Butterflies and skippers of the afrotropical region




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Diagnosis: Differs from other subspecies in that the forewing upperside discal band is not divided (Kielland, 1990).

Distribution: Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe (eastern border), South Africa (Limpopo Province, Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal), Swaziland (Duke, et al., 1999).

Specific localities:

TanzaniaCoastal parts, inland to Uluguru Mountains, Nguru Mountains and Uzungwa scarp (Kielland, 1990).

Zimbabwe – Bulawayo (M. Gardiner; single record); Ngundu Halt (Mullin); Pungwe Bridge (Mullin); Chiredzi River (Mullin); Shamva (Paré) (Pringle, et al., 1994).

Limpopo Province – Pafuri (Pringle, et al., 1994); Mpaphuli N.R.

Mpumalanga

KwaZulu-Natal – Margate (Swanepoel, 1953); Umkomaas (Swanepoel, 1953); Durban (Swanepoel, 1953); Eshowe (Swanepoel, 1953); Empangeni (Swanepoel, 1953); Mtubatuba (Swanepoel, 1953); St Lucia Bay (Swanepoel, 1953).

Swaziland – Mlawula N. R. (www.sntc.org.sz).
Amauris (Amaura) ochlea affinis Aurivillius, 1911
Amauris ochlea var. affinis Aurivillius, 1911 in Seitz, 1908-25. Die Gross-Schmetterlinge der Erde, Stuttgart (2) 13 Die Afrikanischen Tagfalter: 75 (614 pp.).

Type locality: Comoro Islands: “Gross-Comoro (Comoren); Anjouan (Comoren)”.

Distribution: Comoro Islands (except Mayotte).
comorana Aurivillius, 1909 (as var. of Amauris ochleides). In: Voeltzkow, A., Reise in Ostafrika in den Jahren 1903-1905 2: 312 (309-348). Stuttgart. Comoro Islands: “Gross-Comoro (Comoren); Anjouan (Comoren)”. [Invalid; junior primary homonym of Amauris comorana Oberthür, 1897 [Danainae].]
valens Talbot, 1940 (as f. of Amauris ochlea affinis). Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 90: 323 (319-336). Comoro Islands.
spatiosa Talbot, 1940 (as f. of Amauris ochlea affinis). Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 90: 323 (319-336). Comoro Islands: “Des Comores”.
Amauris (Amaura) ochlea bumilleri Lanz, 1896
Amauris bumilleri Lanz, 1896. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift, Iris 8: 380 (380).

Amauris ochlea bumilleri. Male. Left – upperside; right – underside. Wingspan: 66mm. Tanzania. Masukulu, Tukuyu. 650 m. 28.V.1984. Jan Kielland. (Newport Collection).
Type locality: Tanzania: “Nyasa-See, Tanganjika-See, Parumbira”.

Distribution: Malawi (north), Tanzania (south-west), Zambia.

Specific localites:

Tanzania – Tukuya; lower slopes of Mount Rungwe (Kielland, 1990).

Zambia – A single record from “Kawambwa” (near Lake Mweru) (Heath, et al., 2002).

Note: Heath, et al. (2002: 48) doubt that ssp. bumilleri Lanz is subspecifically distinct from the nominate subspecies but make no formal taxonomic change.
Amauris (Amaura) ochlea darius Rothschild & Jordan, 1903
Amauris ochleides darius Rothschild & Jordan, 1903. Novitates Zoologicae 10: 503 (491-542).

Type locality: Ethiopia: “Anderatscha”.

Distribution: Ethiopia (south), Somalia (south), Kenya (north - Meru, Mt Kulal).

Specific localities:

Kenya – Meru; Mt. Kulal; Marsabit (Larsen, 1991).
Amauris (Amaura) ochlea moya Turlin, 1994
Amauris ochlea moya Turlin, 1993 and Turlin, 1994. Lambillionea 93 (4) (Tome I): 361 (345-361) and Lambillionea 94 (2) (Tome I): 190 (189-200).

Type locality: Comoro Islands: “Lac Dzialandzé, Anjouan, Comores (VI.1998 R. Viossat).” Holotype in MNHN, Paris.

Distribution: Comoro Islands.
Amauris (Amaura) ochlea ochleides Staudinger, 1896
Amauris ochleides Staudinger, 1896. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift, Iris 8: 366 (366-379).

Type locality: Ethiopia [Eritrea]: “Erythraea, Abessinien”.

Distribution: Ethiopia (north), Eritrea.

Amauris (Amaura) phoedon (Fabricius, 1798)
Papilio phoedon Fabricius, 1798. Supplementum entomologiae systematica 423 (572 pp.). Hafniae.

Type locality: Mauritius: “Isle de France”.

Distribution: Mauritius.

Recorded, erroneously, from Madagascar by Viette, 1995 (Lees et al., 2003).



Diagnosis: More closely resembles a species of Euploea than a species of Amauris.

Habitat: Found all over the island but especially common in the south-west, near the Le Morne peninsula (Davis & Barnes, 1991). Most plentiful in areas of coastal vegetation containing the tree Tournefortia argentea, which it appears to utilize as a source of pyrollizidine alkaloids (Davis & Barnes, 1991).

Habits: In Mauritius specimens have been noted imbibing exudations from the ends of broken branches lying on the ground, belonging to the tree Tournefortia argentea L. (Boraginaceae), presumably for the pyrollizidine alkaloids that may be present in the exudations (Davis & Barnes, 1991).

Early stages: Nothing published.

Larval food:

Tylophora asthmatica Wight (Asclepiadaceae) [Vinson, 1938].
phaedone Godart, 1819 in Latreille and Godart, [1819], [1824] (as sp. of Danais). Encyclopédie Méthodique. Histoire Naturelle [Zoologie] 9 Entomologie: 183 (1-328 [1819], 329-828 [1824]). Paris. [An unjustified emendation of Papilio phoedon Fabricius.]
phaedon Doubleday, 1847 in Doubleday and Westwood, [1846-52] (as sp. of Danais). The genera of diurnal Lepidoptera, London: 91 (1: 1-250 pp.; 2: 251-534 pp.). London. [An unjustified emendation of Papilio phoedon Fabricius.]

Amauris (Amaura) vashti (Butler, 1869)
Danais vashti Butler, 1869. Cistula Entomologica 1: 1 (1-16).

Type locality: Nigeria: “Old Calabar”.

Distribution: Nigeria (east and Cross River loop), Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea (Bioko), Gabon, Congo, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Tanzania (west).

Specific localities:

Nigeria – Old Calabar (TL); Okwangwo (M. Newport teste Larsen, 2005a).

Cameroon – Korup (Larsen, 2005a).

Democratic Republic of Congo – Aruwimi River in central DRC (Kielland, 1990).

Tanzania – Kasye Forest at 900 m (Kielland, 1990; single male).

Common name: Priest; odd friar.

Habitat: Lowland forest.

Habits: A scarce and localized species, which appears to fly high up in the forest (Larsen, 2005a). Schultze (1916) reports males mud-puddling for long periods and Birket-Smith (1960) saw specimens imbibing moisture from drying hides. It serves as a model for some forms of Hypolimnas dinarcha and H. anthedon (Larsen, 2005a).

Early stages: Nothing published.

Larval food: Nothing published.
unipuncta Dufrane, 1948 (as ab. of Amauris vashti). Bulletin Mensuel de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 17: 193 (192-194). Democratic Republic of Congo: “Go, Uélé”.
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