Damfino Lakes and Excelsior Ridge Plant List

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Damfino Lakes and Excelsior Ridge Plant List

Mt. Baker-Snoqualmie National Forest, Washington

Scientific Names Common Names Rpt By

Apiaceae Carrot Family

Heracleum maximum Bartr. cow parsnip 1

= Heracleum lanatum Michx.

Osmorhiza berteroi DC. mountain sweet-cicely 1

= Osmorhiza chilensis Hook. & Arn.

Araliaceae Ginseng Family

Oplopanax horridus Miq. devil's club 2

Asteraceae Daisy Family

Agoseris aurantiaca (Hook.) Greene orange agoseris 1

Anaphalis margaritacea (L.) Benth. pearly everlasting 1

Arnica latifolia Bong. mountain or broadleaf arnica 1

Erigeron peregrinus (Banks ex Pursh) Greene subalpine daisy 2

Eucephalus ledophyllus (Gray) Greene var. ledophyllus Cascade aster 3

= Aster ledophyllus (Gray) Gray

Hieracium albiflorum Hook. white-flowered hawkweed 3

Hieracium gracile Hook. slender or white hawkweed 1

Luina hypoleuca Benth. silverback luina 1

Petasites frigidus (L.) Fries coltsfoot 1

Senecio triangularis Hook. arrow-leaved groundsel 1

Symphyotrichum foliaceum (DC.) Nesom var. foliaceum leafy or leafy-bract aster 1

= Aster foliaceus Lindl. ex DC.

Betulaceae Birch Family

Alnus viridis (Vill.) Lam. & DC. ssp. sinuata (Regel) A.& Sitka alder 2

D. Löve

= Alnus crispa (Ait.) Pursh ssp. sinuata (Regel) Hultén

Caprifoliaceae Honeysuckle Family

Sambucus racemosa L. red elderberry 2

Caryophyllaceae Pink Family

Silene L. catch-fly 1

Cyperaceae Sedge Family

Carex aquatilis Wahlenb. var. aquatilis water sedge 2

Carex illota Bailey sheep sedge 2

Carex L.? sedge (2 unidentified spp.) 2

Carex mertensii Prescott ex Bong. Mertens' sedge 2

Carex nigricans C.A. Mey. black alpine sedge 2

Carex pachystachya Cham. ex Steud. thick-headed sedge 2

Carex spectabilis Dewey showy sedge 2

Ericaceae Heath Family

Cassiope mertensiana (Bong.) D. Don white mountain heather 2

Menziesia ferruginea Sm. false azalea 1

Phyllodoce empetriformis (Sm.) D. Don pink mountain heather 2

Rhododendron albiflorum Hook. Cascade/mountain azalea 1

Fabaceae Pea Family

Lupinus arcticus S. Wats. arctic lupine 1

Trifolium pratense L. red clover 1

Fumariaceae Fumitory Family

Dicentra formosa (Haw.) Walp. Pacific bleeding heart 1

Grossulariaceae Currant Family

Ribes acerifolium T.J. Howell maple-leaved currant 1

= Ribes howellii Greene

Ribes bracteosum Dougl. ex Hook. stink currant 1

Hippuridaceae Mare's-tail Family

Hippuris montana Ledeb. mountain mare's-tail 1

Juncaceae Rush Family

Juncus drummondii E. Mey. Drummond's rush 2

Juncus L. rush (1 unidentified sp.) 2

Luzula parviflora (Ehrh.) Desv. small-flowered woodrush 2

Luzula piperi (Coville) M.E. Jones Piper's woodrush 2

Liliaceae Lily Family

Clintonia uniflora (Menzies ex J.A. & J.H. Schultes) queen's cup, bead lily 1


Disporum Salisb. ex D. Don fairy bells 1

Erythronium grandiflorum Pursh glacier lily 1

Streptopus amplexifolius (L.) DC. clasping-leaved twisted stalk, 1

Streptopus lanceolatus (Ait.) Reveal var. curvipes (Vail) rosy twisted stalk 1


= Streptopus roseus Michx. (var. curvipes (Vail)


Tofieldia glutinosa (Michx.) Pers. sticky false asphodel 1

Veratrum viride Ait. corn lily, false hellebore 1

Monotropaceae Indian-pipe Family

Monotropa hypopithys L. pinesap 1

= Hypopitys monotropa Crantz

Onagraceae Evening-primrose Family

Chamerion angustifolium (L.) Holub ssp. angustifolium fireweed 1

= Epilobium angustifolium L.

Circaea alpina L. enchanter's nightshade 1

Epilobium luteum Pursh yellow willowherb 1

Epilobium minutum Lindl. ex Lehm. small-flowered willowherb 1

Orchidaceae Orchid Family

Listera cordata (L.) R. Br. ex Ait. f. heart-leaved twayblade 1

Platanthera stricta Lindl. slender bog orchid 1

Pinaceae Pine Family

Abies amabilis (Dougl. ex Loud.) Dougl. ex Forbes Pacific silver fir 2

Tsuga mertensiana (Bong.) Carr. mountain hemlock 2

Polemoniaceae Phlox Family

Phlox diffusa Benth. spreading phlox 1

Polygonaceae Buckwheat Family

Eriogonum umbellatum Torr. sulfur buckwheat 1

Oxyria digyna (L.) Hill mountain sorrel 1

Polygonum bistortoides Pursh American bistort, dirty socks 1

Polygonum minimum S. Wats. leafy dwarf knotweed 3

Rumex acetosella L. sheep sorrel 1

Portulacaceae Purslane Family

Claytonia lanceolata Pall. ex Pursh western spring beauty 1

Pyrolaceae Wintergreen Family

Orthilia secunda (L.) House side-bells pyrola 1

= Pyrola secunda L.

