Clostridium Difficile Also known as C. Diff What is C. diff?




Дата канвертавання19.04.2016
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Patient Education Information Sheet

North Florida/South Georgia


Veterans Health System (NF/SGVHS)

Medical Service; Infection Control


Clostridium Difficile

Also known as C. Diff
What is C. diff?
Clostridium difficile associated diarrhea is an infection in your gut. It is caused by a bacterium called Clostridium difficile which makes a poison which can cause diarrhea.
What are the signs and symptoms of C. diff?
Persons who have C. diff may have:

Often, symptoms appear after antibiotic use, a serious illness, or surgery. The illness may last one to three weeks, but the diarrhea can last longer.


What does it mean to be colonized or infected?

Colonized means that C. diff is present in your body without causing symptoms. Infected means that C. diff is present and causing symptoms such as diarrhea.


What is the treatment for C. diff?

Treatment is often a pill or capsule you swallow. Your doctor may give you either Metronidazole (Flagyl) or Vancomycin. The choice of drug will depend on what is best for you. Treatment lasts seven to ten days. Medication ordinarily used to stop diarrhea such as Lomotil or Immodium should NOT be taken. These drugs have been shown to make this illness worse.


What will happen in the hospital when you have C. diff?

  • You will be placed in a private room with your own toilet or commode. A sign will be placed outside of your room that says “Contact Precautions.”

  • Your health care providers will wash their hands and wear gloves and gowns when in contact with you.

  • Your visitors should follow the directions on the sign posted outside of your room.

  • Visitors should wash their hands before and after they visit.

  • When your stools become formed and you are no longer having diarrhea or other symptoms, “Contact Precautions” will end.


Some key general information for families’ residents and patients:
GOOD HAND WASHING!
You should wash your hands with soap and water for at least 15 seconds:

EATING:

Wash your hands very well before eating food. Do not share dishes, utensils or food with anyone.


TOILETING/GROOMING:

After toileting, wash your hands very well with soap and water.


HOUSEHOLD CLEANING:

Items that have been found to have the most bacteria are: toilets, chairs, bedpans, commodes, beds, sinks, bedrails, light switches, and telephones. It is important to clean these surfaces well with bleach to disinfect.


If you have any questions, please ask your nurse, your doctor, or contact the Infection Control Service.
Contact: (352) 376-1611- extension 6438





Visit your NF/SGVHS Internet site at:

http://www.northflorida.va.gov


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