Chapter 11 Education, Health, Environment and Housing Education

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Education, Health, Environment and Housing


11.1 Education is one of the major thrust areas of the State Government. In order to universalize elementary education within a specified time frame , the Government has laid special emphasis on strengthening the formal as well as the non-formal education system in the state.

Mass Education
11.2 The Department of Mass Education Extension has made tireless efforts in the field of basic education. Though eradication of illiteracy is one of its main objectives, education for the differently abled children as well as opening avenues for formal education to the poor children belonging to B.P.L. families and Welfare Homes are equally taken care of by this Department. The Department is concerned with the i) implementation of various literacy programmes, ii) imparting Non-Formal Education, iii) Adult Education, iv) Education and Training for Physically Handicapped children, v) Running of Social Welfare Homes for the children of low income families and destitute women and vi) Running of Shramik Vidyapith and Jana Sikshan Sansthans. The implementation of various literacy programmes has been taken up quite satisfactorily by this Department and the Zilla Saksharata Samities in the state. It is turned into a mass movement for literacy in which volunteer teachers, resource persons, youths, various mass organizations, authorities of the Z.S.S. and Govt. Officials take active part. The Mass Education Extension Department implements the literacy programmes as formulated by the National Literacy Mission Authority under the Ministry of Human Resources Development of the Central Government. Implementation of literacy programme is carried out in three distinct phases. These are (i) The Total Literacy Campaign (TLC), (ii) The Post Literacy Programme (PLP), (iii) The Continuing Education Programme (CEP). The state first started the TLC on the 8th September, 1990 in the district of Midnapore. Other districts followed suit. This programme was started with a target of Non- literate population of 142.09 lakh to be brought under literacy arena. After successful implementation of TLC in a district, the Central Govt. in the Ministry of Human Resources Development sanctions PLP for that district and after successful implementation of PLP the concerned district is sanctioned CEP by the Central Govt.
11.3 So far, eighteen districts have completed Total Literacy Campaign, while Kolkata has its own state programme. Actually, literacy is the first step to achieve awareness and functionality, but its attainment is not an end in itself. The need for a scientific Post Literacy Programme is felt not only to retain skills and knowledge of the neo- literates but also to enrich these facilities for improving their functional capabilities, upgrade their level of skills and apply the same for their own development as well as for that of the society. According to recent directives of the NLM, Post Literacy Programme should henceforth be regarded as the preparatory phase for Continuing Education Programme and therefore, would run for one year. The third stage of Literacy Programme, the Continuing Education Programme aims at sustaining the learning process for the neo-literates after the two earlier programmes. This scheme provides a comprehensive range of appropriate and effective opportunities for the life-long learning for all the neo-literates and others interested to improve their own conditions. The programme also aims at implementation of diverse kinds of CEP and imparting training on various crafts according to the locally felt needs of the neo-literates and others. The targeted people for the CEP are the neo-literates who have completed functional literacy and post- literacy stages as well as the school drop-outs, pass-outs of the primary schools, pass-outs of the non-formal education programme and other members of the community interested in availing opportunities for life-long learning. Remaining non-literates also will have to be brought under the learning process in this CEP. Now post literacy programme is being implemented in the district of Darjeeling only in the state. By now, seventeen districts of the state have started CEP. In addition to the above programmes, the CEP has four specific programmes which every CEP district has to implement. These are i) Equivalency Programme (EP) which is designed as an alternative education programme equivalent in quality and content to the existing formal, general vocational education in the state; ii) Income-Generating Programme(IGP) which aims at creating an interest with the targeted group to know something economically beneficial to them. It is to help the participants acquire or upgrade vocational skills that may enable them to take up income generating activities; iii) Quality of Life- Improvement Programme (QLIP) which aims at equipping the learners with essential knowledge, attitude, values and skills both as individual and as members of the community; iv) Individual Interest Promotion Programme (IIPP) which affords opportunities to the learners to participate in and learn matters on spiritual, health, physical and artistic interest to become useful and enlightened members of the community. The Department has also launched the project for eradication of Residual illiteracy in eight districts.
11.4 Sustained monitoring of the implementation of literacy programmes is an important for its success. This monitoring is done by the National Literacy Mission Authority at the national level, by MEE Deptt., the Directorate of Mass Education and West Bengal State Literacy Mission Authority at the state level and by the concerned Zilla Sakharata Samity at the district level. It has substantial impact on increase in literacy rate of the state. The literacy rate of West Bengal is 68.64 per cent as per Report of Census, 2001. The literacy rate of male and female are 77.58 per cent and 60.22 per cent respectively.
11.5 To provide neo-literate people with the facilities for continuing their learning habits, this Deptt. has taken a policy – decision to establish Jana Shiksha Prasar Bhavans in the rural areas of the state . Neo-literate can use this for retention of their literacy skill acquired through TLC and PLP and upgrade their knowledge with reading materials.
11.6 According to the scheme of Neo-Literate Corners, a place of the sponsored rural libraries has to be earmarked for the Neo-literate’s use.
11.7 For effective execution and co-ordination of various literacy programmes in the state, the Central Government has sanctioned State Literacy Mission Authorities in the states parallel to the National Literacy Mission Authority at the Centre. The main objectives of the WBSLMA are taking policy decision, planning, training, executing, monitoring and evaluating all the on-going literacy programmes in this state.
11.8 The Department Executes Non-Formal Education( NFE) project with a view to enrolling the out of school and drop-out boys and girls of 9-14 age groups.The purpose is to put them in formal schools for their higher education. The projects are being implemented through the Non- Government Organisation since 2001.
11.9 The Adult High Schools provide the facilities for imparting education up to Madhyamik level to the adult learners. For such learners 16 Adult High Schools are now being operated in different districts. 1118 adult learners are enrolled in those schools. New Adult High Schools may be set up or may be revived in different districts in 2007-08.
11.10 Shramik Vidyapeeth run by this Department equips the housewives, youths of the labour- families , semi-skilled and unskilled labourers through polyvalent training. At present this institution has been running courses for 1368 numbers of male and female participants. This institution plans to start 123 more new training courses during 2007-08. MEE Department arranged 6 training courses in People’s (Janata) Government College, Banipur, North-24 Parganas for the unemployed women in 2006-07. In 2007-08, 6 training courses will be conducted in the college for the unemployed youths.
11.11 The Mass Education Extension Department is in charge of 128 institutions for the disabled imparting special education and vocational training to the disabled students. At present there are about 10,800 disabled beneficiaries in different institutions in the state. It is proposed to provide financial support to 15 more institutions for the disabled during 2007-08. Apart from this, MEE Department encourages registered Non-Government Organizations to promote special education and training for the disabled persons by according academic recognition / financial assistance.
11.12 There are 52 Social Welfare Homes under the control of Mass Education Extension Department. Apart from providing food, shelter, clothing etc. to the inmates of such Homes, they are also given education up to the Madhyamik level. In some of the Homes, there are arrangements for vocational training for the inmates. Total strength of inmates in these Homes is 4347. A State Welfare Home at Dudkundi in Jhargram sub-division of Paschim Medinipur district started functioning from January, 2006. The budget proposed for maintenance of inmates and development of the Homes for the 2007-08 is Rs. 470 lakh. Target has been fixed for admission of 1000 boys and girls in different Welfare Homes during the year 2007-08.
11.13 This state has a strong network of Public Library System comprising 12 Government Libraries and 2461 Government Sponsored Libraries. This department publishes a subject wise selected list of bengali books and arranges for bulk purchase of books as a part of the Matching Programme with the Raja Ram Mohan Roy Library Foundation.It has developed a database of Non-Government and Non-Sponsored Libraries serving in different districts of West Bengal and also a database of rare books and manuscripts lying in the libraries under its control. Government renders assistance to the old Non-Govt. and Non-Sponsored Libraries. Community Library cum Information Centres (CLICs) are going to be established in Gram Panchayats where there is neither a Govt. nor a Govt. Sponsored Library. In West Bengal, there are about 1640 Gram Panchayats out of 3362, which have no Govt. or a Govt.Sponsored Library. Till date 312 Community Library cum Information Centres (CLICs) have been established. Another 300 Community Library cum Information Centres (CLICs) are to be set up in 2007-08. During this year, 40 rural libraries got approval for their construction / extension work from Rural Infrastructural Development Fund (RIDF) Scheme which will be implemented at a cost of Rs. 136.28 lakh. Preservation of manuscripts with the assistance of National Mission for Manuscripts is being done. With the assistance of Raja Ram Mohan Roy Library Foundation, the State Government has planned for automation of Libraries.
School Education
11.14 Serious efforts are being made to bring all children of the age group 5-14 years under the purview of elementary education. The State Government has successfully implemented the twin projects namely District Primary Education Programme (DPEP) and Sarba Siksha Abhijan (SSA). The main objectives of these programme are:

