DR. A. J. Sharp

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441572. Fruit red (crimson) at maturity. on Ostrya.

6400 ft
441573. Cardamine longipedicellata Moist crevices of boulders. 6400 ft.

Rollins (Det. R. Rollins)
441574. Liabum and romachioides Yellow flowers; milky juice, shrub of 8 ft.

(Less.) Sch. –Bip. Bank of river. 6500 ft. (Det. D. D. Keck)

441575. Pteridium aquilinium var. Gentle slope near river. Mixed oak stand.

feei (Schaffn.) Maxon 6500 ft. (Det. C. V. Morton)
441576. Dryopteris geropogon (Fee) Base of boulder in mixed oak stand.

C. Chr. 6500 ft. (Det. C. V. Morton)

41577. Sabal Glaucus under leaves. Ranging at least to 7000 ft. Steep rocky slope. 6400 ft.
441578. Moist rocky bank and slope near river. Medium-sized tree. 6300 ft.
441579. Oreopanax peltatus (note Anthracnose!) Steep rocky slope. Medium-sized tree. 6400 ft.

(Det. A.J.S.)

October 28, 1944
I walked to Omiltemi to buy a few groceries and to see about transportation and collected a few things along the river on the way. I was pleasantly surprised by the ash and blue beech which (both) seem to be rather to be scarce. The glaucus palmetto here extends down below our previous campsite, but becomes scarce, while the one with serrate petioles is much more abundant there. River bottom is usually very narrow in the gorge.
Non-vascular cryptogams: 1159-1168.
441580. Fraxinus Young tree bark smooth, older longitude,

ridged. Not common. River bank in gorge up to 2 ft. diam. and very tall, straight.

6600 ft.
441581. Carpinus Bank of river.12 in. diam. 30 ft. tall. 6600 ft.
441582. Lobelia longicaulis Brandy (pink flowers) Bottoms along river doubtfully same as #441520.

(Det. R. McVaugh)

441583. Cyperus hermaphroditus River bottom. 6600 ft.

(Det. T. Koyama)

441584. Bidens serrulata Vr. Sharpii Yellow rays with reddish brown base. River bottom. 6600 ft. (Det. E. E. Sherff)
441585. Ranunculus pilosus HBK River bottom. 6600 ft. (Det. L. Benson)
441586. Orange flowers. On madroño. Is there mildew on the leaves? 6600 ft.
441587. Alnus arguata? Along bank of stream. 6600 ft.

Dr. Leopold says it is also above 7000 ft.

on the flats along ridge top. At a distance the bark looks like birch, but even though smooth it is not papery. Trunks up to 2 ft. and 60 ft. tall. (Det. A.J.S)
These from above camp. Oct. 28, 1944, 6600 ft.
441588. Scutellaria caerulea Moist sandy soil in clearing beside stream.

Moc. & Sesse (Det. Carl Epling)

441589. Lamourouxia multifida H.B.K. Corolla flattened on the sides, orange-red

Most slope, shaded. (Det. by R. Straw)

441590. Salvia oreopola Fern. Blue as in Scutellaria. Among rocks in

moist sandy soil in clearing beside stream.

(Det. Carl Epling)
441591. Pinus Moist rocky near stream (white pine) Bark

looks like that of P. virginiana.

What appeared to be Ptelea trifoliata was seen on the first high slope beyond Amugileca toward Chilpancingo. 28 Oct. 1944.
November 12, 1944
Pedrigal near Contrera, D. F.; Mexico
Dr. Faustino Miranda of the Instituto de Biología. Sr. Pablo Huerta (my friend from Puebla) and I went to Contreras on the street car and bus. We walked 2 or 3 km on the R.R. toward Cuernavaca and turned to the left into the Pedrigal (lava from Xitle) and walked across Cerro Zacayuca and then back into Contreras. Elevations ranged from 8000 to 8400 ft. Except for the Cerro itself, the territory was much like the Pedrigal of Peña Pobre near Tlalpam which was visited on Aug. 13, 1944 — this is part of the same lava flow.
Non-vascular cryptogams: 1169-1189.
441592. Aster Pale, turning pink; about 1 ft. tall. Dry slope

of Cerro Zacayuca. 8300 ft.

