Economic botany




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ECONOMIC BOTANY
1. Botanical name of Herbal Indian Doctor is

1) Nerium odorum 2) Azadirachta indica 3) Rauvolfia serpentina 4) Curcuma longa

2. Following is present in amla

1) Vitamin – A 2) Vitamin – B 3) Vitamin – C 4) Vitamin – D

3. Triphala is obtained from

1) Emblica 2) Magnifera 3) Corchorus 4) Musa

4. Morphology of fruit in Emblica is

1) Berry 2) Drupe 3) Capsule 4) Pome

5. Location of Fruit Research Centre in the following district of Andhra pradesh is

1) Medak 2) Prakasham 3) Nalgonda 4) Kharimnagar

6. Study of fruit yielding plants is called as

1) Oncology 2) Pomology 3) Dendrochronology 4) Serology

7. Generic name of the Tree of Heaven is

1) Arachis 2) Gossypium 3) Margosa 4) Cocos

8. Morphology of useful product of banana is

1) Drupe 2) Pepo 3) Berry 4) Pome

9. Mukta is the Variety of

1) Cotton 2) Chickpea 3) Red gram 4) Ground nut

10. Botanical name of Tossa jute or Daise jute is

1) Corchorus capsularis 2) Corchorus olitorius

3) Corchorus indica 4) Corchorus japonica

11. Morphology of jute is

1) Wood fibers 2) Perivascular fibers 3) Bast fibers of stem 4) Cortical fibers

12. Corchorus belongs to family

1) Malvaceae 2) Liliaceae 3) Fabaceae 4) Tiliaceae

13. Triticum belongs to the family

1) Malvaceae 2) Poaceae 3) Fabaceae 4) Tiliaceae

14. Cocos belongs to family

1) Tiliaceae 2) Arecaceae 3) Malvaceae 4) Euphorbiaceae

15. Morphology of fruit in wheat is

1) Achene 2) Caryopsis 3) Nut 4) Drupe

16. Safed Lerma is the variety of

1) Jowar 2) Amla 3) Wheat 4) Red gram

17. The following is a fixed oil

1) Eucalyptus oil 2) Coconut oil 3) Camphor oil 4) Clove oil

18. The important source of cotton cultivated in Andhra Pradesh is

1) G.herbaceum 2) G.barbadense 3) G.hirsutum 4) G. arboreum

19. Shyamali is the variety of

1) Cotton 2) Cocos 3) Jute 4) Mango

20. Nimbin is an

1) Resin 2) Alkaloid 3) Gum 4) Glucoside

21. Botanical name of Indian goose – berry is

1) Phyllanthus niruri 2) P.emblica 3) P. indica 4) P. maderaspatensis

22. Emblica belongs to family

1) Tiliaceae 2) Euphorbiaceae 3) Anacardiaceae 4) Poaceae

23. Magnifera belongs to family

1) Tiliaceae 2) Anacardiaceae 3) Fabaceae 4) Moraceae

24. Nimbidin is obtained from

1) Seed 2) Flower 3) Fruit 4) Bark

25. Following is the cultivated species of paddy

1) Oryza indica 2) Oryza glaberrima 3) Oryza lantana 4) Oryza occidentalis

26. Saaki is obtained from

1) Pennisetum 2) Sorghum 3) Oryza 4) Banana

27. Botanical name of bread wheat is

1) Triticum aestivum 2) T.durum 3) T.dicoccum 4) T.spherococcum

28. Germ oil is obtained from

1) Paddy 2) Wheat 3) Jowar 4) Pennisetum

29. Botanical name of great millet is

1) Triticum vulgare 2) Sorghum vulgare 3) Eleusine coracana 4) Pennisetum typhodeum

