistics disaggregated by sex and race, particularly in the labor area, for the development of labor policies based on gender equity and equality.




  1. To urge the Secretary General to:




    1. Convene, in 2008, the Third Meeting of Ministers or of the Highest-Ranking Authorities Responsible for the Advancement of Women in the Member States and take the necessary action for it to be held;




    1. Continue, with support from the CIM, promoting and working on full implementation of the IAP so as to achieve integration of a gender perspective into all programs, activities, and policies of the Organization of American States (OAS);




    1. Continue working with the CIM to ensure integration of the gender perspective into the development of the programs and activities of all the organs, agencies, and entities of the Organization;




    1. Request the organs, agencies, and entities of the Organization that have not yet done so to include in their annual reports to the General Assembly their initiatives to mainstream the gender perspective into their policies, programs, projects, and activities; and to forward that information to the CIM so that it may be included in the annual report to the General Assembly that is drawn up pursuant to this resolution; and




    1. Hold, together with the Department of Human Resources and with support from the CIM, an OAS Gender Analysis Training Program, targeted especially at senior staff in management positions and new staff members, and prepare, with support from the CIM, a preliminary document containing a proposal to establish a mechanism for measurement and disaggregated statistical data to facilitate follow-up on the programs and activities of all the organs, agencies, and entities of the Organization.




  1. To request the Permanent Council to report to the General Assembly at its thirty-ninth regular session, in coordination with the CIM, on the implementation of the Inter-American Program and of this resolution, the execution of which shall be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.

AG/RES. 2426 (XXXVIII-O/08)


ESTABLISHMENT OF THE LEGAL ASSISTANCE FUND OF
THE INTER-AMERICAN HUMAN RIGHTS SYSTEM
(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 3, 2008)

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,


HAVING SEEN:
Resolutions AG/RES. 2075 (XXXV-O/05), “Strengthening of Human Rights Systems pursuant to the Plan of Action of the Third Summit of the Americas,” and AG/RES. 2220 (XXXVI-O/06), “Strengthening of Human Rights Systems pursuant to the Mandates Arising from the Fourth Summit of the Americas”; and
Resolutions AG/RES. 2128 (XXXV-O/05) and AG/RES. 2227 (XXXVI-O/06), “Observations and Recommendations on the Annual Report of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights,” and AG/RES. 1918 (XXXIII-O/03) and AG/RES. 2223 (XXXVI-O/06), “Observations and Recommendations on the Annual Report of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights”;
BEARING IN MIND:
That the Charter of the Organization of American States (OAS) proclaims as one of the principles of the Organization respect for the fundamental rights of the individual without distinction as to race, nationality, creed, or sex;
That Article 44 of the American Convention on Human Rights establishes that any person or group of persons, or any nongovernmental entity legally recognized in one or more member states of the Organization, may lodge petitions with the Commission containing denunciations or complaints of violation of this Convention by a state party; and
That since 2001, when amendments were made to the rules of the organs of the inter-American human rights system, Article 23 of the Rules of Procedure of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights has granted jus standi to victims in the Court’s proceedings;
RECALLING that at the Third Summit of the Americas, held in Quebec City, in 2001, the Heads of State and Government of the Americas pointed to the need to continue promoting concrete measures to strengthen and improve the inter-American human rights system, particularly facilitation of the access of persons to this protection mechanism; and
CONSIDERING:
That there are a significant number of low-income victims who have no real access to the inter-American human rights system, given the considerable cost involved in litigation in that system;
That the purpose of the inter-American human rights system is to promote and protect the human rights of all the inhabitants of the Hemisphere, without exception; and
That member states should seek to support and strengthen mechanisms for access to the organs of the system by alleged victims and petitioners,
RESOLVES:


  1. To request the Secretary General to establish a specific fund for voluntary contributions to be called the “Legal Assistance Fund of the Inter-American Human Rights System.”




  1. To agree that:




      1. The purpose of the Legal Assistance Fund of the Inter-American Human Rights System is to facilitate access to the inter-American human rights system by persons who currently lack the resources needed to bring their cases before the system;




      1. Financial management of the Legal Assistance Fund of the Inter-American Human Rights System shall be entrusted to the General Secretariat of the Organization of American States (OAS), and its financing and operations shall be governed by rules of procedure adopted by the Permanent Council, which shall contain clear accountability procedures;




      1. Approval of legal assistance shall be decided by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR), as the case may be, in accordance with regulations that each of these institutions shall issue to that end; and




      1. The Legal Assistance Fund of the Inter-American Human Rights System shall have two separate accounts, named (i) Inter-American Court of Human Rights and (ii) Inter-American Commission on Human Rights. Contributions made to each of these two bodies in the system shall be deposited in the appropriate account. Contributions made without specifying which body they are for shall be construed as contributions to be split equally between the two.