441593. Andropogon perforatus Trin. Data as in preceding. (Det. J. R. Swallen)
441594. Data as in 441592. 8200 ft.
441595. Halenia brevicornis (HBK) In edge of pedrigal near C. Zacayuca.

G. Don 8000 ft. (Det.A. J. S.)

441596. Loeselia mexicana (Lam.) Crimson flowers. Shrub up to 3 or 4 ft.

Brand Common in pedrigal. 8000-8400 ft.

(Det. E. T. Wherry)

441597. Bidens pilosa var. calcicola White rays. Pedrigal. 8100 ft.

(Greem.) Sherff. (Det. E. E: Sherff)
441598. Lobelia gruira Cav. Blue. Shaded moist spots in pedrigal

8000-8400 ft. (Det. R. McVaugh)

441599. Dalea Pedrigal. 8000 ft.
441600. Verbesina virginiana Cav. Pedrigal. Tough herb, branched, up to 4 or

5 ft. 8200 ft. (Det. A. Cronquist)

441601. Dalea Perhaps more than 1 sp. Pedrigal. 8100 ft
441602. Lobelia diostatea micrantha Mainly pink, few blue. Crevices of lava,

(HBK) McV. 8000 – 8300 ft. (Det. R. McVaugh)

441603. Drymaria gracillima Data as in preceding no. (Det. A.J.S. )
441604. Centaurium guitense (HBK) Pink flowers. Data as in #441603.

Rob. (Det. A.J.S.)

441605. Penstemon kunthü G. Dow Deep crimson, with pink throat with red

lines. Data as in preceding no. 441603.

(Det. R. Straw)
441606. Salvia amarrissima Ort. Blue-purple semi-shrubby. Pedrigal.

8200 ft. (Det. Carl Epling)

441607. Lamourouxia tenuifolia Flowers dusty pink. Pedrigal. 8000-8400.

Mant. & Gal. I saw it in bloom in October near Pachua.

(Det. R. Straw)
441608. Selaginella pallescens Link Common throughout Pedrigal.

(Det. C. V. Morton)

441609. Stachys agraria C. & S. Edge of Pedrigal. 8000 ft.

(Det. Carl Epling)

441610. Galium Purple fruits. Shade of shrubby oak in

Pedrigal. 8400 ft.

441611. Desmodium Crevices of lava. 8400 ft.
441612. Tagetes tenuifolia Cav. Wild golden glow-rays yellow. Crevices of

lava. 8400 ft. (Det. D.D. Keck)

441613. Loeselia Pale pink purple. Rather common in

crevices of lava. 000-8400 ft.

441614. Salvia mexicana L. Deep, blue-purple. Stout herb, branched ;

up to 5 or 6 ft. Edge of Pedrigal near Contreras. 8400 ft. (Det. Carl Epling)

441615. Senecio Branched, semi-shrubby. Yellow rays.

Edge of Pedrigal near Contreras. 8400 ft.

441616. Arenaria moehringioides Small shaded spots in Pedrigal. 8300 ft.

(Det. A.J. Sharp)

441617. Gnaphalium Pedrigal. 8300 ft. (Det. D.D. Keck)
441618. Stevia viscida HBK Red purple. Pedrigal. 8300 ft.
441619. Eupatorium pulchellum HBK Brilliant purple. Crevives of lava. 8300 ft.

(Det. D. D. Keck)

441620. Castilleja About 15 in. Crevices of lava. 8300 ft.
441621. Clematis On bushy oaks near edge of Pedrigal.

8400 ft.
441622. Ageratum corymbosum Zuccaq. Purple. Crevices of lava. 8200 ft.

(Det. D. D: Keck)
441623. Stevia salicafolia Cav Pale pink. Note rust! Crevices of lava.

..var. exaristata Sch.-Bip. 8200 ft. (Det. D.D. Keck)

441624. Near Sedum. Crevices of lava. 8200 ft.
441625. Pinus rudis Endl. Among boulders of Pedrigal. 8300 ft.

(Det. Dr. M. Martínez)

441626. Cassia Shrub up to 5 ft. Along railroad near

Contreras. 8400 ft.

