Birds of the Darebin Creek

Дата канвертавання24.04.2016
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Birds of the Darebin Creek

The Darebin Creek Catchment contains a diverse range of avian habitats including Grasslands, Wetlands and Grassy Woodlands. These habitats support a variety of bird species. Revegetation works throughout the Catchment have improved the vegetation structure of a previously degraded landscape transforming it into suitable bird habitat. A visit to the Darebin Creek will enable you to observe some of the many birds that have made it their home. Go for a walk along the Darebin Creek to see if you can spot some of the birds on this list. A good field guide to birds and some binoculars will help you to identify them correctly.

Tawny Frogmouth

A common woodland bird, but rarely seen because of its nocturnal habits and camouflage to appear like a branch stub. Grey to red-brown back streaked black, with paler underparts. Feeds on snails, insects and small vertebrates by flying from a perch to the ground. Prefers open woodland.

Photo: Wendy Miller
oice: a constant “ooo-ooom”.

Yellow-Tailed Black Cockatoo

A large black cockatoo with yellow tail panels and cheek patches, with most of its body feathers edged in pale yellow. Often seen in groups of 5-10, feeding in the upper canopy or in feeding among dead wattle trees. You can tell the male from the female by the colour of the eye ring – the female’s eye is dark but the male’s is a bright pink.

Voice: a wailing “kee-ow”.

Superb Fairy-wren

Photo: Sean Walsh
hese tiny birds can be seen flitting about in shrubs in open woodlands along the Darebin Creek. The male displays bright blue plumage during the breeding period. The female is brown. Prefers woodlands habitat.

Voice: musical trill.

Hardhead “White eyed” Duck

Less common than other ducks along the Darebin Creek, the hardhead has a rich brown body, white underneath and a distinctive white eye. The bill is black with a blue tip.

Voice: nasal “mow”.

Red-rumped Parrot

Also found in woodland habitat this medium sized green parrot is often seen feeding along the Darebin

Creek Shared Trail. The male is bright green while the female is a pale olive. Commonly seen in pairs and small groups in grasslands and woodlands.

Voice: a two-syllable whistle when flying.

White-Faced Heron

An attractive 60-70cm long-necked bird living around creeks and wetlands. Overall grey shades in colour, with a white face to just behind the eye. Often seen perching on trees or posts, or searching for insects, frogs, fish and crustaceans in the shallows or nearby grasslands.

Voice: harsh croaks.
Little Pied Cormorant
Streamlined fishing bird with black wings and back, white underside and short yellow bill. Often seen at wetlands and along the Darebin Creek.

Voice: short croak.

Sacred Kingfisher

Small colourful bird, the same shape as a Kookaburra, dwelling in riparian zones along the creek. Kingfishers can be seen diving in to water in search of food. They nest in small hollows and crevices in trees and creek banks.

Voice: high-pitched whistles when disturbed.
Further Reading

Simpson and Day, (1996) Field Guide to the Birds of Australia, Viking

Warringal Conservation Society, (1981) Birds of the Heidelberg and Yarra Valley, WCS, Rosanna

Bird List of the
Darebin Creek Catchment

The following list shows some of the species that you may be able to spot around the Darebin Creek Catchment.

* indicates an introduced species.

Raptors –Diurnal Birds Of Prey

Australian Hobby (Little Falcon) Falco longipennis

Black-shouldered Kite Elanus axillaris

Brown Falcon Falco berigora

Brown Goshawk Accipter fasciatus

Collared Sparrowhawk Accipter cirrhocephalus

Little Eagle Hieraaetus morphnoides

Nankeen Kestrel Falco cenchroides

Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus

Swamp Harrier Circus approximans

Wedge-tailed Eagle Aquila audax

Whistling Kite Haliastur (Milvus) sphenurus

Waterbirds – most common around waterways and wetlands.

