Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds




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Agreement on the Conservation of

African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds

Doc: AEWA/MOP 5.24

Agenda item: 21

Original: English
Date: 23 April 2012

5th Session of the Meeting of the Parties

14 – 18 May 2012, La Rochelle, France

Migratory waterbirds and people - sharing wetlands”





SUMMARY OF CURRENT STATE OF SINGLE SPECIES ACTION PLAN AND SPECIES MANAGEMENT PLAN PRODUCTION AND COORDINATION
Compiled by the UNEP/AEWA Secretariat

This brief paper provides an update on the progress of production and coordination of the implementation of AEWA Single Species Action Plans (SSAPs).


Table 1 below contains a list of 21 SSAPs - the 15 SSAPs previously adopted by the MOP (between 2002 and 2008), the four new draft SSAPs and one Species Management Plan (SMP) to be submitted to MOP5 (May 2012), as well as one plan for which funding has been secured, but which will not be available until after MOP5.
For the 15 previously adopted SSAPs, coordination mechanisms (AEWA International Species Working Groups (ISWG)) have been provided for seven of them, as decided by TC9 in 2009. Coordinating organizations have been identified and Memoranda of Cooperation concluded. For another SSAP, a coordinator has been recruited, but the Working Group is yet to be convened. For the Red-breasted Goose SSAP, which used to be a non-AEWA SSAP, an expert working group was operating with the support of several organizations, including UNEP/AEWA. This group was transformed into an AEWA ISWG and a coordinator was also recruited.
The nine coordination mechanisms are at various stages of development and operation. Most advanced is the Lesser White-fronted Goose SSAP mechanism for which there is regular and sufficient funding from some of the range states, particularly Norway; a full-time paid coordinator was recruited and is based at the UNEP/AEWA Secretariat. The shortfalls of the other coordination mechanisms are usually associated with insufficient funding, out-posted, part-time coordinators and the need of additional supervision and guidance by the Secretariat.
For two SSAPs, expert coordination groups have been established, where the AEWA Secretariat has not been the driving force (Eurosite for the Eurasian Spoonbill and the Irish Brent Goose Research Group for the Light-bellied Brent Goose). These two cases present a useful approach and, in future, stakeholders will be encouraged to take the initiative and put in place coordination mechanisms where the involvement of the AEWA Secretariat and the establishment of AEWA ISWG are not considered to be a priority.
For two of the newly developed plans, coordination mechanisms will be convened upon their endorsement – an AEWA ISWG for the Pink-footed Goose Species Management Plan and an expert working group under Eurosite and/or WWT for the Bewick’s Swan SSAP.

Resolution 4.41, based on the recommendations of document AEWA/MOP 4.10, page 992, instructed the Secretariat to undertake a revision of three non-AEWA SSAPs. This revision was completed for the Red-breasted Goose SSAP. At its meeting in February 2009, the Steering Group of the Slender-billed Curlew Working Group (under the CMS SbC MoU) decided not to embark on a revision of the SbC SSAP unless the species was found. Instead, an intensive search was launched, which unfortunately did not lead to any proven observations of the species. No action has been taken on revising the Marbled Teal SSAP.
Document AEWA/MOP 4.10 also recommended a revision of the Dalmatian Pelican and the Audouin’s Gull SSAPs, but the MOP did not instruct the Secretariat to take any action with regard to these revisions.
Resolution 4.4 also endorsed a priority list for elaboration of new SSAPs, as presented in document AEWA/MOP 4.10; pages 97-98 (see Table 2 below). Of the 54 priority species/populations a draft SSAP for the Slaty Egret (no. 2) was completed, while for the Shoebill SSAP (no. 3) funding was secured and the planning process will be launched soon.

The African Crane Conservation Programme (an ICF/EWT partnership) has made a commitment to work with the Secretariat on raising funds and compiling SSAPs for three species/populations of cranes in Africa (Wattled Crane Grus carunculatus – no. 4, Blue Crane Grus paradisea – no. 10, and Grey Crowned Crane – Balearica regulorum regulorum – no. 51).


