Angler Melanocetus johnsoni (mesopelagic zone) Deep sea mushroom coral Deep sea cucumber Peniagone sp. (echinoderm) Deep sea dragonfish Grammatostomias sp. Deep sea hatchet fish

Дата канвертавання19.04.2016
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There are many interesting organisms that inhabit the deep-sea. Some are only found in non deep-sea habitats while others are found at hydrothermal vents and cold seeps (shown with an asterisk). What are some interesting features of 15 of these organisms?

  1. Anglerfish Linophryne sp. (mesopelagic zone)

  2. Black dragonfish Idiacanthus atlanticus mesopelagic zone

  3. Chamber nautilus Nautilus sp.

  4. Ctenophores (comb jellies)

  5. Deep sea angler Melanocetus johnsoni (mesopelagic zone)

  6. Deep sea mushroom coral

  7. Deep sea cucumber Peniagone sp. (echinoderm)

  8. Deep sea dragonfish Grammatostomias sp.

  9. Deep sea hatchet fish Argyropelecus gigas. (mesopelagic zone)

  10. Deep sea jellyfish Benthocodon sp.

  11. Deep sea octopus Stauroteuthis sp.

  12. Deep sea vent clam Calyptogena magnifica*

  13. Deep sea vent mussel Bathymodiolus thermophilus*

  14. Deep sea squid

  15. Eelpout zoarces*

  16. Fangtooth Anoplogaster sp. Sometimes called daggertooth (mesopelagic zone)

  17. Giant amphipod

  18. Giant isopod

  19. Giant squid Architeuthis sp.

  20. Giant tubeworm Riftia pachyptila*

  21. Gulper eel Eurypharynx pelecanoides

  22. Hagfish

  23. Hairy angler fish (mesopelagic zone)

  24. Lantern fish Family Myctophidae (mesopelagic zone)

  25. Polychaete worm

  26. Polychaete worm Paralvinella sp*

  27. Pompeii worm Alvinella pompejana*

  28. Rattail fish Coryphaenoides filicauda (bathypelagic, abyssopelagic zone) have swim bladders to make sound and float, found at depths of 6500 meters

  29. Ribbonfish

  30. Sea urchins, Aspidodiadema, Archaeopneustes (in herds), Stylocidaris,

  31. Shrimp Rimicaris exoculata*

  32. Siphonphores

  33. Sixgill shark Hexanthus griseus

  34. Snipe eel

  35. Sperm whale Physeter macrocep

  36. Spiny spider crab Maja sp.

  37. Stalked crinoids (echinoderms)

  38. Tunicates

  39. Vent crab Bythograea thermydron*

  40. Viperfish Chauliodus sloani (mesopelagic zone)

  41. Tripod fish

  42. Deepest known fish are brotulid fishes (>8000m depth)

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