  1. to facilitate the access of all children of age group 5-14 years to elementary stage of education positively by 2010 and also to strengthen schooling facilities for their higher education,

  2. to reduce the drop out rate to zero per cent,

  3. to ensure the input-output ratio to be one,

  4. to ensure satisfactory quality of education.

11.15 Some Steps have been taken to achieve these objectives through the under noted programmes and activities.

11.16 There are some incentive schemes . All girls students reading in recognized Primary and Junior Basic schools irrespective of their caste, creed, religion and pecuniary condition will be provided with school dress free of cost. The number of beneficiaries in this year is 4306701 and nearly Rs. 28.00 crore will be spent for the purpose.

11.17 About 5.96 crore of Text Books consisting of 100 titles in six languages viz. Bengali, Hindi, Urdu, Nepali, Santhali and Arabic, have been distributed free of cost among the students of Class I to V of recognized schools including the students of Sishu Siksha Kendra, Madhyamik Siksha Kendra and Sikshayalay Prokalpa through the decentralized system of administration. Nearly Rs. 37.31 crore has been utilized for the purpose during the academic year 2006-07. Special steps have been taken for proper and timely distribution of such books. For the academic session 2007-08, all titles of text books have been revised by the West Bengal Board of Primary Education (WBBPE). All over the state , the 19th May has been observed as the Book Day and 3rd May will be observed as the Book Day for academic session 2007-08. 107 titles of books will be distributed to the students free of cost spending nearly Rs. 47.00 crore. Apart from this , the District Primary School Councils as instructed by the WBBPE has started implementation of the sensitization programmes of all educational functionaries as well as the Primary School Teachers in respect of the basics of the renewed and modernized curricula and syllabi.