For another nine African species/populations on the priority list (Bank Cormorant Phalacrocorax neglectus – no. 1, African Penguin Spheniscus demersus – no. 6, Cape Gannet Sula capensis – no. 9, Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii dougallii – no. 31, Caspian Tern Sterna caspia caspia – no. 35, Antarctic Tern Sterna vittata vittata – no. 39, Antarctic Tern Sterna vittata tristanensis – no. 40, Crowned Cormorant Phalacrocorax coronatus – no. 52 and Great Crested Tern Sterna bergii enigma – no. 53) a Multi-species Action Planning process for Southern African coastal birds was launched some years ago, but has, to date, not been completed and cannot be finalized due to the lack of funds. This will be prioritized as an activity for 2012-2015.

Table 1. List of AEWA SSAPs and SMP which have been adopted by MOP or are under development

Highlighted in green are the SSAPs for which AEWA international coordination mechanisms have been put in place

Highlighted in blue are the SSAPs for which AEWA or other international coordination mechanisms will be established in foreseeable future

Highlighted in pink are the SSAPs for which other international coordination mechanisms have been established


Year of MOP adoption

Species/population

Population size and trend (as per CSR5)

AEWA Species Working Group

Other Working Group

Coordinator

Meetings

Website

List server

SSAPs previously adopted by MOP (15)




2002

Great Snipe (Gallinago media)

Scandinavia/W Africa – 18,000-51,000 (stable); W Siberia & NE Europe/SE Africa – 100,000-1,000,000 (declining)

None

None

None

None

None

None

2002

Black-winged Pratincole (Glareola nordmanni)

152,000-190,000 (declining)

None

None

None

None

None

None

2002

(2012 – revision)



Sociable Lapwing (Vanellus gregarius)

SE Europe & W Asia / NE Africa - 3,200-17,000 (declining); Central Asian Republics / NW India – 200 (declining)

Convened

N/A

RSPB

(formerly ACBK, BirdLife affiliate in Kazakhstan)



1st meeting (March 2011)

Yes (inactive, to be revamped)

None

2005

Light-bellied Brent Goose (Branta bernicla hrota) – East Canadian High Arctic population

40,000 (increasing)

None

Irish Brent Goose Research Group – largely coordinates work internationally


As arranged by the IBGRG

As arranged by the IBGRG

As arranged by the IBGRG

As arranged by the IBGRG

2005

Northern Bald Ibis (Geronticus eremita)

Morocco - 227 (declining); SW Asia – 7 (declining)

Convened

N/A

BirdLife International (through RSPB, BirdLife Middle East and SEO/BirdLife Spain)

None

(1st meeting planned for early 2012)



None

None

2005

Corncrake (Crex crex)

> 1,000,000 (declining)

None

None

None

None

None

None

2005

White-headed Duck (Oxyura leucocephala)

W Med – 2,500 (increasing); Algeria & Tunisia – 400-600 (stable; E Med, Turkey and SW Asia – 5,000-10,000 (declining)

To be convened

None

WWT

None

None

None

2005

Ferruginous Duck (Aythya nyroca)

W Med/N & W Africa – 2,400-2,600 (declining); E Europe/E Mid & Sahelian Africa – 50,000 (increasing); W Asian/SW Asia & NE Africa – 25,000-100,000 (declining)

None

None

None

None

None

None

2008

Lesser Flamingo (Phoeniconaias minor)

W Africa – 15,000-25,000 (stable); E Africa – 1.5-2.5 million (declining); S Africa – 55,000-65,000 stable)

Convened

N/A

BirdLife Africa

None

None

Yes

2008

Madagascar Pond-heron (Ardeola idae)

2,000-6,000 (declining)

Convened

N/A

BirdLife Africa

None

None

Yes

2008

White-winged Flufftail (Sarothrura ayresi)

Ethiopia – 450-650 (declining); S Africa – 235 (declining)