30. The following stem is used for papermaking

1) Bajra 2) Jowar 3) Jute 4) Neem

31. Following are grown as mixed crops

1) Fibers 2) Pulses 3) Cereals 4) Millets

32. Following are grown as mixed crops

1) Millets 2) Pulses 3) Fibers 4) Fruits

33. Botanical name of Bengal gram is

1) Cajanus cajan 2) Cicer crietenum 3) Phaseolus mungo 4) Vigna catjung

34. Morphology of useful product in pulses is

1) Fruit 2) Root 3) Cotyledons 4) Endosperm

35. Coconut oil is

1) Essential oil 2) Fatty oil 3) Volatile oil 4) Aromatic oil

36. Largest producer of coconut is

1) Kerala 2) Malasia 3) Phillippines 4) Taiwan

37. Fibers are made up of

1) Cellulose 2) Hemicellulose 3) Lignin 4) All

38. Cotton fibers is obtained from

1) Secondary phloem 2) Cortex 3) Pericycle 4) Epidermis

39. Coir is obtained from

1) Epicarp 2) Mesocarp 3) Endocarp 4) None

40. Nitrocellulose is the product of

1) Jute 2) Coir 3) Cotton 4) Hemp

41. Botanical name of white jute is

1) Corchorus capsularis 2) Corchorus olitorius 3) Corchorus indica 4) Corchorus japonica

