Sect. Ceratocystis Dumort. (1827), Fl. Belg. 147, p.p.
36.10.18 Carex flava L. (1753), Sp. Pl. 975
T Linnaean herbarium 1100.40 (LINN) lectotype, selected by Pykälä & Toivonen (1994).
2n= (1) 30-33. (2) 58. (3) 60. (4) 62. (5) 64.
2nD (1) Bidault (1974 W Eur, probably an error). (2) Tanaka (1942); Stoeva & Stepánková (1990); 'Daytskevii' et al. (1990). (3) Löve & Löve (1975) list six counts, one Icelandic; Davies (1955); Dietrich (1964a, 1964b); Schmid (1982); Stoeva & Stepánková (1990); 'Daytskevii' et al. (1990). (4) Schmid (1982). (5) Heilborn (1918 - Sweden?).
G ICE NOR RUS
(1) Added to Egorova's draft as it occurs at least in the arctic parts of Iceland, Norway and Kola Peninsula (there Rybachiy Poluostrov, Kildin Isl., Teriberka). (Elven)
36.10.19 Carex demissa Hornem. (1821), Dansk Oekon. Plantel., ed. 3, 1: 939.
S C. tumidicarpa Andersson (1849), Bot. Not. 1849: ***
2n= c. 70.
2nD Davis (1955 W Eur); Jørgensen et al. (1958 Grl, see comment 2).
(1) Added to Egorova's draft as it is documented (specimen in HbO) from S Greenland. The occurrence might, however, be in the boreal enclaves and therefore a border case. The relationship between the North American C. viridula and one or more of the several accepted European species seems to be somewhat unclear. The material I have seen of C. viridula differs from all European material I know. I propose that we until further retain the European usage, especially as C. viridula in the North American sense may not reach the Arctic (perhaps except for Greenland, see below) whereas 2-3 other entities do in Europe and Greenland, and also as C. oederi has priority before C. viridula. (Elven)
(2) The chromosome count from Greenland is listed by Löve & Löve (1975) under C. oederi subsp. viridula, but as C. demissa is the species sufficiently documented from Greenland, the record has been transferred here. See, however, under C. viridula. (Elven)
S C. serotina Mérat subsp. serotina; C. oederi auct. plur., non Retz. (1779); C. oederi auct. subsp. oederi; C. viridula auct., non Michx. (1803).
T France: marais des friches d'aulnai prés Bondy, 21.08.1814 (P) holotype? See Wiinstedt (1947, Bot. Tidsskr. 48: 205-206).
(1) Egorova's (1999) argument for rejection of C. oederi as name for this species as that name is a later synonym for C. pilulifera L. is here accepted. (Elven)
(2) The taxon treated by Egorova (1999) as a species C. scandinavica - is here relegated to subspecies. Egorova's arguments also point in the same direction. Even if 'typical' specimens are strikingly different and the two entities are more or less sympatric, they are separated ecologically and might represent eco-geographical races. As the only race proved to reach the Arctic is this one, it is added to Egorova's draft. (Elven)
220.127.116.11 Carex serotina Mérat subsp. pulchella (Lönnr.) van Ooststr. in Heukels & Wachter (1949), Bekn. Schoolfl. Nederl., ed. 7, 319.
B C. oederi auct. subsp. pulchella Lönnr. (1854), Observ. Pl. Suec. 24.
S C. pulchella (Lönnr.) Lindm. (1918), non Berggr. (1878), nec Holm (1903); C. scandinavica E.W. Davies (1953), Watsonia 3: 66.
T Sweden: Gottland, Norrlanda, 21.07.1853, leg. K.J. Lönnroth (UPS) lectotype, selected by Crins & Ball (1989, Can. J. Bot. 67: 1055).
2nD Löve & Löve (1975) list four counts, one Icelandic.
G ICE NOR? RUS
(1) Added to Egorova's draft as it is reported from the Arctic in Kola Peninsula (Teriberka-Kharlovka) and Iceland and probably also occurs in arctic Norway. (Elven)
(2) The name C. pulchella might have to be omitted as not used in current works. (Elven)
S C. oederi auct. subsp. viridula (Michx.) Hultén (1968), Ark. Bot., ser. 2, 7, 1: 30; C. serotina Mérat subsp. viridula (Michx.) ***.
