Euroasian regional association of zoos and aquaria government of moscow




Дата канвертавання20.04.2016
Памер65.72 Kb.
EUROASIAN REGIONAL ASSOCIATION OF ZOOS AND AQUARIA
GOVERNMENT OF MOSCOW
MOSCOW ZOO

Scientific Research in Zoological Parks



Volume 22


Moscow
2007

The previous 21st issue of Scientific Research in Zoological Parks has been published by Novosibirsk zoo, the current one is presented by Moscow zoo. Traditionally it is dedicated to different aspects of the zoo management. Series of articles on marine aquariumistics and husbandry and breeding of venomous snakes is continued. Reviews devoted to research activity of zoos in the territory of former USSR, viral diseases of reptiles, problems of mammals' behavior optimization in zoos are presented. Behavior of a group of giraffes and sugar gliders captive population is discussed. Problematic articles consider reintroduction as a method of wild Amphibia conservation and a method of “individual distances” for behavior research. Other articles describe animal keeping in Budapest Zoo, preservation of gene pool of the Przewalski horses at Askania Nova, methods of keeping and breeding Inachis io and endangered Oriental White Stork. We made a decision to publish the translation of “Husbandry Guidelines 2006 - Common warthog” which is of great interest for keepers and also sets an example of similar reports.

Brief communication describes the first successfull hand rearing jerboas.

Information on the I st European Congress on Conservation Biology "Diversity for Europe" and conservation project «The saving of Meriones dahli” is cited.



The issue will be useful for zoo experts and keepers, as well as for students of biological universities

Summary

Tkacheva E.Yu., Tkachev O.A. Keeping, breeding and demonstration of Inachis io, Linnaeus, 1758 (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae) in the Moscow zoo. This article describes some experiments on keeping, breeding and demonstration of Inachis io, Linnaeus, 1758 (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae) in the Moscow zoo. Data on optimal keeping conditions and terms of larval stages development are represented as well as results of experiments on keeping of cooled imago. This attractive species was found to be perspective for demonstration. The possibility of organizing of all-the-year-round exhibit with Inachis io is considered.

Summary

Astakhov D.A., Poponov S.Y., Poponova V.R.. Twenty-year continuous culture maintenance of the host sea anemone Entacmaea quadricolor (Cnidaria, Actiniaria) in marine closed systems in Moscow (P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology - Moscow Zoo). Data and conditions of twenty years continuous culture maintenance of the general for all anemonefishes host sea anemone Entacmaea quadricolor at Moscow are described.

Summary

Astakhov D.A., Poponov S.Y., Poponova V.R. Some aspects of prolonged maintenance of marine fishes in captivity. Report 20. Genus Amphiprion. Subgenus Amphiprion (Actinopterygii, Perciformes, Pomacentridae, Amphiprioninae). Data on distribution and biology of 4 species of anemonefishes of subgenus Amphiprion: Amphiprion (A.) clarkii (Bennett, 1830), A. (A.) ephippium (Bloch, 1790), A. (A.) frenatus Brevoort, 1856, A. (A.) melanopus Bleeker, 1852 and conditions of prolonged maintenance of these species at Moscow Zoo are described.

Summary

Astakhov D.A., Poponov S.Y., Poponova V.R. Some aspects of prolonged maintenance of marine fishes in captivity. Report 21. Genus Amphiprion. Subgenus Paramphiprion (Actinopterygii, Perciformes, Pomacentridae, Amphiprioninae). Data on distribution and biology of 2 species of anemonefishes of subgenus Paramphiprion: Amphiprion (Р.) polymnus (Linnaeus, 1758) and A. (Р.) sebae Bleeker, 1853 and conditions of prolonged maintenance of these species at Moscow Zoo are described.

Summary

Astakhov D.A., Poponov S.Y., Poponova V.R. Some aspects of prolonged maintenance of marine fishes in captivity. Report 22. Genus Amphiprion. Subgenus Phalerebus (Actinopterygii, Perciformes, Pomacentridae, Amphiprioninae). Data on distribution and biology of 3 species of anemonefishes of subgenus Phalerebus: Amphiprion (Ph.) nigripes Regan, 1908, A. (Ph.) perideraion Bleeker, 1855, A. (Ph.) sandaracinos Allen, 1972 and conditions of prolonged maintenance of these species at Moscow Zoo are described.