441627. Hypericum paniculatum Data as in #441626. (Det. A.J.S.)
November 15, 1944
I returned to La Venta between San Martin (Texmelucan) and Río Frío in the state of Puebla and collected below Puente del Emperador along the river and along the road toward San Martin. Barometer registered 8200 ft. at the bridge today. Saw but did not collect Saponaria officinalis along the road about halfway between La Venta and San Martin.
The dry season has left its impress and many species which were green two weeks ago and are now brown and crisp. Many of the smaller species have completely disappeared. The fruit on Cornus and Smilax has fallen. Crataegus with its large yellow fruit is an important source of fruit: man and beast. Presumably because they are south of the Tropic of Cancer. Certain plants are having their second season of bloom—a common occurrence in some species.
Non-vascular cryptogams: Nos. 1190-1225.
441628. Monnina eriolada (Det. A.J. Sharp) Deep blue flowers. semi-shrubby , up to 3 ft. Roadside bank between La Venta and San Martin
441629. Asclepias linaria Cav. Green and white flowers. In clump up to 15 in. tall. Roadside (see previous no.) 8200 ft

(Det. R. E. Woodson)

441630. Lamourouxia tenvifolia Dusty pink. In clups to 15 in.

Mont. & Sal. See no. 441628. (Det. by R. Straw)

441631. White banner, blue wings, pale keel.

See no. 441628.

441632. Dalea Green flowers. In clumps up to2 ft.

See no. 441628

441633. Cuphaea aequipetala Cav. Purple. Semi-shrubby, rather sprawling. See #441628. (Det. P. A. Munz)
441634. Verbesina virgata Cav. Yellow rays. Note rust! Upper ⅔ of plant

See no. 441628 (Det. A. Cronquist)

441635. Raphanus sativus L. Cream white flowers. Common weed over

central mesa. See no. 441628

(Det. R. Rollins)
441636. Dyosodia pirrata (Cav.) Rah. Yellow rays. Odoriferous. See no. 441628.

(Det. D.D. Keck)

441637. Rumex Roadside bank between La Venta and

San Martin. 8200 ft.

441638. Green flowers. See no. 441637
441639. Rose pink. In old adobe wall across river

from La Venta. 8300 ft.

441640. Small, pink-purple flowers. See no. 441637
441641. Salvia polystachya Ort. Small, blue flowers. Roadside bank, across

river from La Venta. 8300 ft.

(Det. Carl Epling)
441642. Medicago polymorpha L. Prostrate. See no. 441641.
441643. Tagetes subulata Cerv. ex Yellow-but seemingly no rays. Odoriferous.

Llave & Lex. See #441641. (Det. D.D. Keck)

441644. Lepidium costaricense Thell. See no. 441641. (Det. R. Rollins)
441645. Stevia rhombifolia HBK Pale pink. (odor of goats) See no.441641

f. colorata Rob. (Det. D.D. Keck)

441646. Stevia rhombifolia HBK Bright pink purple. Moist shaded roadside

var. stephanocoma bank near La Venta. Odoriferous. 8200 ft.

Sch.-Bip. f. glandulifera (Det. D.D. Keck)

(Schlecht.) Rob.

441647. Some 2 to 3 ft. long, pendant. On big oak,

limbs of Bluff overlooking river near

La Venta. 8400 ft.
441648. Castilleja Bluff along river near La Venta. 8300 ft.
441649. Loeselia mexicana Scarlet. Shrub up to 3 to 4 ft.

(Lam.) Brand (See no. 441648) (Det. E. T. Wherry)

441650. Perezia hebeclada Upper ⅔ of plants. Bluff along river near

(DC.) Gray La Venta. 8200 ft. (Det. D.D. Keck)

441651. Artemisiana ludoviciana Nutt. From same colony from which I collected

ssp. mexicana (Willd.) Keck earlier. See #441650 for data.

(Det. D.D. Keck)
441652. Brickellia secundiflora Greenish. Glandular sticky, aromatic-upper

(Lag.) Gray ⅔ of plants which grew in a clump.

See no. 441650. (Det. D. D. Keck)
441653. Eupatorium pulchellum HBK Bright purple. Somewhat aromatic.

See no. 441650. (Det. D.D. Keck)

441654. Desmodium Trailing over riverside bank near La Venta.

8100 ft.
441655. Dryopteris mexicana Moist riverside bank. See no. 441654.