  1. To invite member states, permanent observers, and other donors, as defined by Article 74 of the General Standards to Govern the Operations of the General Secretariat and other rules and regulations of the Organization, to contribute to the Legal Assistance Fund of the Inter-American Human Rights System, as an effective demonstration of their commitment to the protection of human rights in the Hemisphere.




  1. To urge the international financial agencies to contribute to the Legal Assistance Fund of the Inter-American Human Rights System as a demonstration of their commitment to democracy, development, and human rights in the Hemisphere, or to work together to obtain such contributions.




  1. To recall that the operation of the Legal Assistance Fund of the Inter-American Human Rights System does not exonerate the OAS from its obligation to guarantee funding of the inter-American human rights system with resources from the Regular Fund.




  1. To specify that contributions to the Legal Assistance Fund of the Inter-American Human Rights System shall not preclude other voluntary contributions or the establishment of other specific funds to finance the operations of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights or programs run by those institutions, or the Oliver Jackman Fund.




  1. To establish that the Legal Assistance Fund of the Inter-American Human Rights System shall take effect once the Permanent Council has adopted its rules of procedure, after consulting the Inter-American Court of Human Rights and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, taking into account the observations made by civil society.




  1. To request the General Secretariat to report to the General Assembly at its thirty-ninth regular session on the implementation of this resolution, the execution of which shall be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.

AG/RES. 2427 (XXXVIII-O/08)


APPOINTMENT OF WOMEN TO SENIOR MANAGEMENT POSITIONS
AT THE ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES
(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 3, 2008)

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,


RECALLING resolutions AG/RES. 1627 (XXIX-O/99), AG/RES. 1790 (XXXI-O/01), AG/RES. 1872 (XXXII-O/02), AG/RES. 1954 (XXXIII-O/03), AG/RES. 1977 (XXXIV-O/04), AG/RES. 2096 (XXXV-O/05), AG/RES. 2191 (XXXVI-O/06), and AG/RES. 2335 (XXXVII-O/07), “Appointment of Women to Senior Management Positions at the Organization of American States,” in which it urged the Secretary General to establish as an objective that women should occupy 50 percent of posts in all categories of the system of the Organization of American States (OAS);
BEARING IN MIND Article 137 of the Charter of the Organization of American States (OAS), which states that the Organization does not allow any restriction based on race, creed, or sex with respect to eligibility to hold positions in the Organization and to participate in its activities; and Article 120 of the Charter and Article 37 of the General Standards to Govern the Operations of the General Secretariat, which stipulate that first consideration shall be given to efficiency, competence, and integrity in the recruitment of General Secretariat personnel, but that importance shall also be attached to the criterion of the widest possible geographic distribution in hiring personnel at all grade levels;
CONSIDERING that the Inter-American Program on the Promotion of Women’s Human Rights and Gender Equity and Equality, which was adopted by the General Assembly through resolution AG/RES. 1732 (XXX-O/00), calls for the OAS General Secretariat to “implement measures to ensure full and equal access by men and women to all categories of posts in the OAS system, particularly in decision-making positions”;
REAFFIRMING the commitments expressed at the highest levels at the Summits of the Americas and in other inter-American forums to promote gender equity and equality and women’s human rights by strengthening and fostering women’s full and equal participation in decision-making at all grade levels, women’s empowerment, and their equal opportunity to exercise leadership;
REAFFIRMING ALSO that the Declaration of Nuevo León recognized that “the empowerment of women, their full and equal participation in the development of our societies, and their equal opportunities to exercise leadership are fundamental for the reduction of poverty, the promotion of economic and social prosperity, and for people-centered sustainable development”;
RECALLING that in the Plan of Action of the Fourth Summit of the Americas (Mar del Plata, Argentina, 2005) the member states committed “to eliminate discrimination against women at work through, among other measures, the implementation of a range of policies that will increase women’s access to decent, dignified, and productive work, including policies addressing training and education and protection of the rights of women, as well as proactive policies to ensure that men and women enjoy equality in the workplace”;

