General assembly thirty-eighth regular session




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VOLUNTARY CONTRIBUTIONS FOR THE
OPERATIONS OF THE OLIVER JACKMAN FUND
TO FINANCE THE INTER-AMERICAN HUMAN RIGHTS SYSTEM

(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 3, 2008)



THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,
HAVING SEEN:
Resolution AG/RES. 2329 (XXXVII-O/07), “Establishment of the Oliver Jackman Voluntary Capital Fund to Finance the Inter-American Human Rights System”;
Resolution CP/RES. 924 (1623/07), “Regulations for the Operations of the Oliver Jackman Voluntary Capital Fund to Finance the Inter-American Human Rights System”;
Resolutions AG/RES. 2075 (XXXV-O/05) and AG/RES. 2220 (XXXVI-O/06), “Strengthening of Human Rights Systems pursuant to the Mandates Arising from the Fourth Summit of the Americas”; and
Resolutions AG/RES. 2128 (XXXV-O/05), AG/RES. 2227 (XXXVI-O/06), and AG/RES. 2290 (XXXVII-O/07), “Observations and Recommendations on the Annual Report of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights,” and AG/RES. 1918 (XXXIII-O/03), AG/RES. 2223 (XXXVI-O/06), and AG/RES. 2292 (XXXVII-O/07), “Observations and Recommendations on the Annual Report of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights”;
BEARING IN MIND that the Inter-American Democratic Charter states that the member states reaffirm their intention to strengthen the inter-American system for the protection of human rights for the consolidation of democracy in the Hemisphere;
RECALLING that, at the Third Summit of the Americas, held in Quebec City, in 2001, the Heads of State and Government of the Hemisphere mandated the General Assembly at its thirty-first regular session “to consider an adequate increase in resources for the activities of the Commission and the Court in order to improve human rights mechanisms and to promote the observance of the recommendations of the Commission and compliance with the judgments of the Court”; and pledged to continue promoting concrete measures to strengthen and improve the inter-American human rights system, in particular the functioning of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR), focusing, inter alia, on substantially increasing the resources allocated to maintain ongoing operations, including the encouragement of voluntary contributions, and on examining the possibility that the Court and the IACHR will function permanently; and
CONSIDERING:
That the inter-American human rights system has been recognized universally for its work to develop jurisprudence for the protection of human rights, for its efficacy in promoting and protecting human rights in the Hemisphere, and for its contribution to strengthening national human rights systems and the rule of law;
That the system’s achievements in the promotion of human rights have prompted a significant increase in users and that, therefore, its ability to respond can be jeopardized if its funding is not adjusted to its needs;
That in the search for substantive solutions to ensure the proper functioning and sustainability of the system, the Oliver Jackman voluntary capital specific fund was established for the purpose of financing, with the income produced by capital contributions, the operations of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights; and
That it is necessary to explore alternatives for the Fund’s operations, thereby ensuring its viability and effectiveness,
RESOLVES:


  1. To recognize the efforts of the Secretary General to raise specific funds to strengthen the human rights system.




  1. To urge the member states to make voluntary contributions to enable the Oliver Jackman Fund to begin to operate, as a sign of their commitment to democracy, development, and human rights in the Hemisphere.




  1. To instruct the Secretary General, as part of his efforts to raise external resources to launch, prior to December 2008, through the Secretariat for External Relations, a specific fundraising campaign to strengthen the Oliver Jackman Fund.

AG/RES. 2421 (XXXVIII-O/08)


STRENGTHENING THE ROLE OF NATIONAL INSTITUTIONS FOR THE PROMOTION AND
PROTECTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS IN THE ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES
(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 3, 2008)

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,


RECALLING the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action, adopted by the World Conference on Human Rights (A/CONF.157/23), which reaffirmed the important and constructive role played by national institutions for the promotion and protection of human rights;
RECALLING ALSO resolution 2005/74 of the United Nations Commission on Human Rights, “National institutions for the promotion and protection of human rights,” as well as the Report of the United Nations Secretary-General on national institutions for the promotion and protection of human rights, presented to the United Nations Human Rights Council at its seventh session (A/HRC/7/69);
RECALLING FURTHER resolution AG/RES. 2345 (XXXVII-O/07), in which the General Assembly encouraged “the governments and organs to promote the establishment of forums for dialogue between the institutions of the kind to which this resolution refers and the pertinent organs of the inter-American system, in order to strengthen their contribution to the democratic order in the Hemisphere”;
WELCOMING the decisions of a growing number of states to establish national institutions for the promotion and protection of human rights in accordance with the Principles relating to the status of national institutions for the promotion and protection of human rights, “Paris Principles,” adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in resolution 48/134;
CONVINCED of the important role of the International Coordinating Committee of National Institutions for the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights (ICC) in assessing conformity with the Paris Principles;
RECALLING the commitment made by member states in the Plan of Action of the Third Summit of the Americas, held in Quebec City in 2001, to strengthen the capacity of national human rights institutions and to contribute to the successful establishment of the Network of National Institutions for the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights of the Americas; and
RECOGNIZING the important contributions that national institutions for the promotion and protection of human rights accredited by the ICC can make to the work of the Organization of American States in the promotion of human rights,
RESOLVES:


  1. To welcome the efforts of the Network of National Institutions for the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights of the Americas (“Network of the Americas”) to strengthen cooperation among member institutions as well as with the International Coordinating Committee of National Institutions for the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights (ICC) and other human rights bodies.




