Butterflies and skippers of the afrotropical region




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particolor Talbot, 1943 (as f. of Pseudacraea lucretia expansa). Entomologist 76: 167 (165-167). Malawi: “Nyasaland: Mlangi”.
Pseudacraea lucretia gamae Joicey & Talbot, 1927
Pseudacraea gamae Joicey & Talbot, 1927. Entomologist 60: 15 (12-16).

Type locality: Sao Tome and Principe: “Principe ... between 1500 and 2000 feet”.

Distribution: Sao Tome and Principe (Principe Island).
Pseudacraea lucretia karthalae Collins, 1991
Pseudacraea lucretia karthalae Collins, 1991. Lambillionea 91 (3): 258 (257-260).

Type locality: Comoro Islands: “Nioumbadjou G. Comore 1.000m IV/87.” Holotype in ABRI, Nairobi.

Distribution: Comoro Islands (Grand Comore Island).
Pseudacraea lucretia protracta (Butler, 1874)
Panopea protracta Butler, 1874. Entomologist’s Monthly Magazine 11: 164 (163-164).

Pseudacraea lucretia protracta. Male. Left – upperside; right – underside. Wingspan: 70mm. Bangui, R.C.A. Apr 66. Dr Allard. (Henning collection - H227).
Type locality: Angola: “Cabinda”.

Distribution: Cameroon (east), Gabon, Congo, Central African Republic, Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda, Sudan (south), Kenya (west), Zambia.

Specific localities:

Zambia – Ikelenge (Heath, et al., 2002).
ramosa Schultze, 1920 (as ab. of Pseudacraea lucretia). Ergebnisse der Zweiten Deutschen Zentral-Afrika-Expedition 1 (14): 783 (639-829). Democratic Republic of Congo: “Belg. Kongo: Lifaka (Uelle-Distr.)”.
pseudolucretia Bernardi, 1965 (as “morph” of Pseudacraea luretia protracta). Bulletin de l’Institut Française d’Afrique Noire (A) 27: 761 (759-762). Gabon: “Tchibanga”.
Pseudacraea lucretia tarquinea (Trimen, 1868)
Panopea tarquinea Trimen, 1868. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 1868: 79 (69-96).

Pseudacraea lucretia tarquinea male. Left – upperside; right – underside. Umtamvuna Gorge, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa 29 April, 2005. Images courtesy of Jeremy and Chris Dobson.

Pseudacraea lucretia tarquinea female. Left – upperside; right – underside. Umtamvuna Gorge, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa 29 April, 2005. Images courtesy of Jeremy and Chris Dobson.
Type locality: South Africa: “in the woods near Port Natal ... near the village of Verulam, about twenty miles northward of D’Urban”.

Diagnosis: In subspecies tarquinea the spots on the forewing are reduced in size and are white or pale yellow, while the hindwing patch is distinctly yellow. In subspecies expansa the pale markings are much enlarged, unicolorous and range from pure white to reddish orange (Pringle, et al., 1994).

Distribution: South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal, Eastern Cape Province), Swaziland (Duke, et al., 1999).

Specific localities:

KwaZulu-Natal – Oribi Gorge (Swanepoel, 1953); Isipingo (Swanepoel, 1953); Durban (Swanepoel, 1953); Pietermaritzburg (Swanepoel, 1953); Eshowe (Swanepoel, 1953).

Eastern Cape Province – Port St Johns (Swanepoel, 1953).
Pseudacraea lucretia walensensis (Sharpe, 1896)
Panopea walensensis Sharpe, 1896. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1896: 532 (523-537).

Type locality: Ethiopia: “Waenso”.

Distribution: Ethiopia (south).
eliana Strand, 1911 (as ab. of Pseudacraea lucretia var. expansa). Entomologische Rundschau 28: 137 (137-141). Ethiopia: “Eli”.