42. Following part of cotton is used in making coarse paper

1) Seed coat 2) Root 3) Bark 4) Fruit wall

43. Gunpowder charcoal is obtained from

1) Cotton 2) Hemp 3) Agave 4) Jute

44. Vitamins present in the fruits of mango are

1) A & B 2) A & C 3) A & D 4) A & E

45. Banana belongs to family

1) Tiliaceae 2) Fabaceae 3) Musaceae 4) Poaceae

46. Edible part in banana is

1) Epicarp and mesocarp 2) Mesocarp ane endocarp

3) Epicarp and endocarp 4) Epicarp and pericarp

47. Mango and banana are

1) Temperate fruits 2) Tropical fruits 3) Arctic fruits 4) Arid fruits

48. Edible part in mango is

1) Epicarp and mesocarp 2) Epicarp and endocarp

3) Mesocarp and endocarp 4) Mesocarp and pericarp

49. World’s oldest cultivated fruit crop is

1) Mango 2) Apple 3) Orrange 4) Banana

50. Sangam and Manjira are the varieties of

1) Musa 2) Banana 3) Lemon 4) Mango

51. Study of action of drugs is called as

1) Pharmacology 2) Pharmacognosy 3) Dendrology 4) Oncology

52. Neem belongs to the family

1)Musaceae 2) Meliaceae 3) Euphorbiaceae 4) Malvaceae

53. The enzyme that inhibits the division of Aids virus is obtained from

1) Amla 2) Neem 3) Reserpine 4) Atropa

54. The derivatives of the following are used as nematicide

1) Vinca 2) atropa 3) Neem 4) Datura

55. Morphology of fuzz is

1) Cortical tumours 2) Perivascular fibers 3) Epidermal hairs 4) Root hairs

56. Cotton belongs to

1) Arecaceae 2) Tiliaceae 3) Malvaceae 4) Poaceae

57. Neera is obtained from

1) Root 2) Fruit 3) Seed 4) Inflorescence

58. Botanical name of Improved Spanish pea nut is

1) Cicer arietenum 2) Cajanus cajan 3) Arachis hypogea 4) Pisum sativum

59. Pulses belong to the family

1) Caesalpinaceae 2) Mimosaceae 3) Fabaceae 4) Rosaceae

60. HB – 5 is the improved variety of

1) Sorghum 2) Paddy 3) Pennisetum 4) Wheat

61. Malavika is the improved variety of

1) Paddy 2) Triticum 3) Sorghum 4) Bajra

62. Botanical name of ravva wheat is

1) Triticum aestivum 2) Triticum durum

3) Triticum sphaerococcum 4) Triticum dicoccum

63. Following is used as anticorrosion oil

1) Coconut oil 2) Cotton oil 3) Groundnut oil 4) Rice bran oil

64. Sarada is the improved variety of

1) Black gram 2) Bengal gram 3) Red gram 4) Green gram

65. Kadiri – 71.1 is the variety of

1) Cotton 2) Groundnut 3) Sorghum 4) Paddy

66. One of the crop is useful to prevent the soil erosion

1) Groundnut 2) Red gram 3) Bengal gram 4) Green gram

67. Botanical name of shot wheat is

1) Triticum sphaerococcum 2) Triticum aestivum

3) Triticum durum 4) Triticum vulgaris

68. Arjun is the improved variety of

1) Groundnut 2) Wheat 3) Sorghum 4) Bajra

69. Following are the new wheat varieties

1) Sonalika 2) Sharbatisonora – 64 3) Kalyanosona 4) All

70. Sorghum belongs to family

1) Malvaceae 2) Poaceae 3) Meliaceae 4) Euphorbiaceae

71. Fruit in sorghum is

1) Nut 2) Caryopsis 3) Drupe 4) Berry

72. Botanical name of red gram is

1) Cicer arietenum 2) Phaseolus vulgaris 3) Cajanus cajan 4) Pisum sativum

73. Following are tall varieties of coconut

1) Pusilla 2) New guine 3) Cochin chinensis 4) All

74. The following are the new varieties of coconut

1) Varalakshmi 2) Mahalakshmi 3) Krishna 4) All

75. Pusa Moti is the improved variety of

1) Sorghum 2) Pennisetum 3) Bengal gram 4) Red gram

76. Starch of the following is used for sizing the cloth

1) Rice 2) Wheat 3) Sorghum 4) 1 & 2

77. Fine flour of wheat is

1) Saki 2) Ata 3) Maida 4) Ravva

78. Following is used to make charcoal

1) Groundnutshell 2) Coconut shell 3) Paddy straw 4) Wheat straw

79. Fibers are abundantly present in

1) Pericycle 2) Cortex 3) Secondary phloem 4) All

80. Sujatha is the variety of

1) Cotton 2) Mango 3) Banana 4) Wheat

81. JRO 7835 (Vasudev) variety belongs to

1) Jute 2) Coton 3) Groundnut 4) Bengal gram

82. Following acts as a good soil binder

1) Bajra 2) Bengal gram 3) Red gram 4) Ground nut

83. JRO – 524 (Navin) is the variety of

1) Jute 2) Bengal gram 3) Red gram 4) Wheat

