Butterflies and skippers of the afrotropical region




старонка5/21
Дата канвертавання24.04.2016
Памер1.59 Mb.
1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   21

Early stages: Nothing published.

Larval food: Nothing published.
acutipennis Lathy, 1906 (as sp. of Acraea). Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 1906: 2 (1-10). Zambia: “North-eastern Rhodesia”.
lactea Neave, 1910 (as sp. of Acraea). Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1910: 20 (2-86). Zambia: “Near Lulua, upper Lufupa river”.

Acraea (Acraea) dondoensis Stevenson, 1934
Acraea nohara dondoensis Stevenson, 1934. Occasional Papers of the Rhodesia Museum 1 (3): 12 (10-17).

Acraea dondoensis Stevenson, 1934. Henning, G. 1993: 13.

Type locality: Mozambique: “Dondo, P. E. Africa”.

Distribution: Mozambique (inland from Beira).

Specific localities:

Mozambique – near Beira; Dondo Forest (Pringle, et al. 1994).

Common name: Dondo Acraea.

Habitat: ?

Habits: ?

Flight period: All year (Pringle, et al. 1994).

Early stages: Nothing published.

Larval food: Nothing published.
junodi Oberthür, 1911 (as ab. of Acraea actiaca). Études de Lépidoptérologie Comparée 5: 324 (324). South Africa: “Nord du Transvaal”. [False locality?]
junodi d’Abrera, 1980 (as ssp. of Acraea nohara). Butterflies of the Afrotropical region 146 (593 pp.). Melbourne. “Beira in central Mozambique and into Kenya”.

Acraea (Acraea) egina (Cramer, 1775)
Papilio egina Cramer, 1775 in Cramer, [1775-6]. Die Uitlandsche Kapellen voorkomende in de drie waerrelddeelen Asia, Africa en America 1: 64 (16 + 155 pp.). Amsteldam & Utrecht.

Acraea egina egina. Male. Left – upperside; right – underside. Wingspan: 67mm. Kakamega, Kenya, 01.00N - 34.00E. 25.vi.1994. C. Ficq. (Curle Trust Collection - 29).

Acraea egina egina. Female. Left – upperside; right – underside. Wingspan: 76mm. Bangui, R. C. A. 85.02.11. R.P. Godart. (Curle Trust Collection - 30).
Type locality: [West Africa].

Distribution: Senegal, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Burkina Faso, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Nigeria, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Congo, Central African Republic, Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo, Sudan, Uganda, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, South Africa.

Common Name: Elegant acraea.

Habitat: Forest of all types, as well as Guinea savanna in West Africa (Larsen, 2005a).

Habits: A reasonably common species that flies in the forest canopy but descends to feed from flowers. In the early morning they may also be seen flying low down along forest tracks (Pringle, et al. 1994). It is the prime model for Pseudacraea boisduvalii (Larsen, 2005a). The flight is quite strong for an acraea. Sometimes the wings are held horizontal while being vibrated; this may be a display flight pattern (Larsen, 2005a). Males are also known to hilltop (Larsen, 2005a).

Flight period: October to June (Pringle et al. 1994).

Early stages:
Aurivillius, 1906: 2.
Eltringham, 1912: 111.
Van Someren & Rogers, 1925: 135.
Bernaud, 1998 [(Cameroon)].
Larval food:

"Magungwa" [Van Someren & Rogers, 1925].



Adenia lobata (Passifloraceae) [Owen, 1971 (Sierra Leone); Pierre & Vuattoux, 1978 (Ivory Coast); Bernaud, 1998 (Cameroon)].

Rawsonia species (Flacourtiaceae) [Ackery et al., 1995].
Acraea (Acraea) egina egina (Cramer, 1775)
Papilio egina Cramer, 1775 in Cramer, [1775-6]. Die Uitlandsche Kapellen voorkomende in de drie waerrelddeelen Asia, Africa en America 1: 64 (16 + 155 pp.). Amsteldam & Utrecht.

Acraea egina egina. Male. Left – upperside; right – underside. Wingspan: 67mm. Kakamega, Kenya, 01.00N - 34.00E. 25.vi.1994. C. Ficq. (Curle Trust Collection - 29).

