|ACF Nationals 2004, Questions by the University of Maryland (Phil Durkos, Adam Fine, Dan Greenstein, and Guy Jordan)
He emigrated to the United States at age ten in 1906, and as a teen was a member of the Five Points gang. He worked in the crime family of “Joe the Boss” Masseria in the 1920s, but when war broke out between Masseria and Salvatore Maranzano, he had both of them killed. He spent 1936 to 1946 in Dannemora Prison, but had his sentence commuted after he helped Navy intelligence during World War II. For ten points, name this Sicilian-born gangster who ruled New York organized crime until Thomas Dewey caught up with him.
ANSWER: Lucky _Luciano_ (or Salvatore _Luciana_)
Her daughter, Melitta Schmideberg, a well-known psychoanylist, never got a long with her and gave a lecture in London on the day of her funeral. Donald Winnecott called her the “Eureka Shrieker” because of her demonstrative outbursts. In 1975 Jacques Lacan made fun of her ideas about play when he remarked “you are a little train, therefore you want to fuck your mother.” She had posited years before that free play leads to free association, and provides children with a way to test their fantasies in the world of real objects. For 10 points, name this Austrian psychologist, author of “The Psychoanalysis of Children.”
ANSWER: Melanie _Klein_
Although married to the invalid Beata, the protagonist falls in love with the impetuous and vital Rebecca West. When Beata commits suicide, he feels free to pursue Rebecca until he learns that Rebecca egged on Beata’s suicide. Angered, the protagonist, Johannes, insists that Rebecca prove her love by committing suicide, and the two of them do so together by jumping into the millrace of the title mansion. For 10 points, identify this tragedy by Henrik Ibsen.
Precursors to this engagement included the July capture of Fort Erie by General Jacon Jennings Brown and the victory by Winfield Scott over the British at the Battle of Chippewa. On July 25, however, British commander Gordon Drummond met Scott and Brown’s forces at this crossroads; in the ensuing battle, 850 Americans and 875 British were killed. For ten points, identify this 1814 battle, fought just below Niagara Falls in Ontario.
ANSWER: Battle of _Lundy’s Lane_
Between 1972 and 1992, two men and their parties wrestled for control of this nation. P.G. Seaga of the conservative Labour Party led between 1980 and 1989, while Michael Manley and the People’s National Party (PNP) ruled in the other years. Before then, Alexander Bustamante led this country’s withdrawal from the West Indies Federation, and served as its first independent prime minister. For ten points, identify this country that occupies the third-largest island in the Caribbean Sea.
None of the portraits of this native of Seville can be identified with any accuracy, but his 1661 version in Madrid of The Calling of Saint Matthew is now considered his masterpiece. Antonio Palomino claims he accompanied the artist he worked for on his second trip to Italy in 1649, and while there became the subject of a striking portrait that his master painted just before beginning his picture of Pope Innocent X. For 10 points, name this painter of African descent who was subject of a portrait by Velazquez that in 1970 became the most expensive painting ever purchased by the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
ANSWER: Juan de _Pareja_
There were 2869 of them, and the last one was written while propped up against three pillows having just finished a favorite bedtime book. They were spread out over the course of 58 years, and their author frequently incorporated major events from Ameican history into their content, including the assassination of Robert Kennedy, which he personally witnessed. For 10 points, name these weekly installments from BBC radio written and recorded by the former host of Omnibus and Masterpiece Theatre.
ANSWER: _Letter_s _From America_
The asymptotic equipartition property is a consequence of the weak version of this law, which is often proven using Chevyshev’s inequality and was defined by Ernst Fischer. The strong version, defined by Friedrich Riesz, implies the sample average converges almost surely to the mean [MYU]. For 10 points, name this statistical law proven by Jakob Bernoulli whose principle is often erroneously labeled the “law of averages,” which states if the sequence xn of n random variables have mean , the sequence xn/n [x sub n over n] tends to .
