Butterflies and skippers of the afrotropical region




старонка17/21
Дата канвертавання24.04.2016
Памер1.59 Mb.
1   ...   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21

Type locality: [Tanzania]: “Usambara, Pangani (Afrique orientale)”.

Distribution: Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe (eastern border).

Specific localities:

Zimbabwe – Bunga Forest, Vumba (Paul Quirk teste Van Son, 1963: single female); Tarka Forest, Chimanimani Mountains (Bampton).

Acraea (Actinote) polis Pierre, 1999
Acraea polis Pierre, 1999. Bulletin de la Societe Entomologique de France 104 (1): 7 (5-14).

Type locality: Ivory Coast: “Danane”.

Distribution: Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon (west).

Specific localities:

Guinea – Fouta Djalon (Larsen, 2005a).

Ivory Coast – Danane (TL).

Cameroon – Korup (Larsen, 2005a).

Common name: Western musanga acraea.

Habitat: Secondary forest, where Musanga species grows (Larsen, 2005a).

Habits: Usually not common but huge periodic irruptions occur, sometimes resulting in migratory flights (Holland, 1920; Larsen, 2005a). Males often hilltop, circling with a floating flight, some five metres above the ground, for long periods without settling (Larsen, 2005a). It is also found in “sunspotting spirals” inside the forest (Larsen, 2005a). Females have been noted feeding from the extrafloral nectaries of Musanga, while simultaneously laying eggs (Larsen, 2005a).

Early stages:
Pierre & Bernaud, 1997.
Larval food:

Musanga cecropioides (Urticaceae) [Pierre & Bernaud, 1997].

Boehmeria species (Urticaceae) [Pierre & Bernaud, 1997].

Myrianthus species (Urticaceae) [Pierre & Bernaud, 1997].

Acraea (Actinote) pharsalus Ward, 1871
Acraea pharsalus Ward, 1871. Entomologist’s Monthly Magazine 8: 81 (34-36, 58-60, 81-82, 118-122).

Acraea (Actinote) pharsalus pharsalus. Male. Left – upperside; right – underside. Wingspan: 65mm. Kakamega Forest. 5.i.1995. S.C. Collins. (Curle Trust Collection - 60).

Acraea (Actinote) pharsalus pharsalus. Female. Left – upperside; right – underside. Wingspan: 73mm. Kitwe, Zambia. 63.12.21. N.F. Curle. (Curle Trust Collection - 61).
Type locality: Cameroon: “Cameroons”.

Distribution: Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Nigeria, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Sao Tome and Principe, Democratic Republic of Congo, Sudan, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Ethiopia, Angola, Zambia, Mozambique.

Misattributed to the Madagascar fauna by Mabille [1887] (Lees et al., 2003).



Common name: East African forest acraea; pharsalus acraea.

Habitat: Forest (Heath, et al., 2002). Also found in disturbed forest and in riverine vegetation in Guinea savanna in West Africa (Larsen, 2005a).

Habits: A relatively common butterfly (Larsen, 2005a). Flies slowly, quite low down, often settling on bushes (Van Son, 1963). Individuals also feed from flowers (Pringle, et al. 1994). Larsen (2005a) states that in flies high up, often in clearings, swooping down occasionally. It is an avid hill- and tree-topper (Larsen, 2005a). During the dry season and in submontane areas numbers of males may be seen mudpuddling (Larsen, 2005a). On one occasion numbers of males were seen basking on rocks in a river in the late afternoon at Obudu (Nigeria) (Larsen, 2005a).

Flight period: Subspecies pharsaloides has been recorded from July to September (Pringle et al. 1994).

Early stages:
Van Someren & Rogers, 1926: 216 [for ssp. pharsalus].

“The species has not been bred by us, but the larva is ochreous yellow above, slightly paler below, margins of each segment darker; a central dorsal line extends the length of the body; the basal branches are pale ochre while the rest are black. The head is black with a white line in the centre. The pupa is white, with black lines and dots which vary in width so that the appearance is either white or blackish.”


Pringle et al., 1994: 77 [Usambara Mountains (Tanzania)].
Pierre & Bernaud, 1997b.
Larval food:

Theobroma cacao (Theobromaceae) [Smith, 1965].

Tectona grandis (Verbenaceae) [Roberts, 1969 (Sapoba, Nigeria)].

