Evaluation of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill) genotypes under mid-hill humid sub-temperate conditions




Дата канвертавання19.04.2016
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Himachal Journal of Agricultural Research Vol. 29 (1&2) : 48-51, 2003

Evaluation of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill) genotypes under mid-hill humid sub-temperate conditions

Yudhvir Singh, Pankaj Mittal* and Viveka Katoch


Department of Vegetable Science & Floriculture

CSK H.P. Krishi Vishvavidyalaya, Palampur 176062.




Abstract



Studies on the performance of different collections of fennel were conducted at H.P. Krishi Vishvavidyalaya, palampur for identifying the suitable genotypes for direct introduction with higher seed yield per plant, seeds per umbel, umbel diameter, number of umbels per plant, number of primary branches per plant, number of secondary branches per plant, plant height and 100-seed weight. Significant differences and wide range of variation was observed among the genotypes for all the characters studied. The genotype IC-279039, JF-252, EC-279042 and EC-386375 were found promising in respect of grower’s preference.


Introduction

Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill) belongs to the family apiaceae and its seeds are used as spice. Fennel is widely cultivated throughout the temperate and subtropical regions. Fennel is used in a wide range of curry powder and curry flavoured soups such as mulligatanny and shorbaz and is often used with fish. Fennel seeds are also used in pickles, chicken casseroles, salad dressings, fish, liver and pork sauces and cucumber, saurkraut lentils and pickled beef. Powdered fennel goes into biscuits, cakes and cooked apple dishes. Fennel is considered as one of the minor spices, since its quantity and value is much smaller compared to other spices.


* CSKHPKV Hill Agri. Res. & Ext.Centre, Dhaulakuan, H.P.173001

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Though many improved varieties of fennel have been released in the country, there is still ample scope for crop improvement by traditional and advanced methods of breeding to increase the adaptability and productivity of the crop.

Material and Methods

The experiment was conducted at the experimental farm of Department of Vegetable Science and Floriculture, CSK Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishvavidyalaya, Palampur during kharif 1997 to 1998. The region falls under Zone-II (mid hills) of the state, characterised by serve winters and mild summers (Verma et. al., 1976). Thirty four diverse fennel genotypes collected from different parts of the country were grown in a randomized block design with three replications (Table 1). The planting was done at a spacing of 45x20 cms. Recommended cultural practices were followed. The observations were recorded on eight economically important traits on five randomly selected plants of each genotype in each replication. The data were subjected to statistical analysis as per the method described by Panse and Sukhatme (1961).



Results and Discussion

Significant differences were observed among the genotypes for all the characters. The genotypes under investigation showed greater variability for plant height, number of primary branches per plant, number of secondary branches per plant, number of umbels per plant, umbel diameter, 100-seed weight, seeds per umbel and seed yield per plant, ranged from 70.59 to 120.96 cm, 1.20 to 5.22, 2.36 to 10.78, 11.64 to 74.47, 7.17 to 18.92 cm, 0.09 to 0.79 g, 71.52 to 237.50 and 5.12 to 46.73 g/plant, respectively. Agnihotri et al. (1997) reported the same trend in fennel. The maximum plant height was recorded in JF-355 (120.96 cm) followed by JF-252 (116.55 cm), EC-279039 (116.44), Guj. Fennel-II (112.50 cm) and JF-423 (112.44 cm), and the minimum was that of JF-422 (70.59 cm). The number of primary branches per plant, number of secondary branches per plant, number of umbels per plant, seeds per umbel and seed yield/plant was maximum in EC-279039 (522, 10.72, 74.47, 18.92cm, 237.50 and 46.73 g, respectively). The 100-seed weight was maximum in EC-386375 (0.79 g) followed by RF-125 (10.75 g), JF-252 (0.68 g), JF-355 (0.64 g) and UF-90 (0.63 g). These collections were at par with each other. Number of primary branches per plant was maximum in EC-279039 (5.22) followed by UF-(M)-1 (3.54) and UF-134 (3.21) and the minimum was recorded in EC-278042 JF-345 (1.20). EC-279039 was significantly superior than others. Number of secondary branches per plant was maximum in EC-279039 (10.78) followed by UF-(M)-1 (7.45), JF-423 (7.20) and UF-134 (6.45), and the minimum was in JF-213 (2.36). EC-279039 was significantly superior than others in respect of number of secondary branches per plant. Number of umbels per plant was maximum in EC-279039 (74/47) followed by JF-345 (48.65) and JF-423 (44.77) and minimum in EC-243376-I (11.74). Maximum umbel diameter was reported in EC-279039 (18.92 cm) followed by JF-286 (12.86 cm) and Guj. Fennel-II (12.09 cm) while it was minimum in JF-295 (7.17 cm). EC-279039 showing promise then rest of the genotypes in respect of umbel diameter. Seeds per umbel was maximum in EC-279039 (237.50) followed by JF-345 (199.35), JF-414 (195.28) and EC-323055 (193.60). Genotype UF-(M)-1 recorded the minimum seeds per umbel (71.52). Exotic genotype EC-279039 (46.73 g) recorded the maximum seed yield per plant followed by JF-252 (30.01 g), EC-279042 (29.81 g) and EC-386375 (28.76 g) while it was minimum in JF-427 (5.12 g).

