General assembly thirty-eighth regular session




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  1. To request the Inter-American Committee on Education (CIE) to continue implementing the ministerial mandates in its Work Plan, with a special focus on additional efforts to move ahead with comprehensive early childhood care.




  1. To instruct the General Secretariat to cooperate, through the Executive Secretariat for Integral Development (SEDI), with education sector and other partner sectoral authorities, to help them implement the actions and agreements adopted, and to report back regularly on this process to the Permanent Executive Committee of the Inter-American Council for Integral Development (CEPCIDI).




  1. To request CIDI to report to the General Assembly at its thirty-ninth regular session on the implementation of this resolution, the execution of which shall be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.

Hemispheric Commitment to Early Childhood Education


(Adopted at the ninth plenary session, held on November 16, 2007)

We, the Ministers of Education of the member states of the Organization of American States (oas), gathered in Cartagena de Indias, Colombia, from November 14 to 16, 2007, for the Fifth Meeting of Ministers of Education in the framework of the Inter-American Council for Integral Development (CIDI) of the Organization of American States (OAS),


    reaffirm, after taking stock of the lessons learned in designing, executing, monitoring, and evaluating early childhood policies, that early childhood is a decisive phase in the human life cycle and that a comprehensive approach to it will allow us to overcome the challenges of poverty, inequity, and social exclusion.

    AGREE, for the purposes of this Hemispheric Commitment, that early childhood education is fundamental in the process of comprehensive development of children from birth to eight years of age, and we recognize that it is provided in different ways in different countries, but must include a joint effort by the family, school, and the community to develop effective public policies, as well as the contribution of the various sectors in society.

    RECOGNIZE that equitable and timely access to quality and integral education adapted to local contexts and global realities is a human right, a public good, and a political priority, including in the framework of comprehensive care for the very young, and we underscore the need to give priority to the most vulnerable groups and those with special educational needs.

    RECOGNIZE the family as the first and irreplaceable medium for educating and taking care of girls and boys, as well as the role of communities and governments in promoting policies of equitable access to quality early childhood education and its effective incorporation into each country’s educational system.

    UNDERSCORE the importance for states of promoting and conducting research and evaluation of early childhood education and of disseminating the findings, in order to generate the new knowledge and indicators needed to make better decisions based on empirical evidence. Of particular interest would be research into the relationship between comprehensive care for the very young and repetition and drop-out rates, aggression, and violence at later stages.

    REAFFIRM that governments should aspire to guarantee their peoples a quality education for all that: (i) satisfies the basic need to learn, which includes, inter alia, creating, reflecting, valuing, participating, knowing, doing, living together, and being; (ii) promotes participation and responsibility on the part of families and the community, the mass media, and local and municipal governments; (iii) fosters the development of factors relating to peace, development, and human rights, education in democratic values and practices, and protection of the environment; and (iv) incorporates technological innovation in order to develop the human skills needed to live in a knowledge society. In order to achieve an education with these characteristics, it is necessary to start in early childhood.





    recognize the significant progress achieved in education in the region, thanks to governments’ and civil society’s efforts to guarantee inclusive, quality, and intercultural education adapted to the global, local, and cultural circumstances, sponsored by the investments and institutional reforms set in motion.

    UNDERTAKE to redouble our efforts to continue forging a democratic culture in our Hemisphere by implementing the Inter-American Program on Education for Democratic Values and Practices, emphasizing that the values and practices that foster peaceful coexistence begin to be formed in early childhood.

    ALSO UNDERTAKE to continue advancing in the development of reliable education indicators through the Regional Educational Indicators Project (PRIE) and to explore ways of developing appropriate early childhood and preschool education indicators, based on existing international efforts. We are convinced that effective policies are based on reliable and timely information and, for that reason, we stress the need to have early childhood indicators based on scientific evidence.

    AFFIRM the commitment of states or pertinent authorities to promote quality professional preparation and ongoing development for early childhood education staff, teachers, and technical personnel. We recognize the commitment of educators throughout the Hemisphere to the education of our children and young people.

    RECOGNIZE the efforts undertaken by member states to:



      1. Eradicate the worst forms of child labor and reduce the number of children that work in violation of national laws, ensuring educational opportunity for children and youth;

      2. Develop educational plans for youth and adults, including literacy teaching and continuing education in the framework of efforts to eradicate illiteracy;

      3. Advance the development of community, intercultural, and multilingual education;

      4. Encourage and implement strategies for providing education to the most vulnerable groups and others with special educational needs, whether or not they are disability-related;

      5. Forge ahead with the dissemination, appropriate use, and inclusion of information and communication technologies in our countries’ educational processes and systems; and

      6. Support the drafting of a Social Charter and its corresponding Plan of Action through the Joint Working Group of the Permanent Council and CEPCIDI on the Draft Social Charter of the Americas.



    recognize the contributions of the Inter-American Committee on Education (CIE) to the follow-up, implementation, and evaluation of our mandates. We delegate to the CIE the task of following up on and evaluating the agreements reached at this meeting.