(Presl.) C. Chr. (Det. C. V. Morton)
441656. Galium Edge of river bank near La Venta

(looks like G. pilosum) 8100 ft.

441657. Smilax jalepensis See no. 441656 for data.

(Det. C. V. Morton)

441658. Salvia polystachya Ort. Blue flowers. Low banks along river.

See no. 441656. (Det. Carl Epling)

441659. Gnaphalium see no. 441656.
441660. Lobelia Violet blue. Moist steep bank above

river near La Venta. 8200 ft.

441661. Eupatorium deltoideum Jacq. Rose-purple. Upper ⅔ of plant. Steep slope

along river near La Venta.8200 ft.

(Det. D.D. Keckl)
441662. Erigeron See no. 441661
441663. Dalia Green flower. Up to 3 ft. tall.

See no. 441661

441664. Muhlenbergia presliana Hitch. See no. 441661.

(Det. J. R. Swallen)

441665. Juniperus deppeana Steud. Edge of bluff along river near La Venta.

8300 ft. (Det. Dr. M. Martínez)

441666. Pinus leiophylla Schl. & Cham. See. no 441665.

(Det. Dr. M. Martinez)

November, 18, 1944
Mr. Tartt and I came by auto to Orizaba where we registered at the Gran Hotel de France, and went on to the dam at Tuxpango about 10 km below Orizaba on the Rio Blanco. The plant is situated 200m. (drop) below the dam at an elevation of about 2800 ft. Inclined railways provides transportation to dam and power plant—at times more than 45° slope.
441667. Morning glory tree. Dry roadside about

west of Tehuacan, Puebla. 6000 ft.

441668. Shrub up to 8 ft. Slope above Tuxpango,

Veracruz. 3500 ft.

No Non-vascular cryptogams.
November 19, 1944
I went back to the Tuxpango Dam (elevation 3300 ft.) and collected on the slope above and around the dam. I then took the trail over the mountain to the power house, but did not collect much beyond the crest of the ridge. (elevation: 3500 ft.)
I watched them work at at “sluicing the dam”. The lake had filled with silt, which amounts to at least a 3-way loss: (1) loss of soil, very fertile; (2) loss of storage capacity; (3) loss of power for more than 2 days when the plant is shut down for

“sluicing”. See photos!

Not too many of the plants were of genera known to me and often I did not know the substratum of mosses or fungi.
Non-vascular cryptogams: 1226-1279.
441669. Clethra macrophylla? Edge of bluff overlooking Rio Blanco at.

Tuxpango, Veracruz. 3500 ft.

441670. Desmanthus? With red stamens. Shrubby up to 5 ft.

Ditto 441669 except 3400 ft.

441671. Desmodium canum (Gmel.) Bluff ditto: #441669

Schinz & Thellung (Det. B. G. Schubert)

441672. Priva aspera HBK Pink. Bluff ditto #441669.

(Det. H. N. Moldenke)

441673. Scleria bractata About 5 ft. tall. but falling over.

Ditto #441669. (Det. Koyama)

441674. Sisyrinchium Yellow. Rocks of bluff, see # 441669.
441675. Crotalaria Yellow flowers. Up to 4 ft. tall.

Ditto #441669.

441676. Drymaria villosa Rocks of bluff. #See 441669

(Det. A.J.S.)

441677. Polygala Greenish purple. Rocks of bluff.

See #441669.

441678. Selaginella extensa Underw. Rocks of bluff. See #441669.

(Det. C. V: Morton)

441679. Lobelia diastatea micrantha Purplish blue. Rocks of bluff. See 3441669

(HBK) McV. (Det. R. McVaugh)

441680. Euphorbia Bluff overlooking Río Blanco near

Tuxpango. 3500 ft

441681. Tripsacum pilosum About 9 ft. tall. Ditto #441680.

Scribn. & Merr. (Det. J. R. Swallen)

441682. Galium Ditto #441680
441683. Salvia purpurea Cav. Pink-purple. Semi-shrubby up to 4 ft

Ditto # 441680.

(Det. Carl Epling)
441684. Selaginella extensa Underw. Trunk of oak on bluff. See #441680.