Acraea egina egina. Female. Left – upperside; right – underside. Wingspan: 76mm. Bangui, R. C. A. 85.02.11. R.P. Godart. (Curle Trust Collection - 30).
Type locality: [West Africa].

Distribution: Senegal, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Burkina Faso, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Nigeria, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Congo, Central African Republic, Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo, Sudan (south), Uganda, Ethiopia, Kenya (west), Zambia (north).

Specific localities:

Sierra Leone – Freetown (Larsen, 2005a).

Cameroon – Korup (Larsen, 2005a).

Zambia – Mufulira; Ndola; Mpongwe; Lake Bangweulu; Kalungwishi River; Lufubu River; Mbala (Heath, et al., 2002).
rudolphina Herbst, 1792 (as sp. of Papilio). Natursystem aller bekannten in- und ausländischen Insekten. Der Schmetterlinge 5: 7 (231 pp.). Berlin. [West Africa]: “America”. [False locality.]
persephone Fabricius, 1793 (as sp. of Papilio). Entomologia Systematica emendata et aucta 3 (1): 174 (488 pp.). [West Africa.]
zidora Godart, 1819 in Latreille and Godart, [1819], [1824] (as sp. of Acraea). Encyclopédie Méthodique. Histoire Naturelle [Zoologie] 9 Entomologie: 237 (1-328 [1819], 329-828 [1824]). Paris. Sierra Leone.
khara Grose-Smith, 1889 (as sp. of Acraea). Annals and Magazine of Natural History (6) 3: 128 (121-137). Kenya: “In the neighbourhood of Mombasa”.
contraria Grünberg, 1910 (as ab. of Acraea egina). Societas Entomologica 24: 145 (145-148). Tanzania: “Kissenje am Kiwu-See”.
alba Eltringham, 1913 (as female f. of Acraea egina). Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 1913: 412 (407-413). Uganda: “Sesse I”.
intensa Stoneham, 1937 (as ssp. of Acraea egina). Bulletin of the Stoneham Museum (32): [2] ([3 pp.]). Kenya: “East Surrey Estates, Kenya Colony”.
tenuimarginatus Stoneham, 1937 (as f. of Acraea egina). Bulletin of the Stoneham Museum (32): [2] ([3 pp.]). Kenya: “East Surrey Estates, Kenya Colony”.
rubristriatus Stoneham, 1937 (as f. of Acraea egina). Bulletin of the Stoneham Museum (32): [3] ([3 pp.]). Kenya: “East Surrey Estates, Kenya Colony”.
bellehui Carcasson, 1961 (as ssp. of Acraea egina). Occasional Papers. Coryndon Memorial Museum, Nairobi 7: 11 (1-23). Ethiopia: “Ghrotole, Giarso Road, south-west Ethiopia”.
Acraea (Acraea) egina areca Mabille, 1889
Acraea areca Mabille, 1889. Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France (6) 8: 169 (169-170).

Synonym of Acraea egina egina (Cramer, 1775). Ackery et al., 1995.



Acraea egina areca Mabille, 1889. Pringle et al., 1994: 81.

Type locality: Tanzania: “Bagamayo (Zanzibar)”.

Distribution: Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe (eastern border), South Africa (Limpopo Province).

Specific localities:

Mozambique – Maronga Forest; Amatongas; Dondo Forest (Pringle, et al. 1994).

Zimbabwe – Mount Selinda (Jones and Kroon); Bulawayo (M. Gardiner; single female).

Limpopo Province – Vivo (Swanepoel; single female).

Note: Larsen (2005a: 455) states that, despite the comments by Pierre (1988), areca Mabille, 1889 “is most probably specifically distinct”.
Acraea (Acraea) egina harrisoni Sharpe, 1904
Acraea harrisoni Sharpe, 1904. Entomologist 37: 132 (131-134).

Synonym of Acraea egina egina (Cramer, 1775). Ackery et al., 1995.



Acraea egina harrisoni Sharpe, 1904. Larsen, 2005a: 455).

Type locality: Kenya: “Nyangori”.

Distribution: Kenya (coast).
Acraea (Acraea) egina pembanus Kielland, 1990
Acraea egina pembanus Kielland, 1990. Butterflies of Tanzania 155 (363 pp.). Melbourne.

