AC17 Inf. 5 (English only/ Solamente en inglés/ Seulement en anglais)




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Flesh, bone

Liver, kidney

Panthera uncia, Neofelis nebulosa

Felidae13

Panthera tigris

Tiger / Tigris

I

Red List 2000 - EN

Teeth, tripe, dried bones, kidney, gallbladder, fat, eye, sinew, nail, meat

Liver, kidney

Panthera pardus

Felidae17

Panthera leo

Lion

II

Red List 2000 - VU

Bone







Felidae17

Panthera leo

Lion

II

Red List 2000 - VU

Fat







Felidae17

Panthera leo

Lion

II

Red List 2000 - VU










Felidae17

Panthera pardus

Leopard

I

Red List 1996 - LR/lc

Bone







Felidae17

Panthera pardus

Leopard

I

Red List 1996 - LR/lc

Fat







Felidae17

Panthera pardus

Leopard

I

Red List 1996 - LR/lc

Heart







Felidae17

Panthera pardus

Leopard

I

Red List 1996 - LR/lc

Skin







Felidae17

Panthera pardus

Leopard

I

Red List 1996 - LR/lc










Felidae17

Panthera tigris

Tiger

I

Red List 2000 - EN

Bone







Felidae17

Panthera tigris

Tiger

I

Red List 2000 - EN

Bone paste







Felidae17

Panthera tigris

Tiger

I

Red List 2000 - EN

Bone powder







Felidae17

Panthera tigris

Tiger

I

Red List 2000 - EN

Gall bladder







Felidae17

Panthera tigris

Tiger

I

Red List 2000 - EN

Penis







Felidae17

Panthera tigris

Tiger

I

Red List 2000 - EN

Teeth







Felidae17

Panthera tigris

Tiger

I

Red List 2000 - EN










Felidae20,21,23

Panthera pardus

Leopard

I

Red List 1996 - LR/lc



Stick fight charm; court case charm snd protective charm




Felidae21,22,23

Panthera leo

Lion

II

Red List 2000 - VU

Fat

Terrorising people




Felidae23

Acinonyx jubatus

Cheetah

I

Red List 2000 - VU

Fat

Hunting dog charm




Felidae23

Leptailurus serval

Serval

II

Red List LR/lc

Skin






Felidae3

Panthera leo

Lion or Assad

II

Red List 2000 - VU

Fat

Fat is smeared on the chest to relieve pain.




Felidae3

Panthera pardus

Tiger or Nimr

I

Red List 1996 - LR/lc

Fat

Fat is applied externally to treat paralysis.




