Computer Careers and Certifications Primary Terms Articulation Agreement




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Chapter 16

Computer Careers and Certifications

Primary Terms
Articulation Agreement: ensures that, if you transfer to a college or university, you will receive credit for most of the courses you took at the community college.
Association for Computing Machinery (ACM): is a scientific and educational organization dedicated to advancing information technology. It is composed of professionals and students working and interested in computer science and computer science education.
Association of Information Technology Professionals (AITP): is a professional association of programmers, system analysts, and information processing managers.
Beta products: are products still in the testing stage, and early releases.
Certification: is a way for employers to ensure a level of competency, skills, or quality in a particular area.
COMDEX: is one of the larger technology trade shows in the world that brings together thousands of vendors to display their newest products and services to more than 200,000 attendees.
Computer Engineer: one of the faster growing computer careers in the United States.
Computer Engineering (CE): is a designed, mathematics, and science oriented career and the student must understand the fundamental nature of hardware.
Computer Information Systems (CIS): the student must be practical, application, business, and management oriented. They also have to understand how to design and implement information systems.
Computer Science: The student must be theory, mathematics, and science oriented. They also have to understand the fundamental nature of software.
Computerized Adaptive Testing (CAT): is a certification exam that analyzes a person’s responses while taking the test. The number and order of the test questions are modified to correspond to each individual’s progress and demonstrated ability.
Consultant: someone who draws upon his or her experiences to give advice to others. They not only must have strong technical skills in their area of expertise, but also they must have the people skills necessary to communicate their suggestions effectively to their clients.
IT departments: are departments which employ thousands of people in computer-related jobs for medium and large businesses, and also for governmental agencies.
Software Engineering (SE): school programs that stress theoretical side of programming, with emphasis on systems programming versus applications programming. It is also called Computer science programs.
Trade schools: offer programs primarily in the areas of programming and maintenance. One advantage of attending to a trade school is time; students often can complete trade school programs in a shorter time than college and university programs because generally they are not required to take science or humanities courses.
User group: is a collection of people with common computer equipment or software interests that meets regularly to share information.

Secondary Terms
A+: certification, sponsored by Computer Technology Industry Association, is designed to affirm the competency level of computer repair technicians. It demonstrates that the IT professional has obtained a knowledge of PC setup, configuration, maintenance, troubleshooting, and system software that meets industrial standards.
Adobe Certified Expert (ACE): is a Software application certification sponsored by Adobe Systems, Inc.
Application Programmer: converts the system design into the appropriate computer language, such as VB.NET, Java, C, and C++
AutoCAD 2000: is a software application certification sponsored by Autodesk, Inc.
Certified Internet Professional: is a certification sponsored by Novell.
Certified Internet WebMaster (CIW): is a certification that targets Internet professionals who plan, produce, manage, maintain, and provide Web presence security.
Certified Java Developer: is a certification sponsored by Sun Microsystems.
Certified Java Programmer: is a certification sponsored by Sun Microsystems.
Certified Lotus Professional (CLP): is a software application certification sponsored by Lotus.
Certified Lotus Specialist (CLS): is a software application certification sponsored by Lotus.
Certified Novell Administrator (CAN): is a stepping-stone credential earned by taking one exam on the path to the CNE, Novell sponsors this certification.
Certified Novell Engineer (CNE): was the first vendor-sponsored certification and is a highly recognized credential.
Certified System Administrator: is an operating system certification sponsored by Sun Microsystems.
Certified Web Professional (CWP): is a certification sponsored by International WebMaster Association.
Cisco Certified Internetwork Expert (CCIEtm): it certifies an individual that is qualified to work with Internetworking technologies and protocols at complex levels.
Cisco Certified Network Professional (CCNP): is a certification available in the networking area that is sponsored by Cisco.
Computer operator: performs equipment-related activities such as monitoring performance, running jobs, backup, and restore.
Computer science engineer/software engineer: specifies, designs, implements, tests, and documents high quality software in a variety of fields, including robotics, operating systems, animation, and applications.
Computer support specialist: one of the faster growing computer careers in the United States.
Computer technician/computer service technician: installs and supports personal computer equipment and software; troubleshoots client and/or server problems.
Data communications analyst: Evaluates, installs, and monitors data and/or voice communications equipment and software and maintains connections to the Internet and other wide area networks.
Database administrator: is one of the faster growing computer careers in the United States.
Database analyst/data modeler: Uses data modeling techniques and tools to analyze, tune, and specify data usage within an application area.
Desktop publishing specialist: Produces documents such as newsletters, brochures, and books by combining text and graphics.
Digital signal processor (DSP) designer: a popular job title that involves the design and manufacture of computer equipment.
Electronic commerce specialist: a person who supervises the development and execution of Internet or e-commerce systems; works with the company’s marketing and customer service divisions.
Graphic designer/illustrator: a person who creates visual impressions of products and advertisements in the fields of graphics, theater, interior design, jewelry, and fashion.
Help desk specialist: a person who solves procedural and software questions in person and over the telephone for hardware, software, or telecommunications system.
IBM Certified Developer Associate: certification sponsored by IBM.
IBM Certified Professional Server Specialists (PSS): certification sponsored by IBM.
IBM Certified Solutions Expert DB2 UDB V6.1: certification sponsored by IBM.
IBM Certified Specialist: programming certification sponsored by IBM.
IBM Database Administration for UNIX, Windows, and OS/2: is a database system certification sponsored by IBM.
Informix Certified Database Specialist: database system certification sponsored by Informix.
Integrated circuit (IC) designer: a popular job title that involves the design an manufacture of computer equipment.
MCSE + Internet: Internet certification sponsored by Microsoft.
Microsoft Certified Database Administrator (MCDBA): certification sponsored by Microsoft.
Microsoft Certified Professional (MCP): certification sponsored by Microsoft.
Microsoft Certified Solution Developer (MCSD): certification sponsored by Microsoft.
Microsoft Certified Systems Administrator (MCSA): this certification is certification is designed for professionals who implement, manage, and troubleshoot existing network and system environments based on the Microsoft Windows 2000.

