Butterflies and skippers of the afrotropical region




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Type locality: “Côte de Guinea”.

Distribution: Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Nigeria.

Common name: Western Glider.

Habitat: Wetter forest, mainly (Larsen, 2005a).

Habits: Generally an uncommon species (Larsen, 2005a).

Early stages: Nothing published.

Larval food: Nothing published.
Cymothoe althea althea (Cramer, 1776)
Papilio althea Cramer, 1776 in Cramer, [1775-6]. Die Uitlandsche Kapellen voorkomende in de drie waerrelddeelen Asia Africa en America 1: 141 (16 + 155 pp.). Amsteldam & Utrecht.

Type locality: “Côte de Guinea”.

Distribution: Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana.

Specific localities:

Guinea – Parc National du Haut Niger (Larsen & Mei, 1998); Mamou (Larsen, 2005a); Nimba (Larsen, 2005a).

Ghana – Ankasa (Larsen, 2005a); Kakum (Larsen, 2005a).
amphicede Cramer, 1777 (as sp. of Papilio). Die Uitlandsche Kapellen voorkomende in de drie waereld-deelen Asia, Africa en America 2: 80 (151 pp.). Amsteldam & Utrecht. “Côte de Guinea”.
Cymothoe althea bobi Collins & Larsen, 2000
Cymothoe althea bobi Collins & Larsen, 2000. Metamorphosis 11 (2): 66 (57-75).

Type locality: Nigeria: “Nigeria, Eastern Region, Idoma Division, Okwoga, 26.i.1968. (R.G.T. St. Leger leg., coll. National History Museum, London).” Described from a single male.

Distribution: Nigeria (east).

Specific localities:

Nigeria – Okwoga (TL); Nsukka area (Larsen, 2005a).

Cymothoe alticola Libert & Collins, 1997
Cymothoe alticola Libert & Collins, 1997. Metamorphosis 8 (4): 184 (183-190).

Type locality: Cameroon: “Mount Kupe, 1900-2000m 4.iii.95, Cameroon (M. Libert), M.N.H.N., Paris.” Described from 22 males and 16 females.

Distribution: Cameroon.

Specific localities:

Cameroon – Mount Kupe (TL); Mt. Manengouba; Mt. Cameroon; Mt. Bana near Bangangte; Rumpi Hills (T. Helps teste Larsen, 2005a); Toko in the Korup support zone (Larsen, 2005a).

Common name: Mountain glider.

Habitat: Montane forest above 1 100 m (Larsen, 2005a).

Habits: A fairly common species, which is sometimes sympatric with the similar-looking C. caenis e.g. in the Rumpi Hills and Korup in Cameroon (Larsen, 2005a).

Early stages: Nothing published.

Larval food:

Caloncoba species (Flacourtiaceae) [Amiet, in Libert and Collins, 1997: 183].

Cymothoe altisidora (Hewitson, 1869)
Harma altisidora Hewitson, 1869 in Hewitson, 1867-71. Illustrations of new species of exotic butterflies 4: 51 ([118] pp.). London.

Type locality: “Congo”.

Distribution: Cameroon, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo.

Habitat:

Early stages: Nothing published.

Larval food: Nothing published.
lucretia Neustetter, 1916 (as sp. of Cymothoe). Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift, Iris 30: 105 (95-108). Democratic Republic of Congo: “Kongo-Gebiet; Kassaifluss; Luebo-Kassai”.
verlainei Overlaet, 1940 (as f. of Cymothoe altisidora). Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaine 33: 157 (150-172). Democratic Republic of Congo: “Itoko á Gombe, Congo Belge”.

Cymothoe amaniensis Rydon, 1980
Cymothoe amaniensis Rydon, 1980 in d’Abrera, 1980. Butterflies of the Afrotropical region 273 (593 pp.). Melbourne.

Type locality: Tanzania: “Usambaras, Amani”.

Diagnosis: Closest to C. aurivillii but the tornus and apex of the forewing is more strongly produced and the discal cream patch on the forewing upperside is broken up on its costal side (Kielland, 1990).

Distribution: Tanzania (north-east).

Specific localities:

Tanzania – East Usambara Mountains; Ambangulu (eastern part of West Usambara Mountains) (Kielland, 1990).

