Work progress




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Project Update: August 2014
MARCH 2014
WORK PROGRESS

Currently, all the activities are in progress and are expected to yield great success by the end of March 2014. The forest department butterfly collections recorded 149 genera including species endemic to Africa.


Activities achieved

  • Sorting and arrangement of butterfly collections into their various genera

  • Sorting species of Papilionidae and Charaxinae from the rest of collections (genera)

  • Sorting and cleaning of damaged set butterfly specimens

  • Relaxing and setting of family Papilionidae

  • Photographing of different species of Papiliondae

From the above activities achieved, 32 species of family Papilionidae were sorted and recorded. Only one photograph was taken for each species in the group, collected from 55 forests, wetlands and grassland areas across Uganda (Northern, Southern, Western and Eastern regions). Currently, 624 specimens from family Papilionidae are recorded and digitized.

Subfamily Charaxinae recorded 3 genera, with over 50 species are expected and over 1000 specimens are expected from this family.
Expectations for next month

The above activities will be complete for subfamily Charaxinae by the end of March and by mid-April, family Papilionidae and subfamily Charaxinae will be digitized and uploaded on the website (when the site is ready).


Summary of records for family Papilionidae and subfamily Charaxinae


Family/subfamily

No. of Genera recorded

No. of species recorded

No. of specimens recorded

Total number of forests

Papilionidae

2

32

624

55

Charaxinae

3

56

>1000

56


List of species for family Papilionidae


species

No. of specimens

No. of forests

Papilio antimachus

2

2

Papilio demodocus

51

35

Papilio phorcas

65

33

Papilio dardanus

70

39

Papilio rex

15

9

Papilio cynorta

30

19

Papilio bromius

48

31

Papilio nireus

41

28

Papilio mechowi

12

7

Papilio zenobia

3

1

Papilio echeriodes

5

3

Papilio zoroastres

50

18

Papilio interjecta

10

4

Papilio nobilis

22

8

Papilio jacksoni

10

5

Papilio mackinnoni

6

4

Papilio sosia

15

7

Papilio lormieri

30

21

Papilio hesperus

20

9

Papilio chorapus

20

5

Graphium antheus

25

8

Graphium angolanus

20

8

Graphium leonidas

7

5

Graphium almansor

15

6

Graphium policenes

20

13

Graphium ucalegon

1

1

Graphium ridleyanus

1

1


APRIL 2014
WORK PROGRESS

The digitization work is in progress; we are dealing with sub family Nymphalinae and identification of some species of Charaxes and Nymphalinae (Euphaedra).


Activities achieved

  • Identification of species of Charaxes

  • Sorting of genera Euphaedra from the rest of the collections

  • Relaxing and setting of Charaxes and some species of genus Euphaedra

  • Photographing of the different species of Charaxes

From the above activities achieved so far, 41 species of Charaxes have been identified, verified and recorded out of 65 species known in Uganda. From the recorded specimens, a single voucher specimen was photographed for each species recorded, collected from 52 forests, wetlands and woodland areas across Uganda. A total of 2125 specimens of Charaxes are recorded in the Data Form as hard copy with their detailed information of collection.

Only genues Euphaedra was recorded from sub-family Nymphalinae, registered 275 specimens from 12 species identified.
Expectations for the next month

The taxonomy of sub-family Charaxinae is expected to be completed, verified by experts (entomologists) and also work on family Nymphalidae should be completed at the end of May.


Problems identified

  1. Most specimens were wrongly identified and species verification in each envelope takes a lot of time, thus limits the work activities and progress.

  2. Some specimens kept in the envelopes are damaged by collectors and beetles in the store as well as Museum poor management practices, this makes taxonomy very hard.

  3. Limited equipment to run the project activities for example few pins and setting boards were provided. This makes few specimens to be relaxed and set for photographing for example currently, only ten (10) specimens can be set and photographed in a week.

  4. Insufficient preservatives to protect set specimens from beetles in their cases

Species without information in Table 2 above are not yet entered in the Data Form due to unclear identification and are waiting to be approved.



Table 1. Showing general information about sub-family Charaxinae and Nymphalinae recorded



Family/sub-family

No. of Genera recorded

No. of species recorded

No. of specimens recorded

Total No. of forests

Charaxinae

3

41/65

2125

52

Nymphalinae (Euphaedra)

1

12

275

28


Table 2. Showing list of species photographed from sub-family Charaxinae


Species

No. of species

No. of forest

Charaxes achaemenes

 

 

Charaxes ameliae

67

15

Charaxes anticlea

 

 

Charaxes baumanni

 

 

Charaxes boueti

125

16

Charaxes brutus

65

30

Charaxe candiope

123

41

Charaxes castor

35

17

Charaxes cedreatis

 

 

Charaxes Cynthia

169

16

Charaxes epijasius

168

19

charaxes etesipe

38

22

Charaxes etheodes

 

 

charaxes eudoxus

16

10

Charaxes eupale

30

15

Charaxes protoclea

6

5

Charaxes porthos

 