(Det. C. V. Morton)

441685. Desmodium Ditto #441680.
441686. Ditto #441680.
441687. Selaginella saccharata A. Br. Bank of trail on bluff. See 441680

(Det. C. V. Morton)

441688. Isachne arundinacea Up to 8 ft. trailing. See #441680

(Sw.) Griseb. (Det. J. R. Swallen)

441689. Rust on leaves. Branches from ? base.

See #441680.

441690. Selaginella saccharata A. Br. Shaded rocky bank of trail above

Tuxpango. 3500 ft.

(Det. C. V. Morton)
441691. Solanum See #441690.
441692. Adianthum concinnum H. & B. See #441690.

(Det. C. V. Morton)

441693. Anemia phyllitidis See#441690.

(L.) Swartz (Det. C. V. Morton)

441694. Cardamine flaccida C. & S.? See#441690.

(Det. R. Rollins)

441695. Epidendrum ibaguense HBK Brilliant orange red. Climbing into shrubs

up to 12 to 15 ft. long. Shaded bluff over-

looking Rio Blanco. 3500 ft.

(Det. D. S. Corell)

441696. Selaginella martensii Spring Moist shaded bank of trail on bluff.

See #34416965.

(Det. C. V. Morton)
441697. Clematis dioeia L. Small white sepals. Climbing in shrubs

and trees along trail. See #441695.

(Det. E. J. Alexander)
441698. Panicum viscidellum Scribn. See #441695. 3400 ft.

(Det. J. R. Swallen)

441699. Bluff overlooking lake above dam at

Tuxpango. 3300 ft.

441700. Moist slope above lake at Tuxpango dam. 3300 ft.
441701. Hypoxis See #441700.
441702. Carex polystachya Sw. See #441700.

(Det. F. Hermann)

441703. Panicum schmitzii Hack. See #441700 .

(Det. J. R. Swallen)

441704. Liquidambar See #441700.
441705. Aphelandea Shrub up to 3 or 4 ft. Scarlet flowers.

See #441700.

441706. Pleurothallis blaisdellii S. Wats. Purplish brown flowers. On bark of tree.

See # 441700. (Det. D. S. Correll)

441707. Cardamine sp.? See #441700.

(Det. R. Rollins)

441708. Sisyrinchium Pale blue, almost gray with pointed

perianth segments. See # 441700.

441709. Crotalaria Yellow. Bluff at west end of dam above

Tuxpango. 3300 ft.

441710. Cuphaea Rather prostrate. Semi-shrubby

purple flowers. Bluff at west end of dam

above Tuxpango. 3300 ft.
441711. Bouvardia Crimson. Branches of semi-shrub.

See #441710.

441712. Arthrostemma fragile Lindl. Branches of plant 3 ft. tall.

See #441710. (Det. J.J. Wundack)

441713. Purple flowers. See #441710.

441714. Salvia hyptoides M. & G. Blue flower. See #441710

(Det. Carl Epling)
441715. Kohleria deppeana var. Orange red flowers. Semi-shrubby.

lasiantha (Zucc.) Fritsch See #441710.

(Det. C. V. Morton)
441716. Hyptis sp. Bluish flowers. See #441710.

(Det. Carl Epling)

441717. Lobelia xalapensis H.B.K. Blue flowers. North slope at east end of dam. (Det. R. Mc. Vaugh)
441718. Chamaesyche See #441710.
441710. Cyperus See #441710.
441720. Lobelia heterotoma cardifolia Blue flowers. South slope at west end of

(H. & A.) McV. dam. See #442720. (Det. R. McVaugh)

441721. Carex polystachya Sw. See #441720.

(Det. F. Hermann)

441722. White. See #441720.
441723. Sedge See #441720.
441724. Erigeron Moist north slope at east end of dam.
441725. Sedge. See #441720.
441726. Dahlia coccinea Cav. var. Bright orange. Branches only. Plant 4 or

coccinea (Willd.) Sherff 5 ft tall. Note rust. See # 441720.