Microsoft Certified Systems Engineer (MSCE): operates in a range of environments using the Microsoft Windows 2000 platform and Microsoft server software.
Microsoft Office User Specialist (MOUS): is a Microsoft certification design to measure and validate users’ skills with these areas of Microsoft Office.
MIS director/CIO: directs the company’s information service and communications functions.
NACSE Network Technician (NNT): certification sponsored by the National Association of Communication System Engineers.
Network (LAN) Administrator: installs and maintains local area networks; identifies and resolves connectivity issues.
Network +: certification sponsored by Computing Technology Industry.
Network Security Specialist: configures routers and firewalls; specifies Web protocols and enterprise technologies.
Oracle Certified Professional (OCP): database system certification sponsored by Oracle.
Oracle Database Administrator (DBA): database system certification sponsored by Oracle.
Programmer/analyst: a person who designs, writes, and tests computer programs.
Project Developer: a person who analyzes software requirements, designs software solutions, and oversees the software development process.
Project leader: coordinates projects; performs systems analysis and programming tasks.
Project Manager: oversees all assigned projects; allocates resources, selects teams, conducts performance appraisals.
Quality assurance specialist: reviews programs and documentation to ensure they meet the organization’s standards.
Red Hat Certified Engineer (RHCE): indicates IT professional has obtained a broad understanding of server-side setup, configuration, and basic administration of common networking services and security administration using Red Hat Linux.
Software engineer: a person who develops system software such as operating systems, utilities, and software drivers.
Sponsors: organizations that develop and administer a certification.

Sun Certified Architect for Java Technology: certification sponsored by Sun Microsystems.


Sun Certified Programmer (SCP): indicates a programmer can create basic and complex Java applets.
Sybase Certified Professional (SCP): database system certification sponsored by Sybase.
System programmer: installs and maintains operating system software and provides technical support to the programming staff.
Systems analyst: works closely with users to analyze their requirements, designs, and develops new hardware and software systems, and incorporates new technologies.
Systems integrator: a popular job title that involves the design and manufacture of computer equipment.
Technical writer: works with the analyst, programmer, and user to create system documentation and user materials.
Web administrator: a person who oversees Web site performance; maintains the Web link between a company’s Web server and its ISP.
Web developer: a person who analyzes, designs, implements, and supports web applications. Also works with HTML, JavaScript, and multimedia.
Web graphic designer: a person who develops graphical content using Photoshop, Flash, and multimedia.
Web programmer: a person who supports the company’s Internet strategy by analyzing, designing, implementing, and supporting Web-related applications.
Webcaster: a person who creates and delivers Webcasts featuring streaming rich media, including audio, video, and Web-based multimedia.
Webmaster: a person who maintains an organization’s Web site; creates or helps users create Web pages.
Windows 2000 MCSE: programmer certification sponsored by Microsoft.
Wireless designer: a popular job title that involves the design and manufacture of computer equipment.


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