Butterflies and skippers of the afrotropical region




старонка6/21
Дата канвертавання24.04.2016
Памер1.59 Mb.
1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   21

Distribution: Angola, Zambia, Democratic Republic of Congo.

Common name: Omrora acraea.

Habitat:

Habits:

Flight period: Recorded from August to December (Pringle, et al., 1994).

Early stages: Nothing published.

Larval food:

Basananthe reticulata (Passifloraceae) [Congdon & Bampton, unpublished 2003; Mutinondo, Zambia].
Acraea (Acraea) omrora omrora Trimen, 1894
Acraea omrora Trimen, 1894. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1894: 24 (14-82).

Type locality: Nambia/Angola: “Omrora, Ehanda, Humbe, Otiembora”.

Distribution: Angola (south).
Acraea (Acraea) omrora umbraetae Pierre, 1988
Acraea omrora umbraetae Pierre, 1988. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France (N.S.) 24: 272 (263-287).

Acraea omrora umbraetae. Male. Left – upperside; right – underside. Wingspan: 42mm. Abercorn, N Rhod. Feb 1961. R. Badham. (Transvaal Museum - TM3562).
Type locality: [Zambia?]: “Rhodesia”.

Distribution: Zambia (north), Democratic Republic of Congo (south - Lualaba, Haut-Lomani).

Specific localities:

Zambia – Ikelenge; Miengwe; Luanshya; Mkushi; Lumangwe Falls; Mporokoso; Kasama; Kambole; Shiwa Ngandu; Isoka (Heath, et al., 2002).
umbrata Wichgraf, 1909 (as ssp. of Acraea violarum). Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 53: 242 (240-247). [Zambia?]: “Rhodesia”. [Invalid; junior primary homonym of Acraea natalica umbrata Suffert, 1904 [Acraeinae].]

Acraea (Acraea) onerata Trimen, 1891
Acraea onerata Trimen, 1891. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1891: 67 (59-107).

Type locality: [Angola]: “Okavango River”.

Diagnosis: Similar to A. nohara but the hindwing upperside marginal band in onerata is clearly spotted with the ground-colour of the wings (Pringle, et al., 1994).

Distribution: Angola.

Common name: Eriksson’s acraea.

Habitat: ?

Habits: ?

Flight period: December appears to be the only recorded month (Pringle, et al., 1994).

Early stages: Nothing published.

Larval food: Nothing published.
aureola Eltringham, 1911 (as sp. of Acraea). Novitates Zoologicae 18: 149 (149-153). Angola: “Bihé”.

Acraea (Acraea) overlaeti Pierre, 1988
Acraea overlaeti Pierre, 1988. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France (N.S.) 24: 272 (263-287).

Type locality: Democratic Republic of Congo: “Lulua, Tshibalaka”.

Distribution: Democratic Republic of Congo (Shaba).

Habitat:

Early stages: Nothing published.

Larval food: Nothing published.

Acraea (Acraea) periphanes Oberthür, 1893
Acraea periphanes Oberthür, 1893. Études d’Entomologie 17: 20 (17-36).

Acraea periphanes. Male A. Left – upperside; right – underside. Wingspan: 47mm. Kitwe, Zambia. 64.03.27. A.I. Curle. (Curle Trust Collection - 31).

Acraea periphanes. Male B. Left – upperside; right – underside. Wingspan: 48mm. Kitwe, Zambia. 63.01.15. A.I. Curle. (Curle Trust Collection - 33).

Acraea periphanes. Female. Left – upperside; right – underside. Wingspan: 42mm. Kitwe, Zambia. 64.01.15. A.I. Curle. (Curle Trust Collection - 34).
Type locality: “Lac Tanganika”.

Distribution: Zambia (north), Malawi, Tanzania (south and west), Democratic Republic of Congo (Haut-Lomani, Lualaba, Haut-Shaba), Angola.

Specific localities:

Zambia – Ikelenge; Mufulira; Kitwe; Luanshya; Kanona; Mporokoso; Mbala; Isoka; lower Chambeshi River, near Lake Bangweulu (Heath, et al., 2002).

Habitat: Marshy grassland (Heath, et al., 2002).

Early stages: Nothing published.