ANSWER: Law of _Large Numbers_
Before the Vanir were displaced by the Æsir, who built Valhalla, this was the central location of the Norse pantheon. Odin gave its guardian an eye in exchange for the wisdom it bestowed, and each of the Norns was permitted one drink from it. Lying at the base of the world tree Yggdrasil, it was guarded by Mimir. For 10 points, name this Norse well of wisdom.
ANSWER: _Urtharbrunn_ (accept _Mimir_’s _well_ before Mimir is mentioned)
A governor has a local miller arrested so gain an opportunity to flirt with his wife. The young woman proves too clever for the governor’s advances, however, and causes him to fall into a local stream. The miller, who in the meantime has found a way out of prison, finds the wet clothes of the governor hung out to dry and secretly makes off with the the title object. This is the plot, for 10 points, of what one-act ballet featuring a fandango, composed by Manuel de Falla?
ANSWER: The _Three-Cornered Hat_ or _El Sombrero de Tres Picos_
Prior to 700 CE, this tribe had already conquered the Bructuari, and were composed of four major groups: Nordalbingians, Engerns, Eastphalians, and Westphalians. They repelled attacks from the Merovingians, and under Widukind, they fought valiantly against the Franks until Charlemagne finally subjugated them in 804. For ten points, what northwestern Germanic people lived in modern-day Schleswig, and also migrated to England in the sixth century?
This man served as chief scientist in the Ranger program, choosing crash-landing sites on the moon and selecting landing sites for the Surveyor and Apollo programs. While he was a pioneer of infrared astronomy, he is better known for his discoveries in the solar system, which included his analysis of the atmospheres of Mars, Titan and the planetary satellites Nereid and Miranda. For 10 points, name this Dutch-born American astronomer whose name is attached to a disk-shaped region of minor planets outside of the orbit of Neptune.
ANSWER: Gerard Peter _Kuiper_
It broke out on December 17th, when peasants rose against their daimyo Matsukura Shigeharu. It was led by Masuda Shiro, who took the name “Jerome,” and involved some 23,000 people, including many women, who on December 27th defeated 3,000 samurai sent by the governor of Nagasaki. Some rebels held out well into the spring until they were routed on April 15th. For 10 points, name this 1637 rebellion of Japanese Christian converts against the Tokugawa Shogunate.
ANSWER: _Shimabara_ Rebellion/Revolt
“Faith in their hands shall snap in two/ And unicorn evils run them through,” it exhorts. The original version, which was published in 1933, made the poem’s roots in the Book of Revelations and the writings of Hermes Trismegistus more obvious than the more surrealist 1939 version. Famous lines include, “Though they sink through the sea they shall rise again/ Though lovers be lost, love shall not.” For 10 points, identify this prophetic Dylan Thomas poem.
ANSWER: _And Death Shall Have No Dominion_
This theorem states as the temperature of a system in thermodynamic equilibrium approaches absolute zero, the change in both the Helmholtz function and the internal energy in an isothermal process tends to zero. Eugene Simon reformulated this restrictive form, the New Heat theorem of Walther Nernst, into a statement whose consequence is it is impossible to reduce the temperature of a system to absolute zero in finite steps. For 10 points, name this law that states the entropy of a system approaches zero as its temperature approaches zero.
ANSWER: _third law_ of _thermodynamics_ [accept _Nernst_’s New _Heat Theorem_ before it is mentioned]
James Light read the first scene of its first performance in 1924. The narrative follows a couple’s return to America after spending 2 years in Europe. A mask from the Congo, given as a gift, represents the shame of a woman who is in love with Jim. The couple’s problems come to a head when the Ella laughs at Jim’s ambitions after he fails his Bar Exam. For 10 points, name this play featuring a interracial romance by Eugene O’Neill.