Ficus exasperata (Moraceae) [Owen, 1971 (Sierra Leone); Van Someren, 1974: 323 (East Africa); Pierre & Vuattoux, 1978 (Ivory Coast)].

Ficus sycomorus L. (Moraceae) [Van Someren, 1974: 323].

Laportea peduncularis (Wedd.) Chew (Urticaceae) [Joannou, cited by Pringle et al., 1994: 77; in captivity; Usambara Mountains (Tanzania)].

Boehmeria species (Urticaceae) [Pierre & Bernaud, 1995].

Fleurya (Laportea) ovalifolia (Urticaceae) [Pierre & Bernaud, 1995].

Ficus aspersifolia (Moraceae) [Pierre & Bernaud, 1995].
Acraea (Actinote) pharsalus pharsalus Ward, 1871
Acraea pharsalus Ward, 1871. Entomologist’s Monthly Magazine 8: 81 (34-36, 58-60, 81-82, 118-122).

Acraea (Actinote) pharsalus pharsalus. Male. Left – upperside; right – underside. Wingspan: 65mm. Kakamega Forest. 5.i.1995. S.C. Collins. (Curle Trust Collection - 60).

Acraea (Actinote) pharsalus pharsalus. Female. Left – upperside; right – underside. Wingspan: 73mm. Kitwe, Zambia. 63.12.21. N.F. Curle. (Curle Trust Collection - 61).
Type locality: Cameroon: “Cameroons”.

Distribution: Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Nigeria, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea (Bioko and Annobon), Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo (north), Sudan (south), Uganda, Kenya (west), Tanzania, Zambia (north).

Specific localities:

Guinea – Conakry area (Larsen, 2005a); Nimba Mountains (Larsen, 2005a).

Nigeria – Obudu (Larsen, 2005a).

Cameroon – Korup (Larsen, 2005a).

Zambia – Ikelenge; 43 km north of Solwezi; Mokambo; Lumangwe Falls; Mbala (Heath, et al., 2002).
duplicatus Stoneham, 1943 (as f. of Acraea pharsalus). Bulletin of the Stoneham Museum (45): 2 (4 pp.). Uganda: “Mukombo”.
Acraea (Actinote) pharsalus carmen Pyrcz, 1991
Acraea pharsalus carmen Pyrcz, 1991. Lambillionea 91: 369, 373 (362-373).

Type locality: Sao Tome and Principe: “Terreiro Velho, Principe Isl.”.

Distribution: Equatorial Guinea (island of Principe).

Specific localities:

Principe – Terreiro Velho (TL).
Acraea (Actinote) pharsalus pharsaloides Holland, 1892
Acraea pharsaloides Holland, 1892. Entomologist (Supplement) 25: 89 (89-95).

Type locality: Tanzania: “Kilimanjaro”.

Distribution: Kenya (east), Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique.

Specific localities:

Tanzania – Kilimanjaro (TL); Nderema near Amani (Van Son, 1963).

Mozambique – Mtovi (O’Neil, 1919); Maribana Forest (Pennington teste Van Son, 1963); Amatongas (Van Son, 1963); Maronga Forest (Pringle, et al. 1994).
saluspha Suffert, 1904 (as ssp. of Acraea pharsalus). Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift, Iris 17: 34 (12-107). Tanzania: “Usambara, Mhonda und Kilimandjaro”.
pallidepicta Strand, 1911 (as ab. of Acraea pharsalus var. pharsaloides). Internationale Entomologische Zeitschrift 4: 220 (219-220, 226-227). Tanzania: “Amani”.
nia Strand, 1911 (as ab. of Acraea pharsalus var. pharsaloides). Internationale Entomologische Zeitschrift 4: 220 (219-220, 226-227). Tanzania: “Amani V.”.
ruperti O’Neil, 1919 (as f. of Acraea pharsalus). Proceedings and Transactions of the Rhodesia Scientific Association 17: 64 (25-65). [Mozambique]: “Mtovi, Portuguese East Africa”.
Acraea (Actinote) pharsalus rhodina Rothschild, 1902
Acraea pharsalus rhodina Rothschild, 1902. Novitates Zoologicae 9: 595 (595-598).

Type locality: Ethiopia: “Kaffa”.

Distribution: Sudan (south - Boma plateau), Ethiopia.

Specific localities:

Ethiopia – Kaffa (TL).

Acraea (Actinote) pierrei Berger, 1981
Acraea pierrei Berger, 1981. Les Papillons du Zaire 202 (543 pp.). Bruxelles.