Larval food: Nothing published.
beni Bethune-Baker, 1908 (as sp. of Acraea). Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1908: 110 (110-126). Angola.
umida Wichgraf, 1909 (as female f. of Acraea onerata). Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 53: 246 (240-247). [Zambia]: “Rhodesia”.
melaina Eltringham, 1911 (as f. of Acraea periphanes). Novitates Zoologicae 18: 152 (149-153). Zambia: “Lower Chambesi, L. Bangweolo”.
acritoides Eltringham, 1911 (as f. of Acraea periphanes). Novitates Zoologicae 18: 152 (149-153). Zambia: “Chinsali District, Lower Chambesi, L. Bangweolo”.
marginata Eltringham, 1911 (as f. of Acraea periphanes). Novitates Zoologicae 18: 153 (149-153). Zambia: “Lower Chambesi, L. Bangweolo”.
interposita Wichgraf, 1918 (as ssp. of Acraea periphanes). Internationale Entomologische Zeitschrift 12: 29 (26-30). Tanzania: “Kigonsera, D. O. Afrika”.
seitzi Le Doux, 1922 (as f. of Acraea periphanes). Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 1922: 312 (297-316). Tanzania: “Deutsch-Ostafrika (Kigonsera)”.
bihensis Le Doux, 1923 (as f. of Acraea periphanes). Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 1923: 220 (207-226). Angola: “Bihé”.

Acraea (Acraea) petraea Boisduval, 1847
Acraea petraea Boisduval, 1847. In: Delegorgue, A., Voyage dans l’Afrique australe 2: 589 (585-602).

Type locality: South Africa: “Port Natal”.

Distribution: Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi (south), Mozambique, Zimbabwe (east), South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal).

Specific localities:

KwaZulu-Natal – Umkomaas (Swanepoel, 1953); Durban (Swanepoel, 1953); Pietermaritzburg (Swanepoel, 1953); Eshowe (Swanepoel, 1953); St Lucia Bay (Swanepoel, 1953); Kosi Bay (Williams).

Common name: Blood-red acraea.

Habitat:

Habits: Flies slowly, a few metres from the gound, often in the vicinity of its larval host-plant. Males establish and defend territories in glades and clearings in the bush, perching a few metres above the ground (Pringle, et al., 1994).

Flight period: All year (Pringle, et al., 1994).

Early stages:
Harford (larva) and Trimen (pupa), in Trimen & Bowker, 1887, Vol. 1: 145 [as Acraea Petraea Boisduval; KwaZulu-Natal].

Larva. Back yellowish-brown, with transverse blackish streaks; dorsal stripe and sides purplish-black, the latter much lighter about spiracles; lateral inflation edged with light-yellow, almost white. Under side – Light bluish-green; ventral claspers and pro-legs yellowish. Head black and polished, larger than second segment; mouth and bifid mark on forehead white; in some specimens also two small white streaks on summit of head. Spines steely-black, largest on third, fourth, and fifth segments; a suffusion of white at the base of all excepting those on the second, third, fourth, and fifth segments. About ⅞-inch in length.” – H.C. Harford, in litt.



Of the younger larvae Mr. Harford remarks that they have very few black markings, and no dorsal or lateral stripes, but that these gradually appear and grow more distinct with the development of the insect. He further observes that the larvae feed on a tree in great numbers together, and that, when the bough upon which they are so congregated is shaken with any violence, they lower themselves to the ground by a silken thread, and there, lying still, are with great difficulty to be detected among the dead leaves and debris. Pupa. Pale-grey anteriorly; the outlines of the head and limbs and the nervures of the wings finely defined with black. Abdominal region of a browner tint; spots of the usual rows ochreous-yellow in black rings, separate from each other. Described from a drawing of Mr. Harford’s, giving a lateral view.
Fawcett, 1901: 294.
Clark, in Van Son, 1963: 113.
Larval food:

Xylotheca kraussiana Hochst. (Flacourtiaceae) [Fawcett, 1901].

Xylotheca kotzei (Flacourtiaceae) [ref?].
petrina Suffert, 1904 (as ssp. of Acraea petraea). Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift, Iris 17: 25 (12-107). No locality given.
taborana Suffert, 1904 (as ssp. of Acraea petraea). Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift, Iris 17: 26 (12-107). Tanzania: “Umgegend von Tabora”.
pseudacontias Wichgraf, 1914 (as ab. of Acraea petraea). Deutsche Entomologische Zeitung 1914: 348 (345-353). No locality given.
grisea Neustetter, 1916 (as ab. of Acraea petraea). Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift, Iris 30: 97 (95-108). No locality given.

