Basic Botany Final Exam Study Guide Be able to answer all the questions on our four quizzes correctly. In addition, be prepared for the following:
Cladogram: Review your lecture notes, the handout “Trends in Plant Evolution” and Raven et al.. Make a cladogram showing the phylogenetic relationships between Coleochaete, liverworts, mosses, seedless vascular plants, pines, and flowering plants based on the presence of at least ten characters.
Short Answer and Fill in the Blank:
Given a diploid cell with clearly illustrated chromosomes, be able to illustrate all the combinations possible for haploid cells derived from said diploid cell.
Be able to explain the difference between a haploid and diploid cell.
Explain the difference between mitosis and meiosis.
4. List diagnostic characters of the following phyla: Bryophyta (mosses),
Include in your pine life cycle diagram a pine microsporophyll with attached microsporangia, including mature pollen. Also remember to identify the ploidy of the different generations.
5. Diagram the life cycle of a flowering plant. Sketch and label the steps in the
formation of a megagametophyte (AKA embryo sac) and the microgametophyte.