11.18 The National Programme of Nutritional support to Primary education popularly known as the ‘Mid-day Meal Scheme’ was launched in the State on the 15th August, 1995. Supply of cooked food under the scheme has been introduced in the state in January, 2003. Starting with the Primary Schools, this scheme has covered the SSKs run by the Panchayat and Rural Development Department, Minicipality run schools, Class-V of Upper Primary and Secondary Schools. Except some areas, the whole West Bengal is under the coverage of this programme. In Kolkata, the street and working children are being provided with cooked food through a network of NGOs in their teaching centres. The immediate spurt in attendance has stabilized the scheme reaching out to pull the most deprived sections of the children into the area of formal schooling. Cooked food is now (20.11.2006) being supplied to 91.00 lakh children of 69658 institutions.
11.19 The Programme of implementation of the Nation-wide achievement survey has been introduced with a view to measuring the achievement level of the students of class V in three major curricular areas namely first language, Mathematics and Environmental studies by the WBBPE under the initiative of the NCERT.
11.20 The total number of Teachers’s Training institutes is 61 out of which 16 District Institute of Education and Training (DIETs), 22 Government Primary Teachers Training Institute (PTTIs), 16 Govt. Sponsored PTTIs, 7 Non-Govt. aided PTTI and total intake capacity is 6551. Apart from the above noted institutions, there are 80 self-financed PTTIs recognized by the WBBPE and the total intake capacity is 9900.
11.21 With a view to imbibing in children basic health and hygiene habits and the fundamental relationship between environment, health and physical education and along with this the main ways of promotive, preventive and curative services, the programme of massive orientation of teachers of all primary schools in West Bengal, teacher-educators of PTTIs has been undertaken by the WBBPE. Financial Assistance received from European Commission via Department of Health and Family Welfare, the Govt. of West Bengal has been allocated to the districts for carrying on the teacher’s training programme.During the year 2006-07 first round training of teachers in all the districts through the DPSCs has been completed. Beside the holding of occasional health check-up camps in the schools, health kits have been distributed in each circle and Referral Health Cards have been issued by the Deptt. of H & F W.
11.22 Basically with the objective to promote hygiene education and use and maintenance of toilets and drinking water facilities, the Board with the support from the UNICEF has set-up within it a Primary School Sanitation and Hygiene Education Cell (PSSHE). The cell members have so far visited a number of primary schools in the districts to impress upon the teachers and members of the community the importance of habit formation among students for proper use, maintenance and sustainability of the installed facilities.
11.23 Special stress has been given on the competence of school students in English. With the introduction of English as Second Language from Class I , the Board has taken special drive to orient all teachers in teaching of English successfully. In close collaboration with the British Council Division, Kolkata, the Board has prepared the Master Resource Persons and Key Resource Persons. Dr. P.G.Mackey, the eminent expert from the U.K.actively took part in imparting training to KRPs and in preparation of the training module, Sikshak Prasikshan Sambhar which has been published. Teacher Educators of some of the PTTIs have so far been trained by the Board in collaboration with the Institute of English, Kolkata. During the year 2006-07, training of teaching English at the primary level has been given due priority and a round of training of teachers in the districts has been completed.
11.24 Besides the vigorous application of the system of Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation at the school level as per the instruction of the curricula and syllabi, External Evaluation as Diagnostic Achievement Test (DAT) as an intregal part of CCE at the end of Class II and another at Class IV has been conducted during the period under consideration. During the year External Evaluation for the students of Class II in Govt. reconised Primary Schools and Sishu Siksha Kendra’s (SSK) was held during May’06 and nearly twenty lakhs of students appeared at the Evaluation while nearly eighteen lakhs of students appeared at the DAT during January’06. The Board successfully conducted the evaluation throughout the state through its DPSCs. The basic objective of the test is to adopt suitable remedial measures for the learners found lagging behind and to suggest promotional measures for the districts lagging behind.
11.25 On the way to Universalisation of Elementary Education (UEE), the twin project viz. Sarva Shiksha Abhijan (SSA) and District Primary Education Programme (DPEP) are being implemented by the “Paschim Banga Sarva Shiksha Mission (PBSSM) in West Bengal. SSA has entered into its 7th year with wide coverage and commitment for both the sectors – primary and upper primary education in all districts of West Bengal.

11.26 The major success so far observed was in the areas of enrolment and out of school children. The Net Enrolment Rate ( NER) has been increased, which is about 98.03 percent and 78.74 percent for primary and upper- primary sectors respectively. As a resultant effect, the out of school children has declined sharply to 6.15 lakh as on 31.12.2006.