Habitat: Submontane forest at altitudes of 900 to 1 200 m (Kielland, 1990).

Habits: Males fly in the forest canopy, frequently settling on exposed leaves, and aggressively defending territories. Females usually fly low down, searching for suitable plants on which to oviposit. The species is, apparently, not as shy as congenerics (Kielland, 1990).

Early stages: Nothing published.

Larval food:

(Probably) Rawsonia usambarensis (Flacourtiaceae) [Kielland, 1990: 113].



Cymothoe amenides (Hewitson, 1874)
Harma amenides Hewitson, 1874. Entomologist’s Monthly Magazine 11: 56 (56-58).

Type locality: Gabon: “Gaboon”.

Distribution: Cameroon, Gabon.

Habitat:

Early stages: Nothing published.

Larval food: Nothing published.
mundamensis Overlaet, 1942 (as f. of Cymothoe caenis). Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaine 36: 187 (165-194). Cameroon: “Mundame, Mungo, Kamerun”.

Cymothoe angulifascia Aurivillius, 1897
Cymothoe angulifascia Aurivillius, 1897. Öfversigt af Kongl. Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar. Stockholm 54: 285 (279-286).

Type locality: Democratic Republic of Congo: “Congogebiet: Beni-Bendi”.

Distribution: Democratic Republic of Congo (Uele, Tshopo, Maniema, Mai-Ndombe, Kwilu, Kasai, Sankuru, Lualaba).

Habitat:

Early stages: Nothing published.

Larval food: Nothing published.
kassaiensis Schmidt, 1921 (as sp. of Cymothoe). Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift, Iris 35: 49 (32-51). Democratic Republic of Congo: “Lodja am Kassai, Belgisch-Kongo”.

Cymothoe anitorgis (Hewitson, 1874)
Harma anitorgis Hewitson, 1874 in Hewitson, 1872-7. Illustrations of new species of exotic butterflies 5: 42 (127 pp.). London.

Type locality: “West Africa”.

Distribution: Nigeria (east), Cameroon, Gabon, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo (Moyen Congo).

Records from countries west of Nigeria are due to misidentifications with other red species of the genus (Larsen, 2005a).



Specific localities:

Nigeria – Oban Hills (Larsen, 2005a).

Cameroon – Korup (Larsen, 2005a).

Common name: White-spot red glider.

Habitat: Forest.

Early stages: Nothing published.

Larval food: Nothing published.
aramis Hewitson, 1874 in Hewitson, 1872-7 [in part]. Illustrations of new species of exotic butterflies 5: pl. 22 (127 pp.). London.
aralus Mabille, 1890 (as sp. of Cymothoe). Annales de la Société Entomologique de France (6) 10: 22 (17-51). Ivory Coast: “d’Assinie”.
misa Strand, 1910 (as ab. of Cymothoe anitorgis). Wiener Entomologische Zeitung 29: 33 (29-35). Cameroon: “Dume-Mündung in Kamerun”.
albofasciata Neustetter, 1912 (as female ab. of Cymothoe aramis). Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift, Iris 26: 175 (167-185). Cameroon: “Kamerun (Bipindie)”.
menteaui Overlaet, 1944 (as f. of Cymothoe anitorgis). Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaine 38: 60 (40-74). Democratic Republic of Congo: “Luali, Mayumbe”.
adaequata Overlaet, 1944 (as f. of Cymothoe anitorgis). Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaine 38: 60 (40-74). Gabon: “Tshibanga”.

Cymothoe aramis (Hewitson, 1865)
Euryphene aramis Hewitson, 1865 in Hewitson, 1862-66. Illustrations of new species of exotic butterflies 3: 45 (124 pp.). London.

Type locality: Nigeria: “Old Calabar”.

Distribution: Nigeria, Cameroon, Congo, Gabon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo.

Common name: Orange-red glider.

Habitat: Forest of good quality (Larsen, 2005a).

Habits: Not uncommon in the Oban Hills, Nigeria (Larsen, 2005a). The behaviour is similar to that of C. coccinata (Larsen, 2005a).

