Aceraceae Maple Family Acer macrophyllum Pursh bigleaf maple facu 1 Apiaceae Carrot Family

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Big Beaver Pond Plant and Lichen List

Anacortes Community Forest Lands, Anacortes, Washington

Scientific Names Common Names Status Rpt By

Aceraceae Maple Family

Acer macrophyllum Pursh bigleaf maple FACU 1

Apiaceae Carrot Family

Oenanthe sarmentosa K. Presl ex DC. water parsely OBL 1

Osmorhiza berteroi DC. mountain sweet-cicely UPL 1

= Osmorhiza chilensis Hook. & Arn.

Aquifoliaceae Holly Family

Ilex aquifolium L. English holly I, UPL 1

Araceae Calla-lily, Arum Family

Lysichiton americanus Hultén & St. John swamp lantern, skunk cabbage OBL 1

Berberidaceae Barberry Family

Mahonia nervosa (Pursh) Nutt. low Oregon grape UPL 1

Betulaceae Birch Family

Alnus rubra Bong. red alder FAC 1

Caprifoliaceae Honeysuckle Family

Sambucus racemosa L. red elderberry FACU 1

Cupressaceae Cypress Family

Thuja plicata Donn ex D. Don western redcedar FAC 1

Cyperaceae Sedge Family

Carex obnupta Bailey slough sedge OBL 1

Ericaceae Heath Family

Gaultheria shallon Pursh salal FACU 1

Vaccinium parvifolium Sm. red huckleberry UPL 1

Geraniaceae Geranium Family

Erodium cicutarium (L.) L'Hér. ex Ait. stork's bill, filaree I, UPL 1

Geranium robertianum L. herb-Robert I, B, UPL 1

Grossulariaceae Currant Family

Ribes lacustre (Pers.) Poir. black, swamp gooseberry FAC+ 1

Hippocastanaceae Horse Chestnut Family

Aesculus hippocastanum L. horse chestnut I, UPL 1

Hippuridaceae Mare's-tail Family

Hippuris vulgaris L. mare's-tail OBL 1

Juncaceae Rush Family

Juncus effusus L. common rush FACW 1

Lemnaceae Duckweed Family

Lemna minor L. small or common duckweed OBL 2

Lentibulariaceae Bladderwort Family

Utricularia macrorhiza Le Conte common bladderwort OBL 2

= Utricularia vulgaris L. p.p.

Liliaceae Lily Family

Maianthemum dilatatum (Wood) A. Nels. & J.F. false lily-of-the-valley FAC 1


Monotropaceae Indian-pipe Family

Monotropa uniflora L. Indian-pipe FACU 1

Nymphaeaceae Water-lily Family

Nuphar lutea (L.) Sm. ssp. polysepala (Engelm.) yellow pond-lily I, OBL 2

E.O. Beal

Onagraceae Evening-primrose Family

Circaea alpina L. enchanter's nightshade FAC+ 1

Orchidaceae Orchid Family

Calypso bulbosa (L.) Oakes calypso orchid, fairy slipper FAC+ 1

Pinaceae Pine Family

Abies grandis (Dougl. ex D. Don) Lindl. grand fir FACU- 1

Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirbel) Franco Douglas fir FACU 1

Tsuga heterophylla (Raf.) Sarg. western hemlock FACU- 1

Poaceae Grass Family

Phalaris arundinacea L. reed canarygrass C, FACW 1

Portulacaceae Purslane Family

Claytonia sibirica L. Siberian miner's lettuce, spring FAC 1


Potamogetonaceae Pondweed Family

Potamogeton natans L. floating pondweed OBL 2

Primulaceae Primrose Family

Trientalis borealis Raf. ssp. latifolia (Hook.) broad-leaved or western FAC- 1

Hultén starflower

= Trientalis latifolia Hook.