Type locality: Democratic Republic of Congo: “Kivu-Nord: Ruwenzori, Mukandwe”.

Distribution: Democratic Republic of Congo (north Kivu).

Habitat:

Early stages: Nothing published.

Larval food: Nothing published.

Acraea (Actinote) rangatana Eltringham, 1912
Acraea terpsichore form rangatana Eltringham, 1912. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 1912: 247 (1-374).

Type locality: Kenya: “British East Africa, Rangatan, Laitsipia”.

Distribution: Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia.

Habitat:

Early stages: Nothing published.

Larval food:

Nesaea pediculata (Lythraceae) [Van Someren, 1974: 323].

Rotola sp. (Lythraceae) [Van Someren, 1974: 323].

Alchemilla gracilipes Engler (Rosaceae) [Van Someren, 1974: 323].
Acraea (Actinote) rangatana rangatana Eltringham, 1912
Acraea terpsichore form rangatana Eltringham, 1912. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 1912: 247 (1-374).

Type locality: Kenya: “British East Africa, Rangatan, Laitsipia”.

Distribution: Kenya (highlands east of the Rift Valley).
Acraea (Actinote) rangatana bettiana Joicey & Talbot, 1921
Acraea bettiana Joicey & Talbot, 1921. Bulletin of the Hill Museum, Witley 1: 48 (40-166).

Type locality: Rwanda: “Kisaba Forest, Lake Kivu”.

Distribution: Uganda (south-west - Kigezi), Rwanda, Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo (north Kivu).
kissenjensis Joicey and Talbot, 1921 (as ab. of Acraea bettiana). Bulletin of the Hill Museum, Witley 1: 49 (40-166). Rwanda: “Kisseji River, Lake Kivu”.
hades Joicey and Talbot, 1927 (as ab. of Acraea bettiana). Encyclopédie Entomologique (B.3. Lepidoptera) 2: 12 (1-14). Rwanda: “Rugege Forest”.
basilewskyi Berger, 1956 (as ssp. of Acraea ventura). Annales Musée Royal du Congo Belge. C-Zoologie (8vo) 51: 436 (427-439). Rwanda: “rutovu, 2350 m., terr. Astrida”.
Acraea (Actinote) rangatana ecketti Jackson, 1951
Acraea rangatana ecketti Jackson, 1951. Proceedings of the Royal Entomological Society of London (B) 20: 103 (91-105).

Type locality: Kenya: “Kenya Colony, Molo”.

Distribution: Kenya (highlands west of the Rift Valley).
Acraea (Actinote) rangatana maji Carpenter, 1935
Acraea maji Carpenter, 1935. Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 83: 385 (313-447).

Type locality: Ethiopia: “Maji Province”.

Distribution: Ethiopia (south-west).

Acraea (Actinote) rileyi Le Doux, 1931
Acraea rileyi Le Doux, 1931. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 1931: 50 (49-59).

Type locality: Democratic Republic of Congo?: “Westlich von Tanganjika, Zentral-Africa”.

Distribution: Democratic Republic of Congo?

Habitat:

Early stages: Nothing published.

Larval food: Nothing published.

Acraea (Actinote) sambavae Ward, 1873
Acraea sambavae Ward, 1873. Entomologist’s Monthly Magazine 10: 59 (59-60, 151-152).

Type locality: Madagascar.

Distribution: Madagascar.

Habitat: Forest (Lees et al., 2003).

Early stages: Nothing published.

Larval food: Nothing published.

Acraea (Actinote) sotikensis Sharpe, 1892
Acraea sotikensis Sharpe, 1892. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1891: 634 (633-638).

Acraea (Actinote) sotikensis. Male. Left – upperside; right – underside. Wingspan: 39mm. Kakamega, W. Kenya, 1650m. 10.iv.95. A.I. & M.A. Curle. (Curle Trust Collection - 52).

Acraea (Actinote) sotikensis. Female. Left – upperside; right – underside. Wingspan: 52mm. Nkhata Bay, Malawi. 19.v.1978. R.J. Mijburgh. (Curle Trust Collection - 53).
Type locality: Kenya: “Sotik, Kavironda”.

Distribution: Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Zambia.

Specific localities:

Zambia – Ikelenge; Mwinilunga; Solwezi; Chingola; Mufulira; Kitwe; Shiwa Ngandu; Mbala (Heath, et al., 2002).