Early stages:
Amiet, 1997. (larva and pupa; Cameroon).
Larval food:

Rinorea dentata (Violaceae) [Amiet, 1997 (Cameroon)].
Cymothoe aramis aramis (Hewitson, 1865)
Euryphene aramis Hewitson, 1865 in Hewitson, 1862-66. Illustrations of new species of exotic butterflies 3: 45 (124 pp.). London.

Type locality: Nigeria: “Old Calabar”.

Distribution: Nigeria (Cross River loop), Cameroon, Congo, Gabon, Central African Republic.

Specific localities:

Nigeria – Old Calabar (TL); Oban Hills (Larsen, 2005a).
excelsior Hall, 1917 (as f. of Cymothoe aramis). Entomologist 50: 173 (161-163, 171-174). Cameroon.
Cymothoe aramis schoutedeni Overlaet, 1952
Cymothoe aramis schoutedeni Overlaet, 1952. Annales du Musée Royal du Congo Belge (8) Sciences zoologiques 14: 30 (1-50).

Type locality: Congo: “Etoumbi, Congo Français”.

Distribution: Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo (Ubangi, Mongala, Uele, north Kivu)..
schoutedeni Overlaet, 1945 (as f. of Cymothoe aramis). Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaine 38: 268 (265-289). Congo: “Etoumbi, Congo Français”.
carradoti Overlaet, 1944 (as f. of Cymothoe aramis). Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaine 38: 58 (40-74). Democratic Republic of Congo: “Kapanga”.

Cymothoe arcuata Overlaet, 1945
Cymothoe arcuata Overlaet, 1945. Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaine 38: 268 (265-289).

Type locality: Democratic Republic of Congo: “Bena Bendi, Sankuru, Congo Belge”.

Distribution: Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo.

Recorded, in error, from Nigeria due to being confused with C. excelsa (Larsen, 2005a). Also recorded, in error, from Ivory Coast by Carcasson (1991) due to misidentification with C. coccinata (Larsen, 2005a).



Habitat:

Early stages: Nothing published.

Larval food: Nothing published.
rubronotata Overlaet, 1952 (as f. of Cymothoe arcuata). Annales du Musée Royal du Congo Belge (8) Sciences zoologiques 14: 33 (1-50). Democratic Republic of Congo: “Liboko, Bas-Uele”.

Cymothoe aubergeri Plantrou, 1977
Cymothoe aubergeri Plantrou, 1977. Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France 82: 54 (54-56).

Type locality: Ivory Coast: “Abengourou”.

Distribution: Guinea, Ivory Coast (east), Ghana.

Specific localities:

Guinea – Dubreka (ABRI, 2003).

Ivory Coast – Abengourou (TL); Adiopodoume (C. Belcastro teste Larsen, 2005a); Bossematie (Larsen, 2005a).

Ghana – Abrafo and Kruwa Camp in Kakum (Larsen, 2005a).

Common name: Auberger’s yellow glider.

Habitat: Forest.

Habits: Much like the common C. jodutta but apparently more fond of fallen fruit (Larsen, 2005a).

Early stages: Nothing published.

Larval food: Nothing published.

Cymothoe aurivillii Staudinger, 1899
Cymothoe aurivillii Staudinger, 1899. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift, Iris 12: 164 (164-167).

Type locality: Tanzania: “Ukami-Bergen im Inneren Deutsch-Ostafrika”.

Diagnosis: Very similar to C. amaniensis – see this species for differentiating features.

Distribution: Tanzania.

Habitat: Submontane and montane forest. Subspecies latifasciata occurs at altitudes from 1 400 to 2 300 m; ssp. tenuifasciae from 1 950 to 2 200 m (Kielland, 1990).

Habits: A shy and comparatively rare species. Males defend territories from perches on exposed leaves; in combat with another male they fly downwards in ever-decreasing circles (Kielland, 1990). Both sexes of ssp. tenuifasciae have been observed feeding from flowers on rocky outcrops (Kielland, 1990).

Early stages: Nothing published.

Larval food:

Rawsonia usambarensis (Flacourtiaceae) [Kielland, 1990: 114].
Cymothoe aurivillii aurivillii Staudinger, 1899
Cymothoe aurivillii Staudinger, 1899. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift, Iris 12: 164 (164-167).

Type locality: Tanzania: “Ukami-Bergen im Inneren Deutsch-Ostafrika”.

