Directorate E: Social and regional statistics and geographical information system
Unit E-4: Regional indicators and accounts, population and geographical information system
DOC. DEM/CEN/E4/2/01-AN4 EN
ORIG:EN Working Party Demographic Statistics
and Population and Housing Censuses
Meeting on 22 and 23 February 2001
Bech Building, Room AMPERE
(in English only)
Item 4 of the agenda
Population and social conditions 3/1999/E/n°17
Population, migration and census
in Eurostat – A guide to existing
data and publications
(revised version) T. Chrissanthaki
The views expressed in this document are the author’s and do not necessarily reflect the opinion
of the European Commission
Copyright: European Commission 1999
Population, migration and census in Eurostat
A guide to the existing data and publications
13 August 1999
(revised: 3 September 2000)
Copyright: European Commission 1999 1
Population, migration and census in Eurostat 3
Population (national level) 3
From where 3
What and where 4
Future plans 11
Population (regional level) 12
From where 12
What and where 12
Future plans 16
Population Projections 16
From where 16
What and where 16
Future plans 18
International Migration 19
From where 19
What and where 19
Future plans 23
Population and Housing Census 24
From where 24
What and where 24
Future plans 27
List of publications 28
Population (national level) 28
Population (regional level) 28
Population Projections 29
International Migration 30
Population and Housing Census 32
Other relevant Eurostat publications 33
Other relevant publications by the European Commission 33
Population, migration and census in Eurostat
The Pop team at Eurostat collects, processes, analyses and disseminates data in the following areas:
Population (national level)
Population (regional level)
Population and Housing Census
Population (national level)
Information is collected on an annual basis from 36 countries:
EU countries (Belgium, Denmark, Germany, Greece, Spain, France, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Austria, Portugal, Finland, Sweden and United Kingdom), EFTA countries (Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland), Other European countries (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Romania, Slovak Republic, Slovenia).
Eurostat sends a rapid questionnaire to all countries at the beginning of May (from 1998 onwards jointly with the Council of Europe) asking basic data for the year before (population, births, deaths, immigration, emigration, etc.) as provisional figures. The information is used to publish a Statistics in Focus in summer (from 1998 onwards jointly with the Council of Europe to cover all Council of Europe countries).
The main collection is done – for the first time in 2000 - jointly with the Council of Europe and the UN Statistical Division (UNSD). In June, Eurostat asks countries to transmit by October the final and more detailed data. These data are checked, processed and introduced into New Cronos by the end of March. They are also the basis of the annual publication on demographic (European social statistics – Demography) and other Eurostat publications as well as for specific research projects.
What and where
The information is stored in New Cronos under Theme 3 in demo under 5 main collections:
mager Deaths by sex and age reached during the year
mprob Probability of dying by sex and age
mlexpec Life expectancy by sex and age
minf Infant mortality
minfind Infant mortality rates
dnup Marriage and divorce
nind Marriage indicators
nmonth Marriages by month
nmsta Marriages by previous marital status and sex
nsinagec First marriages by sex and age at last birthday
nsinager First marriages by sex and age reached during the year
nsinrt First marriage rates by sex and age
ndivind Divorce indicators
ndivdur Divorces by duration of marriage
ndivrt Divorces rates by duration of marriage reached during the year
Overall quality assessment: The data are of a reasonable quality and checked regularly
Eurostat does not collect indicators directly from the countries, just raw numbers. Indicators are calculated by Eurostat using a software called SYSCODEM (système communautaire d’observation démographique). This is done in order to improve comparability of data by using similar calculation techniques for all countries. It has the disadvantage that some indicators calculated by Eurostat might differ from the ones published by the countries themselves.
Time series for the EU and EFTA countries begin at 1950 and continue through 1999. For population at 1 January, data are available until 2000. Data for other European countries start only in 1960.
Data for Central European countries include detailed breakdown by age only for population by sex, live births by marital status of the mother and deaths by sex. Age specific rates are not available for the moment for other information. In addition, for practical reasons, countries were asked to submit rates calculated by themselves. This affected negatively the comparability of data. Eurostat has by now collected most of the raw information required and will at a later stage calculate the rates in a more harmonised way.
Finally Eurostat has some demographic data by age for the EFTA countries for the period 1960-1990 that has not been fully processed.
The general policy of the team is to include all information collected in New Cronos.
Rule of thumb: if the data you are looking for are not in New Cronos, chances are that Eurostat does not have them; the only exception being more recent figures, data for CECs and some past data for the EFTA countries.
Metadata (documentation) on population will be soon included in New Cronos.
New Cronos has also demographic data in Theme 1 under cec Central European countries, cec_c Population and social conditions, c_dem Demography. These are data being collected mainly as part of the CESTAT questionnaire and include the following information:
cec Central European countries
cec_c Population and social conditions
cdem01y Population (end of the period) - Annual
(Note: In this table under 1996, one will find data for 31.12.1996, whereas 1996 data under Theme 3 refer to 1.1.1996).
cdem02y Urban population – Annual
cdem03y Births Rate – Annual
cdem04y Infant mortality – Annual
cdem05y Mortality rate – Annual
cdem06y Life expectancy – Annual
cdem07y Marriages – Annual
cdem08y Divorces – Annual
cdem09y Population density – Annual
It is recommended not to use these data because:
They only cover a limited number of countries (Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania).
They are not checked.
They include indicators calculated by the Member States and therefore are not harmonised among countries and might differ from the ones included in Theme 3.
However, there are two tables in Theme 1 that include information not found elsewhere for the time being. These are cdem02y and cdem09y that include ‘regional type’ data, i.e. urban population and density.