84. Botanical name of paddy is

1) Triticum vulgare 2) Sorghum vulgare 3) Musa paradisiacal 4) Oryza sativa

85. Paddy belongs to family

1) Fabaceae 2) Poaceae 3) Musaceae 4) Euphorbiaceae

86. Following are the improved varieties of paddy

1) Jaya 2) Padma 3) Ratna 4) All

87. Vitamin which is present in the aleurone layer surrounding the grain in paddy is

1) Vitamin – C 2) Vitamin – B 3) Vitamin – D 4) Vitamin – A

88. Following organic acids are collected from the leaves of Bengal gram

1) Malic acid 2) Tartaric acid 3) Oxalic acid 4) 1 and 3

89. N.P. 17 variety belongs to

1) Bengal gram 2) Red gram 3) Wheat 4) Sorghum

90. Following grows in mixed deciduous forests

1) Banana 2) Cotton 3) Amla 4) Bengal gram

91. Seed cake of the following is used as organic fertilizer

1) Neem 2) Cotton 3) Amla 4) Bengal gram

92. Wood of the following has timber value

1) Cotton 2) Amla 3) Neem 4) Red gram

93. Bark of the following has an antifungal and antiprotozoan property

1) Magnifera 2) Neem 3) Azadirachta 4) Amla

94. All the reproductive and vegetative parts of the following plant has insecticide, nematicide and

fungicide properties

1) Magnifera 2) Neem 3) Amla 4) Jute

95. Fiber is extracted from leaf-sheaths of the following

1) Banana 2) Cotton 3) Mango 4) Oryza

96. Following are the improved varieties of rice

1) Tella Hamsa 2) Sona 3) Jaya 4) All

97. Following organic acids are present in mango

1) Citric acid 2) Malic acid 3) Oxalic acid 4) 1 and 2

98. Bark of the following is used as raw material for coarser paper

1) Cotton 2) Neem 3) Corchorus 4) Magnifera

99. TMV varieties from 1 – 10 belong to

1) Paddy 2) Sorghum 3) Wheat 4) Coconut

100. Olein and stearin are obtained from

1) Cotton oil 2) Groundnut oil 3) Neem oil 4) Coconut oil

101. IR – 36 is the improved variety is

1) Wheat 2) Paddy 3) Groundnut 4) Bengal gram

102. Following variety of sorghum is resistant to downy mildew

1) CSH – I 2) CSV – 4 3) CSV – 5 4) 2 and 3

103. Following are the three kinds of flours of wheat

1) Suji 2) Maida 3) Ata 4) All

104. Starch of the following is used in sizing of the cloth

1) Sorghum 2) Pennisetum 3) Paddy 4) All

105. Folloiwng grain is used in making alcoholioc beverages

1) Sorghum 2) Paddy 3) wheat 4) Maize

106. The flour ’Besan’ belongs to

1) Red gram 2) Bengal gram 3) Wheat 4) Maize

107. Germinated seeds of the following are recommended to cure scurvy

1) Groundnut 2) Red gram 3) Bengal gram 4) Paddy

108. Botanical name of red gram is

1) Cajanus cajan 2) Cicer arietenum 3) Arachis hypogea 4) Phaseolus mungo

109. The following crop is planted as soil renovator and as a hedge to check erosion

1) Bengal gram 2) Green gram 3) Ground nut 4) Red gram

110. Shells of the following can be used as cork substitutes

1) Red gram 2) Green gram 3) Ground nut 4) Cotton

111. Coconut oil is obtained from

1) Embryo 2) Embryocarp 3) Copra 4) Epicarp

112. Mercirised cotton is made by treating fibers with

1) KNO3 2) KOH 3) NaOH 4) KCI

113. Botanical name of pride fruit of India is

1) Pyrus malus 2) Magnifera indica 3) Vitis vinifera 4) Musa paradisiacal

114. Following is an antimicrobial

1) Neem 2) Amla 3) Reserpine 4) Groundnut oil

115. Amla contains the following elements

1) Fe 2) P 3) Ca 4) All

116. Following elements are present in Neem

1) N2 2) K 3) P 4) All

117. Flowers of the following plant are useful in case of dyspepsia

1) Azadirachta 2) Terminalia 3) Cicer 4) Gossypium

118. Bark of the following is useful in curing pyorrhea

1) Phyllanthus 2) Terminalia 3) Azadirachta 4) Magnifera

119. Decoction of leaves of the Following are antidiabetic

1) Benagal gram 2) Gossypium 3) Magnifera 4) Azadirachta

120. Bark of the following is used as antiallergic agent

1) Phyllanthus 2) Pterocarpus 3) Terminalia 4) Azadirachta

121. Following oil is used in making anti-lice shampoos for dogs

1) Neem 2) Cotton 3) Sunflower 4) Gingelly

122. Branch of Botany, which deals with the study of medicinal plants is called as

