Extreme convergence in egg-laying strategy across insect orders



Дата25.04.2016
Памер83.2 Kb.
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Extreme convergence in egg-laying strategy across insect orders
Julia Goldberg1, Joachim Bresseel2, Jerome Constant2, Bruno Kneubühler3, Fanny Leubner1, Peter Michalik4 & Sven Bradler1
1Johann-Friedrich-Blumenbach-Institute of Zoology and Anthropology, Georg-August-University Göttingen, Berliner Str. 28, 37073 Göttingen, Germany
2Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, Vautier Street 29, 1000 Brussels, Belgium
3Schädrütihalde 47c, 6006 Lucerne, Switzerland
4Zoological Institute and Museum, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-University, Johann-Sebastian-Bach-Str. 11/12, 17489 Greifswald, Germany

Supplementary table 1. List of employed taxa. Timema is used as outgroup for euphasmatodean phylogeny. Euphasmatodea arranged in alphabetical order across “Areolatae” and “Anaraolatae”. Classification largely follows11,12,17. Redundant tribes (those with content identical to the corresponding subfamily) are omitted.



Taxon

Subfamily / tribe

Family

*Source of sequence data

Geographical locality

Timematodea

Timema knulli Strohecker, 1951

Timematinae

Timematidae

[18]

California

Euphasmatodea: ‘Areolatae’

Abrosoma festinatum Brock & Seow-Choen, 1995

Aschiphasmatinae: Aschiphasmatini

Aschiphasmatidae

[11]

Malaysia (culture)

Agathemera sp.

Agathemerinae

Agathemeridae

[11]

Chile

Anisacantha difformis (Redtenbacher 1906)

Anisacanthinae

Anisacanthidae

present study

Madagascar (culture)

Anisomorpha buprestoides (Stoll, 1813)

Pseudophasmatinae: Anisomorphini

Pseudophasmatidae

[11]

Babersville, Volusia County, Florida, USA

Aretaon asperrimus (Redtenbacher, 1906)

Heteropteryginae: Obrimini

Bacillidae

present study

Borneo (culture)

Bacillus rossius (Rossi, 1790)

Bacillinae: Bacillini

Bacillidae

[18]

France (culture)

Chitoniscus feejeeanus (Westwood, 1864)

Phylliinae

Phylliidae

[11]

Fiji

Dinophasma saginatum (Redtenbacher, 1906)

Aschiphasmatinae: Aschiphasmatini

Aschiphasmatidae

[11]

Borneo (culture)

Haaniella dehaanii (Westwood, 1859)

Heteropteryginae: Heteropterygini

Bacillidae

present study

Borneo (culture)

Haaniella erringtoniae Redtenbacher, 1906

Heteropteryginae: Heteropterygini

Bacillidae

present study

West Malaysia (culture)

Heteropteryx dilatata (Parkinson, 1798)

Heteropteryginae: Heteropterygini

Bacillidae

[11]

West Malaysia (culture)

Korinninae sp. nov.

Korinninae

Aschiphasmatidae [13]

or Prisopodidae [14]



present study

Vietnam

Leiophasma lucubense (Brancsik, 1893)

Leiophasmatinae

Anisacanthidae

present study

Madagascar

Mearnsiana bullosa Rehn & Rehn, 1939

Heteropteryginae: Obrimini

Bacillidae

present study

Philippines (culture)

Melophasma antillarum (Caudell, 1914)

Pseudophasmatinae: Prisopodini [12] or

Prisopodinae: Paraprisopidini [14]



Pseudophasmatidae [12] or

Prisopodidae [14]



present study

Guadeloupe

Orestes mouhotii (Bates, 1865)

Heteropteryginae: Datamini

Bacillidae

present study

West Malaysia (culture)

Peruphasma schultei Conle & Hennemann, 2005

Pseudophasmatinae: Anisomorphini

Pseudophasmatidae

[11]

Peru (culture)

Phyllium siccifolium (Linnaeus, 1758)

Phylliinae

Phylliidae

[11]

Philippines (culture)

Pseudophasma velutinum (Redtenbacher, 1906)

Pseudophasmatinae: Pseudophasmatini

Pseudophasmatidae

[11]

Peru (culture)

Pylaemenes guangxiensis (Bi & Li, 1994)

Heteropteryginae: Obrimini

Bacillidae

present study

China (culture)

Spinonemia chilensis (Westwood, 1859)

Heteronemiinae: Heteronemiini

Heteronemiidae

[11]

Vicente Perez Rosales, Peulla, Chile

Sungaya inexpectata Zompro, 1996

Heteropteryginae: Obrimini

Bacillidae

present study

Philippines (culture)

Euphasmatodea: ‘Anareolatae’

Achrioptera spinosissima (Kirby, 1891)

Achriopterini

Phasmatidae

present study

Madagascar

Achrioptera fallax Coquerel, 1861

Achriopterini

Phasmatidae

present study

Madagascar

Agamemnon cornutus (Burmeister, 1838)

Cladomorphinae: Hesperophasmatini

Phasmatidae

[11]

West Indies (culture)

Asceles sp.