Distribution: Tanzania.

Specific localities:

Tanzania – Uluguru Mountains (Kielland, 1990).
Cymothoe aurivillii handeni Rydon, 1996
Cymothoe aurivillii handeni Rydon, 1996. Lambillionea 96 (Numero Special): 9 (8-14).

Nomen nudum. Ackery et al., 1995: 373.

Cymothoe aurivillii handeni Rydon, 1996.

Type locality: Tanzania: “Handeni, Kwadiboma, iv.1987 (J. Kielland).” Holotype in the NHM, London.

Distribution: Tanzania (Nguu Mountains).

Specific localities:

Tanzania – Near Handeni, Nguu Mountains (Kielland, 1990).
Cymothoe aurivillii latifasciata Rydon, 1996
Cymothoe aurivillii latifasciata Rydon, 1996. Lambillionea 96 (Numero Special): 8 (8-14).

Nomen nudum. Ackery et al., 1995: 373.

Cymothoe aurivillii latifasciata Rydon, 1996.

Type locality: Tanzania: “Mufindi, Lulondo (1700m), 25.iv.1986 (J. Kielland).” Holotype in NHM, London.

Distribution: Tanzania (Uzungwa Mountains).

Specific localities:

Tanzania – Lolando, Mufindi; Mwanihana Forest; Muhulu Forest in Ulanga District; Nyumbenitu Mountain (Kielland, 1990).
Cymothoe aurivillii nguru Rydon, 1996
Cymothoe aurivillii nguru Rydon, 1996. Lambillionea 96 (Numero Special): 9 (8-14).

Nomen nudum. Ackery et al., 1995: 373.

Cymothoe aurivillii nguru Rydon, 1996.

Type locality: Tanzania: “Mt. Mbega (2000m) in the Nguru Mts. 23.iii.1987 (J. Kielland).” Holotype in NHM, London.

Distribution: Tanzania (Nguru Mountains).
Cymothoe aurivillii tenuifasciae Rydon, 1996
Cymothoe aurivillii tenuifasciae Rydon, 1996. Lambillionea 96 (Numero Special): 9 (8-14).

Nomen nudum. Ackery et al., 1995: 373.

Cymothoe aurivillii tenuifasciae Rydon, 1996.

Type locality: Tanzania: “Rubeho Mts., Wotta Forest (2000m), 10.v.1984 (J. Kielland).” Holotype in NHM, London.

Distribution: Tanzania (Rubeho Mountains).

Specific localities:

TanzaniaMafwemiro Forest; Wotta Forest; Mangaliza Mountain (Kielland, 1990).

Cymothoe beckeri (Herrich-Schaeffer, 1858)
Diadema beckeri Herrich-Schaeffer, 1858. Sammlung neuer oder wenig bekannter aussereuropäischer Schmetterlinge 1 (1): 54, 77 (1-84.). Regensburg.

Type locality: “Africa occid.”.

Distribution: Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, Congo, Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo, Central African Republic, Uganda.

Common name: Becker’s creamy yellow glider.

Habitat: Forest, including degraded forest habitat (Larsen, 2005a).

Habits: This is a fairly common butterfly (Larsen, 2005a). Males are usually found in sunny clearings in the forest, where they defend territories from perches (Larsen, 2005a). Contesting males fly in tight circles, facing in the same direction, almost wing-tip to wing-tip. The wings are held horizontally and forward motion is achieved by quivering movements of the wings. These contests may last for several minutes until one individual flies off, chased furiously by the victor. Identical behaviour has been noted in C. jodutta (Larsen, 2005a). Females are excellent mimics of toxic day-flying moths, such as Oetroeda planax and Nytemera hesperia, resembling them in terms of both markings and flight pattern (Larsen, 2005a). Both sexes come readily to feed on fallen fruit (Larsen, 2005a).

Early stages:
Amiet, 2000. (larva and pupa).
Larval food:

Macaranga species (Euphorbiaceae) [Fontaine, 1983 (Democratic Republic of Congo)].

Caloncoba species (Flacourtiaceae) [Larsen, 2005a].
Cymothoe beckeri beckeri (Herrich-Schaeffer, 1858)
Diadema beckeri Herrich-Schaeffer, 1858. Sammlung neuer oder wenig bekannter aussereuropäischer Schmetterlinge 1 (1): 54, 77 (1-84.). Regensburg.