Habitat: Forest.

Early stages: Nothing published.

Larval food:

Triumfetta species (Tiliaceae) [Heath, et al., 2002: 45].
supponina Staudinger, 1896 (as sp. of Acraea). Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift, Iris 9: 204 (193-240). Democratic Republic of Congo: “West-Africa, Congo-Gebiet”.
ninapo Suffert, 1904 (as ssp. of Acraea supponina). Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift, Iris 17: 32 (12-107). Angola: “Pungo Andongo, Loando”.
katana Eltringham, 1912 (as f. of Acraea sotikensis). Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 1912: 228 (1-374). Democratic Republic of Congo: “Katanga”.
rowena Eltringham, 1912 (as ssp. of Acraea sotikensis). Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 1912: 229 (1-374). Democratic Republic of Congo/Uganda: “Mt. Ruwenzori”.
rupicola Schultze, 1912 (as sp. of Acraea). Entomologische Rundschau 29: 92 (91-93). Cameroon: “Lomie”.
hansmeyeri Strand, 1913 (as var. of Acraea sotikensis). Archiv für Naturgeschichte 79 (A.2.): 172 (171-175). Democratic Republic of Congo: “Kwidschwi”.
rowenina Gaede, 1915 (as var. of Acraea sotikensis). Entomologische Rundschau 32: 51 (50-52). Kenya: “S. Embo”.
cruentata Gaede, 1916 (as var. of Acraea karscheni). Internationale Entomologische Zeitschrift 9: 111 (105-106, 109-112, 125-126). Cameroon: “Ekodo Dume, Kamerun”.
bayeri Schouteden, 1919 (as f? of Acraea sotikensis). Revue Zoologique Africaine 6: 157 (145-162). Democratic Republic of Congo: “Fort Portal: Kimpojo”.
vulcanica Schultze, 1923 in Schultze and Aurivillius, 1923 (as ab. of Acraea karschi). Ergebnisse der Zweiten Deutschen Zentral-Afrika Expedition 1(17): 1131 (1113-1242). Cameroon: “Kamerunberg”.
katerensis Stoneham, 1943 (as ssp. of Acraea sotikensis). Bulletin of the Stoneham Museum (45): 2 (4 pp.). Uganda: “Katera, Uganda Protectorate”.
exclamationis Stoneham, 1943 (as female f. of Acraea sotikensis). Bulletin of the Stoneham Museum (45): 3 (4 pp.). Kenya: “Trans-Nzoia District”.
albisubapex Stoneham, 1943 (as f. of Acraea sotikensis). Bulletin of the Stoneham Museum (45): 3 (4 pp.). Kenya: “Malawa Forest”.
mariae Dufrane, 1945 (as ab. of Acraea sotikensis f. rowena). Bulletin et Annales de la Société Royale Entomologique de Belgique 81: 109 (90-143). Democratic Republic of Congo: “Kamituga”.
alberici Dufrane, 1945 (as ab. of Acraea sotikensis f. rowena). Bulletin et Annales de la Société Royale Entomologique de Belgique 81: 109 (90-143). Democratic Republic of Congo: “Rivière Lutunguru”.

Acraea (Actinote) karschi Aurivillius, 1899
Acraea viviana var. karschi Aurivillius, 1899. In Aurivillius, 1898-9. Kungliga Svenska Vetenskapakademiens Handlingar 31 (5): 106 (1-561).

Synonym of Acraea sotikensis Sharpe, 1892. Ackery et al., 1995.



Acraea karschi Aurivillius, 1899. Larsen, 2005a: 450.

Type locality: Cameroon: “Kamerun, Baliburg”.

Distribution: Nigeria, Cameroon, ?Angola (Larsen, 2005a).

Specific localities:

Nigeria – Obudu Plateau (Larsen, 2005a); Mambilla Plateau (Larsen, 2005a).

Cameroon – Baliburg (TL).

Common name: Karsch’s acraea.

Habitat: Submontane forest (Larsen, 2005a).

Habits: A fairly common species (Larsen, 2005a). Sometimes seen feeding from flowers in quite open country (Larsen, 2005a). Males are known to mudpuddle (Larsen, 2005a).

Early stages: Nothing published.

Larval food: Nothing published.

Acraea (Actinote) strattipocles Oberthür, 1893
Acraea strattipocles Oberthür, 1893. Études d’Entomologie 17: 18 (17-36).