    RECOGNIZE ALSO the support given to the CIE by the Executive Secretariat for Integral Development (SEDI) through its Department of Education and Culture, and instruct SEDI to continue assisting the Committee with its work of following up on the achievement of our goals.



    RECOMMEND to our Heads of State and Government that we make a joint hemispheric commitment to quality education and comprehensive care for the very young, with a view to considering in the Declaration and the Plan of Action of the Fifth Summit of the Americas, to be held in Trinidad and Tobago in 2009, guidelines for strengthening policies for early childhood that may contribute to the integral development of our countries.

    agree to work together and with other relevant institutions–governmental, international, and civil society–to achieve the following objectives:




  1. Develop legal, ethical, and regulatory frameworks and/or financing mechanisms to ensure sustainable implementation of early childhood policies;

  2. Increase quality comprehensive early childhood education coverage, in accordance with each member state’s possibilities and with the long-term goal of universalizing its integral care for the very young;

  3. Establish early childhood comprehensive care and education policies, and procedures and criteria for focusing on care for the poor and vulnerable segments of society, ethnic groups, migrants, and groups with special educational needs;

  4. Implement comprehensive care programs for children that are tailored to their particular needs, characteristics, and contexts;

  5. Coordinate educational sectors and institutions with other national, local, and subnational authorities responsible for providing protection, nutrition, health, culture, and social welfare-related components in such a way as to guarantee the provision of comprehensive early childhood care;

  6. Strengthen quality initial preparation and ongoing professional development for educators in early childhood education, including teachers, families, and communities as the first educational influences;

  7. Formulate policies and educational, interinstitutional, and intersectoral coordination strategies for the successful transition of children between the different stages in early childhood;

  8. Promote mechanisms for evaluating the quality of comprehensive early childhood care and education; and

  9. Encourage communication and dissemination policies regarding comprehensive early childhood care and education.




    INSTRUCT the Inter-American Committee on Education (CIE) to implement our mandates in its 2007-2009 Work Plan, paying special attention to the need to supplement efforts to move toward comprehensive care in early childhood. To that end, the CIE should use the document “Guidelines for Early Childhood Education Programming” (CIDI/RME/doc.7/07), which includes inter alia, the following activities:



  1. Evaluating comprehensive early childhood care programs with a view to identifying ways of improving them and generating databases to facilitate the exchange of meaningful experiences among countries;

  2. Identifying best practices in comprehensive care programs; experiences with intersectoral coordination; and legal, regulatory and funding frameworks, with a view to designing and implementing bilateral and multilateral technical cooperation agendas; as well as putting in place communication and dissemination strategies for comprehensive care and education for the very young;

  3. Exchanging experiences and practices in the evaluation of children’s development in early childhood, and in the training of teachers and other personnel responsible for early childhood care and education;

  4. Strengthening and further developing regional educational indicators for early childhood within the Regional Educational Indicators Project (PRIE);

  5. Broadening the scope of the Educational Portal of the Americas, the Latin American Network of Educational Portals (RELPE), and the educational portals of the member states, with a view to facilitating the sharing of successful experiences and contents among countries, thereby helping to strengthen early childhood care and education policies, and

  6. Fostering the participation of civil society in programs, projects, and strategies for early childhood.

    EXPRESS our gratitude to the Government of Colombia for its warm and generous hospitality and its contribution to the success of this Fifth Meeting of Ministers of Education within the Framework of CIDI.



AG/RES. 2387 (XXXVIII-O/08)


ERADICATING ILLITERACY AND FIGHTING DISEASES
THAT AFFECT INTEGRAL DEVELOPMENT
(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 3, 2008)