Convened

N/A

BirdLife Africa

None

None

Yes

2008

Maccoa Duck (Oxyura maccoa)

E Africa – 1,500 (declining); S Africa – 7,000-8,250 (increasing)

None

None

None

None

None

None

2008

Black-tailed Godwit (Limosa l. limosa and islandica)

W Europe / NW & W Africa – 160,000-180,000 (declining); E Europe / C & E Africa – 90,000-165,000 (declining); W-C Asia / SW Asia & E Africa – 25,000-100,000 (unknown); Iceland / W Europe – 50,000-75,000 (increasing)

Convened

N/A

Government Service for Land and Water Management (DLG) of the Netherlands

None

None

None

2008

Eurasian Spoonbill (Platalea leucorodia – leucorodia, archeri, balsaci & major)

W Europe /W Mediterranean & W Africa – 11,300 (increasing); C & SE Europe/ Mediterranean & Tropical Africa – 11,670 (declining); Red Sea & Somalia – 1,500-2,250 (declining); Coastal W Africa (Mauritania) – 6,000-7,000 (stable); W Asia / SW & S Asia – 23,000 (unknown)

None

Eurosite Spoonbill Working Group

As arranged by the ESWG

As arranged by the ESWG

As arranged by the ESWG

As arranged by the ESWG

2008 (revision of the non-AEWA SSAP)

Lesser White-fronted Goose (Anser erythropus) – Western Palearctic population

N Europe & W Sib / B Sea & Caspian – 10,000-21,000 (stable?); Fennoscandia – 60-80 (declining)



Convened

N/A

UNEP/AEWA Secretariat

1st meeting (November 2010)

2nd meeting (planned for end of 2012)




To be launched

To be launched

Draft SSAPs and SMP to be submitted to MOP5 (5)




(2012)

Slaty Egret (Egretta vinaceigula)

3,000-5,000 (declining)

None

None

None

None

None

None

(2012)

Bewick’s Swan (Cygnus columbianus bewickii) – W Siberian & NE/NW European population

21,500 (declining)

None

To be convened under Eurosite and/or WWT

None

None

None

None

(2012)

Greenland White-fronted Goose (Anser albifrons flavirostris)

23,200 (declining)

None

None

None

None

None

None

(2012 – revision of the non-AEWA SSAP)

Red-breasted Goose (Branta ruficollis)

44,000 (declining)

Convened

N/A

WWT (through BSPB/BirdLife Bulgaria)

None

(1st meeting planned for mid-2012)



Yes (outdated, to be revamped)

Yes

(2012)

Pink-footed Goose (Anser brachyrhynchus) – Svalbard population (Species Management Plan)

63,000 (increasing)

To be convened before MOP5

N/A

To be formalised with Aarhus University, Denmark


None

(1st meeting planned for mid-2012)



None

None

SSAPs in preparation - funding secured (1)




N/A

Shoebill (Balaeniceps rex)

5,000-8,000 (declining)

None

None

None

None

None

None

Table 2. Priority list for development of new SSAPs (as in document AEWA/MOP 4.10, pages 97-98 and endorsed by Resolution 4.4). Highlighted in orange are the species/population for which SSAPs have been developed or funding for development is secured by the UNEP/AEWA Secretariat. Highlighted in blue are the species/populations for which compilers have been identified and SSAP or Multi-Species Action Planning processes will commence in 2012-2015 if sufficient funding becomes available.



Rank

Species and subspecies

Population

1

Bank Cormorant Phalacrocorax neglectus

Coastal Southwest Africa

2

Slaty Egret Egretta vinaceigula

Southcentral Africa

3

Shoebill Balaeniceps rex

Central Tropical Africa

4

Wattled Crane Grus carunculatus

Central & Southern Africa

5

Madagascar Pratincole Glareola ocularis

Madagascar/East Africa

6

African Penguin Spheniscus demersus

Southern Africa

7

Socotra Cormorant Phalacrocorax nigrogularis

Arabian Coast

8

Gulf of Aden, Socotra, Arabian Sea

9

Cape Gannet Sula (Morus) capensis

Southern Africa

10

Blue Crane Grus paradisea

Extreme Southern Africa

11

Demoiselle Crane Grus virgo

Turkey (bre)