ANSWER: _All God’s Chillun Got Wings_
The author begins by analyzing a speech by Mephistopheles in Goethe’s Faust, which he uses to demonstrate that all human achievement is ephemeral. He advocates forsaking ambition, arguing that “the path through the cavern of despair is paved with the gravestones of abandoned hopes,” and concludes that “tragedy is the proudest of all human arts.” In 1933, its author renounced this essay, saying, “It depends upon a metaphysic more Platonic than that in which I now believe.” For 10 points, identify this essay on spiritual fulfillment by Bertrand Russell.
ANSWER: A _Free Man’s Worship_
Members of this school, such as Bohm-Bawerk and von Wieser, were among the first to attack Marxism. Officially founded with the 1871 publication of Carl Menger’s Principles of Economics, this school received its name from the Historical School during the Methodenstreit. They view private property as essential and entrepreneurship as the driving force in an economy and favor a dynamic, consistent dis-equilibrium in nature. Rejecting observational methods in favor of logic, for 10 points, name this school of economics named for a central European country that advocates radical laissez-faire policy.
ANSWER: _Austrian_ School (accept: _Austrian_ Economics)
The American pathologist who first described this bacterium in 1910 died from a disease caused by it. It usually requires a living host to spread infection; the one exception is Q fever, which humans get by drinking bad milk or inhaling dust. Tsutsugamushi fever, typhus, and Rocky Mountain spotted fever are all caused by, for ten points, what rod-shaped bacterium that uses ticks, mites, and lice as carriers?
About 1060 miles long and 60 miles wide, this area is home to both San hunters and the Khoikhoi. Since the local winds blow from the land to the sea, it is extremely dry, but with the Atlantic to its west, it features an average temperature of only 60 degrees. Bordered on the east by the Great Escarpment and meaning “place of nothing,” for ten points, identify this desert that stretches from Angola through its namesake country.
ANSWER: _Namib_ Desert
His doctoral dissertation in 1897 was on Newton’s electrochronic rings, and his NAZI sympathies gained him enough favor with authorities that he replaced Paschen as the director of the German Physico-Technical Institute. Late in his life, he investigated the effect of light deflection in an unhomogeneous electric field at his private laboratory in Bavaria. For 10 points, name this physicist whose "discovery of the Doppler effect in canal rays and the splitting of spectral lines in electric fields,” an electrical analogue of the Zeeman effect, won him a nobel prize in 1919.
ANSWER: Johannes _Stark_
The cruel villagers in this novel force the transplanted teenagers to bury animal corpses, feed them raw potatoes, lock them in a shed, and abandon them after blaming them when disease sweeps through the village. Despite their treatment, the narrator and his friends persevere, engaging in romance and a winter festival, even though they are fated to die. Set in Japan in the closing days of World War II and partially based on Lord of the Flies, this novel features reform school boys evacuated to a remote village. For 10 points, name this 1958 novel by Kenzaburo Oe [OH-ay].
Answer: _Nip the Buds, Shoot the Kids_
The earliest record of his employment is in the journal of Sir Philip Henslowe in 1593; in “Shakespeare in Love” he is depicted as a boy playing with rats. T.S. Eliot called him a “poet much possessed with death,” and indeed his dying speeches, such as Daniel de Bosola’s “Mine is another voyage,” are the source of much of his fame. Only 2 of his plays, including “The White Devil,” survive. For 10 points, identify this author of “The Duchess of Malfi.”
ANSWER: John _Webster_
Its chemical formula is C12H17N2O4P, and it has a double-ring structure characterized by the presence of four double bonds, rendering it notably more stable than its various lysergic acid counterparts. Also unlike those counterparts, it occurs naturally in the mycorrhizae of certain fungi. A typical dosage for a human is .35 mg, resulting in suspension of rational judgment, increased spirituality, and visual and auditory hallucinations lasting about 1/3 as long as the other effects. For 10 points, identify this active ingredient in most psychedelic mushrooms.