  1. To facilitate, once the appropriate administrative and procedural requirements are in place, the participation of all national institutions for the promotion and protection of human rights from the member states, including those accredited by the ICC and the Network of the Americas, in the human rights activities of the organs, agencies, and entities of the Organization of American States, in particular, inter alia, by:




  1. Promoting opportunities for national institutions for the promotion and protection of human rights to share experiences, advice, and best practices, and to collaborate among themselves and with member states and organs, agencies, and entities of the Organization; and




  1. Allowing national institutions for the promotion and protection of human rights, the ICC, and the Network of the Americas to participate, provide input, and submit information and documentation under human rights-related agenda items of the Organization.

3. With a view to implementation of this resolution, the execution of which shall be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources, to request the Permanent Council to prepare a report, which includes administrative and procedural considerations, and, after discussion by the member states, to present it to the General Assembly at its thirty-ninth regular session.

AG/RES. 2422 (XXXVIII-O/08)
PROMOTION AND STRENGTHENING OF DEMOCRACY:
FOLLOW-UP TO THE INTER-AMERICAN DEMOCRATIC CHARTER
(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 3, 2008)

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,


REAFFIRMING the provisions and essential purposes and principles identified in the Charter of the Organization of American States (OAS);
AWARE that the Charter of the Organization of American States establishes in its preamble “that representative democracy is an indispensable condition for the stability, peace and development of the region” and that one of the essential purposes of the Organization is “[t]o promote and consolidate representative democracy, with due respect for the principle of nonintervention”;
RECALLING that the Inter-American Democratic Charter states that “[t]he peoples of the Americas have a right to democracy and their governments have an obligation to promote and defend it” and that “[d]emocracy is essential for the social, political, and economic development of the peoples of the Americas”;
RECALLING ALSO that the Inter-American Democratic Charter reaffirms that the promotion and protection of human rights is a basic prerequisite for the existence of a democratic society, and recognized the importance of the continuous development and strengthening of the inter-American human rights system for the consolidation of democracy;
1AWARE that Article 34 of the Charter of the Organization of American States establishes that “[t]he Member States agree that equality of opportunity, the elimination of extreme poverty, equitable distribution of wealth and income and the full participation of their peoples in decisions relating to their own development are, among others, basic objectives of integral development”;
RECOGNIZING that the Inter-American Democratic Charter establishes that “[e]ssential elements of representative democracy include, inter alia, respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, access to and the exercise of power in accordance with the rule of law, the holding of periodic, free, and fair elections based on secret balloting and universal suffrage as an expression of the sovereignty of the people, the pluralistic system of political parties and organizations, and the separation of powers and independence of the branches of government”;
TAKING INTO ACCOUNT resolutions AG/RES. 2154 (XXXV-O/05), “Promotion of Regional Cooperation for Implementation of the Inter-American Democratic Charter”; AG/RES. 2251 (XXXVI-O/06), “Promotion of Regional Cooperation for Implementation of the Inter-American Democratic Charter on the Occasion of Its Fifth Anniversary”; and AG/RES. 2327 (XXXVII-O/07), “Promotion and Strengthening of Democracy: Follow-up to the Inter-American Democratic Charter”;
TAKING INTO ACCOUNT ALSO resolution AG/RES. 1957 (XXXIII-O/03), “Promotion and Strengthening of Democracy: Follow-up to the Inter-American Democratic Charter”;
HAVING SEEN the reports of the Permanent Council on the implementation of resolutions AG/RES. 2044 (XXXIV-O/04) and AG/RES. 2045 (XXXIV-O/04) (CP/doc.4024/05 and CP/CISC-182/05, respectively), resolution AG/RES. 2119 (XXXV-O/05), and the report of the Secretary General on the implementation of resolution AG/RES. 1993 (XXXIV-O/04) (CP/CISC-174/05) and the implementation of resolution AG/RES. 2327 (XXXVII-O/07);
1NOTING that the Declaration of Mar del Plata, “Creating Jobs to Fight Poverty and Strengthen Democratic Governance,” adopted at the Fourth Summit of the Americas, reaffirmed the “commitment to fight poverty, inequality, hunger, and social exclusion in order to raise the standard of living of our peoples and strengthen democratic governance in the Americas”;
RECALLING that in the Declaration of Mar del Plata, the Heads of State and Government reiterated their “commitment to the OAS Charter and the Inter-American Democratic Charter” and reaffirmed their “resolve to strengthen their full and effective implementation”;
CONSIDERING that the Declaration of Nuevo León of the Special Summit of the Americas reaffirmed the Hemisphere’s commitment to democracy and reiterated the commitment to the full application of the Inter-American Democratic Charter, which constitutes an element of regional identity, and, projected internationally, is a hemispheric contribution to the community of nations; and also recognized that corruption and impunity weaken public and private institutions, erode social values, undermine the rule of law, and distort economies and the allocation of resources for development;
1REAFFIRMING solidarity and inter-American cooperation as an effective means of promoting and strengthening democratic governance in the respective countries;
BEARING IN MIND the Declaration of Santiago on Democracy and Public Trust: A New Commitment to Good Governance for the Americas [AG/DEC. 31 (XXXIII-O/03)];
TAKING INTO ACCOUNT resolution AG/RES. 2195 (XXXVI-O/06), “Strengthening Political Parties and Other Political Organizations for Democratic Governance”;
CONSIDERING the report of the special meeting of the Permanent Council on “Civil Society and Strengthening a Democratic Culture,” held on March 14, 2008, as mandated by resolution AG/RES. 2327 (XXXVII-O/07);
RECALLING that the Declaration on Security in the Americas reaffirmed the commitment of states to full observance of the Inter-American Democratic Charter, its values, and its system for the protection of human rights, and recommended that action be taken to promote democratic culture in keeping with the provisions of the Inter-American Democratic Charter; and
NOTING the three forums on democratic stability organized by the OAS General Secretariat, held in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic (June 2006), Santiago, Chile (January 2007), and Lima, Peru (December 2007),
RESOLVES:


