General assembly thirty-eighth regular session




старонка2/28
Дата канвертавання24.04.2016
Памер1.31 Mb.
1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   28

MULTILATERAL EVALUATION MECHANISM (MEM) OF THE
INTER-AMERICAN DRUG ABUSE CONTROL COMMISSION

(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 3, 2008)



THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,
HAVING SEEN the 34 national reports of the Multilateral Evaluation Mechanism (MEM) covering the Fourth Evaluation Round 2005-2006, approved by the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD) at its forty-second regular session, and the MEM Hemispheric Report covering the same evaluation period, approved by CICAD at its forty-third regular session; and
REAFFIRMING its commitment to the MEM as an objective instrument for measuring the progress made by member states in controlling the illicit drug problem, identifying vulnerabilities and areas for improvement, and strengthening hemispheric solidarity and cooperation,
RESOLVES:


  1. To note with satisfaction the approval by the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD) at its forty-second regular session of the 34 national reports and, at its forty-third regular session, of the Hemispheric Report of the Multilateral Evaluation Mechanism (MEM) covering the Fourth Evaluation Round 2005-2006; and to endorse those reports and their recommendations.




  1. To thank the National Coordinating Entities (NCEs) and all national institutions providing information to the MEM process; and to urge them, in order to facilitate the work of the Governmental Expert Group (GEG), to provide the qualitative information needed during the phase of follow-up on recommendations of the Fourth Evaluation Round, complying with the MEM deadlines.




  1. To recognize the work of the GEG in the MEM evaluation process; and to encourage it to continue this important evaluation process.




  1. In accordance with the preparatory work done thus far, to convene the CICAD Intergovernmental Working Group (IWG) to meet in the second half of 2008 and in the first half of 2009 to review and strengthen the MEM before the Fifth Evaluation Round.




  1. To recommend to member states that they promote the MEM as the Hemisphere’s only multilateral evaluation mechanism on the drug problem, and:




    1. At the national level: that through their appropriate authorities, they disseminate the MEM national reports and the Hemispheric Report to their legislatures and government institutions, the media, and civil society; and




    1. At the international level: that they work to ensure that the MEM information is considered in the regional evaluation conducted in the framework of the twentieth special session of the United Nations General Assembly (XX UNGASS).




  1. Also to recommend to member states that they make every effort, to the extent of their capabilities, to implement the recommendations contained in the national reports of the MEM.




  1. To instruct the Executive Secretariat of CICAD:




    1. To work proactively with the member states to strengthen the work of the MEM;




    1. To continue to provide technical assistance, training, and support to the member states in their efforts to implement the recommendations made to them through the MEM process; and




    1. To disseminate widely the Hemisphere’s achievements and experiences over the 20 years since the entry into force of the United Nations Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances, signed in Vienna in 1988, and the 10 years of the XX UNGASS process.

8. To request the General Secretariat to report to the General Assembly at its thirty-ninth regular session on the implementation of this resolution, the execution of which shall be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.

AG/RES. 2355 (XXXVIII-O/08)

SUPPORT FOR ACTION AGAINST ANTIPERSONNEL MINES IN ECUADOR AND PERU

(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 3, 2008)



THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,
HAVING SEEN:
The Annual Report of the Permanent Council to the General Assembly (AG/doc.4820/08), in particular the section on matters assigned to the Committee on Hemispheric Security; and
The report of the General Secretariat on the implementation of resolution AG/RES. 2181 (XXXVI-O/06), “Support for Action against Antipersonnel Mines in Ecuador and Peru” (CP/CSH/INF.126/07);
RECALLING resolution AG/RES. 1644 (XXIX-O/99), operative paragraph 12, which urged member states and permanent observers to provide assistance to the national mine-clearing programs being carried out by Ecuador and Peru in their territories;
AWARE that the presence of land mines in border areas between the two countries and in the vicinity of power grids in Peru constitutes a serious threat to civilian populations and stands in the way of economic development in rural and urban areas; and that their elimination constitutes an obligation and prerequisite for the development and integration of peoples, especially in border areas, and helps to consolidate a common strategy for combating poverty;
RECOGNIZING the progress made by Ecuador and Peru in mine-clearing, the destruction of stockpiles, and measures to enhance transparency, and the special importance of humanitarian demining when it is carried out in a joint and consolidated fashion, as in the case of the work being done by the Governments of Ecuador and Peru in their common border area, which has resulted in information exchange and levels of cooperation that constitute an effective mutual confidence-building measure and an avenue toward further integration of their peoples;
AFFIRMING that humanitarian demining contributes to sustainable social and productive development of the border area between Ecuador and Peru, fosters an improved quality of life for population groups living on either side of the border, and facilitates the inclusion of those groups in economic integration programs and activities;
EMPHASIZING that the demining process that Ecuador and Peru are conducting is unprecedented at the regional and international levels, is based upon the peace agreements signed by the two countries in Brasilia in 1998, and constitutes a mutual confidence-building measure and a contribution to international peace;
NOTING WITH SATISFACTION that humanitarian demining in Ecuador and Peru contributes to fulfillment of the commitments assumed by both countries under the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on Their Destruction (Ottawa Convention);
NOTING the corresponding humanitarian demining efforts, as well as the awareness campaigns and assistance to victims in both countries; and
RECOGNIZING:
The firm resolve of Ecuador and Peru to honor the commitments undertaken pursuant to the Ottawa Convention;
The complete elimination of antipersonnel mine stockpiles in Ecuador and Peru through assistance under the “Managua Challenge” Fund;
The continued humanitarian demining operations in the Ecuador-Peru border area, the identification of mined areas, the performance of impact studies, the education and awareness campaigns, and the assistance to victims, all of which have made it possible to further humanitarian demining in the Zarumilla River area, in the border area of El Oro-Tumbes and Loja-Piura, and in the vicinity of the Chira River, Zapotillo sector (Ecuador) and Pampa Larga (Peru), as well as in the Province of Morona Santiago (Ecuador) and the Department of Amazonas (Peru);
The cooperation provided by member states, permanent observers, and other countries to national efforts in Ecuador and Peru to forge ahead with their mine-clearing programs;
The financial cooperation extended for this undertaking by various European countries and countries of the Americas, which will allow both countries to continue their concerted action against antipersonnel mines in a region of special social and ecological importance;
The work of coordination, promotion, and fundraising, as well as the advisory services offered by the General Secretariat, through the Program for Comprehensive Action against Antipersonnel Mines (AICMA), which is devoted to humanitarian mine-clearing, the physical and psychological rehabilitation of victims and their families, prevention education, and the social and economic reclamation of demined areas;
The technical advice of the Inter-American Defense Board (IADB), through the appointment of international monitors from Brazil, Chile, Honduras, and Nicaragua;
The importance attached by the international community to the humanitarian demining process in the Ecuador-Peru border area, which is considered an effective and objective way to promote mutual confidence and, therefore, a contribution to world peace;
The spirit of bilateral cooperation prevailing between the presidents of Ecuador and Peru, who decided at the First Meeting of Presidents and Cabinet Ministers, held in Tumbes on June 1, 2007, that implementation of the 1998 peace agreements, one of whose components is humanitarian demining, was a state policy;
That the ministers of foreign affairs and the ministers of national defense of both countries decided, at working meetings held in Lima on July 6, 2007, and on February 18 and 19, 2008, in the framework of what is known as the “2 + 2 mechanism,” to promote and strengthen the joint Ecuador-Peru humanitarian demining process; and
The Joint Communiqué signed by Ecuador and Peru on October 11, 2006, in the presence of high-level representatives of the European Union, the OAS AICMA Program, and the IADB, in the context of the visit by their delegations, on October 10, 2006, to an area of humanitarian demining operations jointly executed and coordinated in the Condor Mountain Range,
RESOLVES:


  1. To recognize the important work and achievements of the Governments of Ecuador and Peru in destroying their stockpiles and in mine-clearing in common border areas and, in the case of Peru, in other areas of its respective territory, as well as in promoting education on the risks posed by antipersonnel mines in order to reduce accidents.




  1. To encourage the Governments of Ecuador and Peru to continue cooperating in efforts to rid their territories completely of antipersonnel mines, as an innovative confidence- and security-building measure.




  1. Also to encourage the Governments of Ecuador and Peru to continue mine-clearing operations on the border, so that the border area may be free of antipersonnel mines within the time frame estimated by the two countries, with technical advice from the Program for Comprehensive Action against Antipersonnel Mines (AICMA) and the Inter-American Defense Board (IADB).




  1. To urge member states, permanent observers, international organizations, and the international community in general to continue providing technical and financial support for continuation of the joint humanitarian demining program in Ecuador and Peru, which is a successful example of international cooperation in this area.