The last words of its title hero, “It is accomplished,” contradict the seven last words traditionally ascribed to him. Both this novel and the Matin Scorsese film based on it have been condemned by the Catholic Review. After the Crucifixion, Jesus is rescued from death by an angel and goes on to lead a conventional married life, but is tracked down and stoned to death by the aging Apostles. For 10 points, identify this novel by Nikos Kazantzakis. ANSWER: The _Last Temptation of Christ_
It begins with scenes of raw natural beauty, which are interrupted by the abrupt rise of glass towers and modern cityscapes. Modern urban life races by at breakneck speed, lights winking on and off through night and day and headlights speeding by, while Philip Glass flute solos increase in tempo. Finally, footage from the Challenger explosion traces a piece of wreckage all the way to the ground, accompanied by Native American chanting. For 10 points, identify this film whose name means “life out of balance.”
Bonuses by University of Maryland, 2004 ACF Nationals (Phil Durkos, Adam Fine, Dan Greenstein and Guy Jordan)
Answer the following questions about a piece of U.S. legislation for the stated number of points.
1. For ten, sponsored by a Congressman from Missouri and a Senator from Iowa, this act authorized the government purchase of between two and four million dollars of silver each month.
Answer: Bland-Allison Act
2. For five each, in what year was the Bland-Allison Act passed, and at what ratio was the price of silver pegged to that of gold?
Answers: 1878; one-sixteenth
3. For a final ten, this 1890 act, allowing for greater silver coinage, largely superseded the Bland-Allison Act.
Answer: Sherman Silver Purchase Act
Name these things on the Acropolis that are not the Parthenon FTP each.
1. This is the gateway to the acropolis that was also used as an art gallery in ancient times.
2. This was a temple that was built around an olive tree and was famous for its caryatid porch.
3. Currently dismantled, it is the smallest temple on the Acropolis, and is dedicated to a local goddess and her personification of victory.
Answer: Temple of Athena Nike
Name these structures from abstract algebra for 10 points each.
1. (10 points) This structure is defined as a set featuring a binary operation a*b [A star B] that features associativity, an inverse element and an identity element. An example is the set of rational numbers.
2. (10 points) This structure is an abelian group with the additional requirements of a second binary operation that confers the properties of associativity of multiplication and distributivity.
3. (10 points) This structure is a commutative ring on which addition, subtraction, multiplication and division may be performed. Formerly called rational domains, these structures satisfy the associative and distributive rules and one is not equal to zero.
Identify the common geographic name, 30-20-10-5.
1. (30 points) This name has three different spellings in the namesake counties of Maryland, Pennsylvania and New York. A 400-mile walking trail with this name is proposed between Washington and Pittsburgh.
2. (20 points) Its namesake front divides the Ridge and Valley Province and its namesake plateau; sometimes follows the Eastern Continental Divide; and was the barrier to settlement noted in the Proclamation of 1763.
3. (10 points) The namesake river, the northeastern-most reach of the Mississippi River watershed, rises near Coudersport and enters New York for a while before passing through the Pennsylvania cities of Warren, Franklin and Kittanning.
4. (5 points) The river joins the Monongahela at Pittsburgh to form the Ohio River.
Given a description of a 20th century Middle Eastern novel, name it for 10 points each.
1. (10 points) Narrated by Rai Merchant, this work features Ormus Cana and Vina Aspara, musicians who reprise the Orpheus and Eurydice roles created by the author, Salman Rushdie. The novel explores their relationship before Vina’s death by earthquake in 1989.
Answer: The Ground Beneath Her Feet
2. (10 points) This work by Naguib Mahfouz follows the Adb al-Jawad family through the Depression and World War II as Kamal, Yasin, Aisha and Khadija—whose home is on the titular thoroughfare—experience the rise of modern Egypt.
Answer: Sugar Street
3. (10 points) The title character of this Khalil Gibran work is a man who wanders around giving his only valuable possession: his wisdom, on topics such as marriage, friendship, work and pleasure.