Type locality: Tanzania: “N. Pemba I., Ngezi Forest”.

Description:

Male. Closest to ssp. harrisoni with a greatly extended greyish-black area of the f.w.; differs in the more irregular placed black spots proximad of the subapical pale band; the spots are often merging with, or in others almost touching the spot situated at the end of cell (this feature is similar to that of ssp. areca). Black spots of both wings large; h.w. black spots larger than in areca, and marginal black band wider, also wider than in harrisoni. Underside much more heavily marked than in the other two races; f.w. apical half black-dusted as on the upperside; h.w. marginal black border with pale spots greatly reduced; there is no indication of a submarginal ochre band as in other races. Length of f.w. 34.5-38 mm. Female. Upperside of both wings grey; a subapical whitish band in the f.w.; h.w. discal area pale brownish, slightly yellowish in some specimens, but without the ochre colour as in the other races; marginal band very wide, with indications of pale internervular spots; underside slightly less heavily marked than in the male, but more heavily than in other races; without an ochre submarginal band; black dusting extending along the veins, and with a black streak in between them. Length of f.w. 36.2-40 mm.”



Distribution: Tanzania (island of Pemba).

Acraea (Acraea) eltringhamiana Le Doux, 1932
Acraea acrita eltringhamiana Le Doux, 1932. Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Berlin 18: 197 (172-225).

Acraea eltringhamiana. Male. Left – upperside; right – underside. Wingspan: 49mm. Kalamgu Falls, 5000', Zambia. 2 July 74. I. Bampton. (Henning collection - H120).
Type locality: Zambia: “NO-Rhodesia; Bangweolo-See, Luwingu; Mweru-See”; Democratic Republic of Congo: “Belg. Congo; Lualaba Fluss”.

Distribution: Zamibia (north - near Lake Bangweolo), Democratic Republic of Congo (south-east).

Specific localities:

Zambia – Mwinilunga; Kasumbalesa; Chililabombwe; Lake Bangweulu; Lake Mweru (Heath, et al., 2002).

Habitat:

Early stages: Nothing published.

Larval food: Nothing published.

Acraea (Acraea) guillemei Oberthür, 1893
Acraea guillemei Oberthür, 1893. Études d’Entomologie 17: 19 (17-36).

Acraea guillemei. Male. Left – upperside; right – underside. Wingspan: 45mm. Simba, Tanzania. 18/9/67. Kielland. (Henning collection - H125).
Type locality: “Lac Tanganika”.

Distribution: Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo (Haut-Lomani, Tanganika), Zambia (north-west), Tanzania (west).

Specific localities:

Zambia – Jimbe (Ikelenge) (Heath, et al., 2002).

Habitat: Deciduous forest (Heath, et al., 2002).

Early stages: Nothing published.

Larval food: Nothing published.

Acraea (Acraea) guluensis Le Doux, 1932
Acraea manca guluensis Le Doux, 1932. Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Berlin 18: 199 (172-225).

Type locality: Uganda: “Gulu Fatiko”.

Distribution: Uganda (north), Sudan (south).

Habitat:

Early stages: Nothing published.

Larval food: Nothing published.

Acraea (Acraea) lapidorum Pierre, 1988
Acraea lapidorum Pierre, 1988. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France (N.S.) 24: 282 (263-287).

Type locality: Angola: “Upper Lungwe-Bungo River, S.E. Angola”.

Distribution: Angola. Known only from the holotype.

Habitat:

Early stages: Nothing published.

Larval food: Nothing published.

Acraea (Acraea) lofua Eltringham, 1911
Acraea lofua Eltringham, 1911. Novitates Zoologicae 18: 150 (149-153).

Acraea lofua. Male. Left – upperside; right – underside. Wingspan: 38mm. Mporokoso, Zambia. 13.IX.76. A. Heath. (African Butterfly Research Institute, Nairobi).
Type locality: Zambia: “Lofu River, N.E. Rhodesia”.

Distribution: Zambia (north-east).

Specific localities:

Zambia – Lake Bangweulu; Lumangwe Falls; Lofu (now Lufubu) River (TL) (Heath, et al., 2002).