Felidae9

Panthera tigris

Tiger / Os Tigris

I

Red List 2000 - EN

Dried bones

Liver, kidney

Dried bones of Panthera pardus

Galagonidae23

Galago moholi

Mohol Galago

II

Red List 1996 - LR/lc



Charm for love and athletes, fits, stop babies crying




Giraffidae10

Giraffa camelopardalis

Reticulated Giraffe




Red List 2000 - LR/cd

Tail

Headache

Phytotherapy / Mbeere

Giraffidae22

Girraffa camelopardalis

Giraffe




Red List 2000 - LR/cd

Fat; unspecified

Mixed with herbs and cures different diseases; love and protective charm




Gruidae13

Grus japonensis

Red-crowned Crane / Grus Japonensis

I

Red List 2000 - EN

Flesh, bone, brain





Hippopotamidae17

Hippopotamus amphibius

Hippopotomus

II

Red List 1996 - LR/lc

Fat







Hippopotamidae17

Hippopotamus amphibius

Hippopotomus

II

Red List 1996 - LR/lc










Hippopotamidae22

Hippopotamus amphibius

Hippopotamus

II

Red List 1996 - LR/lc

Fat, unspecified

Confers strength and power; love charm and cattle charm




Hyaenidae18

Crocuta crocuta

Hyena Spotted




Red List 2000 - LR/cd

Blood

Pneumonia

Phytotherapy / Venda of S. Africa and Zimbabwe

Hyaenidae18

Hyaena hyaena

Hyena Striped




Red List 2000 - LR/nt

Blood

Pneumonia

Phytotherapy / Venda of S. Africa and Zimbabwe

Hyaenidae20,23

Proteles cristatus

Aardwolf

III

Red List 1996 - LR/lc








Hyaenidae22

Crocuta crocuta

Spotted Hyaena




Red List 2000 - LR/cd

Fat, eyebrow; hair/skin; gland paste

Induce sleep; emetic; sorcery




Hydrophiidae13

Laticauda semifasciata

Laticauda Semifasciata







Whole body



Erabu-unagi

Hystricidae spp.17




Old-world Porcupines

III




Intestine, stomach, tail







Hystricidae spp.17




Old-world Porcupines

III




Quill







Hystricidae10

Hystrix cristata

Porcupine




Red List 2000 - LR/nt

Quill

Spiritual

Rabai, Duruma

Hystricidae17

Hystrix brachyura

B. Malayan Porcupine

II

Red List 2000 - VU

Quill







Hystricidae2

Hystrix cristata

Porcupine




Red List 2000 - LR/nt

Quill

Spiritual



Hystricidae20,22,23

Hystrix africaeaustralis

South African Crested Porcupine




Red List 1996 - LR/lc

Quills; unspecified

Prick the knees and feet of lazy children;




Lutrinae spp.17







I/II




Bladder







Lutrinae spp.17







I/II




Liver







Lutrinae spp.17







I/II




Sexual organs







Lutrinae spp.17







I/II




Teelth







Manidae spp.17




Pangolin

II

Red List 2000 - LR/nt

Scales







Manidae1

Manis pentadactyla

Pangolin / Squama Manitis Pentadactylae

II

Red List 2000 - LR/nt

Scales

Liver, stomach



Manidae17

Manis javanica

Malayan Pangolin

II

Red List 2000 - LR/nt









Manidae17

Manis javanica

Malayan Pangolin

II

Red List 2000 - LR/nt

Scales







Manidae17

Manis pentadactyla

Chinese Pangolin

II

Red List 2000 - LR/nt

Scales







Manidae17

Manis pentadactyla

Chinese Pangolin

II

Red List 2000 - LR/nt










Manidae17

Manis temminckii

Temminck's Ground Pangolin

II

Red List 2000 - LR/nt

Scales







Manidae23

Manis temminckii

Cape Pangolin

II

Red List 2000 - LR/nt

Scales and blood

Cure for heart problems, good luck charm, rainmaking and to protect against bad omens and bullets




Manidae23

Manis temminckii

Cape Pangolin

II

Red List 2000 - LR/nt

Scales

Nosebleeds; rheumatism; love portion; provides strength to the healer




Manidae9

Manis pentadactyla

Pangolin / Squama Manitis

II

Red List 2000 - LR/nt

Scales

Liver, stomach



Manis spp.17







II












Manis spp.17







II




Scales







Monodontidae17

Monodon monoceros

Narwhal

II

Red List 2000 - DD

Teeth







Moschidae1

Moschus moschiferus or M. berezovskii

Musk Deer / Secretio Moschus

I/II

Red List 2000 - VU

Navel gland secretions

Heart, Spleen, Liver



Moschidae17

Moschus berezovskii

Dwarf Musk Deer

II

Red List 2000 - LR/nt

Pod/gland







Moschidae17

Moschus berezovskii

Dwarf Musk Deer

II

Red List 2000 - LR/nt










Moschidae17

Moschus moschiferus

Siberian Musk Deer

II

Red List 2000 - VU

Musk







Moschidae17

Moschus moschiferus

Siberian Musk Deer

II

Red List 2000 - VU

Pod/gland







Moschidae17

Moschus moschiferus

Siberian Musk Deer

II

Red List 2000 - VU

Pod/gland







Moschidae17

Moschus moschiferus

Siberian Musk Deer

II

Red List 2000 - VU










Moschidae3

Moschus moschiferus

Musk Deer or Al-ail

II

Red List 2000 - VU

Musk

Musk is used extensively in the manufacturing of Sudanese perfume. Musk is spread on the body to relieve pain and to moisturize skin.