Mehta and Patel (1983) have also reported wide variation in number of seeds per umbel and number of umbels per plant. From the above observations it can be seen that EC-279039 is dominating all other cultivars in morphological and yield characters. JF-252, EC-279042 and EC-386375, are next higher yielding cultivars.


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Table 1. Mean values of different characters studied in fennel

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Genotype Plant height No. of No. of No. of Umbel 100-seed Seeds/ Seed yield/

(cm) primary Secondary umbels/ diameter weight umbel plant

branches/ branches/ plant (cm) (g) (g)

plant plant

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1. RF-101 78.42 1.43 3.18 16.41 7.65 0.56 157.07 14.10

2. RF-125 85.52 1.62 4.36 21.26 10.82 0.75 173.53 27.47

3. UF-90 78.31 2.11 4.43 20.73 9.05 0.83 181.22 23.62

4. UF-134 90.56 3.21 6.45 38.60 10.57 0.41 167.18 25.29

5. UF-137 89.25 2.40 5.47 17.60 11.28 0.31 121.19 10.16

6. UF-(M)-1 83.24 3.54 7.45 34.60 9.16 0.45 71.52 11.08

7. EC-241499-2 81.29 1.60 3.19 16.90 10.36 0.30 142.57 7.28

8. EC-323055 89.56 1.82 5.23 26.61 9.20 0.42 193.60 21.64

9. JF-285 84.34 1.46 2.57 23.77 9.14 0.44 104.74 10.93

10. JF-309 73.90 2.20 3.54 26.66 8.35 0.33 150.63 12.83

11. JF-409 89.42 1.95 3.22 23.27 7.69 0.44 86.14 8.72

12. JF-427 72.20 1.61 2.65 14.20 9.64 0.23 154.64 5.12

13. EC-386375 92.26 2.55 4.62 26.62 10.15 0.79 133.97 28.76

14. JF-417 75.41 1.85 3.61 27.28 8.23 0.29 87.50 6.86

15. JF-286 80.26 2.13 3.62 26.13 12.86 0.33 123.74 10.75

16. JF-422 70.59 2.21 5.08 27.37 10.91 0.32 122.43 10.45

17. JF-213 82.10 1.21 2.36 22.80 11.15 0.35 114.58 8.80

18. Guj. Fennel-I 95.11 1.62 4.64 37.90 10.66 0.45 123.87 21.67

19. EC-279039 116.44 5.22 10.78 74.47 18.92 0.56 237.50 46.73

20. JF-408 92.34 2.03 4.60 23.98 9.37 0.41 146.18 14.44

21. JF-416 88.77 1.62 3.05 39.15 10.84 0.21 123.66 10.33

22. JF-411 85.19 2.40 5.58 26.23 10.75 0.36 115.73 10.70

23. Guj.Fennel-II 112.50 2.07 4.22 31.75 12.09 0.43 97.54 13.17

24. JF-295 70.75 1.81 3.58 19.60 7.17 0.27 157.57 8.23

25. EC-279042 98.33 1.20 5.65 35.51 11.15 0.46 182.70 29.81

26. JF-4130 74.65 1.40 3.62 36.16 9.66 0.55 94.60 19.00

27. JF-212 90.54 1.60 5.39 26.22 8.12 0.38 145.03 14.25

28. JF-355 120.96 1.59 4.13 22.03 10.10 0.64 165.87 23.47

29. JF-345 105.60 1.20 3.39 48.65 9.22 0.22 199.35 20.44

30. JF-252 116.55 1.22 6.22 32.29 10.14 0.68 139.10 30.01

31. JF-423 112.44 1.22 7.20 44.77 10.96 0.09 138.73 5.67

32. JF-414 84.90 1.39 6.16 20.22 9.21 0.34 195.28 13.27

33. EC-243376-I 104.69 1.38 5.77 11.64 11.69 0.55 174.74 11.12

34. JF-203 108.27 1.82 5.24 27.53 9.90 0.38 190.13 19.66

Mean 90.35 1.93 4.71 28.79 10.18 0.42 144.52 16.34

SE(m)± 0.22 0.06 0.09 0.19 0.07 0.04 0.43 0.13

CD (5%) 0.64 0.16 0.26 0.54 0.20 0.12 1.22 0.36

Range 70.89- 1.20- 2.36- 11.64- 7.17- 0.09- 71.52- 5.12-

120.96 5.22 10.78 74.47 18.92 0.79 237.50 46.7

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References





Agnihotri, P., Dashora, S.L. and Sharma, R.K. 1997. Variability. Correlation and path-analysis in fennel (Feniculum vulgare Mill). Journal of Spices and Aromatic Crops. 6 : 1, 51-54.
Mehta, K.G. and Patel, R.H. 1983. Variability in fennel (Foeniculum vulgare P. Miller) under North Gujarat conditions. Journal of Plantation crops. 11 : 1, 21-23.
Panse, V.G. and Sukhatme, P.V. 1961. Statistical Methods for Agricultural Workers. I.C.A.R., New Delhi.
Verma, S.D.; Kaistha, B.P. and Sharma, P.K. 1976. Soil toposequences studies on a landscape segment of temperate humid climate in Himachal Pradesh, Morphological and Physio-chemical properties and classification. Fertilizer Technology. 13 : 224-229.


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