趙瑞隆 張學文 Jui-Lung Chao and Hsueh-Wen Chang 國立中山大學生物科學系 Department of Biological Sciences, National Sun Yat-Sen University




Дата канвертавання22.04.2016
Памер15.47 Kb.
台灣唇足動物的生物多樣性與系統分類

Biodiversity and Systematics of Chilopod centipedes of Taiwan
趙瑞隆 張學文

Jui-Lung Chao and Hsueh-Wen Chang

國立中山大學生物科學系

Department of Biological Sciences, National Sun Yat-Sen University

摘要

基於文獻的分析與比對台灣的標本,列出台灣產的唇足動物有63種分別屬於4目12科21屬:蚰蜒目(Scutigeromorpha)為1科3屬4種;石蜈蚣目 (Lithobiomorpha)為2科4屬 19種;蜈蚣目(Scolopendromorpha)為 3科5屬16種;地蜈蚣目(Geophilomorpha)為6科9屬24種。其中3種地蜈蚣為此次研究的新紀錄種:Mecistocephalus karasawai Uliana, Bonata & Minelli, 2007, Arrup ishiianus Uliana, Bonata & Minelli, 2007 and Tygarrup takarazimensis Miyosi, 1957。此外,分析台灣唇足動物物種的地理分布,台灣特有的唇足動物有11種:Thereuopoda longicornis (Fabricus, 1793)、Lithobius bidens Takakuwa, 1939、Lithobius bidivisa Takakuwa, 1939、Lithobius kiayiensis Wang 1959、Lithobius lineatus Takakuwa, 1939、Lithobius obtusus (Takakuwa, 1941)、Lithobius ongi Takakuwa, 1939、Ityphilus boteltobogensis (Wang, 1955)、Arrup sauteri (Silvestri, 1919)、Mecistocephalus change Uliana, Bonato & Minelli 2007、Mecistocephalus monticolens Chamberlin, 1920。


Abstract

Based on the analysis of published information and the reexamination of Taiwanese Chilopod centipedes. A total of 63 species from Taiwan are identified, which belong to 21 genera 12 families 4 orders: 4 species in 3 genera of Scutigeromorpha; 19 species in 4 genera 2 families of Lithobiomorpha; 16 species in 5 genera 3 families of Scolopendromorpha; 24 species in 9 genera 6 families of Geophilomorpha. 3 Geophilomorpha species are new record for Taiwan in this study: Mecistocephalus karasawai Uliana, Bonata & Minelli, 2007, Arrup ishiianus Uliana, Bonata & Minelli, 2007 and Tygarrup takarazimensis Miyosi, 1957. Furthermore, we analyzed the biogeography of Taiwanese Chilopoda centipedes, following 11 species are endemic species of Taiwan: Thereuopoda longicornis (Fabricus, 1793), Lithobius bidens Takakuwa, 1939, Lithobius bidivisa Takakuwa, 1939, Lithobius kiayiensis Wang 1959, Lithobius lineatus Takakuwa, 1939, Lithobius obtusus (Takakuwa, 1941), Lithobius ongi Takakuwa, 1939, Ityphilus boteltobogensis (Wang, 1955), Arrup sauteri (Silvestri, 1919), Mecistocephalus change Uliana, Bonato & Minelli 2007, Mecistocephalus monticolens Chamberlin, 1920 (Table 2).


Key words: Biodiversity, Biogeography, Systematics, Chilopoda, Scutigeromorpha, Lithobiomorpha, Scolopendromorpha, Geophilomorpha, Taiwan


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