The cockatiel (Nymphicus hollandicus) is likely the best-known and most widely kept member of the parrot family, other than the budgie. These Australian natives with their elegant long tail and crested head possess the exotic look of a cockatoo. They are a graceful, gentle, and generally quiet bird, well suited for a household with children. Larger than budgies and smaller then parrots, these entertaining birds are easy to maintain and provide endless hours of entertainment and companionship. A single bird may have better social interactions with family members than multiple birds in the same house. These birds are wonderful whistlers and do possess a limited ability to talk, although their voice is whistle-like in sound. Males tend to be better talkers than the females. They are beautiful flyers and enjoy lots of activity and play. These birds need to be entertained. Cockatiels love to chew, therefore providing bird-safe toys will easily distract them from the unwanted destructive chewing they may otherwise do around the house. Non-toxic, untreated branches or pieces of wood are readily available and fun for the birds to chew on.
Purchasing a Cockatiel
Cockatiels may be purchased from a pet store or a reputable breeder. When selecting a cockatiel, try to choose a young bird, as it will be easier to tame and train. Older, wild, colony or parent raised birds may prove difficult to tame. Hand raised babies often make better pets since they have been completely socialized with humans. Young birds are easy to tame and adapt readily to new environments and situations. Your new bird should be exposed early to different events (young and old people, males and females, other pets, car trips, visits to the veterinarian, etc.) to help promote a calm, well-adjusted pet. The lively, alert bird that is not easily frightened is more likely a healthy bird. After purchasing your new bird, have it examined by a veterinarian familiar with birds.
Cockatiels require regular, routine veterinary health check-ups. Your veterinarian can perform a physical examination, grooming (beak, nail or feather trim) and laboratory tests as needed. During these semi-annual check-ups, health, nutritional and maintenance issues can be identified and addressed. Veterinary check-ups help prevent disease and will aid in the maintenance of a long lasting, healthy relationship between you and your bird.
Naturally occurring gray bird with yellow face and orange cheek patch with white on front part of wing
Color mutations include lutino (white - lemon yellow), Pied, Pearl, Cinnamons and many combinations
Same as female (see below)
Males have solid coloring on the underside of the tail feathers and long wing feathers, they have a brighter yellow face and brighter orange cheek patch
Females have horizontal fine yellow barring on the underside of the tail feathers, yellow spots on the underside of the long wing feathers; they have a pale yellow face and duller orange cheek patch
Same as the adult female
Mature coloring occurs after first molt around 9 - 12 months
Weight Average 2.8 - 3.5 ounces (80 - 95 grams)
Size Average 12.5 inches (32 cm) in length
Life span 10 - 14 years (maximum 24 years)
Diet Consult your veterinarian.
Breeding Sexual maturity 8 - 12 months
Prolific breeders year round but require large cages, lots of exercise, a large nest box and privacy
4 - 8 cream colored eggs hatch in 18 - 20 days, young leave the nest in 5 weeks
Minimum 2 ft x 2 ft x 3 ft (60 cm x 60 cm x 90 cm)