Type locality: “Africa occid.”.

Distribution: Nigeria (south and Cross River loop), Cameroon, Gabon, Congo, Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo (west).

Specific localities:

Nigeria – Lagos (Larsen, 2005a).
theodota Hewitson, 1874 in Hewitson, 1862-6 (as sp. of Harma). Illustrations of new species of exotic butterflies 3: 56 (124 pp.). London. Nigeria: “Calibar”.
theocranta Karsch, 1894 (as sp. of Cymothoe). Entomologische Nachrichten. Berlin 20: 209 (209-240). Cameroon: “Barombi-Station am Elefentsee in Kamerun”.
aurora Overlaet, 1952 (as female ab. of Cymothoe beckeri). Annales du Musée Royal du Congo Belge (8) Sciences zoologiques 14: 37 (1-50). Nigeria.
Cymothoe beckeri theodosia Staudinger, 1890
Cymothoe theodota var. theodosia Staudinger, 1890. Stettiner Entomologische Zeitung 50: 416 (412-422).

Type locality: Central African Republic?: “Njam-Njam-Gebiet”.

Distribution: Democratic Republic of Congo (east), Central African Republic, Uganda (west).
marmorata Sharpe, 1904 (as sp. of Harma). Entomologist 37: 183 (181-183). Uganda: “Toro”.

Cymothoe caenis (Drury, 1773)
Papilio caenis Drury, 1773. Illustrations of Natural History 2: index et 33 (90 pp.). London.

Cymothoe caenis. Male. Left – upperside; right – underside. Wingspan: 56mm. Bucha/Teturi, E. Zaire. 24.iv.1996. (Curle Trust Collection - 76).

Cymothoe caenis. Female A. Left – upperside; right – underside. Wingspan: 63mm. Bangui, R. C. A. 1978.04.06. R.P. Godart. (Curle Trust Collection - 78).

Cymothoe caenis. Female B. Left – upperside; right – underside. Wingspan: 63mm. Mt Ngoakele, Yaounde, Cameroon, 03.35N 11.35E. 16.III.1995. A.I. & M.A. Curle. (Curle Trust Collection - 77).

Cymothoe caenis. Female C. Left – upperside; right – underside. Wingspan: 53mm. Bangui, R. C. A. 79.03.03. R.P. Godart. (Curle Trust Collection - 79).

Cymothoe caenis. Female D. Left – upperside; right – underside. Wingspan: 64mm. Mt Ngoakele, Yaounde, Cameroon, 03.35N 11.35E. 16.III.1995. A.I. & M.A. Curle. (Curle Trust Collection - 80).
Type locality: Nigeria: “Calabar”.

Distribution: Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Nigeria (south), Cameroon, Congo, Central African Republic, Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda, Tanzania, Zambia.

Common name: Common glider.

Specific localities:

Cameroon – Korup (Larsen, 2005a).

Tanzania – Mpanda and Kigoma Districts (Kielland, 1990).

Zambia – Ikelenge; Mwinilunga Township (Heath, et al., 2002).

Habitat: Forest at various altitudes, as well as heavy woodland (Kielland, 1990; Larsen, 2005a). In Tanzania it is found at altitudes from 800 to 1 600 m (Kielland, 1990).

Habits: At times this is a common butterfly (Larsen, 2005a). Migrations have apparently been noted in this species (Kielland, 1990). Larsen (2005a) documents a huge single species migration in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Early stages:
Amiet, 2000. (larva).
Larsen, 2005a.

The larvae are gregarious and when disturbed drop off the tree on which they are feeding.


Larval food:

Rawsonia usambarensis Schaumann (Flacourtiaceae) [Van Someren, 1974: 318].

Rawsonia lucida Harvey & Sender (Flacourtiaceae) [Van Someren, 1974: 318].

Caloncoba gilgiana (Flacourtiaceae) [Vuattoux and Blandin, 1979 (Ivory Coast)].

Caloncoba glauca (Flacourtiaceae) [Kielland, 1990: 114].