Acraea (Acraea) pseudatolmis Eltringham, 1912

Acraea nohara pseudatolmis Eltringham, 1912. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 1912: 130 (1-374).

Type locality: Zimbabwe: “S.E. Rhodesia; Mahakata R.”.

Distribution: Zimbabwe (eastern border).

Specific localities:

Zimbabwe – Nyanga massif; Vumba Mountains; Chimanimani Mountains (Pringle, et al., 1994); Odzi River (probably strays); Lower Pungwe River [Gorge] (probably strays); Musapa Gap (probably strays) (Pinhey); Rundu River (Van Son; single specimen); Chipinge (Paré).

Common name: False scarlet acraea.

Habitat: Montane grassland.

Habits: The same as those of A. nohara (Pringle, et al., 1994).

Flight period: All year (Pringle, et al., 1994).

Early stages: Nothing published.

Larval food:

Basananthe sandersonii (Passifloraceae) [Dickson & Kroon, 1978].

Tricliceras longipedunculatum (Turneraceae) [Dickson & Kroon, 1978].

Relevant literature:

Pinhey, E.C.G. 1975. Arnoldia, Rhodesia 7 (30): 1-3.



Acraea (Acraea) pudorina Staudinger, 1885
Acraea pudorina Staudinger, 1885 in Staudinger and Schatz, 1884-8. Exotischer Schmetterlinge 1: 84 (333 pp.). Bayern.

Type locality: Tanzania: “Insel Zanzibar”.

Distribution: Kenya (central and south), Tanzania (Zanzibar, Mkomazi Game Reserve - Van Noort and Stone, 2000: 77).

Habitat:

Early stages: Nothing published.

Larval food: Nothing published.
emboensis Gaede, 1915 (as var. of Acraea acrita). Entomologische Rundschau 32: 51 (50-52). Kenya: “S. Embo”.
rubida Le Doux, 1923 (as f. of Acraea acrita pudorina). Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 1923: 216 (207-226). Kenya: “Kibwezi (Britisch-Ostafrika)”.
mancamorpha Le Doux, 1932 (as f. of Acraea acrita pudorina). Mitteilungen der Deutschen Entomologischen Gesellschaft 3: 4 (4-7). Kenya: “Brit.-O.-Afrika, North slope of Kenya, on Embu-Meru Road; Bondoni”.

Acraea (Acraea) punctellata Eltringham, 1912
Acraea nohara punctellata Eltringham, 1912. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 1912: 131 (1-374).

Type locality: Malawi: “Dedza Mt., Central Angoniland”.

Distribution: Malawi, Tanzania (south).

Habitat:

Early stages: Nothing published.

Larval food: Nothing published.
noharoides Le Doux, 1923 (as f. of Acraea nohara). Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 1923: 218 (207-226). Tanzania: “Kigonsera (Deutsch-Ostafrika)”.

Acraea (Acraea) rohlfsi Suffert, 1904
Acraea rohlfsi Suffert, 1904. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift, Iris 17: 124 (124-132).

Type locality: Tanzania: “Ukerewe”.

Distribution: Tanzania (north).

Habitat:

Early stages: Nothing published.

Larval food: Nothing published.

Acraea (Acraea) utengulensis Thurau, 1903
Acraea acrita var. utengulensis Thurau, 1903. Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 48: 130 (117-143).

Acraea utengulensis. Male. Left – upperside; right – underside. Wingspan: 52mm. N.E. Zambia, 3 km south west of Mbala. About 1800 m. 22.V.1972. J.C. Little. (Newport Collection).

Acraea utengulensis. Female. Left – upperside; right – underside. Wingspan: 50mm. N.E. Zambia, Lunzua Falls area, nr Mbala. About 1600 m. 4.III.1972. J.C. Little. (Newport Collection).
Type locality: Tanzania: “Utengule”.

Distribution: Tanzania (north and central), Zambia.

Specific localities:

Zambia – Mbala; Lunzua Falls.

Habitat:

Early stages: Nothing published.

Larval food: Nothing published.
taborensis Le Doux, 1931 (as f. of Acraea (acrita) manca). Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 1931: 51 (49-59). Tanzania: “Tabora, D.-O.-Afrika”.

Acraea (Acraea) violarum Boisduval, 1847
Acraea violarum Boisduval, 1847. In: Delegorgue, A., Voyage dans l’Afrique australe 2: 591 (585-602).