Summary

Astakhov D.A., Poponov S.Y., Poponova V.R. Some aspects of prolonged maintenance of marine fishes in captivity. Report 23. Genus Amphiprion. Subgenus Actinicola (Actinopterygii, Perciformes, Pomacentridae, Amphiprioninae). Data on distribution and biology of 2 species of anemonefishes of subgenus Actinicola: Amphiprion (Ac.) ocellaris Cuvier, 1830 and A. (Aс.) percula (Lacepede, 1802) and conditions of prolonged maintenance of these species at Moscow Zoo are described.

Summary

Kudryavtsev S.V., Ganina L.V., Mamet S.V. Some successful results in husbandry and breeding of the rare and hard-to-keep venomous snakes at the Moscow Zoo (part YII:2006-2007 years). The article deals with some results of a continuous research aimed at developing methods for husbandry and breeding of rare and difficult species of venomous snakes at Moscow Zoo, conducted especially intensively lately. Details of husbandry and captive reproduction of species with restricted areal, such as: hard-to-keep Kraits Bungarus fasciatus (Schneider, 1801) and Bungarus flaviceps Reinhardt, 1843, Bushmaster Lachesis muta (Linné, 1766) and Striped pitviper Trimeresurus fasciatus Boulenger, 1896 are given.

Summary

Gavrikova E.Yu., Andronova R.S. Captive rearing technique of endangered Oriental White Stork (Ciconia boyciana) adjusted on the numerous species – Grey Heron (Ardea cinerea) in Reintroduction Center of Khingansky State Nature Reserve. Experience of captive rearing of Grey Heron and Oriental White Stork in Reintroduction Center of Khingansky reserve is described with particular attention to international experience in Oriental White Stork captive rearing.

Summary

Zubchaninova E.V. Behavior of a group of giraffes (Giraffa camelopardalis giraffa) in an outside enclosure of Moscow zoo. This article continues our study (2004) on adaptation of two young giraffes to adult animals-residents. Observations were conducted in summer, 2005 when the group of giraffes was in outdoor enclosure. Decrease of locomotion and time for rest as well as increase of feeding time was discovered. Feeding preferences in young animals were revealed. Social environment in outdoor enclosure was found to be more favourable for giraffes basing on examination of their interactions. Recommendations for more rational disposal of feeding places were given after study of enclosure employment.

Summary

Zubchaninova E.V., Morozova E.Yu., Dubrovskyi V.Yu. Can a plastic salt-lick toy be a factor of giraffes enrichment? A plastic salt-lick toy with smell and flavouring settings was used to decrease stereotype licking of different objects in giraffes in the Moscow zoo. This toy practically didn’t effect the intensity of licking in contrast to hay availability. Individual attitude of different animals towards salt-lick and licking of partners’ hair was noted.
Summary

Kondratyeva L.V., Ilchenko O.G. Behavior of sugar gliders (Petaurus breviceps) captive population in Moscow Zoo. 1. Behavioral patterns. Ethogramm of gliders social and individual behavior was composed (78 elements combined in 13 functional groups). Description of social behavioral complexes (peaceful, sexual and agonistic) and individual behavior (calm and during psychological discomfort) was made. To help in recognition of animals conditions, four listed types of behavior element–markers were picked out.

Summary

Serbinova I.A. Reintroduction as a method of wild Amphibia conservation. The problem of amphibian species diversity conservation is extremely actual to date. Such methods as captive prolonged keeping, crioconservation of gametes and reintroduction of raised captive born offspring to natural habitats can help to solve the problem. Reintroduction of endangered Pelobates syriacus in Georgia started in 2004 and covered natural habitats of the species near to Tbilisi (2004 and 2006) and Gori (2005). At the same time monitoring of hatching ponds of Pelobates syriacus in Georgia was carried out. Now there is a clear informatiom of Pelobates syriacus distribution and density in the most parts of Georgian area. The work to be continued.

Summary

Syroechkovski E.V., Tarkhanova M.A. Behavior reseach of Barnacle geese in captivity using a method of “individual distances”. About 30 Barnacle geese (Branta leucopsis) are kept at the Moscow Zoo. All the birds are identifiable through individual marking by colour rings. Their behaviour has been observed since 1998 and now we know the life history of every bird.

Barnacle geese are very sociable in all seasons, but during autumn and winter their activity is very low and interactions are few. During these periods all Barnacle geese often stay in a flock consisting of several groups and it's difficult to study their social structure and to determine whether the members of the observed groups are related.

In order to understand the relations of the group members a method of “individual distances” was used. This approach is based on the analysis of the spacial distribution of Barnacle geese in the flock, measuring mean distances between birds and comparison of these distances. The presence of statistically significant difference in mean distances between the birds in the flock would be the evidence of some positive or negative relationship between them. This means that the specimen of Barnacle geese can identify every bird in the flock and while moving each goose prefers to stay closer to some birds and farther from others.