  1. To renew the mandate given to the General Secretariat to continue to work, through the OAS AICMA Program, on identifying and raising voluntary financial contributions from member states, permanent observers, other states, and donor organizations for the mine-clearing and comprehensive action programs against antipersonnel mines carried out by Ecuador and Peru in their respective territories, and to continue to cooperate on programs in Ecuador and Peru to support comprehensive action against antipersonnel mines, including humanitarian mine-clearing, the physical and psychological rehabilitation of victims and their families, prevention education, and the social and economic reclamation of demined areas.




  1. To request the Permanent Council and the General Secretariat to report to the General Assembly at its thirty-ninth regular session on the implementation of this resolution, the execution of which shall be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.

AG/RES. 2356 (XXXVIII-O/08)


MIGRANT POPULATIONS AND MIGRATION FLOWS IN THE AMERICAS
(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 3, 2008)

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,


RECALLING resolutions AG/RES. 2248 (XXXVI-O/06) and AG/RES. 2326 (XXXVII-O/07), “Migrant Populations and Migration Flows in the Americas”;
RECALLING WITH SATISFACTION the decision taken by the Permanent Council of the Organization of American States (OAS) at its meeting of October 24, 2007, to establish the Special Committee on Migration Issues to analyze migration issues and flows from an integral perspective, taking into account the relevant provisions of international law, especially international human rights law;
RECALLING the important work of the OAS in promoting and protecting the human rights of migrant workers and their families;
RECALLING ALSO the adoption, by resolution AG/RES. 2141 (XXXV-O/05), of the Inter-American Program for the Promotion and Protection of the Human Rights of Migrants, Including Migrant Workers and Their Families;
CONSIDERING the importance of continuing the discussion and analysis of human migration, regular and irregular, and migration flows in the Americas and their causes and impact on all member states of the OAS;
RECOGNIZING that migration is also a reflection of the processes of integration and globalization, and a phenomenon that should be examined from a multilateral and multidimensional perspective, integrating a gender perspective;
RECOGNIZING ALSO that all OAS member states are countries of origin, transit, and destination of migrants, and the social and economic importance of migration in the member states;
TAKING INTO ACCOUNT that these migration flows will very likely increase as a result of various social, economic, political, and demographic factors, including migration resulting from subregional integration efforts;
TAKING NOTE of the comments and recommendations of the panelists of the Special Forum on Migration Issues, held on April 17, 2008, and attended by high officials, government experts, and international, regional, and civil society organizations; and
TAKING NOTE ALSO of the results of the special meeting of the Committee on Juridical and Political Affairs (CAJP) on implementation of the Inter-American Program for the Promotion and Protection of the Human Rights of Migrants, Including Migrant Workers and Their Families, held on March 7, 2008, pursuant to resolution AG/RES. 2289 (XXXVII-O/07),

RESOLVES:




  1. To welcome the initial work that the Special Committee on Migration Issues (CEAM) has been doing to analyze migration issues and flows from an integral perspective, taking into account the relevant provisions of international law, especially international human rights law.




  1. To express gratitude for the presentations given as a result of the activities planned in the CEAM context on, among other topics, migration and remittances, health, communications media, security, best practices, human smuggling and trafficking, children, gender, human rights, labor, culture, and cooperation; and to invite member states to consider implementing the recommendations they deem most appropriate that emerged from the Special Forum on Migration Issues, held on April 17, 2008.




  1. To recognize the adoption of the Work Plan of the CEAM, at the meeting of March 13, 2008; and to encourage the Committee to continue to fully engage states in the process of planning and executing activities.




  1. To reaffirm the importance of having a migration data matrix; and to thank the member states for their contributions to the sharing of information and best practices in relation to their existing legal frameworks, regulations, policies, and programs, especially the Migration Information System of the Americas.




  1. To request the Organization of American States (OAS) to consider the possibility of linking its efforts in this area with those of regional migration consultative processes, such as those of the Regional Conference on Migration (RCM or “Puebla Process”), the South American Conference on Migration, and MERCOSUR.




  1. To encourage member states to continue discussing their experiences and providing information to the General Secretariat on their existing legal frameworks, regulations, policies, and programs.




  1. To urge the CEAM to continue its work and to instruct the Permanent Council to undertake an evaluation of the same in the second quarter of 2010.




  1. To request the Permanent Council to report to the General Assembly at its thirty-ninth and fortieth regular sessions on the implementation of this resolution, the execution of which shall be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.

AG/RES. 2357 (XXXVIII-O/08)



1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   28


База данных защищена авторским правом ©shkola.of.by 2016
звярнуцца да адміністрацыі

    Галоўная старонка