Moschidae5

Moschus moschiferus

Musk Deer

II

Red List 2000 - VU

Musk

Used to treat headaches, blood/sugar disfunctions




Moschidae9

Moschus berezovskii, M. chrysogaster, M. moschiferus or M. sifanicus

Musk Deer / Moschus

I/II

Red List 2000 - VU

Dried secretion obtained from male musk gland

Heart and spleen



Moschus spp.17







I/II




Mush pod







Moschus spp.17







I/II




Musk gland







Moschus spp.17







I/II




Pod/gland







Moschus spp.17







I/II




Pod/gland







Moschus spp.17







I/II













Muridae13

Rattus norvegicus

Brown Rat / Oletum Ratti Norvegici




Red List 2000 - LR/lc

Feces

Liver, kidney, large intestine



Muridae13

Rattus norvegicus

Mouse / Mus




Red List 2000 - LR/lc

Flesh or whole body, skin, liver, gallbladder, kidney, fat

Liver

Rattus rattus, Rattus flavipectus

Muridae13

Rhizomys sinensis

Bamboo Rat / Rhizomys Sinensis




Red List 1996 - LR/lc

Flesh, teeth, fat





Muscicapidae13

Turdus merula mandarinus

Blackbird / Turdus merula mandarinus







Flesh



Ouzel

Mustelidae13

Lutra lutra

Otter / Lutrae

I

Red List 2000 - VU

Flesh, liver, bone, gallbladder, feet, skin and fur

Liver, kidney

Aonyx cinerea

Mustelidae13

Martes zibellina

Sable / Cauda Martes Zibellina




Red List 2000 - DD

Tail or fur





Mustelidae13

Meles meles

Badger / Meles




Red List 2000 - LR/lc

Flesh, fat

Spleen



Mustelidae13

Mustela sibirica

Yellow Weasel / Carnis Mustela

III




Flesh





Mustelidae17

Lutra lutra

European Otter

I

Red List 2000 - VU










Mustelidae22

Mellivora capensis

Honey Badger

III




Fat







Mustelidae23

Mellivora capensis

Honey Badger

III






Hunting dog and protective charm




Nycticebus spp.17







II

Red List 2000 - DD

Bone







Otaridae20,22,23

Arctocephalus pusillus

Cape Fur Seal

II

Red List 1996 - LR/lc

Fat and head

Chest and ear infections and protective charm




Otariidae1

Callorhinus ursinus

Northern Fur Seal / Testes et Penis Otariae




Red List 2000 - VU

Penis

Kidney, Liver



Otariidae13

Callorhinus ursinus

Northern Fur Seal / Testis et Penis Callorhini




Red List 2000 - VU

Testis , penis

Liver, kidney

Phoca vitulina

Otariidae17

Arctocephalus pusillus

Cape Fur Seal

II

Red List 1996 - LR/lc

Fat







Otariidae17

Arctocephalus pusillus

Cape Fur Seal

II

Red List 1996 - LR/lc

Genitalia







Otariidae17

Arctocephalus pusillus

Cape Fur Seal

II

Red List 1996 - LR/lc

Penis







Otariidae20,23

Arctocephalus pusillus

Cape Fur Seal

II

Red List 1996 - LR/lc

Fat






Otariidae7

Arctocephalus australus

Southern Fur Seal / Seal penis

II

Red List 1996 - LR/lc

Penis





Otariidae7

Arctocephalus pusillus

Southern Fur Seal / Seal penis

II

Red List 1996 - LR/lc

Penis





Otariidae7

Callorhinus ursinus

Northern fur seal / Seal penis




Red List 2000 - VU

Penis





Otariidae9

Callorhinus ursinus

Penis et Testes Callorhini




Red List 2000 - VU

Dried penis and testes

Liver, kidney



Otididae13

Otis tarda

Great Bustard, Carnis Otis Tarda Dybowskii

II

Red List 2000 - VU

Flesh





Phasianidae13

Chrysolophus pictus

Golden Pheasant / Chrysolophus Pictus




Red List 1996 - LR/nt

Flesh





Phasianidae13

Phasianus colchicus

Common Pheasant / Phasiana







Flesh or whole body, liver, tail feathers, brain

Heart, stomach



Phasianidae13

Syrmaticus reevesii

Reeve's Pheasant / Syrmaticus Reevesii




Red list 2000 - VU

Flesh





Phasianidae17

Pavo muticus

Green Peafowl

II

Red list 2000 - VU

"End" feather, gall bladder, stock of tail feather







Phocidae13

Phoca vitulina

Common Seal / Adeps Phocae Vitulinae




Red List 1996 - LR/lc

Fat





Physeteridae13

Physeter catodon