Ranunculaceae Buttercup Family

Ranunculus repens L. creeping buttercup I, FACW 1

Rhamnaceae Buckthorn Family

Frangula purshiana (DC.) Cooper cascara FAC- 1

Rosaceae Rose Family

Comarum palustre L. marsh cinquefoil OBL 2

= Potentilla palustris (L.) Scop.†

Geum macrophyllum Willd. large-leaved or big-leaved avens FACW- 1

Holodiscus discolor (Pursh) Maxim. ocean spray UPL 1

Oemleria cerasiformis (Torr. & Gray ex Hook. & Indian plum, osoberry FACU 1

Arn.) Landon

Rosa gymnocarpa Nutt. baldhip rose FACU 1

Rubus spectabilis Pursh salmonberry FAC+ 1

Rubus ursinus Cham. & Schlecht. trailing or Pacific blackberry, FACU 1


Sorbus aucuparia L. Rowan tree, European mt. Ash I, UPL 1

Salicaceae Willow Family

Salix L. willow ... 1

Saxifragaceae Saxifrage Family

Tellima grandiflora (Pursh) Dougl. ex Lindl. fringecup UPL 1

Tiarella trifoliata L. foamflower FAC- 1

Sparganiaceae Bur-reed Family

Sparganium angustifolium Michx. narrowleaf bur-reed OBL 2

Typhaceae Cat-tail Family

Typha latifolia L. cattail OBL 2

Urticaceae Nettle Family

Urtica dioica L. stinging nettle I, FAC+ 1

Ferns and Allies

Blechnaceae Chain Fern Family

Blechnum spicant (L.) Sm. deer fern FAC+ 2

Dennstaedtiaceae Bracken Fern Family

Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn bracken fern FACU 2

Dryopteridaceae Wood Fern Family

Athyrium filix-femina (L.) Roth lady fern FAC 2

Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh. fragile fern FACU 2

Dryopteris expansa (K. Presl) Fraser-Jenkins & spreading wood-fern facw 2


Polystichum munitum (Kaulfuss) K. Presl common sword fern FACU 2

Polypodiaceae Polypody Family

Polypodium glycyrrhiza D.C. Eat. licorice fern UPL 2


Aulacomniaceae Aulacomniaceae Family

Aulacomnium androgynum (Hedw.) Schwaegr. lover's moss ... 2

Dicranaceae Dicranaceae Family

Dicranum Hedw. dicranum moss ... 2

Hylocomiaceae Hylocomiaceae Family

Hylocomium splendens (Hedw.) Schimp. in B.S.G. step moss, stair-step moss ... 2

Hypnaceae Hypnaceae Family

Hypnum Hedw. hypnum moss (2 spp.) ... 2

Pseudotaxiphyllum elegans (Brid.) Iwats. small flat moss, elegant moss ... 3

Mniaceae Mniaceae Family

Leucolepis acanthoneuron (Schwaegr.) Lindb. Menzie's tree moss ... 2

Plagiomnium insigne (Mitt.) T. Kop. badge moss, coastal leafy moss ... 2

Plagiotheciaceae Plagiotheciaceae Family

Plagiothecium undulatum (Hedw.) Schimp. in wavy-leaved cotton moss ... 2



Parmeliaceae Parmeliaceae Family

Hypogymnia physodes (L.) Nyl. monk's-hood, hooded tube ... 2

Platismatia glauca (L.) Culb. & C. Culb. ragbag ... 2

Peltigeraceae Peltigeraceae Family

Peltigera britannica (Gyelnik) Holt.-Hartw. & freckle pelt ... 2


Report Dates:

First reported June 20, 2000. Last updated April 19, 2001. Additions, comments, or questions should be directed to Peter O'Mara at

Reported By:

  1. Denise Crowe. Leader, Anacortes Community Forest Lands hike, April 19, 2001. Plants identified by Denise Crowe, Ann Dursch and Peter O'Mara.

  2. Peter O'Mara. Field notes. June 20, 2000 and April 17, 2001.

  3. Tom Corrigan. April 14, 2001


This pond is within the Anacortes Community Forest Lands (ACFL). Easy trails provide access to wetland and upland habitats.


ACFL maps are available at the Anacortes visitors' center on Commercial Avenue. Enter at the gate on 37th and A Avenue in Anacortes.


Unless otherwise noted, scientific names are from the latest PLANTS database, Version 3.0 (USDA, 1999). Common names are those used regionally (see Goward 1994 and 1999, and McCune, 1997 for lichen common names). Each plant's wetland status was determined by consulting USFWS, 1996, Cooke, 1997, and Weinmann, 1999. Introduced plants are identified in Weinmann, 1999 and in the PLANTS database. Weed status is from the 1999-2000 Washington State Noxious Weed List. The following symbols and acronyms are used in this report:


Alternate or reported scientific names, if different from those in the PLANTS database.

Alternate or reported scientific names also used in the Jepson Manual (Hickman, 1993).


Tentative or incomplete identification.

Common name unknown.

A, B, C

Washington State noxious weed status (see reference below).


Facultative Wetland. Equally likely to be in wetlands (34%-66% probability) or non-wetlands.


Facultative Upland. Usually in non-wetlands (67%-99% probability).


Facultative Wetland. Usually found in wetlands (67%-99% probability).


Introduced species.


No wetland indicator status has been assigned.


Obligate Wetland. Almost always a wetland species (>99% probability).


Obligate Upland. Rarely in wetlands (<1% probability).

+, -

Wetland status is toward the higher or lower end of the indicated range of probabilities.

Wetland status listings in lower case letters indicate a proposed status or one assigned by regional experts.


Cooke, Sarah, Editor. 1997. A Field Guide to the Common Wetland Plants of Western Washington and Northwest

Oregon. Seattle Audubon Society and Washington Native Plant Society.
Goward, T. 1999. The lichens of British Columbia. Illustrated keys. Part 2 - Fruticose species. B.C. Ministry of

Forests, Victoria, B.C. Special Report Series 9. 319 pp.

Goward, T., B. McCune and D. Meidinger. 1994. The lichens of British Columbia. Illustrated keys. Part 1 - Foliose

and squamulose species. B.C. Ministry of Forests, Victoria, B.C. Special Report Series 8. 181 pp.

Hickman, James C. (Editor). 1993. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California. University of California Press.
McCune, B. and L. Geiser. 1997. Macrolichens of the Pacific Northwest. Oregon State University Press, Corvallis.

386 pp.
USDA, NRCS 1999. The PLANTS database ( National Plant Data Center, Baton

Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1996. National List of Vascular Plant Species that Occur in Wetlands: 1996 National Summary. Available from http:://
Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board. 1999. Washington State Noxious Weed List.
Weinmann, Fred. 1999. King County Vascular Plants (available from the Washington Native Plant Society).

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