Channelling and eu returns workshop

Дата канвертавання25.04.2016
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What do we mean by ‘Channelling’ ?
What procedures have to be followed for channelling?

What products for human consumption are subject to channelling?

What products not for human consumption are subject to channeling?

Summary of channelling requirements for blood products

Not channelled:

Serum of equidae

All avian blood products – treated and untreated

All treated blood products (Treated blood products from Artiodactyla (even-toed ungulates), Perissodactyla (odd-toed ungulates e.g. horse) and Proboscidea (elephants) are not channelled if they have undergone one of the following treatments:

  • (i) heat treatment at a temperature of 65 °C for at least three hours, followed by an effectiveness check,

  • (ii) irradiation at 25 kGy by gamma rays, followed by an effectiveness check,

  • (iii) heat treatment of at least 80 °C throughout their substance, followed by an effectiveness check,

  • (iv) animals other than Suidae and Tayassuidae : change in pH to pH 5 for two hours, followed by an effectiveness check)

Some untreated blood products of Artiodactyla , Perissodactyla and Proboscidea exc equidae are not channelled – see below

Untreated whole blood for petfood, pharmaceutical or technical use. (Same import requirements as raw material for petfood or technical use.)

Some untreated blood products of Artiodactyla , Perissodactyla and Proboscidea exc equidae. These may be channelled depending on the animal’s susceptibility to diseases:

For FMD, SVD, CSF and ASF: If the country of origin is free of these diseases and does not vaccinate against them then the untreated blood products are not channelled. If the country vaccinates against these diseases then the products must be channelled

For Vesicular stomatitis and bluetongue, untreated blood products are channelled only if the country of origin has the disease or vaccinates against it.
In summary, for untreated blood products, if vaccination is being used to control certain diseases then channelling is required to control the risk. See Reg 1774/2002 as amended by Reg 2008/523 for the detailed import requirements
How is CVED completed for channelled consignments?
How do you keep track of channelled consignments?

How is arrival of consignments at destination reported?

What is the T5 procedure?

What problems have you experienced with the channelling procedure?

EU returns

Legislation: Article 15 of Directive 97/78

  1. A Member State shall authorise the re-importation of a consignment of products of Community origin which was refused by a third country, if:

(a) the products are accompanied:

  • (i) either by the original certificate or a copy authenticated by the competent authority which issued the certificate accompanying the products, together with

  • details of the reasons for refusal

  • a guarantee that the conditions governing the storage and transport of products have been observed, stating that the products concerned have not undergone any handling; or

  • in the case of sealed containers, by a certificate from the carrier stating that the content has not been handled or unloaded;

What does refused by a third country mean?

What happens when the consignment is exported in error and simply recalled by the exporter?

What is meant by a ‘copy authenticated by the competent authority which issued the certificate? Is a fax of original certificate satisfactory?

What happens if no certificate was issued?

What are the mandatory documents?

Would you request any commercial documents? If so, which ones?

What examination do you need to do on EU returns?

How is CVED signed off for EU returns?

EU returns - Problem cases:

What problems have you experienced with EU returns?
Case study 1: Thailand canned pilchards exported from UK to Ghana and returned for commercial reasons

Problem 1: The importer says no health certificate was issued for export

Is this a problem? If so, what would you do ?

Problem 2: The importer says the goods have remained in their sealed container and the original export seal is intact. At examination a different seal was found.

What would you do?

Examples of EU returns at Felixstowe.

Looking at data below, where consignments are returned to the EU, is this always because they have been rejected by the competent authority of the third country?



Returned from

Reason for return



May 07

Hydrolysed collagen GB return


Excess stock at delivery address. Product returned to parent company in UK



Aug 07



Drums damaged during transport



Sep 07

Whey protein concentrate


Exported without health certificate



Oct 07

Sheepskins & cattle hides





Oct 07

Greasy wool




Rejected (not health marked)

Nov 07

Frozen pork bones for broth




Returned to NL

Dec 07

Dried fish heads

Outside EU waters

Exported in error!



Feb 08

Frozen duck feet


Avian flu


Rejected (not lot number certified)

Jul 08

Dutch cheese


Mouldy (wrapping problem)



Jul 08

Beef, lamb, pork, fish, dairy products


Meat products destined for Spain loaded in wrong container


Saudi importer claimed goods not unloaded and seals not changed but different seals were found and product was in different containers to that certified

Sep 08

Milk powder


Claimed composition problems (“milk fat too low, acidity too high, solubility too low”)




Hay for pets


Did not have required export certificate for Korea




Frozen cheese

Saudi Arabia

Non-compliance with commercial specification (poss didn't want to pay)



Case study 2: Problems seen during the last outbreak of FMD in the UK
A large number of consignments of sheepskins and cattle hides of UK origin were refused import into China. The exporter was advised that if he did land them in China they would be seized and destroyed.
Problem 1: Four of these consignments had actually been loaded into the container at a slaughterhouse rather than an animal by-products plant. According to 97/78 returned consignments must go back to premises of origin but these are animal by-products and premises of origin is a slaughterhouse

What would you do?

Problem 2: In some cases the skins were exported from animal by-products plants which did not have the capacity to store the returned products.

What would you do?

Problem 3. The importer wanted to send them to a premises 100’s of miles from the export premises.

What would you do?

If the hides / skins are returned to the export premises, what has to happen before they are sent on to the required destination?

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