Basic care and information sheet




Дата канвертавання24.04.2016
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BASIC CARE AND INFORMATION SHEET

Nepeta
Planting in the right location is a big factor for the success of your perennial. Plant Nepeta in full sun, moist, well drained soils with a soil pH 7.0 (neutral), and is drought tolerant once established. Can tolerate poor to average soils if necessary.
If you feel you may have an inadequate soil mixture take a sample to your local Agriculture Extension Office before planting. A soil test will tell you what nutrients are lacking. A way to test if your soil is adequate is to take a sample of soil in your hand and if it is doughy with a bit of firmness you are set for planting. If the soil clumps in your hand and feels like a rock then you need to amend the soil. The same goes for if when you squeeze the soil, water oozes out, amend the soil. A bag of compost or peat moss can help if soil testing is not available in your area.
PLANTING CONTAINER PLANTS:

1. Take the plastic pot off and examine the plant roots. The roots will need to be scored with a knife to break them up. This will help loosen and prevent roots from girdling

2. Dig a hole at least twice as wide as the rootball. The depth equals top to bottom of the rootball minus ½” above ground level.

3. Next, put the plant in the hole and make sure the top of the rootball is at least ½”

above ground level. Backfill with compost and existing soil. Compact the loosened backfill to help get rid of air pockets in the soil.

4. Using a granular fertilizer generally is a one time application, most anywhere from a 3-5 month feed. A basic 12-16-12 or comparable landscape fertilizer is sufficient. Apply fertilizer when backfilling or place the fertilizer on top of the soil.

6. Mulch around the plant making sure to feather the mulch away from the base of the plant. 2-3” is sufficient to help keep moisture in and deter weeds from growing.


  1. Finally, water the plant in!

** Upon arrival, water your container plants once a day or every other day depending on climate and keep in shade until you can plant.
PLANTING BAREROOT PLANTS:

  1. Remove bare root plants from the package and shake off any packaging materials that may be stuck to the roots.

  2. Fill a bucket of water and soak bare root plants for an hour so they soak up moisture.

  3. Before planting bare root plants, cut off any broken or moldy roots or if one just doesn’t look right.

  4. Dig a hole wide enough for the roots to be able to feather out comfortably. Form a mound of soil at the bottom of the hole so the roots have a place to sit and will stabilized.

  5. Do not fertilize at time of planting; roots are sensitive and could burn. Fertilize approximately four weeks after planting.

  6. Cover roots with soil and press down firmly to make sure they are settled and feel in contact with the soil. Practice watering bare root plants in as it may take a couple of times to see if they has settled too much. Make sure the crown of the roots are near level with the ground after watering. After planting a few bare root plants and watering them in you will get the hang of it.

  7. Mulch around the plant making sure to feather the mulch away from the base of the plant. 1-2” is sufficient to help keep moisture in and deter weeds from growing.


PLANTING ELLE PLUGS:

  1. Remove Elle Plugs from flat and dip each one into a bucket of water to ensure the roots within the plug are moist before planting.

2. Dig a hole twice the size of the Elle Plug. Make sure at least the top of the Elle Plug is 1/8-1/4” about ground level once planted. Backfill with compost and existing soil. Compact the loosened backfill to help get rid of air pockets in the soil.

3. Apply a general fertilizer of 20-10-20 or comparable at time of planting. Apply fertilizer when backfilling or place the fertilizer on top of the soil.

4. Mulch around the plant making sure to feather the mulch away from the base of the plant. 1-2” is sufficient to help keep moisture in and deter weeds from growing.


  1. Water plugs in!

** Upon arrival, water your flats of Elle Plugs everyday until you can plant. Do not let them dry down.
Pruning:

Nepeta needs to be pruned after flowering to help keep the plant looking fresh and to help repeat blooms. Prune dead, dying or diseased foliage and discard of immediately. Mulch in before winter. Divide every three to four years to help thin out and keep plants vigor optimal.


Watering:

Most people think if it rains then you don’t have to water. On the contrary! As a general rule of thumb, water your newly planted plants at least 2-3 times per week unless

we miraculously receive inches and inches of rain. Longer watering a few times a week promote a healthier, deeper root system as opposed to shorter watering more often per week. Weather can play a role in how often you water. When summertime temperatures sore into the 80’s and 90’s for a month straight you could be watering everyday or every other day. A good indicator if a plant needs water is sticking your finger ~2” down in the soil. If the soil feels moist then don’t water; if the soil feels dry, then water. Once you start understanding Nepeta in your garden you will pick up on how much water it needs.

Attributes:

Deer and rabbit resistant, attracts hummingbirds and butterflies, great cut flower. Even though Nepeta is considered deer and rabbit resistant, if they are hungry enough your Nepeta can be eaten.

Diseases:

Leaf Spot, Whitefly, Spider Mites.

Most diseases can be prevented by:



  1. Proper planting techniques

  2. Good air circulation

  3. Avoid crowding

  4. Avoid excessive Nitrogen

  5. Avoid poor drainage

  6. Water at the base of the plant rather than overhead watering

  7. Pruning tool sanitation

8. Destroying infected plant/plant parts

If plants are already infected treat with proper fungicides. Most diseases can be a soil borne fungus; if severe enough take proper measures to remove infected soil area around plant and replace with new soil. Spraying a fungicide to the infected soil is also recommended. Check with your local garden retailer for fungicides in your area.


Pests:

No significant pests. Cats can be a problem if they find a patch and will roll in it.


**This is a basic care sheet. Not all information may be listed. Seek professional assistance if necessary for the care of your plants.


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