Butterflies and skippers of the afrotropical region




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BUTTERFLIES AND SKIPPERS

OF THE AFROTROPICAL REGION
(PAPILIONOIDEA AND HESPERIOIDEA)
AN ENCYCLOPAEDIA
© Seventh edition (2008)

(Copyright Reserved)


FILE I – DANAINAE, NYMPHALINAE, APATURINAE, LIBYTHEINAE, BIBLIDINAE, CYRESTINAE (NYMPHALIDAE)

Compiled by Mark C. Williams


183 van der Merwe Street, Rietondale
PRETORIA 0001
E-mail: mark.williams@up.ac.za

FAMILY NYMPHALIDAE
Swainson, 1827



SUBFAMILY DANAINAE

Boisduval, 1833

The danaine clade

Subfamily Danainae Boisduval, 1833

Tribe Tellervini Fruhstorfer, 1910



Tribe Danaini Boisduval, 1833

Subtribe Danaina Boisduval, 1833

Subtribe Euploeina Moore, 1880

Tribe Ithomiini Godman & Salvin 1879


TRIBE DANAINI

Boisduval, 1833

SUBTRIBE EUPLOEINA

Moore, 1880

Genus Euploea Fabricius, 1807
In: Illiger, K., Magazin für Insektenkunde 6: 280 (277-289).

Type-species: Papilio corus Fabricius, by subsequent designation (Opinion 163, 1945. Opinions and Declarations Rendered by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature 2: 335-346.) [extralimital].


= Vonoma Moore, 1883. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1883: 257 (201-324). Type-species: Euplaea [sic] goudotii Boisduval, by original designation.
= Pramasa Moore, 1883. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1883: 281 (201-324). Type-species: Euploea mitra Moore, by monotypy.
Synonyms based on extralimital type-species: Adigama Moore; Anadara Moore; Andasena Moore; Betanga Moore; Bibisana Moore; Calliploea Butler; Chanapa Moore; Chirosa Moore; Crastia Hübner; Danisepa Moore; Deragena Moore; Doricha Moore; Eudaemon Billberg; Gamatoba Moore; Glinama Moore; Hirdapa Moore; Isamia Moore; Karadira Moore; Lontara Moore; Macroploea Butler; Mahintha Moore; Menama Moore; Mestrapa Moore; Nacamsa Moore; Narmada Moore; Nipara Moore; Oranasma Moore; Pademma Moore; Patosa Moore; Penoa Moore; Pramesta Moore; Rasuma Moore; Sabanosa Moore; Salpinx Hübner; Saphara Moore; Sarobia Moore; Satanga Moore; Selinda Moore; Strictoploea Butler; Tabada Moore; Tagata Moore; Tiruna Moore; Trepsichrois Hübner; Tronga Distant; Vadebra Moore.
A largely Oriental genus of 55 species. Four species are known from the Afrotropical Region and occur in the Mascarenes and Seychelles.

Euploea desjardinsii (Guérin-Méneville, 1844)
Danaida (Euplea [sic]) desjardinsii Guérin-Méneville, 1844. Iconographie du règne animal de G. Cuvier. Insectes 474 (576 pp.). Paris.

Euploea euphon desjardinsii Guérin-Méneville, 1844. Ackery et al., 1995: 278.

Euploea desjardinsii Guérin-Méneville, 1844. D’Abrera, 1997: 192.

Type locality: Mauritius: “L’ile Rodrigue”.

Distribution: Rodrigues. Probably extinct (Ackery, et al., 1995: 278).

Habitat:

Early stages: Nothing published.

Larval food: Nothing published.

Euploea euphon (Fabricius, 1798)
Papilio euphon Fabricius, 1798. Supplementum entomologiae systematica 423 (572 pp.). Hafniae.

Type locality: Mauritius: “Isle de France”.

Distribution: Mauritius.

Habitat: Widespread over the island but not common. Appears to evince some preference for forested areas such as the Black River Gorges and some coastal areas (Davis & Barnes, 1991).

Habits: In Mauritius specimens have been noted imbibing exudations from the ends of broken branches lying on the ground, belonging to the tree Tournefortia argentea L. (Boraginaceae), presumably for the pyrollizidine alkaloids that may be present in the exudations (Davis & Barnes, 1991).

Early stages: Nothing published.

Larval food:

Ficus repens Rottboell. (Moraceae) [Manders, 1908].

Nerium oleander L. [Davis & Barnes, 1991: 148].
baudiniana Godart, 1819 in Latreille and Godart, [1819], [1824] (as sp. of Danais). Encyclopédie Méthodique. Histoire Naturelle [Zoologie] 9 Entomologie: 181 (1-328 [1819], 329-828 [1824]). Paris. [Indian Ocean]: “Timor”. [The true identity of this taxon has yet to be ascertained but its ultimate synonymy with Euploea euphon seems likely (see Ackery and Vane-Wright, 1984).

Euploea goudotii Boisduval, 1833
Euploea goudotii Boisduval, 1833. Nouvelles Annales du Muséum d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris 2: 184 (149-270).

Euploea euphon goudotii Ackery et al., 1995: 278.

Euploea goudotii D’Abrera, 1997: 192.

Type locality: Reunion: “Bourbon”.

Distribution: Reunion.

Recorded, in error, from Madagascar by Van Vollenhoven, 1869: 4 (Lees et al., 2003).



Habitat:

Early stages: Nothing published.

Larval food: Nothing published.

Euploea mitra Moore, 1858
Euploea mitra Moore, 1858 in Horsfield and Moore, [1858]. A catalogue of the lepidopterous insects in the museum of the Hon. East India Company 1: 127 (278 pp.). London.

Type locality: [Seychelles.]

Distribution: Seychelles (islands of Mahe and Silhouette).

Habitat:

Early stages: Nothing published.

Larval food: Nothing published.


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