11.27 For ensuring Universal Acess to all eligible learners, 1801 New School Building (NSB), 42640 Additional Classroom (ACR) have already been constructed. In case of non school construction 500 Circle Resource Centres (CLRC) have been provided with new building facility which serve as nodal centre for elementary education at sub-division level. To ensure health and hygiene of the learners, 9285 units of Drinking Water and 9539 units of Toilet facility have already been provided to primary and upper primary schools.
11.28 In addition to ensuring access and enrolment, West Bengal SSA has also widened its activities extensively and intensively to address the problems of quality of learning. In order to develop a strong linkage between teacher and the learners for promoting activity based joyful child-centric learning, all schools have been covered through an intensive programme called Samanwita Sikhon Unnayane Uttaran. The deep-rooted problem like Pupil- Teacher-Ratio (PTR) has been addressed through the engagement of 13,181 & 28,994 para-teachers in primary and upper primary sectors respectively on contract basis.
11.29 The major thrust in implementing SSA is reducing the gender disparity. A significant performance on girl’s education has been noticed in the light of enrolment. It has been observed that 49.74 per cent and 49.08 per cent are the girls out of the total enrolment in primary and upper primary sectors respectively. It is also noteworthy to mention that 28.91 per cent and 25.34 per cent girls belong to SC communities and 7.07 per cent and 4.54 per cent girls belong to ST communities in primary and upper primary sectors respectively. Moreover, school based Mother Teacher Association (MTA) has been formed for mobilizing the parents particularly mothers for qualitative monitoring of Elementary Education in the locality.
11.30 The special programme like National Programme of Education for Girls at Elementary Level (NPEGEL) has been running in 58 selected Educationally Backward Blocks (EBBS) covering 11 districts in West Bengal to intensify the need-based delivery mechanism for promoting the Girls’ Education and reducing the gender gap. 1064 schools are identified as Model Cluster Resource School for NPEGEL. Joyful activities through sports and games are regularly arranged for those enrolled girls.
11.31 On the line of existing Ashram-type government sponsored girls’ school, a new programme- Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (KGBV) has been launched in 58 Educationally Backward Blocks (EBBs) providing residential facility for the girl students especially for SC and ST girls . The gaps in the enrolment of SC and ST girls at upper primary level are very alarming. The concerned Managing Committee will be given and entrusted with the responsibility for executation of KGBV at school level. At present, 27 KGBVs are functional.
11.32 Education for Children with Special Needs (CWSN) is one of the most critical areas for addressing the children with disability in the existing set up. The expertise of NGOs in this field has been utilized based on area wise requirement. Integrated Education for Disabled Children (IEDC) activities under School Education Dept. are being implemented in all districts of West Bengal in convergence with State SSA Society. A common Plan of action has been developed for implementing IEDC scheme and IED component of SSA. In West Bengal about 1,65,719 children with Special needs have been assessed through Several Assessment and screening camps and out of this it has been managed to enroll a total of 1,17,023 number of with special needs in Primary and upper Primary Schools throughout West Bengal.
11.33 In primary level the State Govt. also provides fund for purchasing sports equipment and physical education activities in Primary / Junior Basic Schools in the state. Every year from lower level to district and State level the annual Primary Sports Meet is held through six tiers in the state to encourage the students of primary, Jr. Basic Schools, SSKs in games and sports activities.
11.34 There are 49,211 primary schools comprising of 1,58,038 existing teachers against the total sanctioned post 1,92,080. Among the existing teachers, 70.20 per cent teachers are trained. Recruitment procedure will be started for filling up of 30,000 vacancies. Names of the candidates have either already been prepared or is being prepared by the concerned Employment Exchange Office to the respective DPSCs. Table 11.1 shows the total number of Schools, Enrolment and Teacher in Primary and Upper-primary Schools of West Bengal.
Table 11.1

Number of Schools, Enrolment and Number of Teachers in West Bengal


2004-05 ( R )

2005-06 ( R )

2006-07 ( P )

No. of schools

Enrolment in thousand

No. of teachers

No. of schools

Enrolment in thousand

No. of teachers

No. of schools

Enrolment in thousand

No. of teachers

Primary & Junior Basic

68138 (incl. SSK)



51735+16019(SSK)+624 (SSP)



49986+16054 (SSK)



Source: Department of School Education, Government of West Bengal.

P= Provisional.

R= Revised.

11.35 The West Bengal Board of Secondary Education deals with secondary education ( V to X ) and It has introduced Rules and Regulations regarding conduct and discipline in respect of secondary school teachers and non-teaching staff of recognized institutions under the Board. One of the major achievements of the Board is the publication of 36 titles of text books on ‘Environmental Education’ in Class VI which is introduced in New Syllabus. In addition to that the Board has started publication of Text Books in Nepali language for Hill-Areas for all the classes. New Syllabi in secondary education have come into effect in classes VII to IX and on the basis of this new syllabus the Board has prepared ‘Model Questions’ for each subject. The Board has revised the syllabus of Hindi as First Language.
11.36 The West Bengal Council of Higher Secondary Education (WBCHSE) deals with Higher Secondary Education in West Bengal. The H.S. Syllabus and examination have been split up into two parts, one for Class XI and another for Class XII. This bifurcation of syllabus and examination system have been made in consistent with the All India pattern.Under this new system, the annual examination of Class XI has been held according to the uniform examination programme on the question papers prepared by the Council. The first H.S.Examination under new syllabus will be held in the year,2007. For the interest of the student, subject-wise sample questions on revised syllabus have been published and distributed to the schools by the Council. The Council has decided to award the grade and classification thereof to the candidates on the basis of marks secured by them from the H.S.Examination 2007 and onwards. Environmental Education has been included as a compulsory subject in the H.S.Syllabus from the academic session 2005-06. Table 11.2 shows the total number of Schools, Enrolment and Teachers in Junior High, High and Higher Secondary Schools of West Bengal.

