|Bessette, Chapter 4 E Pluribus Unum ALM Voiceover Script
Slide 1: E Pluribus Unum
In this Animated Learning Module we will learn what American Citizenship entails.
Slide 2: “Out of many, one.”
E Pluribus Unum is Latin for “Out of many, one.” You may have heard that no one looks American; Americans look like the world. This is due to immigration, and immigration always seems to be a controversial topic in America. On one hand it deals with what it means to be a citizen. On the other hand, it deals with the consequences of not being a citizen.
Slide 3: What is a citizen?
Citizens are full-fledged members of a political community, with both rights and responsibilities. Every democracy must determine the legal rights and duties of citizens and decide who should enjoy this legal status. There is typically a path to citizenship for those not born in the country. In the United States, citizenship is not defined by blood, ethnicity, or race, but most fundamentally by a commitment to the principles of freedom and democracy.
A naturalized citizen is someone who moves from one country to another and becomes a citizen of the new country. Assimilation is the blending of diverse immigrant groups into one people by the adoption of common customs, values and language. It is common for many immigrants to assimilate.
Slide 4: What is an illegal immigrant?
What is an illegal immigrant?
An illegal immigrant is a foreigner who is illegally in the United States because he or she entered the country illegally or overstayed his or her visa after a legal entry. Illegal immigrants are also called illegal aliens, undocumented immigrants, and undocumented workers. It is estimated that about twelve million illegal immigrants now live in the United States. A key question for many researchers is whether illegal immigrants contribute more to the economy—by working jobs that many Americans shun, paying taxes, and consuming products and services—than they cost in social services. In 2007, the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) of the US Congress issued a report reviewing twenty-nine studies that compared what illegal immigrants paid in taxes with what they cost in services. The CBO concluded that the services provided to the immigrants by state and local governments exceeded the tax revenues that the immigrants generated, even accounting for federal programs that helped to meet these costs.
Slide 5: Stopping Illegal Immigration: Securing the Border
The United States Border Patrol of the Department of Homeland Security has the responsibility of preventing illegal entries. In 2005, its twelve-thousand agents apprehended nearly 1.2 million individuals. Of these, almost ninety-nine percent were caught at the Mexican border, and eight-six percent were natives of Mexico. It is no surprise, then, that the illegal immigration controversy has focused on what should be done to secure the 2,000-mile US-Mexican border.
Slide 6: Stopping Illegal Immigration: Securing the Border
President George W. Bush signed the Secure Fence Act in October 2006. He touted his administration’s efforts to secure the nation’s borders by doubling the budget of the Border Patrol, deploying the National Guard to assist the Border Patrol, and adding new technology, fencing, vehicle barriers, and thousands of beds in detention facilities.
Slide 7: What does it mean to be a responsible citizen?
Federal law and the principles of American democracy hold that responsible citizens behave morally, embrace the principles of the Constitution, promote the well-being of the nation, oppose
totalitarianism, respect the need for government and the rule of law, have undivided loyalty to the United States,
Slide 8: What does it mean to be a responsible citizen? (continued)
are willing to defend the nation against all enemies, respect the rights of others, educate themselves about candidates and issues and what government is doing in their name, and, generally, engage in public affairs to promote the widespread enjoyment of rights and the broader public good.
Slide 9: Citizenship Oath
Therefore, the citizenship oath now requires a commitment “to support and defend the Constitution and the laws of the United States against all enemies, foreign and domestic; . . . to bear true faith and allegiance to the same; and . . . to bear arms on behalf of the United States when required by law, or . . . to perform noncombatant service in the Armed Forces of the United States when required by law.”
Slide 10: Critical Thinking Questions
What does it mean to be an American citizen?
What does it mean to be an illegal immigrant?
What does it mean to be a responsible citizen?
What would taking the citizenship oath mean to you?
Why would the cost of illegal immigrants be higher than their contributions?