ACKNOWLEDGING that ensuring equal opportunity for women–taking their diversity into account–in leadership and decision-making positions is only one important element of a continuum of actions, policies, and activities required to achieve gender equality in the workplace and improve gender mainstreaming throughout the OAS;


EMPHASIZING the importance of the need to effectively integrate gender-balance considerations throughout the human resource management policies of the OAS;
NOTING WITH SATISFACTION the advances made in meeting the goal of having women occupy 50 percent of posts at all levels, especially at those grade levels where the goal has been met or exceeded; and
AWARE that, despite this progress, the goal of 50/50 gender distribution in senior management positions has not been met,
RESOLVES:


        1. To urge the Secretary General to:




  1. Ensure, through the Department of Human Resources, that a human resource policy is developed and applied that is based on the principle of gender equity and equality;




  1. Continue his work to establish policies of gender equality in the workplace and to make each manager accountable for the application of these policies;




  1. Redouble his efforts to achieve, as a matter of priority, the goal of having women, including indigenous women, occupy 50 percent of posts at each grade level within the organs, agencies, and entities of the Organization of American States (OAS), particularly at the P-5 grade level and above, bearing in mind the application of the criteria of diversity and geographic distribution in professional positions; and




  1. Appoint women as representatives and special envoys to represent the Secretary General in matters relating to all areas and sectors, and as heads of electoral observation missions.




        1. To urge all member states to support the efforts of the Secretary General by identifying and submitting the candidacies of women to occupy positions of trust within the OAS, and to encourage more women to apply for vacant positions, which will have been widely publicized in all member states.




        1. To call on the organs, agencies, and entities of the OAS to:




          1. Redouble efforts to meet the goal of having women occupy 50 percent of posts at each grade level, particularly at the P-5 grade level and above, and to continue to accelerate their recruitment for vacant positions, taking into account the criteria of diversity and equitable geographic distribution; and

          2. Encourage specific activities to integrate the gender perspective into its work, according to the specific subject areas of the various departments and offices, as one of the measures for follow-up and strengthening of the project undertaken to these ends by the OAS General Secretariat.

4. To request the Secretary General to monitor closely the progress made by the organs, agencies, and entities of the Organization in meeting the goal of having women occupy 50 percent of posts at all grade levels and to keep the Permanent Council informed with respect to the implementation of this resolution, providing an annual update with relevant statistics from the Department of Human Resources and detailed information on the strategies and actions taken to implement this resolution and reach that goal.


5. To request the General Secretariat to report to the General Assembly at its thirty-ninth regular session on the implementation of this resolution, the execution of which shall be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.
AG/RES. 2428 (XXXVIII-O/08)
MODERNIZATION AND USE OF ELECTORAL TECHNOLOGIES IN THE HEMISPHERE
(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 3, 2008)

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,


HAVING SEEN resolutions AG/RES. 2254 (XXXVI-O/06) and AG/RES. 2337 (XXXVII-O/07), “Modernization and Use of Electoral Technologies in the Hemisphere”;
BEARING IN MIND the Charter of the Organization of American States (OAS), which establishes in its preamble that representative democracy is an indispensable condition for the stability, peace, and development of the region, and that one of the essential purposes of the Organization is to promote and consolidate representative democracy, with due respect for the principle of nonintervention;
CONSIDERING that, according to the Inter-American Democratic Charter, the essential elements of representative democracy include, inter alia, respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, access to and the exercise of power in accordance with the rule of law, and the holding of periodic, free, and fair elections based on universal suffrage and secret balloting as an expression of the sovereignty of the people;
RECALLING that, in the Plan of Action of the Third Summit of the Americas, the Heads of State and Government stated that they would “[c]ontinue to enhance electoral mechanisms, using information and communications technologies where possible, to effectively guarantee the impartiality, promptness and independent action of agencies, tribunals or other bodies responsible for the conduct, supervision and verification of elections at national and sub-national levels”;
CONSIDERING the reports of the various electoral observation and technical assistance missions, in particular their diverse recommendations on the need to improve electoral processes, which constitute an important contribution to strengthening democratic institutional systems, and the “Report: Best Practices in OAS Electoral Observation, 2004-2007” (CP/CG-1739/08 corr. 1), prepared by the OAS General Secretariat;
UNDERSCORING the advisability of reinforcing for these purposes, with support from the OAS, hemispheric cooperation and the exchange of experiences in the area of electoral technologies and related legislation;
NOTING the Conclusions and Recommendations of the Inter-American Meeting of Experts and Representatives of Electoral Bodies of the OAS member states, held in Caracas, Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, on April 4, 2008 (ROEL/doc.3/08); and
BEARING IN MIND that the Fifth Inter-American Meeting of Electoral Authorities, held in Quito, Ecuador, on April 23 and 24, 2008, underscored the role played by electoral authorities in the application and implementation of political funding rules in election campaigns, as well as new tools for regulating political funding,

RESOLVES:




  1. To underscore the efforts made by election officials in the member states to organize and administer elections, for the purpose of increasing the quality and transparency of their electoral processes, including the incorporation of new electoral technologies.