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,


HAVING SEEN:
Resolutions CIDI/RES. 180 (XI-O/06), CIDI/RES. 196 (XII-O/07), and CIDI/RES. 210 (XIII-O/08), “Eradicating Illiteracy and Fighting Diseases That Affect Integral Development”; and
Resolutions AG/RES. 2204 (XXXVI-O/06) and AG/RES. 2308 (XXXVII-O/07), “Eradicating Illiteracy and Fighting Diseases That Affect Integral Development”;
TAKING INTO ACCOUNT that achieving integral development entails the consolidation in the Americas of basic and essential goals upon which such development can be built, such as increasing the literacy of our populations and alleviating the diseases that undermine this objective;
CONSIDERING that the Fourth Summit of the Americas set out, in paragraph 13 of the Declaration of Mar del Plata, the commitment of the Hemisphere’s leaders to developing comprehensive policies to institutionalize the fight against poverty, consolidating more democratic societies, with opportunities for all, and promoting greater access to education, health care, labor markets, and credit;
RECALLING that, similarly, Article 34.h of the Charter of the Organization of American States (OAS) speaks of the rapid eradication of illiteracy and the expansion of educational opportunities for all, as one of the basic goals to be pursued in the process of attaining integral development;
RECALLING ALSO that achieving universal primary education and fighting HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases were topics expressly included in the United Nations Millennium Declaration and the Millennium Development Goals derived therefrom;
BEARING IN MIND:
That illiteracy and functional illiteracy are the reason that a large number of people are deprived of the possibility of participating fully in processes aimed at achieving integral development and of receiving its benefits;
That there are major shortcomings and precarious conditions in the health area and in health care provision in the Americas, particularly as regards chronic, emerging, and re-emerging diseases, which in some cases seriously affect the ability of people to participate in the aforesaid processes;
That there is a link between a higher level of literacy in the population and the capacity to have ready access to and benefit from the contents of publicly disseminated materials, programs, or campaigns–of an informative, preventive, or palliative nature–aimed at reducing health-care inequities and improving health conditions in the countries of the Hemisphere;
That, at the Special Summit of the Americas and the Fourth Summit of the Americas, the Heads of State and Government expressed their concern about chronic, emerging, and re-emerging diseases, and pledged to strengthen cooperation and the exchange of information in the fight against these diseases, as well as to develop promotion, prevention, control, and treatment programs, with a view to implementing integral public health actions;
That the Declaration of Scarborough and Commitments to Action, adopted at the Fourth Meeting of Ministers of Education within the Framework of CIDI, recognizes the need to work on the high illiteracy rates in the countries of the region, proposes that the design of a regional literacy program be considered, and entrusts the OAS with studying this possibility;
That the Declaration of Mar del Plata of the Fourth Summit of the Americas supports the recommendations contained in the aforementioned Declaration of Scarborough and Commitments to Action and promotes literacy to ensure a democratic citizenry, foster decent work, fight poverty, and achieve greater social inclusion;
That the Plan of Action of the Fourth Summit of the Americas, calls for the study of a literacy program within the framework of the OAS before 2008, taking into account successful experiences in the field, in order to advance towards the eradication of illiteracy; and
That the Strategic Plan for Partnership for Integral Development 2006–2009 includes, among the priority actions in the area of education, “supporting the efforts of member states to reduce high levels of illiteracy so as to ensure a democratic citizenry, facilitate decent work, fight against poverty, and achieve greater social inclusion for the entire population”;
CONVINCED that full literacy is a fundamental element in achieving more just and inclusive societies, in consolidating democracy in the Americas, and in transmitting such basic democratic values as respect for institutions and individual freedoms, tolerance, and human rights;
CONCERNED about the obstacles to integral development that arise from diseases, principally from those that have a social impact or may be related to poverty or lack of education; and
UNDERSCORING its conviction that the difficulties and challenges posed by illiteracy, poor-quality education, and health problems in the Americas can be overcome only through an approach based on solidarity that involves governments and civil society as a whole, taking into account opportunities to incorporate modules on health into formal education curriculums,
RESOLVES:


  1. To reaffirm the determination of the member states, as reiterated in the Declaration and Plan of Action of the Fourth Summit of the Americas and embodied in resolution AG/RES. 2308 (XXXVII-O/07), adopted by the General Assembly of the Organization of American States (OAS) at its thirty-seventh regular session, to take measures and pursue specific programs to achieve full literacy of the Hemisphere’s populations and improve the quality of education at all levels, as well as to overcome diseases that represent obstacles to integral development.




  1. To continue, as decided, the process of studying a program to move toward the elimination of illiteracy in the Hemisphere, taking into account successful experiences in the field; and, in that regard, to acknowledge the efforts undertaken in this area in the framework of the Inter-American Committee on Education (CIE) on the proposed “Literacy Initiative” and extend the period for completing this study to December 2008.




  1. To recommend that, in that process, consideration be given to best practices in member states; and, to that end, to instruct the General Secretariat to continue conducting, through its relevant technical areas, the study of such practices in the member states, in order to share the results obtained.




  1. To recognize the activities carried out by the OAS Department of Education and Culture on the aforementioned initiative, including, among other things, the compilation of data, the strengthening of horizontal cooperation in the area, and the efforts at coordination with other specialized organizations, as well as participation in the regional conference on global literacy: “From Literacy to Lifelong Learning,” to be held in Mexico in September 2008.




  1. To reiterate its request to the General Secretariat, through the Executive Secretariat for Integral Development (SEDI) and pursuant to operative paragraphs 2, 3, and 4 above, to resolutely support and collaborate with the member states in their efforts related to this matter.




  1. To reiterate to the national authorities in the area of education the recommendation that they explore the possibility of setting a tentative date for the eradication of illiteracy in the Americas, bearing in mind the individual characteristics of each member state, in order to attain that goal as soon as possible.




  1. To support the member states, through the technical areas of the General Secretariat with specific responsibility in the matter, in their efforts to eradicate illiteracy and improve the quality of education, in coordination, where appropriate, with other regional or international organizations with initiatives in the area, in particular the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).




  1. To express appreciation to the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) for its presence and contribution at the joint meeting of the Permanent Council and the Permanent Executive Committee of the Inter-American Council for Integral Development (CEPCIDI) on March 26, 2008, convened to consider different perspectives and points of view regarding the links between poverty and the health status of communities in the Hemisphere, as well as possible and existing ways of improving those conditions; and to take note of the valuable information provided.