Type locality: Madagascar: “Madagascar; Antsianaka et lac Alaotra”.

Distribution: Madagascar.

Habitat: Forest (Lees et al., 2003).

Early stages: Nothing published.

Larval food: Nothing published.
albescens Oberthür, 1916 (as var. of Acraea strattipocles). Études de Lépidoptérologie Comparée 11: 161 (123-174). Madagascar: “Fianarantsoa”.
cervina Oberthür, 1916 (as var. of Acraea strattipocles). Études de Lépidoptérologie Comparée 11: 161 (123-174). Madagascar: “Antsianaka”.

Acraea (Actinote) uvui Grose-Smith, 1890
Acraea uvui Grose-Smith, 1890. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (6) 5: 168 (167-168).

Type locality: Kenya: “Voi River, Mombasa”.

Distribution: Nigeria, Cameroon, Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya, Tanzania.

Common name: Tiny mountain acraea.

Habitat: Submontane forest at 1 200 to 1 400 m (Larsen, 2005a).

Habits: At times this butterfly is very abundant, when large numbers of males mudpuddle, often clustering on rocks in streams. Numbers of males also come to urine and animal excrement (Larsen, 2005a).

Early stages: Nothing published.

Larval food:

Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq. (Tiliaceae) [Van Someren, 1974: 323].

Triumfetta macrophylla Schaum. (Tiliaceae) [Van Someren, 1974: 323].

Sparmannia ricinocarpa O. Kuntz. (Tiliaceae) [Van Someren, 1974: 323].

Triumfetta species (Tiliaceae) [Bernaud, 1995 (Cameroon)].
Acraea (Actinote) uvui uvui Grose-Smith, 1890
Acraea uvui Grose-Smith, 1890. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (6) 5: 168 (167-168).

Type locality: Kenya: “Voi River, Mombasa”.

Distribution: Democratic Republic of Congo (east - Ituri, Kivu), Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya, Tanzania (north).

Specific localities:

Kenya – Voi River, Mombasa (TL).
minima Holland, 1892 (as sp. of Acraea). Entomologist (Supplement) 25: 89 (89-95). Kenya: “Taveta?”.
interruptella Strand, 1909 (as ab. of Acraea uvui). Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift, Iris 22: 106 (104-121). “Deutsch-Ostafrika”.
subsuffusa Stoneham, 1936 (as f. of Acraea uvui). Bulletin of the Stoneham Museum (28): [2] ([2 pp.]). Kenya: “Kaimosi; East Surrey Estates”.
Acraea (Actinote) uvui balina Karsch, 1892
Acraea balina Karsch, 1892. Entomologische Nachrichten. Berlin 18: 170 (161-183).

Type locality: Cameroon: “Baliburg, Deutsche-Westafrika”.

Distribution: Nigeria, Cameroon, Angola (highlands).

Specific localities:

Nigeria – Obudu Plateau (Larsen, 2005a); Mambilla Plateau (Larsen, 2005a).

Cameroon – Baliburg (TL); Rumpi Hills (Helps tetse Larsen, 2005a).

Acraea (Actinote) ventura Hewitson, 1877
Acraea ventura Hewitson, 1877. Entomologist’s Monthly Magazine 14: 51 (51-52).

Acraea (Actinote) ventura ventura. Male. Left – upperside; right – underside. Wingspan: 44mm. Mugesse, 5500', Misuku Hills, Malawi. 26 June 74. I. Bampton. (Henning collection - H149).
Type locality: “Lake Nyassa”.

Distribution: Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia, Democratic Republic of Congo, Angola, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya.

Habitat: Marshy areas (Heath, et al., 2002).

Early stages: Nothing published.

Larval food:

Cassia species (Fabaceae) [Heath, et al., 2002: 44].
Acraea (Actinote) ventura ventura Hewitson, 1877
Acraea ventura Hewitson, 1877. Entomologist’s Monthly Magazine 14: 51 (51-52).

Acraea (Actinote) ventura ventura. Male. Left – upperside; right – underside. Wingspan: 44mm. Mugesse, 5500', Misuku Hills, Malawi. 26 June 74. I. Bampton. (Henning collection - H149).
1   ...   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21


База данных защищена авторским правом ©shkola.of.by 2016
звярнуцца да адміністрацыі

    Галоўная старонка