  1. To underscore the decisive contribution by the Organization of American States (OAS), through electoral observation missions, advice, and assistance, to the holding of elections and the strengthening and development of electoral institutions and processes in the member states.




  1. To urge the General Secretariat to support member states that so request, in such a way as to enable their electoral bodies to join together in a horizontal cooperation effort to adopt new electoral technologies under the auspices of the OAS, within the resources available.

4. To request the Secretariat for Political Affairs to maintain ongoing consultations with the member states on the priorities of their electoral bodies with respect to elections and the promotion of democracy.




  1. To instruct the General Secretariat, through the Secretariat for Political Affairs, to do more to foster the generation of horizontal cooperation mechanisms for organizing electoral processes, including the adoption of new technologies, in order to assist member states that request such assistance.




  1. To instruct the General Secretariat to work with member states that so request in training human resources in international electoral observation.




  1. To underscore the advisability of promoting, for these purposes, cooperation and the exchange of experiences in the areas of electoral legislation and technologies, with other international and regional organizations.




  1. To call upon member states, permanent observers, and other donors to make voluntary contributions to the activities proposed to implement and follow up on this resolution.




  1. To instruct the General Secretariat to include in its activity reports on the promotion of democracy the progress made in carrying out this mandate.

10. To thank the National Electoral Council of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela for holding the Inter-American Meeting of Experts and Representatives of Electoral Bodies of the OAS member states. To request the Permanent Council to convene the Second Inter-American Meeting of Experts and Representatives of Electoral Bodies, to be held in Caracas, Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, in 2009, for the purpose of once again exchanging experiences and best practices in the countries of the Hemisphere on, among other things, voter identification systems, voter registration procedures, and automated election systems. Its conclusions will be submitted to the Sixth Inter-American Meeting of Electoral Authorities.


11. To instruct the Secretariat for Political Affairs to support, through the Department of Electoral Cooperation and Observation, the preparation and holding of the Second Inter-American Meeting of Experts and Representatives of Electoral Bodies, referred to in the preceding paragraph.

  1. To thank the Government of the Republic of Ecuador for holding the Fifth Inter-American Meeting of Electoral Authorities.




  1. To request the Permanent Council to report to the General Assembly at its thirty-ninth regular session on the implementation of this resolution, the execution of which shall be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.

AG/RES. 2429 (XXXVIII-O/08)


HUMAN RIGHTS AND CLIMATE CHANGE IN THE AMERICAS
(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 3, 2008)