  1. To continue strengthening formal dialogue with PAHO, through the strategic partnership between the two organizations, in order to coordinate respective efforts, in the area of competence of each, with regard to health problems in the Americas and their social impact; and to encourage an ongoing exchange between both organizations through, inter alia, activities like the one described in the previous paragraph.




  1. To reiterate the appeal to the ministers and highest-level authorities in the areas of education and health in the Hemisphere to consider the subject of this resolution.




  1. To request the General Secretariat to present an annual report, through SEDI, to the Inter-American Council for Integral Development (CIDI) on the implementation of this resolution.




  1. To request CIDI to report to the General Assembly at its thirty-ninth regular session on the implementation of this resolution, the execution of which shall be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.

AG/RES. 2388 (XXXVIII-O/08)


SECOND MEETING OF MINISTERS AND HIGH AUTHORITIES
ON SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY IN THE FRAMEWORK OF CIDI
(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 3, 2008)

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,


HAVING SEEN resolutions CEPCIDI/RES. 145 (CXL-O/08), “Convocation of the Second Meeting of Ministers and High Authorities on Science and Technology in the Framework of CIDI”; AG/RES. 2087 (XXXV-O/05) and CIDI/RES. 174 (X-O/05), “Report of the First Meeting of Ministers and High Authorities on Science and Technology”; and CIDI/RES. 211 (XIII-O/08), “Second Meeting of Ministers and High Authorities on Science and Technology in the Framework of CIDI”;
TAKING INTO ACCOUNT that the Heads of State and Government gathered at the Fourth Summit of the Americas undertook to improve the quality of science teaching and to incorporate science, technology, engineering, and innovation as principal factors in national strategies and plans for social and economic development, for the fundamental purpose of helping to reduce poverty and generate decent jobs, and that, in that regard, they supported the Declaration and Plan of Action of Lima, adopted at the First Meeting of Ministers and High Authorities on Science and Technology in the Framework of CIDI;
TAKING INTO ACCOUNT ALSO:
That the Declaration of the Third Summit of the Americas states that ministerial meetings are producing significant results in support of Summit mandates and that this cooperation will continue to be developed; and
That science and technology has been considered a priority area in the Summits of the Americas process and that this has been reaffirmed in the Strategic Plan for Partnership for Integral Development 2006-2009; and
CONSIDERING:
That it is of the utmost importance to the Hemisphere that at least one ministerial meeting on science and technology be held before the next Summit of the Americas, in order to convey to the highest policy-making levels the priorities, needs, and recommendations of the highest authorities of the Americas in the area of science and technology;
That the Inter-American Committee on Science and Technology (COMCyT) held its fifth regular meeting on September 20 and 21, 2007, at which it accepted the Mexican Government’s offer to host the ministerial meeting and decided to hold it in 2008;
That the Permanent Executive Committee of the Inter-American Council for Integral Development (CEPCIDI) received the report of the Fifth Regular Meeting of COMCyT (CIDI/COMCYT/doc.8/07);
That a working meeting of the follow-up group established by COMCyT and the Executive Secretariat for Integral Development (SEDI) was held in Mexico City on February 11 and 12, 2008, to consult on the main topic for the ministerial meeting and its dates, for which October 27 and 28, 2008, were proposed;
That, following consultations, the Government of Mexico proposed as the central theme for the ministerial meeting “Science, Technology, Engineering, and Innovation as Tools for Prosperity”; and
That, on the basis of the Government of Mexico’s offer to host the ministerial meeting, CEPCIDI approved its convocation through resolution CEPCIDI/RES. 145 (CXL-O/08), “Convocation of the Second Meeting of Ministers and High Authorities of Science and Technology,” to be held in Mexico City on October 27 and 28, 2008,
RESOLVES:


  1. To thank the Government of Mexico for its generous offer to host the Second Meeting of Ministers and High Authorities on Science and Technology in the Framework of CIDI, in Mexico City on October 27 and 28, 2008.




  1. To emphasize the importance of continuing the ministerial dialogue on science and technology in the framework of the Inter-American Council for Integral Development (CIDI).




  1. To welcome the Government of Mexico’s proposal of “Science, Technology, Engineering, and Innovation as Tools for Prosperity” as the central theme; and to take note of the three sub-themes proposed: “Science, Technology, Engineering, Innovation, and Public Development Policies”; “Science, Technology, Engineering, and Innovation as Tools for Sound Natural Resource Management”; and “Science, Technology, Engineering, and Innovation as Tools for Increasing Competitiveness.”




  1. To urge member states to send their highest authorities in the area of science and technology to take part in the aforementioned meeting.




  1. To instruct the General Secretariat, through the Executive Secretariat for Integral Development (SEDI), to lend the necessary support to preparations for, and follow-up to, the Second Meeting of Ministers and High Authorities on Science and Technology in the Framework of CIDI and to report periodically to the Permanent Executive Committee of the Inter-American Council for Integral Development (CEPCIDI) on the preparations.




  1. To request CIDI to report to the General Assembly at its thirty-ninth regular session on the implementation of this resolution, the execution of which shall be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.