Table 11.2

Number of Schools, Enrolment and Number of Teachers in Junior High, High & Higher Secondary


2004-05 ( R )

2005-06 ( R )

2006-07 ( P )

No. of schools

Enrolment in thousand

No. of teachers

No. of schools

Enrolment in thousand

No. of teachers

No. of schools

Enrolment in thousand

No. of teachers

Junior High

2312+847 (MSK)



2197+1600 (MSK)



1582+1752 (MSK)



High & Higher Secondary










Source: Department of School Education, Government of West Bengal.

P= Provisional.


11.37 The West Bengal Central School Service Commission has selected and recommended 64,496 candidates for the post of Assistant Teachers and 5,901 candidates for the post of Headmaster/Headmistress etc. in favour of secondary and H.S. schools. The Commission has taken the written examination on 10.12.2006 for filling up of 17,902 vacant posts of Assistant Teachers and has initiated the process of selection of Headmaster/ Headmistress for 915 vacant posts and the same is expected to be completed by 30.04.2007.To meet the demand of the students for access of higher education, 10 Jr. High schools have been upgraded to High Schools and 407 High Schools have been upgraded to Higher Secondary Schools during 2006-07 till the date. Necessary steps have been taken for filling up the post of Assistant Teachers in Secondary Schools. Till date, 1320 post of Asstt. Teachers have been recommended in favour of H.S.Schools of this state through respective D.I.of Schools (S.E.) in the year 2006. 131 posts of S.I. of Schools have been filled up out of 241 vacancies through direct recruitment. 35 posts of A.I. of Schools have been filled up out of 39 vacancies on promotion basis. Necessary steps have been taken on an urgent basis to fill up the vacant post of all categories.

11.38 Besides this, necessary steps have been taken for strengthening of the School Education Directorate and the District Offices through re-organization and setting up of monitoring unit providing with furniture, equipments with modern information technology etc. for the best interest of the services.
11.39 Appropriate emphasis has been given on inspection and supervision with special emphasis on academic supervision in order to achieve the goal of quality education. Academic Cell has been set up at different levels right from Block Level to State Level. Special Orientation Programmes have been conducted at state and District Level in order to cover 1500 Inspecting Officers to improve their quality in the area of administration along with inspection and supervision.
11.40 From 2001-02 academic year , the State’s only Govt. sports school (fully residential) under the title of Dr. B.R.Ambedkar Sports Sghool has started functioning at Banipur Educational Complex in North 24- Parganas with 30 students in Class V. At present the total no of students of the said school is 170 in classes V to X and students are trained in athletics, gymnastics, archery etc. The State Government bears all the financial liabitites and other responsibilities. Last year in the state and National Level Game at Open School Meet, the students got satisfactory result.
11.41 17 and 06 schools of our state seeking affiliation to ICSE and CBSE, New Delhi , have been granted provisional and permanent ‘No Objection Certificate’ respectively in the year 2006 till to the date.
11.42 The Department of School Education set up the State Council Of Educational Research Training (SCERT) in order to conduct training and research in different areas of School education. The main areas of interest are in i) preparation of perspective plan on teachers’ education, ii) SSA activities, iii) Environment education, iv) Achievement survey. To improve the quality of school education, various steps have been taken. For capacity building of teachers, training courses are organized. Initiatives have been taken to modernize the syllabus and curriculam of Upper Primary, Secondary and Higher Secondary Education. This has taken up projects under SSA-DPEP through which it envisages to reach as many schools as possible. SCERT is the state level nodal agency for the implementation of National Population Education Project (NPEP) through which it aims to develop different life skills in students so that they become responsible citizens.
11.43 To encourage the students, there some schemes of Scholarship. 27 students studying in Class X have qualified this year. It has been decided by the NCCERT, New Delhi , that from this year , students reading in Class VIII will be able to sit for this examination and accordingly examination for Class VIII and X was held on 12th November 2006.

11.44 Under the scheme of National merit Scholarship Scheme for rural children, two students reading Class IX are selected from each block on the basis of merit through a competitive examination provided their parental income shall not exceed Rs. 1.00 lakh per year. The total number of awardee is 678 and they will enjoy the scholarship money @ Rs. 250/- per month for 10 months in a year in Class IX and X.

11.45 Government of West Bengal has brought 500 H.S. Schools under Computer Literacy and Training Programme .Computer Lab with 10 PCs have been provided for each school. From this year School Education Department has introduced BOOT Model for Secondary and Higher Secondary schools and engaged 8 private agencies who will provide hardware and software and learning services by engaging faculties for the schools against fees from the learners. Besides this, Computer Education will be imparted in 200 Government and Government aided Secondary and Higher Secondary Schools under ICT Scheme.