Sperm Whale / Ambra Grisea

I

Red list 2000 - VU

Ambergris





Physeteridae17

Physeter catodon

Sperm Whale

I

Red list 2000 - VU

Ambergris







Physeteridae17

Physeter catodon

Sperm Whale

I

Red list 2000 - VU










Physeteridae3

Physeter catodon

Sperm Whale or El-Hoot

I

Red list 2000 - VU

Ambergris

Blood tonic




Physeteridae5

Physeter catodon

Sperm Whale

I

Red list 2000 - VU

Ambergris

Used to reinforce potency, kidneys and for general health




Picidae13

Picus canus

Gray Headed Woodpecker / Picus Canus







Flesh or whole body



Dendrocopos major

Platysterninae13

Platysternon megacephalum

Big-Headed Turtle / Platysternon Megacephalum




Red List 2000 - EN

Whole body





Primates spp.17




Primates

I/II




Bone







Primates spp.17




Primates

I/II




Gall stone







Primates spp.17




Primates

I/II




Skull







Primates spp.17




Primates

I/II













Procaviidae23

Dendrohyrax arboreus

Tree Hyrax




Red List 2000 - VU

Whole body

Witchcraft; charm for cattle; charm for crops; chest/ear treatment




Psittacidae13

Psittacula alexandri fasciata

Red-breasted Parrot / Psittacula Alexandri Fasciata

II




Flesh



Other relative species in the same genus

Pteroclididae17

Pteropus spp.

Flying Foxes

I/II




Excrement







Pteroclididae17

Pteropus spp.

Flying Foxes

I/II




Heart







Pteroclididae17

Pteropus spp.

Flying Foxes

I/II




Liver







Pythonidae10

Pythoinae regius

Python

II




Oil

Dermatitis chase evil spirit

Phytotherapy / Rabai of Kenya

Pythonidae13

Python molurus bivittatus

Boa snake / Python

I/II




Gallbladder, fat, flesh

Liver, spleen



Pythonidae17

Python molurus

Indian Python

I/II













Pythonidae17

Python reticulatus

Regal Python

II




Blood







Pythonidae17

Python reticulatus

Regal Python

II













Pythonidae17

Python sebae

African Python

II




Backbone







Pythonidae17

Python sebae

African Python

II




Bone







Pythonidae17

Python sebae

African Python

II




Fat







Pythonidae17

Python sebae

African Python

II




Skin







Pythonidae17

Python sebae

African Python

II













Pythonidae17

Python spp.

Pythons

I/II




Bone







Pythonidae17

Python spp.

Pythons

I/II




Gall bladder







Pythonidae17

Python spp.

Pythons

I/II




Oil







Pythonidae17

Python spp.

Pythons

I/II













Pythonidae20,21,22,23

Python sebae

Python

II




Skin

Sexually transmitted diseases and backache




Rallidae13

Rallus aquaticus

Water Rail / Rallus Aquaticus







Flesh



Corncrake

Rhinocerotidae1

most commonly the Asian species Rhinoceros unicornis, R. sondaicus, or R. sumatrensis are used; sometimes the African species R. simus or R. bicornis are used

Rhinoceros / Cornu Rhinoceri

I




Horn

Heart, Liver, Stomach

Water buffalo (horn) - Cornu Bubali

Rhinocerotidae10

Ceratotherium simum

White Rhinoceros

I

Red List 2000 - LR/cd

Horn

Male virility

Phytotherapy / Somalis, Bajunis, Arabs

Rhinocerotidae10

Diceros bicornis

Black Rhinoceros

I

Red List 2000 - CR

Horn

Male virility

Phytotherapy / Somalis, Bajunis, Arabs

Rhinocerotidae15

Rhinoceros spp.

Rhinoceros / Cornu Rhinocerotis

I




Horn

Heart, Liver, Stomach



Rhinocerotidae16




Rhinoceros

I




Horn

Dries pus and purifies blood




Rhinocerotidae16




Rhinoceros

I




Skin

Smallpox




Rhinocerotidae17

Ceratotherium simum cottoni

White Rhinoceros

I

Red List 2000 - CR

Horn







Rhinocerotidae17

Diceros bicornis

Black Rhinoceros

I

Red List 2000 - CR










Rhinocerotidae17

Rhinoceros unicornis

Indian Rhinoceros

I




Horn







Rhinocerotidae17

Rhinocerotidae spp.




I/II




Blood







Rhinocerotidae17

Rhinocerotidae spp.