Australasian Grebe Tachybaptus novaehollandiae

Australian Pelican Pelecanus conspicillatus

Australian White (Sacred) Ibis
Threskiorniss molucca

Australian Wood (Maned) Duck Chenonetta jubata

Black Swan Cygnus atratus

Blue-billed Duck Oxyura australis

Cattle Egret Ardea ibis

Chestnut Teal Anas castanea

Darter Anhinga melanogaster

Dusky Moorhen Gallinula tenebrosa

Eurasian Coot Fulica atra

Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo

Great Egret Ardea alba

Hardhead (White-eyed Duck) Aythya australis

Hoary-headed Grebe
Poliocephalus poliocephalus

Little Black Cormorant Phalacrocorax sulcirostris

Little Pied Cormorant Phalacrocorax melanoleucos

Nankeen (Rufous) Night Heron

Nycticorax caledonicus

Pacific Black Duck Anas superciliosa

Pacific Heron Ardea pacifica

Pied Cormorant Phalacrocorax varius

Pink-eared Duck Malacorhynchus membranaceus

Purple Swamphen Porphyyrio porphyrio

Straw-necked Ibis Threskiornis spinicollis

White-faced Heron Egretta novaehollandiae

Diurnal Birds – most active during the day

Australian Magpie Gymnorhina tibicen

Bell Miner Manorina melanophrys

Black –faced Cuckoo-shrike Coracina novaehollandiae

Black-faced Woodswallow Artamus cinereus

Bronzewing Pigeon Phaps chalcoptera

Brown Quail Coturnix ypsilophora

Brush Wattlebird Anthochaera chrysoptera

Buff-banded Rail Gallriallus philippensis

Common Myna* Acridotheres tristis

Common Blackbird* Turdus merula

Common Starling* Sturnus vulgaris

Crested Pigeon Ocyphaps (Geophaps) lophotes

Crested Shrike-tit Falcunculus frontatus

Crimson Rosella Platycercus caledonicus

Dollarbird Eurystomus orientalis

Dusky Wood swallow Artamus cyanopterus

Eastern Rosella Platycercus elegans

Eastern Spinebill Acanthorhyncus tenuirostris

European Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis

European Greenfinch Carduelis chloris

Fan-tailed Cuckoo Cuculus flabelliformis

Flame Robin Petroica phoenicea

Galah Elophus (Cacatua) roseicapilla

Gang-Gang Cockatoo Callocephalon fimbriatum

Golden-headed Cisticola Cisticola exilis

Golden Whistler Pachycephala pectoralis

Grey Currawong Strepera versicolor

Grey Butcherbird Cracticus torquatis

Grey Fantail Rhipidura fuliginosa

Grey Shrike-thrush Colluricincla harmonica

Horsfield’s Bronze-Cuckoo Chrysococcyx basalis

House Sparrow* Passer domesticus

Kookaburra Dacelo novaguineae

Little Lorikeet Glossopsitta pusilla

Little Raven Corvus mellori

Little (Brush) Wattlebird Anthochaera chrysoptera

Little (Yellow) Thornbill Acanthiza nana

Long billed Corella Cacatua sanguinea

Magpie-lark Grallina cyanoleuca

Masked Lapwing (Spurwinged Plover) Vanellus miles

Mistletoebird Dicaeum hirundinaceum

Musk Lorikeet Glossopsitta concinna

New Holland Honeyeater Philidonyrus novaehollandiae

Noisy Miner Manorina melanocephala

Olive-backed Oriole Oriolus sagittatus

Pallid Cuckoo Cuculus pallidus

Pied Currawong Strepera graculina

Richard’s Pipit Anthus novaeseelandiae

Rainbow Lorikeet Trichoglossus haematodus

Red-browed Finch (Firetail) Neochima temporalis

Red-rumped Parrot Psephotus hamematonotus

Red Wattlebird Anthochaera carunculata

Sacred Kingfisher Todriamphus sanctus

Scaly-breasted Lorikeet Trichoglossus chlorolepidotus

Scarlet Robin Petroica multicolor

Silvereye (Grey-backed) Zosterops lateralis

Song Thrush* Turdus philomelos

Speckled Warbler Chthonicola (Sericirnis) brunneus

Spotted pardalote Pardalotus puctatus

Sulphur-crested Cockatoo Cacatua galerita

Superb Fairy-wren Malurus cyaneus

Welcome Swallow Hirundo neoxena

White-browed Scrubwren Sericornis frontalis

White-plumed Honeyeater Lichenostomus ornatus

White-throated Needletail (Spine-tailed Swift) Hirundapus caudacutus

Willie Wagtail Rhipidura leucophys

Yellow (Eastern) Robin Eopsaltria australis

Yellow-rumped Thornbill Acanthiza chrysorrhoa

Yellow-tailed Black Cockatoo Calyptorhynchus funereus

Nocturnal Birds – most active at night

Barn Owl Tyto alba

Boobook Owl Ninox novaeseelandiae

Powerful Owl Ninox strenua

Tawny Frogmouth Podargus strigo

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