1) Pharmacognosy 2) Pharmacology 3) Horticulture 4) Economic Botany

123. Dried fruits of the following are useful in curing haemorrhage, dysentery diarrhoea, and

diabetes


1) Azadirachta 2) Phyllanthus 3) Musa 4) Terminalia

124. Oil of the following is useful in curing chronic skin diseases, ulcers and piles

1) Cotton 2) Coconut 3) Groundnut 4) Neem

125. Leaf extracts of the following inhibit certain enzymes in hepatitis B – Virus and herpes virus

1) Bengal gram 2) Cotton 3) Amla 4) Neem

126. In the following each and every part of the plant body has great importance in the Ayurvedic

and unani systems of medicine

1) Gossypium 2) Rauvolfia 3) Azadirachta 4) Phyllanthus

127. Following is a worshipped tree

1) Magnifera 2) Azadirachta 3) Tectona 4) Tamarindus

128. Application of following oil useful in curing rheumatism, leprosy and sprains

1) Coconut 2) Cotton 3) Castor 4) Neem

129. Following varietie of bajra is resistant to diseases and gives good yield

1) CO – 5 2) HB – 5 3) MS – 628 4) 1260 – A

130. Following are improved varieties of coconut

1) Ganga Bhavani 2) New guine 3) Pusilla 4) All

131. Following oil is carminative and antidabetic

1) Coconut 2) Groundnut 3) Neem 4) Gingelly

132. Following fruit has cooling, refrigerant, diuretic and laxative property

1) Groundnut 2) Coconut 3) Neem 4) Amla

133. Bark of the following cures jaundice

1) Neem 2) Arachis 3) Amla 4) Cotton

134. Durable hard board is made from the stems of

1) Gossypium 2) Corchorus 3) Amla 4) Jute

135. Following can be grown as cover crop in plantations

1) Bengal gram 2) Red gram 3) Ground nut 4) Gossypium

136. Following is an important crop in Kerala

1) Cotton 2) Jute 3) Coconut 4) Jowar

137. Following has an antibacterial, antiviral and antifungal property

1) Banana 2) Ground nut 3) Amla 4) Jute

138. Following fruits are used in making pickles and jams

1) Banana 2) Bengal gram 3) Amla 4) Grape

139. In combination with iron the following fruit is used in curing jaundice

1) Banana 2) Mango 3) Neem 4) Amla

140. The following are major cereals

1) Rice and Wheat 2) Maize and barley 3) Oats and rye 4) All

141. The following are minor cereals or millets

1) Jower 2) Bajra 3) Ragi 4) All

142. In Corchorus oiltorius the fruit is

1) Oval 2) Spherical 3) Linear 4) Fusiform

143. In Corchorus capsularis the fruit is

1) Round 2) Obovate 3) Linear 4) Fusiform

144. The following is used in curing acidity, inflammation of lungs and eyes and gastrointestinal

disorders

1) Banana 2) Jowar 3) Neem 4) Amla

145. Juices of the following are used in curing bacillary dysentery

1) Amla and neem 2) Amla and mango 3) Amla and citrus 4) amla and water melon

146. Sabarmati is the improved variety of

1) Paddy 2) Wheat 3) Red gram 4) Bengal gram

147. Prabhat is the improved variety of

1) Bengal gram 2) Red gram 3) Ground nut 4) Amla

148. Following are the cultivated varieties of mango

1) Alphonso 2) Totapuri 3) Langra 4) All
1) 2 2) 3 3) 1 4) 2 5) 1 6) 2 7) 4 8) 3 9) 3 10) 2

11) 3 12) 4 13) 2 14) 2 15) 2 16) 3 17) 2 18) 3 19) 3 20) 2

21) 2 22) 2 23) 2 24) 4 25) 2 26) 3 27) 1 28) 2 29) 2 30) 3

31) 2 32) 2 33) 2 34) 3 35) 2 36) 1 37) 4 38) 4 39) 2 40) 3

41) 1 42) 3 43) 4 44) 2 45) 3 46) 2 47) 1 48) 1 49) 1 50) 4

51) 1 52) 2 53) 2 54) 3 55) 3 56) 3 57) 4 58) 3 59) 3 60) 3

61) 2 62) 4 63) 4 64) 3 65) 2 66) 3 67) 1 68) 2 69) 4 70) 2

71) 2 72) 3 73) 4 74) 4 75) 2 76) 4 77) 3 78) 2 79) 4 80) 1

81) 1 82) 1 83) 1 84) 4 85) 2 86) 4 87) 2 88) 4 89) 1 90) 3

91) 2 92) 3 93) 3 94) 2 95) 1 96) 4 97) 4 98) 1 99) 4 100) 2

101) 2 102) 4 103) 4 104) 3 105) 1 106) 2 107) 3 108) 1 109) 1 110) 3

111) 3 112) 2 113) 2 114) 1 115) 4 116) 4 117) 1 118) 3 119) 3 120) 4

121) 1 122) 1 123) 2 124) 4 125) 4 126) 3 127) 2 128) 4 129) 2 130) 4

131) 3 132) 4 133) 1 134) 4 135) 2 136) 3 137) 3 138) 3 139) 4 140) 4



141) 4 142) 3 143) 1 144) 4 145) 3 146) 1 147) 2 148) 4


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