Marine Air Wings: (Marine Corps Air Station = MCAS) Iawkuni, Okinawa, Japan / Cherry Point, NC / Miramar, CA
Mission Capabilities – MAGTF Operations are built on six core competencies which drive Marines develop specific skills for special roles and missions:
Expeditionary Readiness – Marines can respond anywhere within 24hrs or within 72hrs for 30 days unsupported. Can work in adverse conditions in a foreign environment. Ready to defeat multiple enemies at once.
Expeditionary Operations – Marines are prepared for immediate deployments overseas into rough conditions
Combined-Arms Operations – MAGTF requires combined-arms capability. MAGTF have been trained, organized, and equipped to be commanded by 1 CDR.
Sea-Based Operations – Gives USMC a large strategic reach and an enduring means to have Intl influence. Gives NCA access to trouble spots worldwide.
Forcible Entry – Uninterrupted movement of forces from ships (used to be amphibious assaults)
Reserve Integration – Reinforcing active units with reservists.
Organization of MAGTF – Marines formed into MAGTFs for training and actual operations. Three types are MEU, MEB, and MEF. All MEUs are SOC. Also Special Purpose MAGTF for any unit size, inc. the whole corps (ex. a ship of Marines from a MEU).
Phase 2 (3 weeks) – In garrison now … USMC history, 1st Aid, course application, swim qualifications
Phase 3 (4 weeks) – Nuclear, biological, chemical (NBC) warfare training, combat shooting at known / unknown ranges, and an intro to field life
Crucible (54 hours) – 70mi forced marching; 550 recruits moved into 12 to 20 man squads teach teamwork, adaptability
Eight major events: Daytime movement resupply, casualty evac, combat assault course, reaction course, enhanced confidence course, night infiltration course, and a night march … 30 team-building obstacles (“Warrior Stations”)
Drill Instructors accompany squads as safety personnel
Combat Training (recruits go to School of Infantry [SOI])
Male Grunts (infantry) go to the Infantry Training Battalion (ITB) – 4-weeks generic training, then 4 weeks skills training specific to their job
All other Marines go to Marine Combat Training (MCT) – 17 days in a field environment and learn to use the M249 (SAW [Semi-Automatic Weapon]), M240G, M2, Mk19, and M203. Learn field sanitation, land navigation, security, and hand-to-hand training. After MCT, they go to specialty schools.
Marine Corps Officer Training (Marine Corps Base [MCB] Quantico, VA) … depends on origin:
Platoon Leaders Course graduates – attend one 6-week course before junior and senior year or one 10-week before senior year
Marine Enlisted Commissioning Education Program or Naval ROTC – one 6-week session prior to senior year
Service Academy Graduates – 2nd LTs go to The Basic School (TBS) for 6 months to teach them how to be Infantry Platoon CDRs. Finally, 6 weeks to 6 months of Officer Primary MOS School.
Military Occupational Specialty (MOS)
Each USMC job has a MOS number
Recruits specify several MOS choices based on their Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB) test
HQMC (HQ Marine Corps) selects MOS for marines during boot camp based on qualifications and enlistment options
MOS schools throughout country. Some are Marine Only. Joint-Service Schools with Army / Air Force becoming more common.
35 Occupational Fields w/150 MOSs with 4-digit designations. 1st 2 digits are primary occupation field (OcField) and 2nd 2 digits are specific specialty
1st Term Marines – Upon graduation from MOS, most go to the Fleet Marine Force (FMF) to either a Marine Div, FSSG, or Aircraft Wing. 30-35% of these are for combat arms, the remainder are support roles. All other go to USMC bases. Initial enlistment ranges from E1 to E5.
2nd / 3rd Term Marines – Adv. MOS school, supervise junior Marines of same MOS. May request lateral transfer (switch MOS). Ranks inc. E4 to E6.
Career Marines – Next 5-6yrs at adv schools (1st is Staff NCO Academy). Duties shift from troop leadership to admin work. Ranks: E6 to E8 (MSgt).
Senior Marines – Few. Attend 1stSgt/E-9 symposium. 1stSgt / SgtMjr have admin duties. Master Gunny Sgt. are long-term tech experts in their fields
Other Career Options – May request to be: Marine Security Guard (MSG), Recruiting / Drill Instructors (DI) (drawn from exceptional marines in FMF with 6yr min service as instructor and be an E4 and eligible for promotion; seen as career enhancing), or warrant officer (10yr min experience).
Etiquette: USMC Uniforms
Introduction – All marines have similar uniform. Enlisted insignia on both sleeves. NCO+ rate a blood stripe. Officers rate cover Quatrefoil. White gloves for formal affairs.
Evening Dress (A / B / Enlisted Evening Dress)
A – For General officers at white tie occasions, official state affairs.
B – For Officers; black bowtie and either scarlet waistcoat (generals) or scarlet cummerbund (others). Females where short or long black skirt. Worn to black tie events. May wear Blue Dress A instead.
Enlisted Evening Dress – For Staff NCOs; either this or Blue Dress A to black or white tie events
Dress (Blue A / B / C / D, Blue-White A, B)
A – Formal / Semi-formal social functions; Blue dress coat and trousers; large medals on right breast
B – Informal social functions and as uniform of the day (UoD); same as A except ribbons instead of medals
C – (Winter) Parades, ceremonies, UoD. Like B except instead of a coat, a long-sleeved khaki shirt and necktie is worn (blue dress sweater optional)
Blue-White A: White trousers with Blue Dress A for summer parades and ceremonies (replaces White Dress A)
Blue-White A: White trousers with Blue Dress B for summer parades and ceremonies (replaces White Dress B)
Service and Utility Uniforms
Service A/B/C – Service coat, trousers, ribbons and large decorations (both on coat), khaki long-sleeved shirt, and khaki tie. Without the coat, it is Service B. Service B is used during winter with a sweater (optional). May be worn with fram or garrison cap. Service C is Service B with short sleeves and an open collar. Shooting badges are optional, prescribable for parades, ceremonies, social events, and UoD.
Utility – working uniform or if service uniforms impractical. Identical to midn utilities except the buckle. Officers don’t wear subdued collar devices.
Light Armored Vehicle
Advanced Amphib Assault Vehicle
Amphibious Assault Vehicle
Joint Multi-Mission Vertical Lift Aircraft (JMVX)
General Motors (of Canada)
General Dynamics Amphibious Systems
All-terrain, all-weather, day or night
Carries 18 combat-ready troops; set to replace AAVs by 2008