Acraea violarum. Male. Left – upperside; right – underside. Wingspan: 44mm. Barberton, Mpumalanga, South Africa; 25 November, 2001; M.C. Williams (Williams collection).

Acraea violarum. Female. Left – upperside; right – underside. Wingspan: 48mm. Barberton, Mpumalanga, South Africa; 25 November, 2001; M.C. Williams (Williams collection).
Type locality: South Africa: “Port-Natal”.

Distribution: Angola, Mozambique (south), Zimbabwe (east), South Africa (Limpopo Province, Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal, Eastern Cape Province), Swaziland (Duke, et al., 1999).

Specific localities:

Limpopo Province – Legalameetse Nature Reserve (“Malta Forest”) (Swanepoel, 1953); Haenertsburg (Swanepoel, 1953); Houtbosdorp (Swanepoel, 1953); Munnik (Swanepoel, 1953); Zoekmekaar (Swanepoel, 1953); Elim (Swanepoel, 1953); Louis Trichardt (Swanepoel, 1953); Polokwane (Swanepoel, 1953); Potgietersrus (Swanepoel, 1953).

Mpumalanga – Barberton (Swanepoel, 1953); Nelspruit (Swanepoel, 1953); Sabie (Swanepoel, 1953); Marieps Kop (Swanepoel, 1953); Buffelskloof Nature Reserve (Williams).

KwaZulu-Natal – Durban (Swanepoel, 1953); Umhlanga (Swanepoel, 1953); Verulam (Swanepoel, 1953); Tugela River (Swanepoel, 1953); St Lucia Bay (Swanepoel, 1953); Pietermaritzburg (Swanepoel, 1953); Karkloof (Swanepoel, 1953); Balgowan (Swanepoel, 1953); Biggarsberg (Swanepoel, 1953); Hermansburg (Swanepoel, 1953); Great Noodsberg (Swanepoel, 1953).

Eastern Cape Province – North Pondoland – Tojo’s country (Swanepoel, 1953).

Common name: Speckled red acraea.

Habitat: Grassland and savanna.

Habits: Flies weakly, just above ground level, in grassy meadows. Settles frequently, on vegetation or on flowers (Pringle et al., 1994).

Flight period: All year in the warmer parts of its distribution (Pringle et al., 1994).

Early stages:
Clark in Van Son, 1963: 119.
Larval food:

Basananthe sandersonii (Harv.) De Wilde (Passifloraceae) [Schofield in Van Son, 1963?].
nataliensis Angas, 1849 (as sp. of Acraea). The Kafirs illustrated in a series of drawings taken among the Amazulu, Amaponda, and Amakosa tribes; [etc.]: pl. 30 ([52] pp.). London. South Africa: “near D’Urban”.
gracilis Wichgraf, 1909 (as ssp. of Acraea violarum). Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 53: 243 (240-247). Zimbabwe: “Mashunaland”.
assimiliora Le Doux, 1922 (as f. of Acraea violarum). Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 1922: 303 (297-316). Angola: “Baillundo”.
assimilis Le Doux, 1922 (as f. of Acraea violarum). Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 1922: 303 (297-316). Angola: “Baillundo”.
dissimilis Le Doux, 1922 (as f. of Acraea violarum). Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 1922: 304 (297-316). Zimbabwe: “Rhodesia”; Mozambique: “Delegoa-Bay”.
aspectasema Le Doux, 1922 (as f. of Acraea violarum). Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 1922: 305 (297-316). Zimbabwe: “Que Que River, Umgemi River, Bambezi”.

Acraea (Acraea) aglaonice Westwood, 1881
Acraea aglaonice Westwood, 1881. In: Oates, F., Matabeleland and the Victoria Falls, 1st edition: 346 (331-365). London.

Acraea aglaonice. Male. Left – upperside; right – underside. Wingspan: 49mm. Laurenceville, Vumba, S.R. 28.7.60. H. Cookson. (Transvaal Museum - TM3534).
Type locality: [Zimbabwe]: “Tati”.

Distribution: Zambia, Mozambique (south), Zimbabwe, Botswana, South Africa (Limpopo Province, Mpumalanga, North West Province, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal – north), Swaziland (Duke et al., 1999).

Specific localities:

Zambia – Livingstone (Heath et al., 2002).