  1. 1To support member states in their efforts to strengthen democratic institutions, values, practices, and governance, to fight corruption, to enhance the rule of law, to bring about the full exercise of human rights, and to reduce poverty, inequity, and social exclusion.




  1. To reaffirm that the promotion and protection of human rights is a prerequisite for a democratic society and that it is important to continue to develop and strengthen the inter-American human rights system.




  1. To reaffirm, as applicable, the mandates contained in resolution AG/RES. 2327 (XXXVII-O/07), “Promotion and Strengthening of Democracy: Follow-up to the Inter-American Democratic Charter,” and, in this context, to reiterate the request to the Secretary General to present a report to the Permanent Council on all cases in which action on his part is envisaged in the Charter of the Organization of American States (OAS) and the Inter-American Democratic Charter.




  1. To recognize the importance of promoting the principles, values, and practices of a democratic culture; and to request the General Secretariat to continue supporting this objective through training programs to promote the principles, values, and practices of a democratic culture, on the basis of Articles 26 and 27 of the Inter-American Democratic Charter. In this context, to instruct the General Secretariat to continue supporting the Permanent Council and the member states in the execution of the Inter-American Program on Education for Democratic Values and Practices and its Plan of Action.




  1. To reaffirm, as applicable, the mandates contained in resolutions AG/RES. 2154 (XXXV-O/05), “Promotion of Regional Cooperation for Implementation of the Inter-American Democratic Charter,” and AG/RES. 2251 (XXXVI-O/06), “Promotion of Regional Cooperation for Implementation of the Inter-American Democratic Charter.”




  1. To instruct the General Secretariat to support programs designed to prevent and fight corruption, contributing to fostering accountability, efficiency, and integrity in the exercise of public service, with a view to strengthening a culture of transparency and ensuring more efficient public management.




  1. To highlight the substantive contribution made by the Organization of American States to the strengthening and development of electoral processes and systems in the member states, through OAS Electoral Observation Missions, electoral advice, and technical cooperation, at the request of a member state and consistent with the Declaration of Principles for International Election Observation.




  1. To request the General Secretariat to provide assistance to member states that so request in implementation of the recommendations contained in the reports of OAS Electoral Observation Missions.




  1. To acknowledge the work carried out by the Inter-American Forum on Political Parties (FIAPP) and the General Secretariat; and to urge them to continue providing assistance to those member states and regional parliamentary bodies that so request and to convene a meeting of the FIAPP to explore measures to strengthen political parties or a meeting of the Permanent Council to address these issues.




  1. To recommend to the General Secretariat that it support the modernization and strengthening of democratic institutions in the member states that so request, and promote cooperation and dialogue among these institutions as a means to build capacity and share experiences.




  1. To encourage member states to design and implement educational programs that promote a culture of dialogue and communication, as well as civic education programs that include concepts such as ethics, transparency, and public information, with a view to contributing to the strengthening of a democratic culture.