In our analysis we have used a number of parameters including: mean distance, maximum and minimum distances and coefficient of distance variation. We also registered how often birds were found in different groups. The lowest mean distances are between parents and their youngest offspring and partners in pairs.



We found out that family bonds were very strong in Barnacle geese. Parents were tolerant to their older offspring in autumn and winter. Older offspring maintained a greater distance from parents than yearlings and were often on the perimeter of family group. The proportion of time offspring spent with parents declined as they grew older. Barnacle geese remained associated with their parents for a long time – they were observed together at least for 6 years. Adult offspring could occasionally leave and then rejoin their parents but they often stayed not far from them. The persistence and stability of family bonds were maintained mainly by males because sons preferred to stay close to their fathers. When the son found a breeding partner a new couple usually joined his parents. So we can conclude that a large social group of Barnacle geese with more than two adult birds may consist of more than one generation of offspring. Several generations of geese act as a large but loosely associated family.

Summary

Popov S.V. Research activity of zoos in the territory of former USSR. The article discusses scientific activity of the regional zoos (researches, conservation programms, publishing and methodological activities) basing on analysis of 352 publications and questionnaires from 18 zoos.

Summary

Volodin I.A., Volodina E.V. Approaches to animal keeping in Budapest Zoo. Budapest Zoo is among oldest in Europe (founded in 1866) and is situated on a small territory of 11 he. However, it exposes a lot diversity of animals. It is achieved for the account of very reasonable species selection, that allows keeping animals in mixed expositions and providing them large enclosures; for the account of terraced exposition and constant use of warmed pavilions. Principles of exposition design, environment enrichment, approaches to visitor feedback as well as technical decisions to enclosure construction, simplifying work with animals, are described.

Summary

T.L. Zharkikh, N.I. Yasynetska. Preservation of gene pool of the Przewalski horses at Askania Nova: breeding in lines. A brief history of preservation and breeding of the Przewalski horse in captivity is given in the article, classification of the population in breeding lines and prospects of their further preservation are discussed.

Summary

Vasiliev D.B., Shved V.S. Viral diseases of reptiles. Main forms of reptile diseases caused by retroviruses, reoviruses, paramyxoviruses, flaviviruses, herpesviruses, adenoviruses, iridoviruses, and poxviruses are considered. Matters of systematics of virus agents, clinical signs and pathomorphologic alterations caused by diseases are discussed, as well as current diagnostic methods, differential diagnostics and therapy.

Summary

Neprintseva E.S., Voshchanova I.P. Scientific researches on optimization of mammals' behavior in zoos: a review. Scientific researches which deal with behavioral problems and psychological well-being of captive animals have received advanced development over the last decades and play an important role in providing an adequate animals captive environment for up-to-date zoos. The main approaches to optimization of behavior – environment enrichment, theoretical basis of improvement of animals’ psychological state, analysis of causes of pathological behavior and studying of rearing conditions effects on behavior are reviewed here in apply to mammals in captivity. Conclusion resumes strategy of optimization of mammals' behavior in zoos.

Summary

Ilchenko O.G., Vakhrusheva G.V., Sapozhnikova S.R. Hand-rearing great jerboas: our first experience. Three great jerboas were successfully hand-reared in Moscow zoo in May-June, 2007. The appropriate intervals between feedings and milk formula were developed basing on our previous experience. We suppose the experiment was a success also due to the fact that the female was rearing the litter during first 2-3 weeks by herself. The very fact of nursing the litter by jerboa female in captivity is of great interest and rariry; it could be caused by preliminary homeopathic treatment.

Summary

Maksudov G. I st European Congress on Conservation Biology. "Diversity for Europe". Eger, Hungary, 22-26 August 2006. This item is a short description of main events of the Congress. The subject matters of 4 plenary talks, 16 symposiums, 22 sessions, 10 workshops are listed. Author regrets that among 1100 participants were only 7 Russians and only 1 Moscow representative. Many participants exclude Russia from Europe in their reports or know nothing about Russian biological science.

Summary.

Popov S.V., Iltchenko O.G. «The saving of Meriones dahli (Shidlovski, 1962)» (The first steps of Dahl’s Jird conservation project). The first results of Euro-Asian Regional Association of Zoos and Aquaria conservation project are reported. Dahl’s Jird is the most endangered rodent species in the territory of the former Soviet Union. According to our inspections in 2005 and 2006 the populations of Dahl’s Jird in Armenia have directly disappeared. At the same time Turkish zoologists found out that the population of Meriones meridianus in the east of Turkey is actually the population of M. dahli. So, our future plans are: to try to get Dahl’s Jirds from Turkey, breed them for establishing the stable captive population and then reintroduce the stock of the population into the late habitats in Armenia.


