Background: In this lab, you will investigate the process of photosynthesis. More specifically, you will learn how the amount of light affects photosynthesis. In order to do this, you will use an Elodea plant




Дата канвертавання19.04.2016
Памер17.45 Kb.
Biology Name ____________________________________

Photosynthesis Lab - Elodea & Bromothymol Blue Period ___________ Date ___________________


Background:

In this lab, you will investigate the process of photosynthesis. More specifically, you will learn how the amount of light affects photosynthesis. In order to do this, you will use an Elodea plant, the chemical Bromothymol Blue (which acts as an indicator to show if photosynthesis is occurring). Bromothymol blue works because it is able to detect the presence of CO2 (needed for photosynthesis) and O2 (released during photosynthesis) in solution.


In a test tube, you will see that:

  • bromothymol blue + CO2 = green color

  • bromothymol blue + O2 = blue color

Equation:

Write the equation for photosynthesis. ____________________________________________________


Hypothesis:

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________



Material Preparation:

If concentrated bromothymol blue (BTB liquid) is available, dilute with water (distilled works best) and test the concentration by adding 10 ml of your BTB solution to 15 ml water and bubbling one lung full of air through a straw into the water. It should turn greenish. (If it stays blue, the BTB is too concentrated; if it turns yellow, the BTB is too diluted.) Adjust your solution as necessary and place in dropper bottles for lab teams to use.


Procedure:

  1. Pour 75 mL of water into a 250 mL beaker.




  1. Add 2 mL of bromothymol blue to the water. It should be a blue solution.




  1. Using a straw, GENTLY blow into the solution causing it to bubble for approximately 1 minute.




  1. Label 3 large test tubes: 1, 2, & 3




  1. Pour 25 mL of the bromothymol blue + water solution into each of the three test tubes.




  1. Cover Tube 1 with tin foil (there is no Elodea in Tube 1) and place it in the test tube rack




  1. Add a 7 cm piece of Elodea to Tube 2. Using your straw, GENTLY push the Elodea to the bottom of the test tube. Then cover Tube 2 with tinfoil and place it in the test tube rack.

  2. Add a 7 cm piece of Elodea to Tube 3. Using your straw, GENTLY push the Elodea to the bottom of the test tube. Cover the test tube with plastic wrap or a stopper. Then place it in the test tube rack.




  1. Place the entire test tube rack under a light source and allow to sit overnight.


Tube 1 Tube 2 Tube 3



No Elodea Elodea Elodea

+ + +

Covered in tinfoil Covered in tinfoil In the light

Pre-Lab Questions:

              1. Predict what will happen to the color of the solution when you blow into the straw (causing the bromothymol blue + water solution to bubble). Explain your prediction. ______________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________




              1. Predict what color Tube 1 will be after the experiment. __________________

              2. Predict what color Tube 2 will be after the experiment. __________________

              3. Predict what color Tube 3 will be after the experiment. __________________


Results: Record your results in the table below.


Sample

No Elodea +

Tinfoil (Control)

Elodea +

Tinfoil

Elodea +

Light

Color Before Experiment










Color After Experiment











Conclusions: Write 2 to 3 sentences based on your results.

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________



Post-Lab Analysis:

              1. What color does the bromothymol blue solution turn after you exhale into it? __________________ Explain your answer. ______________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________

              2. What happened to the color in Test Tube 1? Explain why you obtained the results that you did. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

              3. What happened to the color in Test Tube 2? Explain why you obtained the results that you did. __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

              4. What happened to the color in Test Tube 3? Explain why you obtained the results that you did. __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

              5. What is the purpose of the control? ___________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________

              6. Compare the Elodea in the dark to the Elodea in the light. How do you account for any differences in color? ________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________

              7. What gas (or gases) can bromothymol blue serve as an indicator for? _________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________

              8. What gas do you exhale? _________________________

              9. What gas do plants give off? _________________________

              10. List three things that a plant needs to undergo photosynthesis.

                1. ________________________

                2. ________________________

                3. ________________________

              11. Write the overall equation for photosynthesis.

_________________________________________________________________________________


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