12

Sacred Ibis Threskiornis aethiopicus aethiopicus

Iraq & Iran

13

White-backed Duck

Thalassornis leuconotus leuconotus

West Africa

14

Cape Teal Anas capensis

Lake Chad basin2

15

Common Crane Grus grus

Turkey & Georgia (bre)

16

Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus infuscatus

Eastern Africa (Ethiopia to N Zambia)

17

Yellow-billed Stork Mycteria ibis

Madagascar

18

Black-winged Lapwing Vanellus melanopterus minor

Southern Africa

19

Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea

Northwest Africa

20

Hottentot Teal Anas hottentota

Lake Chad Basin

21

Dunlin Calidris alpina schinzii

Baltic/SW Europe & NW Africa

22

Red-knobbed Coot Fulica cristata

Madagascar

23

Great Bittern Botaurus stellaris capensis

Southern Africa

24

African Pygmy-goose Nettapus auritus

West Africa

25

Streaky-breasted Flufftail Sarothrura boehmi

Central Africa

26

Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus alboaxillaris

Southwest Asia/Eastern Africa

27

Egyptian Goose Alopochen aegyptiacus

West Africa

28

White Stork Ciconia ciconia ciconia

Southern Africa

29

Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii bangsi

North Arabian Sea (Oman)

30

Demoiselle Crane Grus virgo

Black Sea (Ukraine)/Northeast Africa

31

Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii dougallii

Southern Africa

32

Bewick's Swan Cygnus columbianus bewickii

Northern Siberia/Caspian

33

Velvet Scoter Melanitta fusca fusca

Black Sea & Caspian

34

Great Crested Tern Sterna bergii thalassina

Eastern Africa & Seychelles

35

Caspian Tern Sterna caspia caspia

Southern Africa (bre)

36

Little Tern Sterna albifrons guineae

West Africa (bre)

37

Black Stork Ciconia nigra

Southern Africa

38

African Spoonbill Platalea alba

Madagascar

39

Antarctic Tern Sterna vittata vittata

P.Edward, Marion, Crozet & Kerguelen/South Africa

40

Antarctic Tern Sterna vittata tristanensis

Tristan da Cunha & Gough/South Africa

41

Great Knot Calidris tenuirostris

Eastern Siberia/SW Asia & W Southern Asia

42

Lesser Crested Tern Sterna bengalensis emigrata

S Mediterranean/NW & West Africa coasts

43

Chestnut-banded Plover

Charadrius pallidus venustus

Eastern Africa

44

Great Northern Diver Gavia immer

Europe (win)

45

White-billed Diver Gavia adamsii

Northern Europe (win)

46

Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator serrator

Western Siberia/Southwest & Central Asia

47

Greater Sandplover

Charadrius leschenaultii columbinus

Turkey & SW Asia/E. Mediterranean & Red Sea

48

Slavonian Grebe Podiceps auritus auritus

Northwest Europe (largebilled)

49

Baillon's Crak Porzana pusilla intermedia

Europe (bre)

50

Cape Teal Anas capensis

Eastern Africa (Rift Valley)

51

Grey Crowned Crane

Balearica regulorum regulorum

Southern Africa (N to Angola & S Zimbabwe)

52

Crowned Cormorant Phalacrocorax coronatus

Coastal Southwest Africa

53

Great Crested Tern Sterna bergii enigma

Madagascar & Mozambique/Southern Africa

54

Goosander Mergus merganser merganser

Northeast Europe/Black Sea




1 http://www.unep-aewa.org/meetings/en/mop/mop4_docs/final_res_pdf/res4_4_ssap_re-establishments_final.pdf

2 http://www.unep-aewa.org/meetings/en/mop/mop4_docs/meeting_docs_pdf/mop4_10_ssap_review.pdf



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