AG/RES. 2389 (XXXVIII-O/08)
ERADICATION OF HUNGER: 2008 - INTERNATIONAL YEAR OF THE POTATO
(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 3, 2008)

THE general assembly,


HAVING SEEN resolution CIDI/RES. 212 (XIII-O/08), “Eradication of Hunger: International Year of the Potato”;
CONSIDERING:
That the Charter of the Organization of American States (OAS) establishes as one of the Organization’s essential purposes the eradication of extreme poverty, which constitutes an obstacle to the full democratic development of the peoples of the Hemisphere; and that the member states have agreed, among other basic aims, to devote their utmost efforts to achieving adequate nutrition, especially through the acceleration of national efforts to increase the production and availability of food; and
That the United Nations General Assembly, by its resolution 60/191 (68th plenary meeting, December 22, 2005), declared 2008 as the “International Year of the Potato,” taking into consideration that potato is a staple food in the diet of the world population and affirming the need to focus world attention on the role that the potato can play in providing food security and eradicating poverty, in support of achievement of the Millennium Development Goals;
CONSIDERING ALSO:
That, in the Declaration of Mar del Plata of the Fourth Summit of the Americas (Argentina, 2005), the Heads of State and Government reaffirmed their “commitment to fight poverty, inequality, hunger, and social exclusion in order to raise the standard of living of our peoples and strengthen democratic governance in the Americas”; and
That the Declaration of Nuevo León of the Special Summit of the Americas (Mexico, 2004) recognizes that overcoming poverty, hunger, and social inequality are major challenges facing many countries of the Hemisphere in the 21st first century;
RECALLING that the potato originated in the environs of Lake Titicaca, and that from there its cultivation spread to all the Andean countries, where it was deemed the “people’s food” and played a central role in the Andean world view; and
BEARING IN MIND:
That at the High-Level Meeting on Poverty, Equity, and Social Inclusion, held on Isla Margarita, Venezuela, from October 8 to 10, 2003, which adopted the Declaration of Margarita (RANPEIS/DEC. 1/03), the authorities of the OAS member states with responsibility for social development policies and programs expressed their commitment to seeing that the Inter-American Council for Integral Development (CIDI), as the hemispheric political forum for dialogue in combating poverty, contributes to the follow-up, evaluation, and monitoring of the eight development goals established in the United Nations Millennium Declaration;
Resolution AG/RES. 2332 (XXXVII-O/07), “The Importance of Nutrition for Achieving Healthier Populations and Integral Development,” which reaffirmed the will of the member states to strengthen cooperation in the struggle against chronic, emerging, and re-emerging diseases and to strengthen, within national health systems, primary health-care actions as a step to prevent diseases, their causes–such as malnutrition–and their consequences, and to reduce morbidity; and urged them to join forces to reduce rates of malnutrition and poor nutrition due to deficit or excess intake of food; and
Resolution AG/RES. 2346 (XXXVII-O/07), “Support for Efforts to Eradicate Child Nutrition in the Americas,” which urged the member states “to give top priority in their poverty reduction strategies to eradication of child malnutrition in the Hemisphere” and urged the region to promote horizontal cooperation in the region and to strengthen national bodies dedicated to coordinating efforts to combat child malnutrition,
RESOLVES:


  1. To welcome with satisfaction the declaration of 2008 as the “International Year of the Potato.”




  1. To request the organs, agencies, and entities of the inter-American system to contribute, within their areas of competence, to the efforts of the member states to reduce rates of malnutrition in the Hemisphere by providing support for food crops, inter alia, the potato.

3. To request that the Inter-American Council for Integral Development (CIDI), with the support of the General Secretariat, report to the General Assembly at its thirty-ninth regular session on the implementation of this resolution, the execution of which shall be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.

AG/RES. 2390 (XXXVIII-O/08)
STRENGTHENING PARTNERSHIP FOR DEVELOPMENT: POLICY DIALOGUE, TECHNICAL COOPERATION, STRUCTURE, AND MECHANISMS
(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 3, 2008)