Answer: The Prophet
Identify the following works of Friedrich Nietzsche from famous quotes, for 10 points each.
 “God is dead, and we have killed Him.” ANSWER: The Gay Science or Die Fröhliche Wissenschaft or Thus Spake Zarathustra or Also Sprach Zarathustra (the quote is contained in both works) (prompt on “The Joyous Ethic”; it is a famous mistranslation of “The Gay Science”)
 “All throughout history they have dueled, Rome against Judea, Judea against Rome!” ANSWER: On the Genealogy of Morals or Towards a Genealogy of Morals or Zur Moralgenealogie
 Chapter Titles: “Why I Am So Wise,” “Why I Am So Clever,” and “Why I Write Such Good Books” ANSWER: Ecce Homo
Name these visual features of our solar system, 5-10-20-30.
1. This satellite of Saturn features the massive crater Herschel, which covers over one-third the width of the moon’s disk.
2. This atmospheric feature of Neptune was discovered by Voyager 2 in 1989 but by 1994 the Hubble Space Telescope could no longer find it.
Answer: Great Dark Spot
3. This impact basin is the largest surface feature on the planet Mercury.
Answer: Caloris Basin
4. During a total solar eclipse, this is the term for the features seen at the beginning or end of the period of totality in which the light of the sun passes through the valleys of the moon.
Answer: Bailey’s Beads
Name these things about the Aztecs, 5-10-15
1. (5 points) The Aztecs founded this city where they saw an eagle eat a serpent on a cactus that stood in the middle of a lake.
2. (10 points) This is the name of lake on which the Aztecs founded Tenochtitlan.
Answer: Lake _Texcoco_
3. (15 points) According to Aztec myth, as the god Huitzilopochtli led the Aztecs on their southward migration into central Mexico, he introduced them to this weapon, a short, curved mount that gave their spears deadly velocity when thrown.
Name these chemical things for 15 points each.
1. (15 points) This law states at a constant temperature, for a reversible system the rate of the forward or reverse reaction is proportional to the product of the concentrations of the reactants or products.
Answer: law of mass action or Guldberg-Waage law
2. (15 points) This consequence of the law of mass action states if an electrolyte with a shared ion with a scarce soluble solute is added to a solution containing that solute, the decreased solubility of the solute will cause the solute to precipitate.
Answer: common ion effect
Several incidents threatened or altered the French Third Republic in the 1930s. For ten points each:
1. What affair of 1933-4 was named after a French financier who issued worthless municipal bonds and was later found dead?
Answer: Stavisky affair
2. What fascist political group charged that the government murdered Stavisky to conceal state support of his actions?
Answer: Action Francaise
3. In the wake of the Stavisky affair, French Communists such as Maurice Thorez founded what leftist movement, later led by premier Leon Blum?
Answer: Popular Front
Identify the following characters from Beowulf from descriptions, 5-10-15.
 This last of the Wægmundings will become King of the Geats after his uncle Beowulf. ANSWER: Wiglaf
 This lord of the hall of Heorot gives Beowulf his sword to dispatch Grendel’s mother. ANSWER: Hrothgar
 This Geatish queen serves the warriors mead ands is compared favorably to the over-proud Modthrytho. ANSWER: Wealtheow
The posterior pituitary gland stores and releases two hormones produced by the hypothalamus.
1. (5 points) For five points, name either hormone.
Answer: oxytocin; vasopressin (or antidiuretic hormone; prompt on “ADH”)
2. (10 points) For ten points, low amounts of vasopressin in humans can result in which disease?
Answer: diabetes insipidus
3. (15 points) For a final fifteen, identify the only hormone produced by the intermediate lobe of the pituitary gland. It acts to temporarily darken the skin of cold-blooded animals, in order to provide camouflage.
Answer: melanocyte-stimulating hormone (prompt on “MSH”)
Given a pair of Italian films, identify their common director, five points for one, ten for two, twenty for three, or thirty for all four correct.