I/II




Horn







Rhinocerotidae17

Rhinocerotidae spp.




I/II




Muscle, skin, teeth, toe







Rhinocerotidae17

Rhinocerotidae spp.




I/II













Rhinocerotidae22,23

Diceros bicornis

Black Rhinoceros

I

Red List 2000 - CR

Hair, horn

Sustain wounds during the battle




Sciuridae1

Trogopterus xanthipes Milne-Edwards or Pteromys xanthotis Milne-Edwards

Flying Squirrel / Excrementum Trogopteri seu Pteromi




Red List 2000 - EN

Feces

Liver, spleen

In parts of southern China the feces of Petaurista xanthotis are used locally as a substitute

Sciuridae13

Sciurus vulgaris

Red Squirrel / Sciurus Vulgaris




Red List 2000 - LR/nt

Whole body





Sciuridae14

Trogopterus xanthipes

Excrementum Trogopterori




Red List 2000 - EN

Feces

Liver

feces of Petaurista xanthotis, P. petaurista, P. elegans, P. yunnanensis, P. alborutus, Belomys pearsoni, Hylopetes alboniger, Pteromys volans and Aeretes melanopterus / Trogopterus dung

Scolopacidae13

Tringa totanus

Redshank / Tringa







Flesh



Other relative species in the same genus / snipe

Spheniscidae23

Spheniscus demersus

African Penguin

II

Red List 2000 - VU








Spheniscidae23

Tauraco corythaix

Helmeted Turaco

II











Strigidae13

Glaucidium cuculoides

Cuckoo Owlet / Carnis Glaucidii Cuculoidis

II




Flesh





Struthionidae23

Struthio camelus

Ostrich

I











Suidae20,23

Phacochoerus aethiopicus

Cape Warthog




Red List 2000 - EX








Syngnathidae1

Hippocampus histrix

Seahorse / Hippocampus




Red List 2000 - VU

Whole body

Kindney, Liver



Syngnathidae1

Hippocampus kelloggi

Seahorse / Hippocampus







Whole body

Kindney, Liver



Syngnathidae1

Hippocampus trimaculatus

Seahorse / Hippocampus




Red List 2000 - VU

Whole body

Kindney, Liver



Syngnathidae14

Hippocampus histrix

Seahorse / Hippocampus




Red List 2000 - VU

Whole body

Kidney

Whole body of H. coronatus

Syngnathidae14

Hippocampus japonicus

Seahorse / Hippocampus




Red List 2000 - VU

Whole body

Kidney

Whole body of H. coronatus

Syngnathidae14

Hippocampus kelloggi

Seahorse / Hippocampus







Whole body

Kidney

Whole body of H. coronatus

Syngnathidae14

Hippocampus kuda

Seahorse / Hippocampus




Red List 2000 - VU

Whole body

Kidney

Whole body of H. coronatus

Syngnathidae14

Hippocampus trimaculatus

Seahorse / Hippocampus




Red List 2000 - VU

Whole body

Kidney

Whole body of H. coronatus

Testudinidae1

Chinemys reevesii

Reeve's Turtle / Plastrum Testudinis




Red List 2000 - EN

Turtle shell

Heart, Kidney, Liver



Testudinidae13

Chinemys reevesii

Reeve's Turtle / Testudinis




Red List 2000 - EN

Flesh, blood, glue of tortoise plastron, bile



Cuora amboinensis, Testudo elongata, Mauremys mutica, Testudo impressa, Clemmys bealei

Testudinidae17

Geochelone elegans

Star Tortoise

II




Shell







Testudinidae17

Geochelone pardalis

Leopard Tortoise

II




Shell







Testudinidae9

Chinemys reevesii

Reeve's Turtle / Carapax et Plastrum Testudinis




Red List 2000 - EN

Dried plastron

Liver, kidney and heart

Plastrons of Cuora amboinensis, Testudo elongata, Mauremys mutica, Testudo impressa, Clemmys bealei