  1. To request the General Secretariat and the member states to continue to promote a hemispheric discussion of issues related to democratic governance, through dialogue, forums, and seminars.




  1. 1To recognize the important role of participation by civil society in the consolidation of representative democracy and that this participation constitutes one of the vital elements for the success of development policies; and, in that regard, to instruct the Permanent Council to convene a special meeting with civil society organizations, under the Guidelines for Participation by Civil Society Organizations in OAS Activities, adopted by the Permanent Council in resolution CP/RES. 759 (1217/99), to examine the contribution of these organizations to strengthening a democratic culture in the Hemisphere, pursuant to Article 26 of the Democratic Charter, as well as the themes, outcomes, and recommendations of the meetings held at the OAS in March 2008 with the theme “Partnering with Civil Society.”




  1. To request the General Secretariat to report to the General Assembly at its thirty-ninth regular session on the implementation of this resolution, the execution of which shall be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.

AG/RES. 2423 (XXXVIII-O/08)


INTER-AMERICAN PROGRAM ON EDUCATION
FOR DEMOCRATIC VALUES AND PRACTICES
(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 3, 2008)

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,


HAVING SEEN resolutions AG/RES. 2320 (XXXVII-O/07), AG/RES. 2164 (XXXVI-O/06), AG/RES. 2119 (XXXV-O/05), AG/RES. 2045 (XXXIV-O/04), AG/RES. 2044 (XXXIV-O/04), AG/RES. 1960 (XXXIII-O/03), AG/RES. 1957 (XXXIII-O/03), AG/RES. 1907 (XXXII-O/02), AG/RES. 1869 (XXXII-O/02), CIDI/RME/RES. 12 (IV-O/05), and CIDI/RME/RES. 10 (III-O/03);
TAKING INTO ACCOUNT:
That, in the Charter of the Organization of American States (OAS), the member states reaffirm that the education of peoples should be directed toward justice, freedom, and peace, and pledge to give primary importance within their development plans to the encouragement of education oriented toward the integral improvement of the individual, and as a foundation for democracy, social justice, and progress;
That the Inter-American Democratic Charter recognizes that education is key to strengthening democratic institutions, promoting fulfillment of human potential, alleviating poverty, and fostering better understanding among peoples. To achieve these goals, it is essential that high-quality education be available for everyone, including girls and women, the inhabitants of rural areas, and members of minorities;
That, in the Declaration against Violence, adopted at the Second Meeting of Ministers of Education, held in Punta del Este, Uruguay, on September 24, 2001, the ministers pledged to emphasize nonviolence and the culture of peace in national and subregional initiatives for training and education in values, and to foster the preparation of a hemispheric program for education in democratic values;
That, in the Declaration of Santiago on Democracy and Public Trust: A New Commitment to Good Governance for the Americas, adopted by the General Assembly at its thirty-third regular session, in June 2003, the ministers of foreign affairs of the member states of the OAS declared that “[t]he consolidation of democracy in the region requires a culture based on profound democratic principles and values and on their daily observance. These values should be fostered through education for democracy”; and
That, in the Declaration of Mexico, adopted at the Third Meeting of Ministers of Education, held in Mexico City from August 11 to 13, 2003, the ministers recognized “the importance of instilling democratic awareness, culture, and values in the present and future generations, and of the principles of the Inter-American Democratic Charter,” and urged that “efforts be made to incorporate those principles into our educational programs in accordance with the laws of each country”;

RECALLING:


That the Inter-American Program on Education for Democratic Values and Practices was adopted at the Fourth Meeting of Ministers of Education within the Framework of CIDI, held in Scarborough, Trinidad and Tobago, from August 10 to 12, 2005, and that implementation of the Program will be guided, as provided for therein, by an advisory group composed of education officials, academics, and civil society experts, as well as other appropriate interested parties;
That, in the Declaration of Mar del Plata of the Fourth Summit of the Americas, the Heads of State and Government express support for “the recommendations contained in the Declaration and Plan of Action of the Fourth Meeting of Ministers of Education,” and state that they will strive “for quality public education at all levels and promote literacy to ensure a democratic citizenry, foster decent work, fight poverty, and achieve greater social inclusion”; and
That, in the Hemispheric Commitment to Early Childhood Education, adopted at the Fifth Meeting of Ministers of Education within the Framework of CIDI, held in Cartagena de Indias, Colombia, from November 14 to 16, 2007, the ministers made reference to quality education for all that would, among other things, foster the development of factors relating to peace, development, and human rights, education in democratic values and practices, and protection of the environment, and undertook to “redouble our efforts to continue forging a democratic culture in our Hemisphere by implementing the Inter-American Program on Education for Democratic Values and Practices, emphasizing that the values and practices that foster peaceful coexistence begin to be formed in early childhood”; and
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