Pseudacraea peyrierasi Collins, 1991
Pseudacraea peyrierasi Collins, 1991. Lambillionea 91 (3): 260 (257-260).

Type locality: Madagascar: “Antsalova W. Madagascar VII/83. A. Peyrieras.” Holotype in ABRI, Nairobi.

According to Lees et al. (2003) the type material was probably not collected at Antsalova itself but rather in the Tsingy de Bemaraha. The species has recently been found in the latter locality (A. Cameron teste Lees et al. (2003).



Distribution: Madagascar.

Habitat: Forest (Lees et al., 2003).

Early stages: Nothing published.

Larval food: Nothing published.

Pseudacraea poggei (Dewitz, 1879)
Hypolimnas poggei Dewitz, 1879. Nova Acta Academiae Caesarea Leopoldino-Carolinae Germanicum Naturae Curiosorum 4 (2): 197 (173-212).

Pseudacraea poggei. Male. Left – upperside; right – underside. Wingspan: 68mm. Chingola, N. Rhodesia. April 1959. R. Badham. (Transvaal Museum - TM3703).
Type locality: “Guineaküste”.

Diagnosis: A very good mimic of Danaus chrysippus.

Distribution: Angola, Namibia (Caprivi), Zambia (north), Malawi, Democratic Republic of Congo (Shaba), Tanzania (west).

Specific localities:

Tanzania – Mpanda and Kigoma Districts (Kielland, 1990).

Zambia – Kasangezhi; Ikelenge; Mwinilunga; 100 km south of Mwinilunga; Solwezi; Chingola; Mufulira; Kitwe; Ndola; Luanshya; Kundalila Falls; Mbala (Heath, et al., 2002).

Namibia – Katima Mulilo (I. Coetzer); near Schuckmannsberg in the Caprivi (A. Curle).

Common name: False monarch; monarch false acraea.

Habitat: Woodland (Heath, et al., 2002), especially ‘miombo’ (Brachystegia) woodland (Pringle, et al., 1994). In Tanzania it occurs at altitudes from 800 to 1 400 m (Kielland, 1990).

Habits: The flight pattern is similar to that of its model Danaus chrysippus but slightly faster (Pringle, et al., 1994).

Flight period: All year, with peak emergence from November to May (Pringle, et al., 1994).

Early stages: Nothing published.

Larval food:

Chrysophyllum bangweolense (Sapotacaceae) [Heath, et al., 2002: 65].
carpenteri Poulton, 1918 (as f. of Pseudacraea poggei). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of London 1918: 12 (5-22). Tanzania: “Lulanguru”.

Pseudacraea semire (Cramer, 1779)
Papilio semire Cramer, 1779 in Cramer, [1779-80]. Die Uitlandsche Kapellen voorkomende in de drie waerrelddeelen Asia, Africa en America 3: 71 (176 pp.). Amsteldam & Utrecht.

Pseudacraea semire. Female. Left – upperside; right – underside. Wingspan: 58mm. Bangui, C. A. R. 79.10.05. R.P. Godart. (Curle Trust Collection - 85).
Type locality: Sierra Leone: “Sierra Leona”; “Cote de Guinea”.

Distribution: Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, Congo, Central African Republic, Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda (west), Tanzania (north-west), Zambia (north-west).

Specific localities:

Nigeria – Kagoro (Larsen, 2005a).

Cameroon – Korup (Larsen, 2005a).

Tanzania – Kampisa River in Mpanda; Mahale Mountain in Kigoma; Gombe (Kielland, 1990).

Zambia – Kalene Hill, Ikelenge; lower Kalungwishi River (Heath, et al., 2002).

Common name: Green false acraea.

Habitat: Lowland to submontane forest (Kielland, 1990). It copes well with considerable degradation of its forest habitat and is even found in dry coastal forest in Ghana (Larsen, 2005a). In Tanzania it occurs from 800 to 1 500 m (Kielland, 1990).