Thryonomyidae23

Thryonomys swinderianus

Cane Rat




Red List 1996 - LR/lc



Love charm; good luck charm and pregnancy treatment




Tridacnidae13

Tridacna squamosa

Fluted Clam / Concha Tridacna Squamosa

II

Red list 2000 LR/cd

Shell



Tridacna cookiana and other relative species in the same genus

Trionychidae13

Pelochelys bibroni

Giant Soft-shelled Turtle / Pelochelys




Red List 2000 - VU

Shell, flesh, fat, gallbladder





Ursidae spp. (excluding Aliuropoda melanoleuca)17







I/II




Gall bladder







Ursidae spp.17







I/II




Bile







Ursidae spp.17







I/II




Bone







Ursidae spp.17







I/II




Bones of the hand







Ursidae spp.17







I/II




Gall bladder







Ursidae spp.17







I/II




Hair







Ursidae spp.17







I/II




Teeth







Ursidae1

Ursus arctos

Brown Bear / Vesica Fellea Ursi

I

Red List 2000 - VU

Gall bladder

Gallbladder, Heart, Liver

Cow gallbladder - Vesica Fellea Bovus

Ursidae1

Ursus thibetanus

Brown Bear / Vesica Fellea Ursi

I

Red List 2000 - VU

Gall bladder

Gallbladder, Heart, Liver

Cow gallbladder - Vesica Fellea Bovus

Ursidae17

Helarctos malayanus

Sun Bear

I

Red List 2000 - DD

Gall bladder







Ursidae17

Helarctos malayanus

Sun Bear

I

Red List 2000 - DD










Ursidae17

Melursus ursinus

Sloth Bear

I

Red List 2000 - VU

Gall







Ursidae17

Ursus americanus

American Black Bear

II




Gall bladder







Ursidae17

Ursus americanus

American Black Bear

II













Ursidae17

Ursus arctos

Brown Bear

I/II

Red List 2000 - VU

Gall bladder







Ursidae17

Ursus arctos

Brown Bear

I/II

Red List 2000 - VU










Ursidae17

Ursus thibetanus

Asiatic Black Bear

I

Red List 2000 - VU

Gall







Ursidae17

Ursus thibetanus

Asiatic Black Bear

I

Red List 2000 - VU

Gall bladder







Ursidae17

Ursus thibetanus

Asiatic Black Bear

I

Red List 2000 - VU










Ursidae4

Ursus arctos

Brown Bear

I

Red List 2000 - VU

Bear gall

Abdominal tumors; abdominal pain due to obstruction or bad food intake; cramps in neck and back; chest pains; unsuccesful urge to vomit; irritability; insanity; intermittent fever (malaria-like state); diarrhea. Kills parasite insects, stops vomiting, diffuses smallpox. Also used to treat children's nervous breakdowns, convulsions, stomach ache during pregnancy, abdominal pain after childbirth, produce labor pains. Clears blurred eyes, stops pain of hemorrhoids. Restores vitality and rids impurities from body.




Ursidae9

Ursus arctos

Brown Bear / Fel Ursi

I

Red List 2000 - VU

Dried gallbladder

Liver, gallbladder and heart



Ursidae9

Ursus thibetanus

Bear / Fel Ursi

I

Red List 2000 - VU

Dried gallbladder

Liver, gallbladder and heart



Varanidae17

Varanus spp.




II




Oil







Varanidae17

Varanus spp.




II













Veranidae22,23

Varanus niloticus

Nile Monitor

II




Fat; unspecified

Cure earache in children; witchcraft and skin problems




Veranidae23

Varanus niloticus

Nile Monitor

II











Vespertilionidae1

Vespertilio murinus

Parti-colored Bat / Excrementum Vespertilionis Murini




Red List 1996 - LR/lc

Feces

Liver



Vespertilionidae13

Vespertilio superans

Parti-colored Bat / Vespertilio




Red List 1996 - LR/lc

Whole body

Liver

Pipistrellus abramus, Plecotus auritus, Rhinolophus ferrum equinum and other relative species