Lindaeckeria species (Flacourtiaceae) [Bampton, et al., 1991 (Congo)].

Uapaca species (Euphorbiaceae) [Ackery, et al., 1995; requires confirmation (Larsen, 2005a)].

Oncoba spinosa (Flacourtiaceae) [Larsen, 2005a (Aburi, Ghana)].
Note: Females are polymorphic in the east of the butterflies range but monomorphic in West Africa, suggesting that these two populations might represent distinct subspecies(Larsen, 2005a).
adelina Hewitson, 1869 in Hewitson, 1867-71 (as sp. of Harma). Illustrations of new species of exotic butterflies 4: 51 ([118] pp.). London. “Congo”.
corsandra Druce, 1874 (as sp. of Harma). Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 1874: 158 (155-160). Angola.
conformis Aurivillius, 1898 (as ab. of Cymothoe caenis). EntomologiskTidskrift 18: 214 (213-222). No locality given.
dumensis Strand, 1910 (as ab. of Cymothoe caenis). Wiener Entomologische Zeitung 29: 32 (29-35). Cameroon: “Dume-Mündung in Kamerun”.
bakossensis Strand, 1912 (as ab. of Cymothoe caenis). Archiv für Naturgeschichte 77 (1.4. Supplementhefte): 119 (107-123). Cameroon: “Bakossu”.
luteostriata Strand, 1914 (as ab. of Cymothoe adelina). Archiv für Naturgeschichte 79 (A.12.): 125 (97-144). Cameroon: “Kamerun; Simekoa Combokotto”.
diffusa Schultze, 1916 (as ab. of Cymothoe caenis). Archiv für Naturgeschichte 81 (A.7.): 160 (159-167). Cameroon: “N’Kongsamba (am Ausgangspunkt der Manenguba-Bahn), N.-W.-Kamerun”.
obscura Schultze, 1920 (as female ab. of Cymothoe caenis). Ergebnisse der Zweiten Deutschen Zentral-Afrika-Expedition 1 (14): 672 (639-829). Democratic Republic of Congo: “Kimuenza (Belg. Kongo)”; Cameroon: “Molundu (Süd-Kamerun)”.
variegata Schultze, 1920 (as female ab. of Cymothoe caenis). Ergebnisse der Zweiten Deutschen Zentral-Afrika-Expedition 1 (14): 672 (639-829). Cameroon: “N’ginda (Süd-Kamerun)”.
lutea Schultze, 1920 (as female ab. of Cymothoe caenis). Ergebnisse der Zweiten Deutschen Zentral-Afrika-Expedition 1 (14): 672 (639-829). Democratic Republic of Congo: “Kimuenza, Belg. Congo”; Cameroon: “Molundu”.
rubida Holland, 1920 (as f. of Cymothoe caenis). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 43: 199 (109-369). Democratic Republic of Congo: “Medje”.
crassa Overlaet, 1942 (as f. of Cymothoe caenis). Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaine 36: 187 (165-194). Democratic Republic of Congo: “Kapanga, Katanga”.
maynei Overlaet, 1942 (as f. of Cymothoe caenis). Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaine 36: 189 (165-194). Democratic Republic of Congo: “Ikenge, Equateur”.
uniformis Overlaet, 1952 (as male ab. of Cymothoe caenis). Annales du Musée Royal du Congo Belge (8) Sciences zoologiques 14: 40 (1-50). Cameroon: ‘Kamerun”; Togo.
styx Overlaet, 1952 (as ab. of Cymothoe caenis). Annales du Musée Royal du Congo Belge (8) Sciences zoologiques 14: 40 (1-50). Cameroon: ‘Kamerun”; Togo.
schultzei Overlaet, 1952 (as female ab. of Cymothoe caenis). Annales du Musée Royal du Congo Belge (8) Sciences zoologiques 14: 40 (1-50). No locality given.
ferruginea Dufrane, 1953 (as ab. of Cymothoe caenis). Bulletin et Annales de la Société Royale Entomologique de Belgique 89: 45 (41-57). Democratic Republic of Congo: “Kabunga”.

Cymothoe capella (Ward, 1871)
Harma capella Ward, 1871. Entomologist’s Monthly Magazine 8: 119 (34-36, 58-60, 81-82, 118-122).
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