Habits: This is a realatively common species (Larsen, 2005a). The flight is fast but individuals frequently settle on the foliage of bushes and trees. Specimens occasionally enter banana-baited traps (Kielland, 1990).

Early stages: Nothing published.

Larval food:

Ouratea species (Ochnaceae) [Vuattoux & Blandin, 1979 (Ivory Coast)].

Campylospermum laeve (Ochnaceae) [Bampton et al., 1991 (Congo)].

Ochnaceae [Amiet, 2000 (Cameroon)].



Ochna pulchra (Ochnaceae) [Heath et al., 2002: 66].
hyppolite Drury, 1782 (as sp. of Papilio). Illustrations of Natural History 3: index et 17 (76 pp.). London. Sierra Leone: “Sierra Leon”.

Pseudacraea warburgi Aurivillius, 1892
Pseudacraea warburgi Aurivillius, 1892. Entomologisk Tidskrift 13: 200 (181-200).

Type locality: Cameroon: “Camerun”.

Distribution: Senegal, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda (west - Bwamba Valley).

Specific localities:

Senegal – Basse Casamance (Larsen, 2005a).

Common name: Incipient false acraea.

Habitat: Forest.

Habits: Despite appearing to mimic a species of Acraea, the flight is fast and erratic, with considerable movement in the vertical plane (Larsen, 2005a). The flight is sustained and they have not been seen to feed or drink (Larsen, 2005a).

Early stages: Nothing published.

Larval food:

Strephanoma species (Combretaceae) [Lees, 1989 (Korup, Cameroon)].

Manilkara species (Sapotaceae) [Bampton, et al., 1991 (Congo)].

Combretum species (Combretaceae) [Amiet, 2000 (Cameroon)].

Genus Neptis Fabricius, 1807
In: Illiger, K., Magazin für Insektenkunde 6: 282 (277-289).

Type-species: Papilio aceris Esper, by subsequent designation (Crotch, 1872. Cistula Entomologica 1: 66 (59-71).) [extralimital].


= Neptidomima Holland, 1920. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 43: 116, 164 (109-369). Type-species: Neptis exaleuca Karsch, by original designation.
Synonyms based on extralimital type-species: Philonoma Billberg; Paraneptis Moore; Kalkasia Moore; Hamadryodes Moore; Bimbisara Moore; Strabrobates Moore; Rasalia Moore; Seokia Sibatani.
An Old World genus of 158 species, 68 of which are Afrotropical. One Afrotropical species extends extralimitally.

Neptis agouale Pierre-Baltus, 1978
Neptis agouale Pierre-Baltus, 1978. Lambillionea 78: 40 (33-44).

Neptis agouale agouale. Male. Left – upperside; right – underside. Wingspan: 38mm. Isombo, Ikelenge, Zambia. 6.III.77. A. Heath. (African Butterfly Research Institute, Nairobi).
Type locality: Ivory Coast: “à la Station d’Ecologie Equatorial de Lamto (Côte d’Ivoire)”.

Distribution: Senegal, Guinea-Bissau, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Tanzania, Zambia.

Common name: Common club-dot sailer.

Habitat: Forest, including severely degraded habitat (Larsen, 2005a). In Tanzania it occurs at altitudes from 800 to 1 400 m (Kielland, 1990).

Habits: This is the commenest species of Neptis in the forest zone (Larsen, 2005a). Specimens fly around slowly, about 1,5 m above the ground, in clearings and along paths in the forest (Larsen, 2005a). It is often seen near the climbing Acacia species that are the main foodplants (Larsen, 2005a).

Early stages:

Pierre-Baltus, 1978 [larva].

Amiet, 2000 [larva].

Larval food:

Acacia species (Fabaceae) [Pierre-Baltus, 1978; creeper in forest (Ivory Coast)].

Pterocarpus santalinoides (Fabaceae) [Pierre-Baltus vide Kielland, 1990: 126].
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