Habitat: Deciduous woodland (Heath, et al., 2002).

Early stages: Nothing published.

Larval food: Nothing published.

Acraea (Acraea) loranae Pierre, 1987
Acraea loranae Pierre, 1987. Nouvelle Revue d’Entomologie (N.S.) 4: 15 (5-27).

Type locality: Democratic Republic of Congo: “E. Luvua valley, Escarpment 5 days N.E. of L. Mweru, 4000-5000ft”.

Distribution: Democratic Republic of Congo (Shaba).

Habitat:

Early stages: Nothing published.

Larval food: Nothing published.

Acraea (Acraea) lualabae Neave, 1910
Acraea lualabae Neave, 1910. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1910: 18 (2-86).

Type locality: Democratic Republic of Congo: “Lualaba River”.

Distribution: Democratic Republic of Congo (Shaba).

Habitat:

Early stages: Nothing published.

Larval food: Nothing published.
kanonga Overlaet, 1955 (as f. of Acraea lualabae). Exploration du Parc National de l’Upemba 27: 77 (1-106). Democratic Republic of Congo: “Kanonga”.

Acraea (Acraea) manca Thurau, 1904
Acraea guillemei var. manca Thurau, 1904. Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 48: 305 (301-314).

Type locality: Tanzania: “Irangi, Mowa, Meri, Iraku”.

Distribution: Tanzania.

Habitat:

Early stages: Nothing published.

Larval food: Nothing published.

Acraea (Acraea) mansya Eltringham, 1911
Acraea mansya Eltringham, 1911. Novitates Zoologicae 18: 153 (149-153).

Acraea mansya. Male. Left – upperside; right – underside. Wingspan: 39mm. Jimbe, Ikelenge, N.W. Province. 24/VIII/76. A. Heath. (Henning collection - H123).
Type locality: Zambia: “L. Young, N.E. Rhodesia”.

Distribution: Zambia, Democratic Republic of Congo (Haut-Lomani).

Specific localities:

Zambia – Ikelenge (Heath, et al., 2002).

Habitat:

Early stages: Nothing published.

Larval food: Nothing published.
janssensi Overlaet, 1955 (as ssp. of Acraea mansya). Exploration du Parc National de l’Upemba 27: 72 (1-106). Democratic Republic of Congo: “Nationaal Upemba Parc, Lusinga”.

Acraea (Acraea) medea (Cramer, 1775)
Papilio medea Cramer, 1775 in Cramer, [1775-6]. Die Uitlandsche Kapellen voorkomende in de drie waerrelddeelen Asia, Africa en America 1: 128 (16 + 155 pp.). Amsteldam & Utrecht.

Type locality: [Sao Tome and Principe]: “Côte de Guinea”.

Distribution: Sao Tome and Principe (island of Principe).

Habitat:

Early stages: Nothing published.

Larval food: Nothing published.
pasiphae Fabricius, 1781 (as sp. of Papilio). Species Insectorum 2: 33 (499 pp.). Hamburgi & Kilonii. [Sao Tome and Principe]: “Guinea”.
saronis Hübner, 1819 in Hübner, [1816-[1826]] (as sp. of Telchinia). Verzeichniss bekannter Schmettlinge 27 (432 + 72 pp.). Augsburg. [Sao Tome and Principe]: “Côte de Guinea”.

Acraea (Acraea) niobe Sharpe, 1893
Acraea niobe Sharpe, 1893. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1893: 554 (553-558).

Type locality: Sao Tome and Principe: “St Thomas”.

Distribution: Sao Tome and Principe (island of Sao Tome).

Habitat:

Early stages:
Pierre, Bernaud and Oremans, 2002.
Larval food: Nothing published.

Acraea (Acraea) nohara Boisduval, 1847
Acraea nohara Boisduval, 1847. In: Delegorgue, A., Voyage dans l’Afrique australe 2: 590 (585-602).

Acraea nohara nohara. Male. Left – upperside; right – underside. Wingspan: 43mm. Barberton, Mpumalanga, South Africa; 25 November, 2001; M.C. Williams (Williams collection).