11.46 From 12th Finance Commission , the grants of Rs. 3279.89354 lakh has been received by the Department. This fund has been allotted for infrastructural development of 40 Govt. Schools, 21 Govt. PTTIs, 1 State Sports School, 10 Govt. Sponsored PTTIs, 50 Schools completing 100 years or more, 400 Upgraded Jr. High schools, 407 Upgraded H.S. Schools. A portion of this grant has been allotted for improvement of Library of 400 H.S. Schools and strengthening of Laboratories of 31 Govt. Schools and 25 Upgraded H.S. Schools with Science Stream. The process is going to allot infrastructural grant in favour of 743 existing High and H.S. Schools as repair and renovation.

11.47 The West Bengal Board of Madrasah Education enjoys the status of other School Education Board/Council. It is a statutory Body. At present nearly 3.5 lakhs students are taking their lessons in 506 Madrasahs.Currently after passing out of High Madrasahs (equivalent to Secondary level) and approved by the WBBPE, students have to get admitted to the Higher Secondary courses (10+2). The Madrasah Board has at present 275 recognised High Madrasahs of which 73 Madrasahs are running with (10+2) Higher Secondary courses under WBCHSE, 129 junior High and 102 Senior Madrasahs.The Board recognized 17 Senior Madrasahs ( excluding Calcutta Madrasah College) out of 102 for (10+2) Fazil Course of which 3 are running with Kamil and Mumtazul Muhaddethin (MM) courses .Currently girl students out number boys in High Madrasahs. Some steps have been undertaken for the development . With the implementation of various schemes under SSA and supply of cooked Mid Day Meal, the enrolment has gone up but it is still not adequate. Fund has been sanctioned for development of libraries and laboratories. Currently 42 Madrasahs are covered under Vocational Education and 32 under Computer Education. Steps have been taken to provide uniforms to girl student in recognized Madrasahs . Games and Sports of Madrasahs will now be integrated with the Primary School level sports events and competions. The Madrasahs have played a very constructive role in Polio Eradication programme in the state with assistance from UNICEF. Teachers Training and Orientation Programmes in collaboration with NCERT & NIEPA & Intel have been taken up. Successful students of High Madrasahs and Alim can now compete in National Talent Scholarship Examinations. Steps have been taken to construct the main administrative building of WBBME at Bidhannagar. The State Govt. has allotted 12.02 Kathas land for this purpose. Again the State Govt. has sanctioned a grant of Rs. 50 lakhs for development , management of quality issues of Madrasah education. A provision of Rs. 1.5 crore has been made in budget to improve quality of education services and other incentives for Madrasah education at different levels. A comprehensive website with state of the art technology has been set up containing information about the functions, activities and different plans & schemes of West Bengal Board of Madrasah Education.
11.48 Rabindra Mukta Vidyalaya ( State Open School) imparts open learning through study centers located mostly in Govt. Aided Primary, Upper Primary, Secondary, Higher Secondary Schools throughout the state with the help of self study materials and personal contact programmes among secondary and H.S.level students. It has taken up Upper Primary Programme for out of school children in the age group of 9+ to 13 in collaboration with the PBSSM. Total number of study centres for the Upper Primary, Madhyamik and Uchcha Madhyamik Courses are 1020, 213 and 80 respectively. In addition to that 44 MSKs have been granted recognition as the study centers for Madhyamik courses exclusively for the students of the rural area populated by the deprived section of the people. Another important aspect is that Chemistry, Physics, Mathematics and Biology have been introduced in Higher Secondary stage from the session 2005-06. As on June , 2006, the learners have been registered in Madhyamik and Uchcha Madhyamik courses are 15,699 and 6,337 respectively and the registration of learners is going on for both the courses.
College Education
11.49 In order to remove regional imbalance and ensure equitable access to higher education institutions to all, an ‘Education Map’ has been drawn up by the Deptt. based on GIS data.
11.50 St. Xavier’s College, Kolkata has been declared by NAAC to be the first autonomous college in West Bengal.
11.51 1000 new teaching posts have been created for Non- Government colleges under ‘Pay Packet Scheme’.
11.52 During the year 2006, 6 new General Degree Colleges have been approved with provision for full financial assistance under ‘Pay Packet Scheme’ of the State Government. In addition, 3 B.Ed. colleges, 3 physical Education Colleges and 4 Law Colleges have also been approved to be established on self financing basis.
11.53 As of now, 29 post Graduate Courses have been introduced in 46 Gereral Degree colleges. This includes Non-Govt. Colleges also. Zoology, Microbiology, Electronic Science, Botany, Environmental Science, Micro Biology and Genetics, M.Ed. etc. are introduced as major Post graduate subjects.
11.54 So far,103 colleges of the state have been accredited by NAAC. Loreto college was declared as one of the five star colleges, Presidency College, Midnapore College and Ramkrishna Mission Vidya Mandir, Belur got A+ and seven colleges got A ranking. The State Govt. has evolved an internal system of accreditation based on a comprehensive information-feedback from the colleges.
University Education
11.55 Jadavpur University and Bengal Engineering & Science University are being considered for award of the status of ‘Institutions of National Importance’ by the University Grants Commission (UGC).Both the universities have been sanctioned special UGC grant in recognition of their distinctions.
11.56 This year, Global Change Programme of Jadavpur University coordinated by Prof. Joyshree Roy, has provided research support ( only South Asian contributor ) to the most publicized and prestigious Global document on Climate Change ‘Stern Review’ and is continuing to support UNFCCC in its endeavor to prepare fourth assessment report of Inter-Governmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).
11.57 School of Education Technology of Jadavpur University has been selected by MHRD for participation in the National Mission of Education.
11.58 Jadavpur University has been entrusted with the job of preparing the XI plan document for the district of South 24-Parganas in tune with the Planning Commission.
11.59 University of Calcutta has figured in the list of world’s top 500 institutions of higher learning, the only University from India in the list prepared by Sanghai Jian-Tong University, China.
11.60 Total number of candidates getting Ph.D. registration at Calcutta University during the year 2005 was 349 and number of Post Doctoral Fellow is 38.
11.61 Centre for Social Sciences and Gandhian Studies Centre have been established in the Calcutta University with 10th Plan UGC assistance.
11.62 Recently the University of Calcutta has established Research collaboration with International Rice Research Institute, Phillipines and Chongbuk University, South Korea.
11.63 North Bengal University has been allotted a land measuring 10 katha at Salt Lake for erecting a 4-storied building at a cost of 2.25 crore as its city office in Kolkata.
11.64 New PG departments viz. Sanskrit, Sociology and Bio-Medical Laboratory Science & Management have been set up in Vidyasagar University.
11.65 8 Universities of the state under the purview of Higher Education Department have so far been accredited by NAAC. University of Calcutta and Jadavpur University got ‘Five Star’ ranking.
Technical Education
11.66 Six new Engineering & Technological Colleges have been set up on self- financing basis in the academic session 2005-06 – three Engineering and the other three for Pharmaceutical Technological institutes ( including University of Engineering Departments).
11.67 11 courses in six Govt. Engineering & Technological Colleges and 14 courses in five Non-Govt. Engineering & Technological Colleges have been accredited by the National Board of Accreditation, New Delhi.