Information is also available for other countries of the world. This information is also included in Theme 1 under ptiers ACP/ALA/MED (Africa, Caribbean, Pacific, Latin America, Asia, Mediterranea), soci Demographic and Social Indicators. Here population data are available for a series of countries in Africa, Caribbean, Latin America, Asia and Mediterranean countries. The information for these countries is not collected directly from the countries; instead other sources are used.
The Pop team includes some population data for USA, Canada and Japan in the Eurostat Yearbook and in the annual Statistics in Focus on the Demographic trends in the Union. This information is collected directly from the countries. It is included in New Cronos in the main demographic tables.
ptiers ACP/ALA/MED (Africa, Caribbean, Pacific, Latin America, Asia, Mediterranea)
soci Demographic and Social Indicators
pvd0a Demographic Indicators
pvd0b Social Indicators
pvd0e Employment rates and demographic indicators
nat_acc National Accounts
pvd3a National accounts
Data on population can also be found in other collections or Themes in New Cronos. These figures are either coming from other sources such as the Labour Force Survey, or directly from the countries or finally stem from the population series in Theme 3 (collection demo).
Efforts should be taken to ensure comparability of these tables with population figures presented in Theme 3 (collection demo).
A non-exhaustive list of these series is the following:
Theme 1 General Statistics eur2 Eurostatistics
02-em-a Employment (annual)
Theme 2 Economy and Finance na_sec1 National Accounts - Aggregates
eco_soc Economic and social indicators
agc04 Economic and social indicators associated to ESA aggregates
na_aggr National Accounts – Aggregates – Annual and quarterly data (ESA 95) na_t110 Population and employment
na_mnag Accession countries and non–financial National Accounts mnag_p Population, employment, unemployment, exchange rates, PPP
cod_nr Causes of death by region – Crude death rate
lfs Labour force survey
popr Population (persons living in private households)
p_ms_a Population by marital status, by age groups
p_ws_a Population by work status, by age groups
p_ws_ms Population by work status and by marital status
ed_i_a Population by level of education, by age groups
ed_ws_i Population by activity status, by level of education
Theme 4 Industry, Trade and Services coins Communications
indba180 Basic indicators on population
Theme 8 Environment and Energy milieu Environment statistics
02pl Population and land use
0211plp Total population
0213plp Population density
There are two regular publications every year and some ad hoc ones that are produced depending on the resources of the team. The two regular publications are the following:
European social statistics - Demography
This is one of the most important publications of Directorate E. It is published every year in three languages: English, French and German. Preparations for the publication start in March when all data have been processed. As it is quite a voluminous publication, the three manuscripts are usually sent to the printers in July/August. It is not a typical Eurostat publication because it includes text and analysis and involves input from different teams within Eurostat. In particular it includes:
Demographic data collected by the Pop team and indicators calculated by using SYSCODEM or estimated by Eurostat (chapters on Population Change, Population Structure, Fertility, Nuptiality and Mortality).
Data on non-national population, immigration, emigration, asylum-seekers and acquisition of citizenship collected by the Pop team (chapters on Population Structure and International Migration).
Regional demographic data collected by the Pop team (chapter on the European Union and its Regions).
International comparisons (chapter on the European Union and the World). Data included in this chapter for countries other that the European ones are not in New Cronos.
Data on mortality by causes of death (collected by the Health team) that is included in Theme 3 (health).
Population scenarios (compiled by Eurostat) or forecasts (produced by the Member States) (chapter on Population projections).
Data on Central European Countries now included in New Cronos under Theme 3.
A brief analysis introducing each chapter of the publication (drafted by the Pop team).
Reports on the demographic situation in each country (drafted by the countries).
In the 2000 edition; the publication is also accompanied by a CD-ROM that includes more information (detailled tables and the glossary on demography) than on the paper version.
Statistics in Focus on the recent demographic trends in the EU
This Statistics in Focus uses the results of the Rapid Questionnaire and is usually published just before the publication “European social statistics - Demography” (in July). Since 1998 this publication is done jointly with the Council of Europe; it includes a 7-page overview of the latest available population estimates and summary indicators such as the total fertility and life expectancy at birth, and it covers all 50 members and observers of the Council of Europe.
Other ad hoc publications
These are mainly Statistics in Focus produced on an irregular basis. They deal with specific issues of demographic nature. In 1997, such a Statistics in Focus was published on divorces and there are plans to produce one in 2000-2001 on Central European countries.
Contribution to other Eurostat publications
The team contributes extensively to other Eurostat publications such as the Eurostat Yearbook, Social Portrait, Europe in Figures, etc.
Publications by other DGs
DGV is producing a biannual report on the social situation of the population of the European Union. Apart from a number of social indicators, this report includes results of policy-oriented analysis. Eurostat has provided the bulk of the data used in this report.
There are no international recommendations for demographic statistics. Data are collected by the National Statistical Institutes and depend on the registration systems used in each country. Eurostat published the most comprehensive analysis of the different systems used, in 1994 in “Definitions and methods of collecting demographic statistics in the Member States of the European Community”. This report refers only to the 12 EU Member States. A more concise and brief analysis of the systems used and the comparability problems with the data is included in the Explanatory Notes in each issue of “European social statistics - Demography”.
Some information of SYSCODEM, the system Eurostat used for calculating different indicators and in particular the measurement of fertility indicators can be found in “Fertility: Measurement and changes in the European Community”, published by Eurostat in 1992.
Transfer all remaining CEC data into New Cronos
Finish to prepare documentation for New Cronos
Transfer to New Cronos standard tables from the round of family and fertility surveys done by the ECE countries
Transfer remaining EFTA data for the past into New Cronos
Calculate harmonised rates for CEC countries
Prepare tables on family and household statistics
Define a new and appropriate methodology for calculating rates and replace SYSCODEM
Examine comparability of population figures found in other Themes in New Cronos with figures presented in Theme 3