Vespertilionidae14

Vespertilio superans

Parti-colored Bat / Excrementum Vespertilionis




Red List 1996 - LR/lc

Feces

Liver

Feces of most species in Vespertilio

Viperidae17

Crotalus durissus

Neo-tropical Rattlesnake

III




Fresh/dried venom







Viperidae17

Crotalus durissus

Neo-tropical Rattlesnake

III













Viverridae13

Viverra zibetha

Civet / Carnis Viverra seu Viverricula

III




Meat



Viverricula indica

Viverridae13

Viverra zibetha

Civet / Secretium Viverra seu Viverricula

III




Secretion



Viverricula indica

Viverridae20,23

Genetta genetta

Small Spotted Genet




Red List 2000 - VU








Viverridae23

Genetta genetta

Small Spotted Genet




Red List 2000 - VU

Skin

Protection against sorcery, TMP clinic ornament






Cercopithecus albogularis17




II















Heloderma horridum17

Beaded Lizard

II




Dried venom









Hirudo medicinalis17




II




Body









Hirudo medicinalis17




II















Indotestudo elongata17




II




Shell









Manouria impressa17




II




Shell









Morenia ocellata17




I




Shell









Pangasianodon gigas17




I




Gall bladder, pectoal spine









Testudinidae spp.17




I/II














Testudinidae spp.17




I/II




Shell









Uromastyx aegypitus17




II




Extract from live animals








References
1. Chinese Herbal Medicine Materia Medica Revised Edition, Dan Bensky and Andrew Gamble with Ted Kaptchuk, Eastland Press, 1993, Seattle

2 Edinburg, T.L. (1998) Traditional Medicines of South Africa, The Pharmaceutical Journal, Volume 261, No. 7007, Pages 242-244

3. El-Kamali, H.H., 2000. Folk medicine use of some animal products in Central Sudan. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 72, 279-282.

4. KAMPO, How the Japanese Updated Traditional Herbal Medicine, Akira Tsumura , Japan Publications, Inc., 1991, Tokyo and New York, Page 166-167

5. Lev, E., Amar Z., 2000. Ethnopharmacological survey of traditional drugs sold in Israel at the end of the 20th century. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 72, 191-205.

6. Pinniped penises in the marketplace: a progress report. D. Lavigne, P.J. Wilson, R.J. Smith, B.N. White, Working Paper 3.3, Molecular Identification of Cetaceans workshop, 14-16 June 1999. La Jolla, California.

7. Pinniped penises in trade: a molecular-genetic investigation, S. Malik, P.J. Wilson, R.J. Smith, D.M. Lavigne, B.N. White, Conservation Biology 11(6), Pages 1365-1374.

8. Planetary Herbology, An Integration of Western Herbs Into The Traditional Chines And Ayurvedic Systems, Dr. Michael Tierra, C.A., N.D., O.M.D., Lotus Press, 1988, Twin Lakes, Wisconsin

9. Rare Chinese Materia Medica, Zhang Enqin et al., 1991, Shanghai

10. S.J. Muchina Munyua, 2001

11. Sesik, E., Yesilada, E., Honda, G., Takaishi, Y., Takeda, Y., Tanaka, T. 2001. Traditional Medicine in Turkey. Folk medicine in Central Anatolia. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 75, 95-115.

12. Swantz, L (1990). The Medicine Man: Among the Zaramo of Dar-es-salaam, Scandanavia Institute of African Studies and Dar-es-salaam University Press, Pages 34 and 134

13. The Chinese Materia Medica Dictionary, Jiangsu New Medical College, 2000, Shanghai

14. The Chinese Materia Medica, Xu Guojun, He Hongxian, Xu Luoshan & Jing Rongluan, 1996, Beijing

15. The Chinese Materia Medica, Zhang Enqin et al., 1996, Shanghai

16. Tibetan Medicine, the Ven. Rechung Rinpoche Jampal Kunzang, University of California Press, 1973, Berkeley and Los Angeles, Page 71 -72

17. TRAFFIC, Doc. AC.15.11, February 1999

18. Watt, J.M. and Breyer-Brandwijk, M. G. (1962), The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa, 2nd Edition, Publisher E and Livingstone LTD, Edinburg and London, UK

19. Yesilada, E., Sezik E., Honda, G., Takaishi, Y., Takeda, Y., Tanaka, T. 1999. Traditional Medicine in Turkey IX: Folk medicine in north-west Anatolia. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 64, 195-210.

20. Simelane, T.S.and Kerley G.I.H., 1998, Conservation implications of the use of vertebrates by Xhosa traditional healers in South Africa in South African Wildlife

21. Mzimela T., 1995. The muthi business.Indicator South Africa.12(2)

22. Pujol, J. 1993. NaturAfrica. The Herbalist Handbook. African Flora, Medicinal Plants. Pp 25-28. Jean Pujol Natural Healers Foundation.Durban



23. TRAFFIC International, Searching for a Cure, Conservation of Medicinal Wildlife Resources in East and Southern Africa, Marshall, Nina T., 1998
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