Acraea nohara nohara. Female. Left – upperside; right – underside. Wingspan: 44mm. Barberton, Mpumalanga, South Africa; 25 November, 2001; M.C. Williams (Williams collection).
Type locality: South Africa: “Port-Natal”.

Distribution: Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland (Duke, et al., 1999).

Common name: Light-red acraea.

Habitat: Grassland.

Habits: Flutters weakly, just above the level of the grass. It settles frequently, on low vegetation or grass stems (Pringle, et al. 1994).

Flight period: October to March for the nominate subspecies and all year for ssp. halali (Pringle, et al. 1994).

Early stages:
Fountaine, 1911: 60 [nominate subspecies; Macequece, Mozambique].
Clark, in Van Son, 1963: 108 [nominate subspecies].
Larval food:

Tricliceras longipedunculatum (Mast.) R. Fernandes (Turneraceae) [Fountaine, 1911: 60; as Wormskioldia longipedunculata; nominate subspecies; Macequece, Mozambique].

Basananthe sandersonii (Harv.) De Wilde (Passifloraceae) [Platt, 1921; as Tryphostemma sandersonii?; nominate subspecies].
Acraea (Acraea) nohara nohara Boisduval, 1847
Acraea nohara Boisduval, 1847. In: Delegorgue, A., Voyage dans l’Afrique australe 2: 590 (585-602).

Acraea nohara nohara. Male. Left – upperside; right – underside. Wingspan: 43mm. Barberton, Mpumalanga, South Africa; 25 November, 2001; M.C. Williams (Williams collection).

Acraea nohara nohara. Female. Left – upperside; right – underside. Wingspan: 44mm. Barberton, Mpumalanga, South Africa; 25 November, 2001; M.C. Williams (Williams collection).
Type locality: South Africa: “Port-Natal”.

Distribution: Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia (north), South Africa (Limpopo Province, Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal, Eastern Cape Province), Swaziland (Duke, et al., 1999).

Specific localities:

Limpopo Province – Legalameetse Nature Reserve (“Malta Forest”) (Swanepoel, 1953); Haenertsburg (Swanepoel, 1953); Houtbosdorp (Swanepoel, 1953); Munnik (Swanepoel, 1953); Zoekmekaar (Swanepoel, 1953); Louis Trichardt (Swanepoel, 1953); Sibasa (Swanepoel, 1953).

Mpumalanga – Barberton (Swanepoel, 1953); White River (Swanepoel, 1953); Graskop (Swanepoel, 1953); Marieps Kop (Swanepoel, 1953); Buffelskloof Nature Reserve (Williams).

KwaZulu-Natal – Durban (Swanepoel, 1953); Verulam (Swanepoel, 1953); Tongaat River (Swanepoel, 1953); Tugela River (Swanepoel, 1953); Pietermaritzburg (Swanepoel, 1953); Karkloof (Swanepoel, 1953); Balgowan (Swanepoel, 1953); Hermansburg (Swanepoel, 1953)l Little Noodsberg (Swanepoel, 1953).

Eastern Cape Province – Port St Johns (Pringle, et al. 1994).
actiaca Hewitson, 1852 in Hewitson, 1851-6 (as sp. of Acraea). Illustrations of new species of exotic butterflies 1: 57 ([124] pp.). London. South Africa: “Natal”.
Acraea (Acraea) nohara halali Marshall, 1896
Acraea halali Marshall, 1896. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 1896: 555 (551-565).

Type locality: Zimbabwe: “On the Manini and Vanduzi rivers, between Umtali and Chimiro; about Salisbury”.

Distribution: Zimbabwe (highlands).

Acraea (Acraea) omrora Trimen, 1894
Acraea omrora Trimen, 1894. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1894: 24 (14-82).

Type locality: [Angola]: “Omrora, Ehanda, Humbe, Otiembora”.

Diagnosis: Can be differentiated from A. violarum and A. asema by the wide (2,5 mm), unspotted, not sharply defined marginal band on the upperside of the hindwing and the strong, black basal suffusion on the upperside of both wings; the submarginal spot in area 5 of the forewing is always absent (Pringle, et al., 1994).
1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   21


База данных защищена авторским правом ©shkola.of.by 2016
звярнуцца да адміністрацыі

    Галоўная старонка