Necrosciinae

Diapheromeridae

[17]

Thailand (culture)

Bactrododema sp.

Palophinae

Diapheromeridae

[11]




Carausius morosus (Sinéty, 1901)

Lonchodinae: Lonchodini

Diapheromeridae

[11]

India (culture)

Chondrostethus woodfordi Kirby, 1896

Lonchodinae: Lonchodini

Diapheromeridae

[11]

Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands (culture)

Diapheromera femorata (Say, 1828)

Diapheromerinae: Diapheromerini

Diapheromeridae

[11]

Kiowa County, Kansas, USA

Diesbachia tamyris (Westwood, 1859)

Necrosciinae

Diapheromeridae

[17]

Sumatra (culture)

Eurycantha calcarata Lucas, 1869

Lonchodinae: Eurycanthini

Phasmatidae

[11]

Papua New Guinea (culture)

Eurycnema goliath (Gray, 1834)

Phasmatinae: Phasmatini

Phasmatidae

[11]

Australia (culture)

Extatosoma tiaratum (MacLeay, 1826)

Tropidoderinae: Extatosomatini

Phasmatidae

[11]

Australia (culture)

Hyrtacus sp.

Lonchodinae: Lonchodini

Diapheromeridae

[11]

Tennant Springs, Northern Territory, Australia

Lopaphus perakensis (Redtenbacher, 1908)

Necrosciinae

Diapheromeridae

[17]

Vietnam (culture)

Lopaphus sphalerus (Redtenbacher, 1908)

Necrosciinae

Diapheromeridae

[17]

Vietnam (culture)

Macrophasma biroi (Redtenbacher, 1908)

Phasmatinae: Stephanacridini

Phasmatidae

[11]

Papua New Guinea, Menakfobib

Megacrania batesii Kirby, 1896

Platycraninae

Phasmatidae

[11]

Australia

Neohirasea hongkongensis Brock & Seow-Choen, 2000

Necrosciinae

Diapheromeridae

[17]

China, Hong Kong (culture)

Neohirasea maerens (Brunner, 1907)

Necrosciinae

Diapheromeridae

[17]

Vietnam (culture

Neopromachus doreyanus (Bates, 1865)

Lonchodinae: Eurycanthini

Diapheromeridae

[11]

Papua New Guinea (culture)

Orxines xiphias (Westwood, 1859)

Necrosciinae

Diapheromeridae

[11]

Philippines / Java (cultures)

Oxyartes lamellatus Kirby, 19041

Necrosciinae

Diapheromeridae

[11]

Vietnam (culture)

Oxyartes spinipennis Carl, 1913

Necrosciinae

Diapheromeridae

[17]

Vietnam (culture)

Paramenexenus laetus (Kirby, 1904)

Necrosciinae

Diapheromeridae

[17]

Vietnam (culture)

Phaenopharos herwaardeni Hennemann, Conle & Bruckner, 1996

Necrosciinae

Diapheromeridae

[17]

Thailand (culture)

Phaenopharos struthioneus (Westwood, 1859)

Necrosciinae

Diapheromeridae

[17]

West Malaysia (culture)

Phasmotaenia sp.

Phasmatinae: Stephanacridini

Phasmatidae

[11]

Malaita, Solomon Islands (culture)

Pseudodiacantha macklottii (De Haan, 1849)

Necrosciinae

Diapheromeridae

[17]

Java (culture)

Pseudosermyle phalangiphora (Rehn, 1907)

Diapheromerinae: Diapheromerini

Diapheromeridae

[11]

Belize (culture)

Pterinoxylus crassus Kirby, 1899

Cladomorphinae: Hesperophasmatini

Phasmatidae

[11]

Martinique (culture)

Rhamphosipyloidea gorkomi (Hausleithner, 1990)

Necrosciinae

Diapheromeridae

[17]

Philippines (culture)

Sceptrophasma hispidulum (Wood-Mason, 1873)

Pachymorphinae: Gratidiini

Diapheromeridae

[11]

Andaman Islands (culture)

Sipyloidea sipylus (Westwood, 1859)

Necrosciinae

Diapheromeridae

[11]

Madagascar (culture)

Thaumatobactron guentheri Hennemann & Conle, 1997

Lonchodinae: Eurycanthini

Phasmatidae

[11]

Papua New Guinea

Trachythorax maculicollis (Westwood, 1848)

Necrosciinae

Diapheromeridae

[17]

Burma (culture)

Zehntneria mystica Brunner, 1907

Pachymorphinae: Gratidiini

Diapheromeridae

[11]

South Africa


*Novel sequence data generated in the present study are deposited on GenBank under the accession numbers KP300885–KP300930. Sequence data from previous studies can be accessed under accession numbers FJ474100–FJ474403 (for [11]), KJ024376–KJ024575 (for [17]), AY121129–AY121186 and AY125216–AY125326 (for [18]).
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