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,


HAVING SEEN:
Resolutions CIDI/RES. 192 (XI-O/07), “Strengthening Mechanisms for Policy Dialogue for Integral Development”; CIDI/RES. 193 (XII-O/07), “Strengthening Technical Cooperation for Integral Development”; CIDI/RES. 194 (XII-O/07), “Strengthening Substantive Policy Dialogue in the Framework of the Inter-American Council for Integral Development”; and CIDI/RES. 213 (XIII-O/08), “Strengthening Partnership for Development: Policy Dialogue, Technical Cooperation, Structure, and Mechanisms”; and
Resolutions AG/RES. 2303 (XXXVII-O/07), “Strengthening Mechanisms for Policy Dialogue for Integral Development”; AG/RES. 2304 (XXXVII-O/07), “Strengthening Technical Cooperation for Integral Development”; and AG/RES. 2305 (XXXVII-O/07), “Strengthening Substantive Policy Dialogue in the Framework of the Inter-American Council for Integral Development”;
REAFFIRMING the content of each of the preambular and operative paragraphs of the resolutions mentioned in the preceding paragraph;
REITERATING the importance of strengthening the Inter-American Council for Integral Development (CIDI) and its organs, as well as mechanisms for policy dialogue and technical cooperation, with the purpose of improving its work;
TAKING INTO ACCOUNT:
The important mandates of CIDI and those emanating from the sectoral meetings of ministers and high-level authorities in the economic, social, educational, cultural, labor, tourism, sustainable development, and scientific and technological areas, as well as the Strategic Plan for Partnership for Integral Development 2006-2009; and
The importance for member states to engage in substantive policy dialogue at CIDI meetings on topics of common interest, making it possible to achieve progress in the formulation of policies, the definition of priorities, and the development of specific actions aimed at promoting integral development in the Hemisphere;
TAKING INTO ACCOUNT ALSO:
That a process of reflection and consultation is under way within the Permanent Executive Committee of the Inter-American Council for Integral Development (CEPCIDI) on policy dialogue mechanisms within CIDI and the present structure of partnership for development, exploring diverse options for strengthening it; and
That, in its 2007-2008 Work Plan, CEPCIDI decided to give priority to this process of reflection and consultation and that, in this regard, a day of reflection was convened, for February 4, 2008, in order to learn about the scope of the work of the Executive Secretariat for Integral Development (SEDI), exchange views on the direction integral development should take within CIDI/OAS, and determine how to move forward jointly and in a coordinated manner to invigorate existing mechanisms and make them more efficient, effective, and transparent;
RECALLING:
That CEPCIDI, on the basis of the many valuable contributions received from the member states on the focus and priorities of the role and mandates of CIDI, decided to form and install a working group with the mandate of “considering the various options for strengthening CIDI and its organs and improving their functioning”;
That, at the Thirteenth Regular Meeting of CIDI, held on May 14 and 15, 2008, at OAS headquarters in Washington, D.C., a joint dialogue was held for the first time with the officers of the inter-American committees and of the Inter-American Conference of Ministers of Labor, for the purpose of better coordinating their work and of learning first-hand about their activities and achievements and the challenges they face in implementing their mandates; and
That, according to the mandate issued in resolution AG/RES. 2304 (XXXVII-O/07), “Strengthening Mechanisms for Policy Dialogue for Integral Development,” the Government of Mexico offered to host the special technical meeting in which national cooperation authorities and experts would participate to consider the possibility of implementing cooperation mechanisms and modalities that make the most efficient use of the capacities of the OAS as a multilateral organization and of the capacities of all member states, through cooperation among states at different levels of development in projects of particular benefit to the relatively less developed countries; and
CONSIDERING that the report of the Permanent Executive Committee of the Inter-American Council for Integral Development (CEPCIDI) indicates that some mandates remain pending, which fully justifies their being reiterated and renewed, in the interest of strengthening inter-American cooperation for integral development,
RESOLVES:


  1. To reiterate and renew the contents and pending mandates of resolutions AG/RES. 2303 (XXXVII-O/07), “Strengthening Mechanisms for Policy Dialogue for Integral Development”; AG/RES. 2304 (XII-O/07), “Strengthening Technical Cooperation for Integral Development”; and AG/RES. 2305 (XII-O/07), “Strengthening Substantive Policy Dialogue in the Framework of the Inter-American Council for Integral Development.”




  1. To recognize the work of the Permanent Executive Committee of the Inter-American Council for Integral Development (CEPCIDI) in the process of reflection and consultation on mechanisms for policy dialogue within the Inter-American Council for Integral Development (CIDI) and the present structure of partnership for development, and in particular the establishment of the CEPCIDI working group with the mandate of “considering the various options for strengthening CIDI and its organs and improving their functioning.”




  1. To accept with gratitude the offer by the Government of Mexico to host the special technical meeting on September 23 and 24, 2008, with the participation of national cooperation authorities and experts, pursuant to the mandate issued in resolution AG/RES. 2304 (XXXVII-O/07), “Strengthening Mechanisms for Policy Dialogue for Integral Development.”




  1. To request that, when CEPCIDI considers possible courses of action to strengthen CIDI, its organs, and mechanisms for policy dialogue and technical cooperation, should it find it necessary to amend the provisions of the statutes of CIDI, CEPCIDI, the Special Multilateral Fund of CIDI (FEMCIDI), and the Inter-American Agency for Cooperation and Development (IACD) or their supplementary provisions, it propose those amendments and approve them ad referendum of CIDI and the General Assembly, as appropriate.




  1. To recommend to the appropriate political bodies of the Organization of American States (OAS) that, in fulfillment of the mandates contained in the aforementioned resolutions, they adhere to the established timeframes and deadlines; and to instruct the General Secretariat to do likewise.




  1. To instruct the General Secretariat, through the Executive Secretariat for Integral Development (SEDI), to support the work that CEPCIDI will carry out through its working group, and to continue supporting the efforts of the member states to meet the commitments set forth in the resolutions referred to in operative paragraph 1.




