Bell et al. American Journal of Botany




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Bell et al. – American Journal of Botany 97(8): 1296-1303. 2010. – Data Supplement S16 – Page 1


Bell, Charles D., Douglas E. Soltis, and Pamela S. Soltis. 2010. The age and diversification of the angiosperms re-revisited. American Journal of Botany 97(8): 1296-1303.
Appendix S16. Estimated mean ages (with 95% highest posterior densities) for additional major clades of Monocotyledoneae. Nodes refer to Appendix S4. The multiple-fossil analysis treated all 36 fossil constraints as exponential or lognormal priors with offsets equal to first occurrence of a given fossil in the record (see text for more detail). *** represents node used as fossil constraint. Clade names are from APG III (2009) and Cantino et al. (2007).


Node

Exponential

Lognormal

1

109 (99–117)

121 (116–130)

2

105 (94–113)

118 (109–127)

3

101 (91–109)

107 (98–116)

4 Commelinidae


96 (86–105)

103 (94–113)

5 Dasypogonaceae

38 (19–57)

42 (21–64)

6 Arecaceae, Arecales

31 (25–38)

33 (21–36)

7

29 (23–36)

32 (26–39)

8

26 (23–36)

28 (23–34)

9

22 (12–31)

25 (16–34)

10

15 (9–21)

17 (10–23)

11 Poales ***

85 (73–95)

93 (84–103

12 Bromeliaceae

20 (11–29)

21 (12–32)

13

14 (7–22)

15 (7–25)

14

79 (68–91)

87 (78–96)

15 Cyperaceae + Juncaceae

55 (43–68)

61 (44–74)

16 Cyperaceae

32 (22–44)

37 (25–49)

17

71 (59–83)

78 (68–88)

18

64 (52–77)

71 (60–81)

19 Poaceae + Flagellariaceae

58 (45–70)

65 (52–76)

20 Poaceae

28 (17–38)

31 (20–42)

21

86 (86–88)

88 (86–101)

22 Commelinales

70 (55–80)

76 (61–91)

23 Philydraceae

29 (16–43)

32 (17–49)

24 Commelinaceae + Pontederiaceae

61 (47–73)

66 (47–83)

25 Zingiberales ***

84 (84–86)(

84 (84–89)

26 Musaceae

34 (21–47)

36 (20–51)

27

20 (9–33)

21 (10–34)

28

50 (43–57)

52 (44–61)

29 Heliconiaceae + Cannaceae

38 (26–49)

40 (39–55)

30 Strelitziaceae + Lowiaceae

40 (30–49)

42 (32–53)

31 Strelitziaceae

23 (14–32)

25 (15–36)

32

19 (10–28)

21 (12–31)

33

43 (36–49)

45 (39–54)

34 Marantaceae + Costaceae

40 (32–47)

42 (35–51)

35 Marantaceae

17 (8–28)

18 (9–28)

36 Costaceae

19 (12–26)

21 (13–28)

37

17 (10–23)

18 (11–26)

38

7 (4–11)

8 (4–12)

39 Zingiberaceae

18 (12–22)

19 (13–25)

40

15 (10–20)

17 (11–22)

41

12 (8–17)

14 (9–19)


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