(Det. E. E. Sherff)

November 20, 1944
Camp Experimental de Hule “El Palmar” near Tezonapa, Ver., in the district of San Galite.
I left Orizaba early, took the bus to Cordoba, taxi to RR. station where I arrived just as the train started to pull out “strictly on time!” I just made the platform of one of the last coaches which proved to be RR. pay by car. It was manned by soldiers. By the time the officer “came to”, the train was moving fast. He insisted that I could not stay there and as he would not let me pass through the coach, I asked him what he wanted me to do—“jump off”. He compromised on letting me stay until the first station where I took the first class coach immediately forward. We arrived at Cogolapa, Oaxaca, at 11 a.m. where Dr. José Vera Santos met me. We crossed over intoTezonapa, Ver., where I had breakfast. We bought a few things and took a wild jeep ride out to the Campo with Mr. Stadelman (reared in Kentucky).
The campo is about 15 km out from Tezonapa and has an elevation of about 500 ft. It is at the edge of the tropics and is hot and humid. The number of genera and even familias which I recognize here is not very large.
| Dr. Santos and I spent the rest of the afternoon in the experimental plantings, the private plantation next, and the jungle about it. Red lichens are common here. Termites are rather common. Fungi are still appearing in reduced quantities—none on Central Mesa.
Non-vascular cryptogams: 1280-1307.
November 21, 22, 23, 24, 1944
From Campo Experimental de hule, Tezonapa to Cerro de Cuhuatepec in S.E. Puebla and return (vía paso Asihualt, Río Tonto, ranch of Don Moreno).
Dr. José Vera Santos, Benito Tapia, Marsolino Sánchez (workers in the Campo and I (mule carried supplies and luggage) set out by trail through jungle, plantation and milpas to cerro de Cuhautepec. We ate lunch at Río Tonto after crossing the river by dugout canoe (the mule swam). Late in the afternoon we came to the ranch of Don Moreno where we stayed all night. One of his workers, Juan Sánchez, joined the party in the morning as guide and helper. Ranch was at elevation of about 1700 ft. Nov. 22 we climbed to about 2700 feet where we early stopped and made camp on a 45° slope because of the illness of benito. (Campsite muddy and full of ants.) Nov. 23 we climbed to the top (alt. 3800 ft.) and returned just at dark. Nov. 24, we broke camp, collected untill 11 a.m. and returned to the ranch, ate lunch at 3 p.m. and returned (Río Tonto at dark and rest of the way by moolight arriving at 9 p.m.).
The vascular vegetation is essentially tropical and subtropical even to the top of the mountain. I knew few plants. Genera which I remember werw: Lygodium, Stachys, Dahlia of the vining type, orange flower, a Bradburga like vine (see specimen); Polyporus (either sanguineus or cinnabarius) was rather common.
The creek which we crossed before we began to climb toward the ranch was called Xamelapa. High mountain behind Cuhuatepec Don Moreno called Cuazuspa. Moreno’s ranch called Cocajapa.
High lights of the trip: camp on 45° (or more) slope with ant nest and much rain and mud. Loss of Santos’ maruna in Río Tonto—dugout canoe—eating palm buds and young inflorescences-drinking from lianas. Thatch huts with 16 sleeping in one room. Curiosity and laughter of Indians at my white skin. Coffee (superb) on plantation on which it is grown. Lianas as thongs. Swaying shelvesof palm and lianas. Santos’ wound. Use of sulfathiazole powder on Santos and eyes of Indian children. Boots (always wet) for 4 days and 3 nights without removing. Pelts of insects, birds, etc. ?? Flight of parakeets – call of regal turkey. Ticks and leeches on trip. Bunped and swollen knee cap. Blisters on feet.
The Río Tonto is the boundary between the states of Veracruz and Puebla!
Non-vascular cryptogams:
1308-1329 East bank of Río Tonto Nov. 21

1330- West bank of Río Tonto

1331-1340 Side of C. Cuhatepec Nov. 22

1349-1433 C. Cuhuatepec Nov. 23

1434-1444 Suabane Nov. 24

1434-1438 From camp to Don Morenos

1439-1444 Creek at Xamelapa
All these collections (below) on Nov. 22)
441727. Scoliosorus ensiformis On tree. C. Cuhuatepec. 3000ft

(Hook.) Moore (Det. C. V. Morton)

441728. Stachys lindenii Benth. Pink red. Abondoned milap. 2500 ft.

(Det. Carl Epling)

441729. Salvia Small blue flower possibly Scutellaria.

Abandoned milpa. 2500 ft.

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