  1. To request CIDI to follow up on the work of the working group of CEPCIDI and, on the basis of its reports, to present to the General Assembly at its thirty-ninth regular session recommendations for consolidating CIDI and its organs.




  1. To request CIDI to report to the General Assembly at its thirty-ninth regular session on the actions taken in pursuit of the renewed mandates and on the outcome achieved.




  1. To request that CIDI, with the support of the General Secretariat, report to the General Assembly at its thirty-ninth regular session on the implementation of this resolution, the execution of which shall be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.

AG/RES. 2391 (XXXVIII-O/08)


INTER-AMERICAN MEETING ON IMPROVING THE AVAILABILITY OF,
AND ACCESS TO, SAFE DRINKING WATER AND SANITATION SERVICES
(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 3, 2008)

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,


HAVING SEEN resolutions AG/RES. 2347 (XXXVII-O/07), “Inter-American Meeting on the Economic, Social, and Environmental Aspects of the Availability of, and Access to, Drinking Water,” and AG/RES. 2349 (XXXVII-O/07), “Water, Health, and Human Rights,” and CIDI/RES. 214 (XIII-O/08), “Inter-American Meeting on Improving the Availability of, and Access to, Safe Drinking Water and Sanitation Services”; and
CONSIDERING that the Permanent Executive Committee of the Inter-American Council for Integral Development (CEPCIDI) approved the draft agenda for the Inter-American Meeting on Improving the Availability of, and Access to, Safe Drinking Water and Sanitation Services (CEPCIDI/doc.834/08), as well as the membership of the panel that would participate in the first session of said meeting (CEPCIDI/doc.835/08),
RESOLVES:


  1. To accept with satisfaction the offer by the Government of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela to host the Inter-American Meeting on Improving the Availability of, and Access to, Safe Drinking Water and Sanitation Services.




  1. To instruct the Permanent Executive Committee of the Inter-American Council for Integral Development (CEPCIDI), in coordination with the General Secretariat, to convene, for the second half of 2008, the Inter-American Meeting on Improving the Availability of, and Access to, Safe Drinking Water and Sanitation Services, with the purpose of facilitating a dialogue among the national authorities of the member states on national policies, experiences, and best practices related to availability of, and access to, safe drinking water and sanitation, seeking to promote the exchange of information and experiences and to strengthen cooperation among member states to improve the availability of, and access to, safe drinking water and basic sanitation in the region, in the framework of the objectives and guidelines established in the Declaration of Santa Cruz + 10 and the Inter-American Program for Sustainable Development 2006-2009 and in the Millennium Declaration.




  1. To request CIDI to report to the General Assembly at its thirty-ninth regular session on the implementation of this resolution, the execution of which shall be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.

AG/RES. 2392 (XXXVIII-O/08)


POVERTY, EQUITY, AND SOCIAL INCLUSION:
FOLLOW-UP TO THE DECLARATION OF MARGARITA
(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 3, 2008)

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,


HAVING SEEN:
Resolutions CIDI/RES. 113 (VII-O/02), “Poverty, Equity, and Social Inclusion”; CIDI/RES. 130 (VIII-O/03), “High-Level Meeting on Poverty, Equity, and Social Inclusion”; CIDI/RES. 145 (IX-O/04), “Poverty, Equity, and Social Inclusion”; CIDI/RES. 165 (X-O/05), “Poverty, Equity, and Social Inclusion: Follow-up to the Declaration of Margarita”; CIDI/RES. 179 (XI-O/06), “Reiteration and Renewal of Commitments and Mandates in the Framework of Inter-American Cooperation for Integral Development”; and CIDI/RES. 195 (XII-O/07) and CIDI/RES. 215 (XIII-O/08), “Poverty, Equity, and Social Inclusion: Follow-up to the Declaration of Margarita”; and
Resolutions AG/RES. 1854 (XXXII-O/02), AG/RES. 1962 (XXXIII-O/03), and AG/RES. 1983 (XXXIV-O/04), “Poverty, Equity, and Social Inclusion”; AG/RES. 2081 (XXXV-O/05), “Poverty, Equity, and Social Inclusion: Follow-up to the Declaration of Margarita”; AG/RES. 2203 (XXXVI-O/06), “Reiteration and Renewal of Commitments and Mandates in the Framework of Inter-American Cooperation for Integral Development”; and AG/RES. 2307 (XXXVII-O/07), “Poverty, Equity, and Social Inclusion: Follow-up to the Declaration of Margarita”;
TAKING INTO ACCOUNT that the High-Level Meeting on Poverty, Equity, and Social Inclusion, which took place on Isla Margarita, Venezuela, from October 8 to 10, 2003, adopted the Declaration of Margarita (RANPEIS/DEC. 1/03); and
CONSIDERING:
That Article 2.g of the Charter of the Organization of American States (OAS) establishes that one of the essential purposes of the Organization is to eradicate extreme poverty, which constitutes an obstacle to the full democratic development of the peoples of the Hemisphere;
That the Declaration of Quebec City, adopted at the Third Summit of the Americas, states that “[w]e shall spare no effort to free our fellow citizens from the dehumanizing conditions of extreme poverty”;
That the Declaration of Nuevo León, adopted at the Special Summit of the Americas, recognizes that overcoming poverty, hunger, and social inequality are major challenges facing many countries of the Hemisphere in the 21st century;
That in the same Declaration the Heads of State and Government urged the OAS “to carefully consider the recommendations approved at the High-Level Meeting on Poverty, Equity, and Social Inclusion, held on Isla de Margarita, Venezuela to strengthen the hemispheric social agenda”;