Ranunculaceae Buttercup Family

Actaea rubra (Ait.) Willd. baneberry 1

Aquilegia formosa Fisch. ex DC. red columbine 1

Caltha leptosepala DC. alpine white marsh marigold 1

Caltha leptosepala DC. ssp. howellii (Huth) P.G. Sm. broad-leaved marsh marigold 1

= Caltha biflora DC.

Ranunculus eschscholtzii Schlecht. subalpine buttercup 1

Rosaceae Rose Family

Luetkea pectinata (Pursh) Kuntze partridge foot 1

Rubus lasiococcus Gray dwarf bramble 1

Rubus pedatus Sm. five-leaved bramble 1

Rubus spectabilis Pursh salmonberry 2

Sorbus sitchensis M. Roemer Sitka, western mountain ash 2

Saxifragaceae Saxifrage Family

Leptarrhena pyrolifolia (D. Don) R. Br. ex Ser. leatherleaf saxifrage 1

Mitella pentandra Hook. five-stamened mitrewort, 1

Parnassia fimbriata Koenig fringed grass-of-Parnassus 1

Saxifraga ferruginea Graham Alaska or rusty saxifrage 1

Saxifraga nelsoniana D. Don ssp. cascadensis (Calder & heart-leaved saxifrage 1

Savile) Hultén

= Saxifraga punctata L. var. cascadensis (Calder &

Savile) Boivin

Saxifraga occidentalis S. Wats. western saxifage 1

Saxifraga odontoloma Piper stream, mountain meadow saxifrage 1

= Saxifraga arguta auct. non D. Don

Saxifraga tolmiei Torr. & Gray Tolmie's saxifrage 1

Tiarella trifoliata L. var. unifoliata (Hook.) Kurtz foamflower 1

Scrophulariaceae Figwort Family

Castilleja parviflora Bong. var. albida (Pennell) small-flowered paintbrush, “white 1

Ownbey paintbrush

= “Castilleja albaflora“

Mimulus guttatus DC. yellow monkey flower 1

Mimulus lewisii Pursh pink monkey flower 1

Pedicularis bracteosa Benth. bracted lousewort 1

Pedicularis racemosa Dougl. ex Benth. sickletop lousewort 1

Penstemon davidsonii Greene Davidson's penstemon 1

Penstemon serrulatus Menzies ex Sm. coast penstemon 1

Veronica wormskjoldii Roemer & J.A. Schultes alpine speedwell 1

Sparganiaceae Bur-reed Family

Sparganium natans L. small bur-reed 1

= Sparganium minimum (Hartman) Wallr.

Valerianaceae Valerian Family

Valeriana sitchensis Bong. Sitka valerian, heliotrope 1

Violaceae Violet Family

Viola glabella Nutt. yellow or pioneer violet 1

Viola palustris L. marsh violet 1

Ferns and Allies

Blechnaceae Chain Fern Family

Blechnum spicant (L.) Sm. deer fern 2

Dryopteridaceae Wood Fern Family

Athyrium americanum (Butters) Maxon alpine lady fern 1

= Athyrium distentifolium Tausch ex Opiz var.

americanum (Butters) Boivin

Athyrium filix-femina (L.) Roth lady fern 2

Gymnocarpium dryopteris (L.) Newman common or northern oak fern 2

Lycopodiaceae Club-moss Family

Lycopodium sitchense Rupr. Alaska or alpine club-moss, 1

Pteridaceae Maidenhair Fern Family

Cryptogramma acrostichoides R. Br. American parsely fern 2

Report Dates:

First reported August 1998. Report updated February 8, 2001. This list is provided by the Salal Chapter of the Washington Native Plant Society. Please visit our website at http://www.wnps.org/salal to see additional regional plant lists. Additions, comments, or questions should be directed to Harold Mitchell or to Peter O'Mara at omara@fidalgo.net.

Reported By:

  1. Mitchell, Harold and Duemmel, Jim, August 1998.

  2. O'Mara, Peter and Janet, August 17, 2000.

  3. Mitchell, Harold. Field trip report. Washington Native Plant Society, September 4, 1999.


This is a high altitude scenic trail through forest, wetlands and subalpine parkland areas. There are good views of U.S. and Canadian mountains from the ridge and nearby summit, and many areas to explore along the way. The trail is not difficult to Excelsior Ridge; however, a scramble to a high point beyond the ridge is steep. Plants in this list were observed along the trail from the parking lot to about a half mile beyond Excelsior Ridge.


From Highway 542 just past the Douglas Fir campground, take the Canyon Lake Road north. The road is blacktop for about 10 miles, then gravel until reaching the parking lot. Follow the trail signs to the Damfino Lakes and Excelsior Ridge trail. A US Forest Service Trail Pass is required for vehicles parked at the trailhead.


Unless otherwise noted, scientific names are from the latest PLANTS database, Version 3.0 (USDA, 1999) and the

Flora of North America (Morin, 1993) for ferns and allies. Common names are those used regionally. Quoted names are those originally reported, if different from the names used in the cited botanical references. The following symbols are used in this report:
= Alternate or reported scientific names, if different from those in the PLANTS database.

† Alternate scientific names also used in the Jepson Manual (Hickman, 1993).

? Tentative or incomplete identification.

Hickman, James C. (Editor). 1993. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California. University of California Press.

From the CalFlora Database (http://www.calflora.org/calflora/).
Morin, Nancy R. (Editor). 1993. Flora of North America North of Mexico. Volume 2, Pteridophytes and

Gymnosperms (http://www.fna.org/Libraries/plib/WWW/Pteridophytes/). Oxford University Press.

USDA, NRCS 1999. The PLANTS database (http://plants.usda.gov/plants). National Plant Data Center, Baton

Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.

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