Contents











Introduction (Instructions for authors)

3




The questions of animals’ keeping, breeding and behaviour in captivity







E.Yu. Tkacheva, O.A. Tkachev







Keeping, breeding and demonstration of Inachis io, Linnaeus, 1758 (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae) in the Moscow zoo.

5











D.A. Astakhov, S.Y. Poponov, V.R. Poponova







Twenty-year continuous culture maintenance of the host sea anemone Entacmaea quadricolor (Cnidaria, Actiniaria) in marine closed systems in Moscow (P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology - Moscow Zoo).

17













D.A. Astakhov, S.Y. Poponov, V.R. Poponova







Some aspects of prolonged maintenance of marine fishes in captivity. Report 20. Genus Amphiprion. Subgenus Amphiprion (Actinopterygii, Perciformes, Pomacentridae, Amphiprioninae).

26











D.A. Astakhov, S.Y. Poponov, V.R. Poponova







Some aspects of prolonged maintenance of marine fishes in captivity. Report 21. Genus Amphiprion. Subgenus Paramphiprion (Actinopterygii, Perciformes, Pomacentridae, Amphiprioninae).

38














D.A. Astakhov, S.Y. Poponov, V.R. Poponova







Some aspects of prolonged maintenance of marine fishes in captivity. Report 22. Genus Amphiprion. Subgenus Phalerebus (Actinopterygii, Perciformes, Pomacentridae, Amphiprioninae).

45














D.A. Astakhov, S.Y. Poponov, V.R. Poponova







Some aspects of prolonged maintenance of marine fishes in captivity. Report 23. Genus Amphiprion. Subgenus Actinicola (Actinopterygii, Perciformes, Pomacentridae, Amphiprioninae).

50














S.V. Kudryavtsev, L.V. Ganina, S.V. Mamet







Some successful results in husbandry and breeding of the rare and hard-to-keep venomous snakes at the Moscow Zoo (part YII:2006-2007 years).

54














E.Yu. Gavrikova, R.S. Andronova







Captive rearing technique of endangered Oriental White Stork (Ciconia boyciana) adjusted on the numerous species – Grey Heron (Ardea cinerea) in Reintroduction Center of Khingansky State Nature Reserve.

63














E.V. Zubchaninova







Behavior of a group of giraffes (Giraffa camelopardalis giraffa) in an outside enclosure of Moscow zoo.

69














E.V. Zubchaninova, E.Yu. Morozova, V.Yu. Dubrovskyi







Can a plastic salt-lick toy be a factor of giraffes enrichment?

81













L.V. Kondratyeva, O.G. Ilchenko













Behavior of sugar gliders (Petaurus breviceps) captive population in Moscow Zoo. 1.Behavioral patterns.

88














Problematic materials




I.A. Serbinova







Reintroduction as a method of wild Amphibia conservation.

113













E.V. Syroechkovski, M.A Tarkhanova.







Behavior reseach of Barnacle geese (Branta leucopsis) in captivity using a method of “individual distances”.

118














Analytical reviews
















S.V. Popov







Research activity of zoos in the territory of former USSR

126













I.A. Volodin, E.V. Volodina







Approaches to animal keeping in Budapest Zoo

138













P. Verkammen, K. Habets







Husbandry Guidelines 2006 - Common Warthog

143













T.L. Zharkikh, N.I. Yasynetska







Preservation of gene pool of the Przewalski horses at Askania Nova: breeding in lines

174














D.B. Vasiliev, V.S. Shved







Viral diseases of reptiles

182













E.S. Neprintseva, I.P. Voshchanova







Scientific researches on optimization of mammals' behavior in zoos: a review

216













Brief communications






O.G. Ilchenko, G.V. Vakhrusheva, S.R. Sapozhnikova






Hand-rearing great jerboas (Allactaga major): our first experience

236













Information
















G.Yu Maksudov.







I st European Congress on Conservation Biology. "Diversity for Europe". Eger, Hungary, 22-26 August 2006

239














S.V. Popov, O.G. Iltchenko







.«The saving of Meriones dahli (Shidlovski, 1962)» (The first steps of Dahl’s Jird conservation project)

242















База данных защищена авторским правом ©shkola.of.by 2016
звярнуцца да адміністрацыі

    Галоўная старонка