That, in the Declaration of Mar del Plata of the Fourth Summit of the Americas, the Heads of State and Government reaffirmed their “commitment to fight poverty, inequality, hunger, and social exclusion in order to raise the standard of living of our peoples and strengthen democratic governance in the Americas”;


That the Inter-American Democratic Charter reaffirms, in the preambular section, that “the fight against poverty, and especially the elimination of extreme poverty, is essential to the promotion and consolidation of democracy and constitutes a common and shared responsibility of the American states”;
That, in resolution AG/RES. 1983 (XXXIV-O/04), “Poverty, Equity and Social Inclusion,” the General Assembly endorsed the Declaration of Margarita and took note of the proposal for a follow-up to the High-Level Meeting on Poverty, Equity, and Social Inclusion (CEPCIDI/doc.594/03), as well as of the methodology for its implementation (CEPCIDI/doc.611/04 corr. 1);
That in the Declaration of Margarita, the high-level authorities of the OAS member states responsible for social development policies and programs expressed their commitment to ensuring that the Inter-American Council for Integral Development, as the hemispheric policy forum for dialogue on combating poverty, contributes to the follow-up, evaluation, and supervision of the eight development goals established in the United Nations Millennium Declaration;
That the United Nations, through the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Economic Commission for Latin American and the Caribbean (ECLAC), as well as the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), and other agencies of the inter-American system, have given ample consideration to the goals established in the United Nations Millennium Declaration;
That, to a large extent, the follow-up to the High-Level Meeting on Poverty, Equity, and Social Inclusion will take place in the context of the Inter-American Committee on Social Development; and that the Declaration of Margarita specifically proposes that the Permanent Council and the Inter-American Council for Integral Development (CIDI) consider the need to deepen the commitments undertaken in the Charter of the Organization of American States, the Inter-American Democratic Charter, and other international instruments on social matters in relation to the advancement and observance of economic, social, and cultural rights, and explore the possibility of having an instrument and mechanisms that respond to this aim;
That resolution AG/RES. 1854 (XXXII-O/02), “Poverty, Equity, and Social Inclusion,” instructed the Permanent Council and CIDI, in light of the results of the Isla Margarita meeting, to define jointly new actions to strengthen existing mechanisms for cooperation to support the OAS member states in combating poverty; and
That the First Meeting of Ministers and High Authorities of Social Development within the Framework of CIDI will be held in Reñaca, Chile, on July 9 and 10, 2008; and
EXPRESSING ITS SATISFACTION with the joint meeting of the Permanent Council and the Permanent Executive Committee of CIDI (CEPCIDI), held on April 2, 2008, in Washington, D.C., to contribute “to following up on, evaluating, and supervising the Eight Development Goals established in the Millennium Declaration for the year 2015”; and taking note of the results of that meeting,
RESOLVES:


  1. To entrust the Permanent Council and the Inter-American Council for Integral Development (CIDI) with giving careful consideration to the recommendations approved during the High-Level Meeting on Poverty, Equity, and Social Inclusion.




  1. To entrust the Permanent Council and CIDI with considering, on the basis of the proposal made in said meeting, mechanisms and instruments that make it possible to deepen the commitments undertaken in the Charter of the Organization of American States (OAS), the Inter-American Democratic Charter, and other international instruments on social matters, in relation to the advancement and observance of economic, social, and cultural rights.




  1. To invite the Secretariat of the United Nations to present a report on the General Assembly Thematic Debate on the Millennium Development Goals, held in April 2008, in order to contribute to the follow-up, evaluation, and supervision of those goals and to the pursuit of greater coordination of multilateral action.




  1. To instruct the Executive Secretariat for Integral Development to prepare, in coordination with other pertinent areas of the OAS and pertinent international organizations, a study that compiles the experiences and best practices developed by member states for the achievement of the development goals established in the United Nations Millennium Declaration.




  1. To request that, in that study, account be taken of the results of the First Meeting of Ministers and High Authorities of Social Development within the Framework of CIDI and of the reports of the member states on this subject.




  1. To request the Permanent Executive Committee of CIDI (CEPCIDI) to examine the possibility of organizing and convening in the first half of 2009 a workshop on experiences and best practices of member states for the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals, to be attended by national cooperation authorities and those responsible for follow-up on those objectives in each member state, with the aim of identifying and developing possible areas of cooperation, drawing upon the study mentioned in the preceding paragraphs, among other sources.




  1. To request CIDI to report to the General Assembly at its thirty-ninth regular session on the implementation of this resolution, the execution of which shall be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.

AG/RES. 2393 (XXXVIII-O/08)


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