 

Charaxes pollux

98

36

Charaxes pleione

33

14

Charaxespaphianas

 

 

Charaxes numenes

147

28

Charaxes lactetinctus

 

 

charaxes kirki

 

 

Charaxes jahlusa

 

 

Charaxes imperialis

 

 

Charaxes hansalii

 

 

Charaxes fulvescens

226

46

Charaxes zoolina

50

10

Charaxes zingha

40

16

Charaxes virilis

 

 

Charaxes varanes

134

42

Charaxes tirrdates

189

43

Charaxes subornatus

 

 

Charaxes smaragdilis

 

 

Charaxes bipunctatus

33

6

Charaxes Lucretius

36

13

Euxanthe eurinome

 

 

Euxanthe crossleyi

 

 

Palla violinitens

2

2

Palla ussheri

2

2

Palla publius

1

1


Table 3. Showing list of species identified from genus Euphaedra


Number

Species

1

Euphaedra rex

2

Euphaedra paradoxa

3

Euphaedra alacris

4

Euphaedra eusemoides

5

Euphaedra christyi

6

Euphaedra edwardsi

7

Euphaedra pressi

8

Euphaedra harpalyce

9

Euphaedra medon

10

Euphaedra hollandi

11

Euphaedra Uganda


MAY 2014
WORK PROGRESS

The Butterfly digitization project activities are under progress; we are still dealing with sub family Nymphalinae and as well as Charaxes (taxonomy of black Charaxes).


Activities achieved

  • Relaxing and setting of un-dentified charaxes species for identification

  • Sorting of genera Junonia, Salamis, Kallima, Mallika and hypolimnas

  • Photographing of the different species of genera Euphaedra and Salamis

  • Relaxing and setting of different species of Junonia and salamis

  • Hard and soft copy data entry for genera Euphaedra, Junonia and salamis

From the above activities carried out, seven (7) species of Euphaedrae have been identified, verified and recorded out of 12 species known in Uganda, registering a total of 289 specimens from 32 forest habitats across the country. 5 remaining species of this genus is to be searched from the collections. Four salamis species were recorded, registered a total of 120 specimens, from 43 forest habitats. Genera Junonia, Kallima, Mallika and Hypolimnas were sorted from the collections ready for relaxing, setting and photographing and hard copy data entry information of these genera is under progress.


Expectations for the month of June and July

The taxonomy of sub-family Charaxinae (black charaxes) is expected to be completed, verified by experts (entomologists) and also work on sub-family Nymphalinae, particularly for genera of Junonia, Salamis, Kallima, Mallika and hypolimnas should be completed at the end of June and photo upload for super family Papilionidae is expected to be on the website in this month.


Problems identified

  • Limited cases to store relaxed and set specimens

  • Most specimens were wrongly identified and species verification in each envelope takes a lot of time, thus limits the work activities and progress.

  • Insufficient preservatives to protect set specimens from beetles in their cases


Table 1. Showing general information about sub-family Nymphalinae in different genera recorded



Family/sub-family

Different Genera recorded

No. of species recorded

No. of specimens recorded

Total No. of forests

Nymphalinae

Euphaedra

7/12

289

32




Salamis

4/4

120

43




Junonia

10/10

-

-




Mallika

1/1

-

-




Kallima

3/3

-

-




Hypolimnas

8/8

-

-

Total

6

29/38

409





Table 2. Showing different species in genus Euphaedra


Species

No. of species

No. of forests

Euphaedra edwardsi

24

7

Euphaedra uganda

29

9

Euphaedra harpalyce

54

15

Euphaedra eleus

36

8

Eupaedra medon

101

26

Euphaedra preussi

25

8

Euphaedra eusemoides

20

4

Euphaedra hollandi

--

-

Euphaedra peculiaris

-

-

Euphaedra ruspina

-

-

Euphaedra rex

-

-

Euphedra christyi

-

-


Table 3. Showing different species in geneus Salamis

Species

No. of specimen

No. of forest

Salamis temora

23

13

Salamis anacardii

6

4

Salamis cacta

16

11

Salais parhassus

75

34


Table 4. Showing species in different genera


Species

No. of specimens

Salamis anacardii

 -

Salamis cacta

 -

Salamis parhassus

 -

Salamis temora

 -

Kallima ansorgei

 -

Kallima cymodoce

 -

Kallima rumia

 -

Mallika jacksoni

 -

Junonia chorimene

 -

Junonia hierta

 -

Junonia natalica

 -

Junonia oenone

 -

Junonia orithya

 -

Junonia sophia

 -

Junonia stygia

 -

Junonia terea

 -

Junonia westermanni

 -

Hypolimnas anthedon

 -

Hypolimnas bartteloti

 --

Hypolimnas deceptor

 -

Hypolimnas dinarcha

 -

Hypolimnas dubius

 -

Hypolimnas misippus

 

Hypolimnas monteironis

 -

Hypolimnas salmacis

 -


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