1. “Open City,” “Stromboli”
Answer: Roberto Rossellini
2. “Blow-Up,” “Beyond the Clouds”
Answer: Michelangelo Antonioni
3. “Last Tango in Paris,” “1900”
Answer: Bernardo Bertolucci
4. “Shoeshine,” “Bicycle Thieves”
Answer: Vittorio De Sica
Name the leader, 30-20-10.
1. Thirty years into his reign, he finally captured Golconda and Bijapur, something his father first asked him to do. He also defeated the Marathas, who rebelled against his Sunni Muslim fanaticism.
2. He killed his two older brothers, including the more liberal Dara Shikoh, and then named himself Alamgir, or conqueror of the world.
3. He gained control over Mogul India in 1658 by imprisoning his father, Shah Jahan, and moved the capital from Agra to Delhi.
Given lines, name the poem by Philip Freneau for 10 points each.
1. (10 points) “From morning suns and evening dews / At first thy little being came / If nothing once, you nothing lose, / For when you die you are the same; / The space between, is but an hour, / The frail duration of a flower.”
Answer: The Wild Honey-Suckle
2. (10 points) “And long shall timorous fancy see / The painted chief, and pointed spear, / And reason’s self shall bow the knee / To shadows and delusions here.”
Answer: The Indian Burial Ground
3. (10 points) “The turtle on yon withered bough, / That lately mourned her murdered mate, / Has found another comrade now-- / Such changes all await! / Again her drooping plume is drest, / Again she’s willing to be blest / And takes her lover to her nest.”
Answer: Song of Thyrsis
His students included Oliver Messiaen and many consider his masterpiece to be the ballet “The Fairy.” FTPE,
1. Name this French composer.
Answer: Paul _Dukas_
2. Dukas is best known for this work made famous by Mickey Mouse in Walt Disney’s Fantasia.
Answer: The _Sorcerer’s Apprentice_
3. “The Sorcerer’s Apprentice” is based on a poem by this German author.
Answer: Johann Wolfgang von _Goethe_
Identify these mathematical terms having to with topology for 15 points each.
1. Start with equilateral triangle in a plane. Shrink the triangle by 1/2, make three copies, and translate them so that each triangle touches the two other triangles at a corner.
Repeat step 2 with each of the smaller triangles and you get one of these.
Answer: Sierpinski Triangle
2. This paradox suggests that you can take a sphere, take it apart, and reassemble it into two spheres with whose radiuses add up to the radius of the original sphere.
Answer: Banach-Tarski Paradox
Identify the following about a butterfly-collecting author, for 10 points each.
 After his death, this author’s University of Chicago lecture notes were compiled into the landmark collection “Six Lectures on Literature.” ANSWER: Vladimir Nabokov
 One of Nabokov’s two most significant novels written in English, it is comprised of an unfinished 999-line poem by the murdered American poet John Shade, and commentary on the poem. ANSWER: Pale Fire
 This half-crazy literary scholar is the protagonist of “Pale Fire”; he believes himself to be the exiled king of the mythical country of Zembla. ANSWER: Charles or Charles Kinbote
Herbert Blumer and Erving Goffman are two noted devotees of it. For 15 points each,
1. Name this sociological approach that stresses how\subjective meanings are socially constructed, and how these subjective meanings interrelate with objective actions.
Answer: Symbolic Interactionism
2. The most well-known symbolic interactionist is this University of Chicago sociologist and author of “Mind, Self, and Society.”
Answer: George Herbert Mead
Given 2 members of a mythological trio, supply both the third member of that trio and the name of that trio, all or nothing. 5-5-10-10.
 Clotho and Atropos ANSWERS: Fates and Lachesis
 Tisiphone and Megaera ANSWERS: Furies or Erinyes and Electo
 Ctheno and Euryale ANSWERS: Gorgons and Medusa
 Thalia and Euphrosyne ANSWERS: Graces and Aglaia
Identify the following poems of Samuel Taylor Coleridge from lines on a 5-5-10-10 basis.