Technical Education Quality Improvement Programme (TEQIP) under World Bank Assistance, Finance Department has released a total amount of Rs. 100.00 crore. An amount of Rs. 97.415 crore has already been disbursed to the 3 lead and 8 Network Institutes. Lifetime allocation under the Project, as approved by GOI is 153 crore to be utilized over a period of 4 years ending in 2008.

11.68 Post Graduate (M.Tech.) course in Computer Science & Engineering and Production Engineering have been introduced in Kalyani Govt. Engineering College. M. Tech. courses have also been approved in Haldia Institute of Technology for Chemical Engineering and Electronics & Communication Engineering. At Netaji Subhas Engineering College, M. Tech. courses in Computer Science & Engineering, Electronics & Communication Engineering and Instrumentation & Control Engineering have been introduced.

11.69 For smooth implementation of the Vocational Education Programme , a new council , viz. West Bengal State Council of Vocational Education and Training has been set up as a Statutory Body which has started functioning from May, 2006. The said council has affiliated 1034 Vocational Training Centres out of which till first week of January , 2007, 790 Centres have started imparting Vocational Education in different trades taking into account the local needs. Out of the aforesaid 790 Centres, 136 operate at (X+2) level and 254 at ( VII+) level. In order to keep pace with the rapid advancement of global technology, attempts are being taken for diversification and modernization of the courses in Polytechnics, Industrial Training Institutes and Industrial Training Centres, and also in Vocational Course in regular manner.

11.70 Polytechnics of this state are conducting 24 nos. of Diploma Courses and 2 nos. of Post-Diploma Courses. 6 Polytechnics have been conducting part-time (Evening) Programme, while I.C.V. Polytechnic, Jhargram is conducting part-time Diploma Courses in Engineering exclusively for the students belonging to the Backward classes. The State Govt. has proposed to the Govt. of India for strengthening of the Polytechnics in the special focused districts and setting up of 2 new Polytechnics under the National Common Minimum Programme (NCMP).
11.71 The Deptt. of Tcchnical Education & Training has decided to organize more training programmes for the backward classes in addition to those being provided in the existing dedicated Vocational Training Centres.
11.72 Administrative Building and the Workshops of the proposed Industrial Training Institute for physically challenged boys and girls has been completed and the Institute has started functioning from academic year 2006-07.
11.73 New Trade Courses having suitability for employment/ self-employment have been started at newly set up Industrial Training Institute, Barrackpore, North 24- parganas. Three numbers of ITI, viz. at Gariahat, Tollygunge and Durgapur were upgraded into ‘Centres of Excellences’ under the Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Govt. of India. The ITIof Toofangunge and Provash Ray ITI South 24- parganas are going to be started from the next session. Three more ITIs at Siliguri, Haldia, Women ITI at Banipur, have been considered for upgradation into ‘Centre of Excellence’ during the year 2006-07. Sixty-one new trades were designed by NCVT considering the expanding scope in the Service Sector during the year, 2005-06.
11.74 At present, 1104 establishment ( including State Private Sectors) are engaging apprentices in West Bengal and 3377 numbers of apprentices have been engaged in these establishments. West Bengal State Council of Technical Education provides the academic and examination framework for technical and professional education at diploma and post- diploma level covering polytechnics, hotel management and other emerging professional areas.
Social Education
11.75 The Institute of Development Studies , Kolkata has undertaken a research project ‘Women and media in the context of Globalisation’ with financial assistance from Rosa Luxemburge Stifting (RLS) of Berlin.
11.76 The Institute of Development Studies, Kolkata has been sanctioned a sum of Rs. 50 lakh for initial construction of their own premises at Salt Lake during 2005-06.
11.77 Higher Education Department has approved the proposal for acquisition of land (Offered by L & LR Deptt.) measuring 6.459 acres in favour of Ramakrishna Mission, Belurmath for construction of Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda Educational and Research Institute(Deemed University).
11.78 West Bengal State Book board published 25 books during the year in different areas in Science and Humanities.
State Archives
11.79 West Bengal State Archives has published the 1st issue of its journal “the State Archives Review’ and also a volume containing select documents on Midnapore, 1788-1952.
Science and Technology
11.80 The Department of Science and Technology has the following objectives:

  1. Promotion of Scientific Research in some areas for fulfilment of socio-economic needs of the state.

  2. Popularization of Science and Technology through awareness camps, seminars, exhibitions etc. and Science Congress in regional language.

  3. Introduction of Pilot Schemes in bringing technology from Lab to Land.

  4. The State Remote Sensing Centre generates Remote Sensing data with the objective of providing updated information on natural resources to user departments for formulating developmental plans.

11.81 To realize the above mentioned objectives, various schemes are adopted. Such as :

  1. Financial Assistance to West Bengal State Council of Science & Technology for implementation of various scientific projects.

  2. Financial Assistance to CRCT (formally ACCR) for implementation of various scientific schemes.

  3. Implementation of schemes / project under State Remote Sensing Centre.

  4. Activities under state natural resources management system.

  5. Updating of database of river courses of West Bengal.

11.82 The above programmes can be divided into two major heads namely: i) Science Promotion and Popularization and ii) Application of Remote Sensing Centre for project implementation.

11.83 The Government funded various projects undertaken by the universities, research institute and colleges for promotion of science and technology. These researches relate mainly to agriculture and agro-based technology, high yielding variety seeds, bio-fertilizers and bio-pesticides.
11.84 In order to create awareness in science and technology among the common people, the department sponsors science popularization programmes through science clubs and other voluntary organizations, colleges, schools etc. throughout the state of West Bengal. These programmes include organizing exhibitions, seminars, workshops, vigyan mela etc. The State Science and Technology Congress is held every year on 28th February to observe the National Science Day and to promote discussions of scientific and technological issues in local language. During the Science Congress, Meghnad Saha Puraskar ( for best organization for popularizing science in the state), Satyendra Puraskar (for writing best popular science book in Bengali for school students) and Gopal Chandra Bhattacharya Smriti Puraskar (for outstanding contribution in the field of science popularization in the state) are distributed. In the first six months of 2006-07, Rs. 65,51,399 was spent for seminars and workshops etc. for the above mentioned purposes.
11.85 In the first six months of 2006-07, the Remote Sensing Cell is conducting the programme, namely, Generation of Spatial & Non-Spatial database pertaining to Watershed Management Programme in different districts of West Bengal. Total expenditure made in this period was Rs. 25,83,200.
11.86 In the last six months of 2006-07, The Remote Sensing Cell will conduct the same programme, total projected expenditure to be made in this period will be Rs. 49,16,800.
11.87 In the year 2006-07 for conducting State Natural Resources Management System (SNRMS) , total projected expenditure is Rs. 32 lakh. This is an ongoing scheme.
11.88 The West Bengal State Council of Science and Technology has been recognized since July 2004. The activities of the Council can be classified into three major thrust areas namely
i. Geo-informatics and Remote Sensing

ii. Bio-technology and Tissue-culture and

iii. General aspects of science to address the needs for location-specific S&T intervention and awareness and popularisation of science.
11.89 For smoother implementation of the projects and undertaking of the activities the State Council is being entrusted with the following works in all the related field: i) Tissue Culture, iii) Micro mission of Bamboo, iii) Refinement of Protocol, iv) Green-House facility, v) Jatropha as major source for Bio-diesel or extender of Diesel as fuel, vi) Biotechnology.
11.90 In the first six months a total sum of Rs. 54.500 lakh was allotted to WBSCST for conducting various schemes under different branches of science, such as, Geo-informatics and Remote Sensing, Bio-technology and Tissue-culture and General aspects of Science to address the needs for local-specific S&T intervention and awareness and popularaisation of Science. The outcomes are satisfactory.
11.91 Centre for Rural and Cryogenic Technologies (Formerly ACCR) is an autonomous body and a registered society. In 2006-07, a sum of Rs. 20.00 lakh will be given to meet the administrative cost of CRCT as grants-in-aid.
11.92 In the current financial year, provision for allotment to this Department has been increased to achieve targets successfully. Accordingly, the departmental machinery is being geared up suitably to fulfill target. In the forthcoming year, the Department will try hard to reach the goal in spite of constraint and meager resources.

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