T Canada: entre Montréal et les trois Riviéres, leg. Michaux (P) holotype.
2n= (1) 70. (2) 70-72. (3) c. 72.
2nD (1) Koyama (1962); Taylor & Mulligan (1968). (2) Taylor & Mulligan (1968); (3) Moore & Calder (1964).
(1) Tentatively added to Egorova's draft. Egorova's opinion, to treat the mainly North American C. viridula as separate from the mainly Eurasiatic C. serotina at level of species, should be evaluated. Personally, I agree with it, as said above. A second question is whether the American taxon reaches the Arctic at all. Parts of the Greenland material seen (in HbO) belongs to C. demissa, see above. There are, however, one or two Greenland specimens that should be looked more thoroughly into. According to the map in Hultén (1968), it approaches, but does not reach the Arctic in NE Alaska. Scoggan (1978) reported no arctic Canadian occurrences. (Elven)
WARNING! Needs to be confirmed from Greenland before acceptance. Sect. Digitatae (Fr.) Christ (1885), Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. 24, 2: 13, p. max. p.
B Carex ** Cyrtostomae a Digitatae Fr. (1845), Summa Veg. Scand. 1: 70.
36.10.22 Carex concinna R. Br. in Richardson (1823), Bot. App. 751.
(1) Added to Egorova's draft as it is reported from two sites in southern Greenland by Hansen & Lægaard (1966) and accepted by Böcher et al. (1978). Even if the nearest localities are found in southern Labrador, the Greenland localities are arctic, situated well outside the boreal enclaves. (Elven)
36.10.29 Carex pilulifera L. (1753), Sp. Pl. 976.
T Plukenet (1691), Phytographia, t. 91, f. 8, lectotype, selected by Egorova (1999). See Egorova (1999) for confirming epitype.
2n= (1) 16. (2) 18.
2nD (1) Heilborn (1918). (2) Löve & Löve (1975) list several counts, one Icelandic.
(1) Added to Egorova's draft as it occurs in arctic Iceland. (Elven)
36.10.30 Carex ericetorum Pollich (1777), Hist. Pl. Palat. 2: 580.
2n= (1) 30. (2) 32.
2nD (1) Löve & Löve (1975) list several non-arctic counts. (2) Heilborn (1918).
(1) The occurrence is the Ponoj area reported in Fl. Arct. URSS 3 is outside the Arctic but the occurrence in the lower reaches of Pechora might be within. (Elven)
WARNING! Will be excluded if not confirmed from arctic Russia. 36.10.31 Carex melanocarpa Cham. ex Trautv. in Middend. (1847), Reise Nord. Öst. Sibir 1, 2, 1: 21.
T Russian Far East: Chukotka Peninsula, Sin. St. Laurentii (LE) holotype.
(1) Border case occurrences in Canada (SW Hudson Bay at Nelson River, lower Mackenzie River). Should be checked by the Canadians whether they are within or close to the Arctic as defined. (Elven)
WARNING! Will be excluded if not confirmed from arctic Canada. Sect. Lamprochlaenae Drej. ex L.H. Bailey (1887), Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts Sci. 22: 129, p.p.
36.10.34 Carex supina Willd. ex Wahlenb. (1803). Kungl. Vetensk. Acad. Nya Handl. 24: 158.
T (1) C. glomerata mihi. C. globularis Fl. Hall. leg. Schkuhr (HAL) holotype of C. glomerata Schkuhr (1801), non Gilib. (1792), nec Thunb. (1794). Or: (2) See Nilsson (1985), indicating a holotype in UPS.
18.104.22.168 Carex supina Willd. ex Wahlenb. subsp. spaniocarpa (Steud.) Hultén (1943), Lunds Univ. Årsskr., n. f., 2, 38: 365.
B C. spaniocarpa Steud. (1855), Syn. Cyper. 225.
S C. supina Willd. ex Wahlenb. var. spaniocarpa (Steud.) Boivin (1967), Natural. Canad. 94: 523.
T [Described from Greenland, type in C of C. oligocarpa Hornem. (1837), non Willd. (1805), nec Muehlenb. (1817).]