 “For he on honey-dew hath fed/ And drunk the milk of Paradise.” ANSWER: Kublai Khan
 “About! About! In reel and rout! The witch-fires danced at night.” ANSWER: The Rime of the Ancient Mariner
 “And it were a vain endeavor/ Though I should gaze forever/ On that green light that lingers in the west” ANSWER: Dejection:An Ode
 “She stole along, she nothing spoke/ The sighs she heaved were soft and low/ And naught was green upon the oak/ But moss and rarest mistletoe.” ANSWER: Christabel
Name these Jazz legends from a clue for 10 points, or from their well-known nicknames for 5 points.
1. (10 points) He played in a relaxed style that contrasted with Coleman Hawkins, the other great tenor saxophone player of his era. after he left Count Basie's band to replace Hawkins in Fletcher Henderson's band, his style annoyed Henderson's sidemen so much that he soon left to play with Andy Kirk.
(5 points) “The Prez”
Answer: Lester Young
2. (10 points) Her signature song was “God Bless the Child,” but she is better known for her haunting rendition of “Strange Fruit.”
(5 points) “Lady Day”
Answer: Billie Holliday (accept Eleanora Fagan)
3. (10 points) This saxophone player is known for “I Remember You” and “Ko-Ko,” and for dying tragically at the young age of 34.
(5 points) “Bird”
Answer Charlie Parker
Identify these historical American settlements for ten points each.
1. An area called L’anse aux Meadows (LAWNSE OH med-OH) in northern Newfoundland may be the site of this Viking settlement dating from about 1000 to 1015.
Answer: Vinland (accept “Markland”)
2. After gold was discovered in 1858, settlers met the following year and adopted a constitution forming this territory, which roughly corresponds to modern-day Colorado.
Answer: Territory of Jefferson
3. North Carolina wanted to cede this area in eastern Tennessee to the federal government in 1784, but locals led by John Sevier formed their own state that lasted for four years.
Answer: State of Franklin
Identify the following characters from Choderlos de Laclos’ magnificent novel of scandal, Les Liaisons Dangereuses, 10 points each. (Remember, this is ACF- we’re not accepting characters from “Cruel Intentions.”)
 The protagonist of the story, he begins as a callous libertine but is transformed into a tragic hero by the love of Madame de Tourvel. ANSWER: Vicomte Sebastien de Valmont
 A scheming, avaricious widow, this ex-lover of Valmont destroys his reputation out of jealousy when she learns that he truly loves Madame de Tourvel. ANSWER: Marquise Catherine de Merteuil
 A sprightly innocent raised in a convent, she is deliberately corrupted
and impregnated by Valmont as part of Merteuil’s scheme to ruin her family’s reputation. ANSWER: Cecile or Cecile de Volange
This is an interdisciplinary bonus; answer the following for 10 points each.
 Identify the Richard Strauss opera in which the Young Syrian commits suicide for his love of the title character, who is eventually ground to death beneath the shields of her tyrannical father’s army.
 Identify the author whose play “Salomé”, written in 1893 in French, was used as the libretto for Strauss’ opera. ANSWER: Oscar Wilde
 Identify the home fatale of Oscar Wilde who translated Salomé badly into English without the author’s permission, while Wilde was in prison. ANSWER: Lord Alfred Douglas
Identify the mathematician, 30-20-10. ANSWER: Evariste Galois
 The subject of a Marianne Moore poem, his last words form the refrain: “I write against the sun; I have no time!”
 Although he failed the entrance examination to L’Ecole Polytechnique twice, by the age of 16 he was exchanging regular correspondence on linear algebra and number theory with both Gauss and Cauchy.
 This French discoverer of the symmetric group and founder of a namesake branch of number theory died at the age of 21 in a duel for love.