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,


CONSIDERING that the international community has recognized the adverse effects of climate change at the international level, principally in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol thereto;
RECOGNIZING the autonomy and independence of the process of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol thereto, as the principal forum for consideration of the subject of climate change; and reaffirming the principles set forth in Article 3 of said Convention;
BEARING IN MIND that the Declaration of Santa Cruz + 10 reiterated “that human beings are at the center of concerns for sustainable development, that they are entitled to a healthy and productive life in harmony with nature, and that poverty alleviation is an integral part of sustainable development”;
TAKING INTO ACCOUNT:
The findings of the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) of the United Nations on the adverse effects of climate change, in connection, inter alia, with flooding risks and the dangers of sea-level rise; and
That the adverse effects of climate change might have a negative impact on the enjoyment of human rights;
BEARING IN MIND:
The Declaration of Santa Cruz + 10 of the First Inter-American Meeting of Ministers and High-Level Authorities on Sustainable Development, adopted in Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia, on December 5, 2006;
The Inter-American Program for Sustainable Development (2006-2009) (PIDS), adopted on the same occasion;
The American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man, the American Convention on Human Rights, the Additional Protocol to the American Convention in the Area of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, “Protocol of San Salvador,” and other related human rights instruments; and
The Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action of the World Conference on Human Rights;
RECALLING:
That resolution AG/RES. 1674 (XXIX-O/99), “Climate Change in the Americas,” instructed the Inter-American Council for Integral Development (CIDI), through its appropriate subsidiary bodies, to consult with member states on the ways and means of addressing climate change in the Americas within the Organization of American States (OAS);
That in resolution AG/RES. 1682 (XXIX-O/99), “OAS Natural Disaster Reduction and Response Mechanisms,” the member states established the Inter-American Committee for Natural Disaster Reduction (IACNDR) and decided to “promote the exchange of technical and scientific personnel in the area of research into adverse events” that have a harmful socioeconomic and environmental impact on the countries of the Hemisphere;
That resolution AG/RES. 1736 (XXX-O/00), “The Socioeconomic and Environmental Impacts of Climate Change on the Countries of the Hemisphere,” instructed the General Secretariat to seek to mobilize resources to assist member states in their efforts to adapt to climate change; and
That resolution AG/RES. 1821 (XXXI-O/01), “The Socioeconomic and Environmental Impacts of Climate Change on the Countries of the Hemisphere,” reiterated its instruction to CIDI to keep this topic under review and instructed the Inter-American Agency for Cooperation and Development (IACD) to continue working with the General Secretariat to mobilize and obtain resources to assist member states in their efforts to mitigate the impact of climate change;
BEARING IN MIND resolutions AG/RES. 1819 (XXXI-O/01), “Human Rights and the Environment,” and AG/RES. 1896 (XXXII-O/02) and AG/RES. 1926 (XXXIII-O/03), “Human Rights and the Environment in the Americas”;
TAKING INTO ACCOUNT:
That the United Nations Commission on Human Rights adopted resolution 2005/60, “Human rights and the environment as part of sustainable development”; and
That the United Nations Human Rights Council adopted resolution 7/23, “Human rights and climate change”;
CONSIDERING:
The importance of the cooperation activities carried out within the OAS to enable the most vulnerable states and populations to become more resilient to climate change, helping states in their efforts to adapt to climate change and mitigate natural disasters;
The commitments made by the Heads of State and Government to sustainable development, climate change, environmental protection, and protection of human rights in the region, as established in the Declarations and Plans of Action of the Summits of the Americas process at its four regular and two specialized summits;
The Declaration of Barbados and the Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States, as well as the five-year review conducted at the United Nations in September 1999; and
The pertinent provisions of the declarations, resolutions, and programs of action adopted by major United Nations conferences, in particular the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, the program known as Agenda 21, and the Johannesburg Declaration on Sustainable Development and its Plan of Implementation, with special emphasis on the consensus positions reached and the commitments made in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, the Kyoto Protocol, the Buenos Aires Plan of Action and the Buenos Aires Programme of Work on Adaptation and Response Measures, the Nairobi Work Programme on Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation to Climate Change, and the Bali Action Plan;
EMPHASIZING:
That economic and social development and environmental protection are interdependent pillars of sustainable development and that poverty eradication is a fundamental goal thereof; and
That climate change is a shared concern of all humankind, and that its effects have an impact on sustainable development and could have consequences for the full enjoyment of human rights; and
MINDFUL of the need for support from within the OAS for the efforts of member states in this area,
RESOLVES:


  1. To reaffirm the commitment made in the various instruments, resolutions, and declarations on human rights, sustainable development, and climate change in the framework of the Organization of American States (OAS).




  1. To pursue and step up the efforts being made from within the OAS to counter the adverse effects of climate change, and to increase the resilience and the capacity of vulnerable states and populations to adapt to the phenomenon of climate change.




  1. To express an interest in the progress made in other spheres, in the global efforts to face climate change, in particular with regard to the exploration of possible links between climate change and human rights.




  1. To instruct the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR), with support from the General Secretariat, through the Executive Secretariat of the IACHR and the Department of Sustainable Development, to contribute, within its capacities, to the efforts to determine the possible existence of a link between adverse effects of climate change and the full enjoyment of human rights, seeking coordination to that end with the United Nations Human Rights Council and the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, in consultation with the member states, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), and the OAS Department of Sustainable Development.




  1. To invite interested states to contribute to this process.

  2. Also to invite civil society organizations to consider the possibility of providing inputs for the purposes envisaged in operative paragraph 2 of this resolution, in accordance with the Guidelines for Participation by Civil Society Organizations in OAS Activities.




  1. To request the Permanent Council and the Permanent Executive Committee of the Inter-American Council for Integral Development (CEPCIDI), with support from the General Secretariat and the Executive Secretariat of the IACHR, to report to the General Assembly at its thirty-ninth regular session on the implementation of this resolution, the execution of which shall be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.


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