Limpopo Province – Warmbaths (Swanepoel, 1953); Acornhoek (Swanepoel, 1953); Tubex (Swanepoel, 1953); Polokwane (Swanepoel, 1953); Potgietersrus (Swanepoel, 1953); Blouberg (Swanepoel, 1953); Alldays (Swanepoel, 1953); Wyliespoort (Swanepoel, 1953); Sibasa (Swanepoel, 1953); Mokeetsi (Swanepoel, 1953); Gravelotte (Swanepoel, 1953); Legalameetse Nature Reserve (“Malta Forest”).

Mpumalanga – Barberton (Swanepoel, 1953); Groblersdal (Swanepoel, 1953); Lydenburg district (Swanepoel, 1953); Komatipoort (Swanepoel, 1953).

Gauteng – Krugersdorp (Swanepoel, 1953); Pretoria – Montana (Williams); Buffelsdrif Conservancy (Williams).

KwaZulu-Natal – Tugela River (Swanepoel, 1953); Empangeni (Swanepoel, 1953); Hluhluwe (Swanepoel, 1953).

Swaziland – Mlawula N. R. (www.sntc.org.sz).

Common name: Window acraea; Clear-spotted acraea.

Habitat: Savanna.

Habits: Males are often found hilltopping during the warmer hours of the day. Here it hovers about the grass and low shrubs. Specimens are often observed feeding from flowers (Pringle et al., 1994).

Flight period: All year (Pringle et al. 1994).

Early stages: Nothing published.

Larval food:

Passiflora edulis Sims (Passifloraceae) (exotic) [Swynnerton, cited by Platt, 1921].

Passiflora incarnata L. (Passifloraceae) [Swynnerton, cited by Platt, 1921].

Adenia glauca Schinz. (Passifloraceae) [Williams, unpublished 2003; larvae found near Montana, Pretoria, Gauteng.]
fenestrata Trimen, 1881 (as sp. of Acraea). Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 1881: 435 (433-445). South Africa: “Transvaal; Leydenburg district”; Mozambique: “Delagoa Bay”.
albofasciata Aurivillius, 1913 in Seitz, 1908-25 (as ab. of Acraea aglaonice). Die Gross-Schmetterlinge der Erde, Stuttgart (2) 13 Die Afrikanischen Tagfalter: 270 (614 pp.). Mozambique: “Manicaland”.
leucaspis Wichgraf, 1914 (as female f. of Acraea aglaonice). Deutsche Entomologische Zeitung 1914: 348 (345-353). South Africa: “Johannesburg”.
latimarginata van Son, 1963 (as f. of Acraea aglaonice). Transvaal Museum Memoires No. 14: 88 (130 pp.). South Africa: “Mariepskop, Transvaal”.

Acraea (Acraea) asboloplintha Karsch, 1894
Acraea asboloplintha Karsch, 1894. Entomologische Nachrichten. Berlin 20: 223 (209-240).

Type locality: Uganda: “West Albert Njansa (bei Badjua, West Lendú)”.

Distribution: Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda, Burundi, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania.

Habitat: Forest and heavy woodland (Kielland, 1990).

Early stages: Nothing published.

Larval food:

Basananthe zanzibaricum Masters (Passifloraceae) [Van Someren, 1974: 323; as Tryphostemma zanzibaricum].

Adenia lobata (Passifloraceae) [Van Someren, 1974: 323].
Acraea (Acraea) asboloplintha asboloplintha Karsch, 1894
Acraea asboloplintha Karsch, 1894. Entomologische Nachrichten. Berlin 20: 223 (209-240).

Type locality: Uganda: “West Albert Njansa (bei Badjua, West Lendú)”.

Distribution: Democratic Republic of Congo (east - Ituri, Kivu), Rwanda, Burundi, Uganda, Kenya (west), Tanzania (north-west).

Specific localities:

TanzaniaNgara District; Marang Forest, Mbulu (Kielland, 1990).
dissociata Grose-Smith, 1898 (as sp. of Acraea). Novitates Zoologicae 5: 350 (350-358). Uganda: “Patsho, Nandi country”.
Acraea (Acraea) asboloplintha rubescens Trimen, 1909
Acraea asboloplintha rubescens Trimen, 1909. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 1909: 547 (547-557).
1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   21


База данных защищена авторским правом ©shkola.of.by 2016
звярнуцца да адміністрацыі

    Галоўная старонка