|BASIC CARE AND INFORMATION SHEET
Planting in the right location is a big factor for the success of your perennial. Plant Ligularia in part shade to shade, prefers to be planted in moist to boggy soils with a soil pH 5.5 to 7.0 (neutral).
If you feel you may have an inadequate soil mixture take a sample to your local Agriculture Extension Office before planting. A soil test will tell you what nutrients are lacking. A way to test if your soil is adequate is to take a sample of soil in your hand and if it is doughy with a bit of firmness you are set for planting. If the soil clumps in your hand and feels like a rock then you need to amend the soil. The same goes for if when you squeeze the soil, water oozes out, amend the soil. A bag of compost or peat moss can help if soil testing is not available in your area.
PLANTING CONTAINER PLANTS:
1. Take the plastic pot off and examine the plant roots. The roots will need to be scored with a knife to break them up. This will help loosen and prevent roots from girdling
2. Dig a hole at least twice as wide as the rootball. The depth equals top to bottom of the rootball minus ½” above ground level.
3. Next, put the plant in the hole and make sure the top of the rootball is at least ½”
above ground level. Backfill with compost and existing soil. Compact the loosened backfill to help get rid of air pockets in the soil.
4. Using a granular fertilizer generally is a one time application, most anywhere from a 3-5 month feed. A basic 12-16-12 or comparable landscape fertilizer is sufficient. Apply fertilizer when backfilling or place the fertilizer on top of the soil.
6. Mulch around the plant making sure to feather the mulch away from the base of the plant. 2-3” is sufficient to help keep moisture in and deter weeds from growing.
Finally, water the plant in!
** Upon arrival, water your container plants once a day or every other day depending on climate and keep in shade until you can plant.
PLANTING BAREROOT PLANTS:
Remove bare root plants from the package and shake off any packaging materials that may be stuck to the roots.
Fill a bucket of water and soak bare root plants for an hour so they soak up moisture.
Before planting bare root plants, cut off any broken or moldy roots or if one just doesn’t look right.
Dig a hole wide enough for the roots to be able to feather out comfortably. Form a mound of soil at the bottom of the hole so the roots have a place to sit and will stabilized.
Do not fertilize at time of planting; roots are sensitive and could burn. Fertilize approximately four weeks after planting.
Cover roots with soil and press down firmly to make sure they are settled and feel in contact with the soil. Practice watering bare root plants in as it may take a couple of times to see if they has settled too much. Make sure the crown of the roots are near level with the ground after watering. After planting a few bare root plants and watering them in you will get the hang of it.
Mulch around the plant making sure to feather the mulch away from the base of the plant. 1-2” is sufficient to help keep moisture in and deter weeds from growing.
**Keep box of plants in a cool location until you are ready to plant. Make sure the roots don’t dry out for a long period of time.
PLANTING ELLE PLUGS:
Remove Elle Plugs from flat and dip each one into a bucket of water to ensure the roots within the plug are moist before planting.
2. Dig a hole twice the size of the Elle Plug. Make sure at least the top of the Elle Plug is 1/8-1/4” about ground level once planted. Backfill with compost and existing soil. Compact the loosened backfill to help get rid of air pockets in the soil.
3. Apply a general fertilizer of 20-10-20 or comparable at time of planting. Apply fertilizer when backfilling or place the fertilizer on top of the soil.
4. Mulch around the plant making sure to feather the mulch away from the base of the plant. 1-2” is sufficient to help keep moisture in and deter weeds from growing.
Water plug in!
** Upon arrival, water your flats of Elle Plugs everyday until you can plant. Do not let them dry down.
Ligularia needs to be pruned after flowering to help keep the plant looking fresh. Prune dead, dying or diseased foliage and discard of immediately. Mulch in before winter. Division is not necessary.
Most people think if it rains then you don’t have to water. On the contrary! Longer watering a few times a week promote a healthier, deeper root system as opposed to shorter watering more often per week. Weather can play a role in how often you water. When summertime temperatures sore into the 80’s and 90’s for a month straight you could be watering everyday or every other day. A good indicator if a plant needs water is sticking your finger ~2” down in the soil. If the soil feels moist then don’t water; if the soil feels dry, then water. Ligularia needs moist to boggy soils to thrive. Don't let dry out in between watering or foliage will wilt and turn brown. Once you start understanding Ligularia in your garden you will pick up on how much water it needs.
Tolerates moist to boggy soils.
Not trouble by any significant diseases however practice:
Proper planting techniques
Good air circulation
Avoid excessive Nitrogen
Avoid poor drainage
Water at the base of the plant rather than overhead watering
Pruning tool sanitation
8. Destroying infected plant/plant parts
Four-Lined plant bug, Slugs and Snails. Treat early with organic or chemical insect repellents or soaps. Treat Slugs and Snails by handpicking or baits.
**This is a basic care sheet. Not all information may be listed. Seek professional assistance if necessary for the care of your plants.