Species: Mitsukurina owstoni
Elongated, flattened snout with electroreceptors
Jaws highly protrusible
Five gill slits
Anal fin broadly rounded
Upper lobe of caudal fin long (~ ½ length of body
Lower lobe of caudal fin not developed
Body length 107-380 cm, max 3.8 m
Pale grey, brown, to pink due to blood vessels visible through the skin
Protrusion of jaws accompanied by depression of tongue = rapid buccal cavity expansion allows for swallowing of relatively large prey and occlusion of upper and lower teeth prevents small prey from escaping.
Probably hangs motionless in the water column detecting approaching prey with the ampullae of Lorenzini along its snout.
Prey items: Crabs, squid, mesopelagic teleosts, octopus, ~ ostracod
IUCN Red List: Least concern
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Duffy, C. A. J. , 1997. Further records of the goblin shark, Mitsukurina owstoni
(Lamniformes: Mitsukurinidae), from New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Zoology, Vol. 24: 167-171
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Hamlett, W. C., 1999. Sharks, Skates, and Rays the Biology of Elasmobranch Fishes. The John Hopkins University Press. pp. 19, 20.
IUCN 2007. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. . Downloaded on 01 October 2007.
Nelson, J.S., 2006. Fishes of the World 4th edition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., pp. 57, 58.
Pope, P.E., 1973. Dictionary of Sharks. Great Outdoors Publishing Co. pp. 42.
Rorem, S. 2002. "Sea Creatures 101: Shark Series: The Goblin Shark: Ugly and Rare" (On-line ). Accessed 03-16-03 at http://www.suite101.com/article.cfm/aquatic_animals/87679.
Amber McCammon 4/22/2016