Weeds and their approved biological control agents




Дата канвертавання17.04.2016
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WEEDS AND THEIR APPROVED BIOLOGICAL CONTROL AGENTS

(ASTERISK * INDICATES AGENTS ACCIDENTALLY INTRODUCED TO THE U.S.)










Weed Common Name

Agents Common Name

Agents Scientific Name

Weed Scientific Name
















Bull thistle

Bull thistle gall fly

Urophora stylata

Cirsium vulgare
















Canada thistle

Canada thistle stem weevil

Ceutorhynchus litura

Cirsium arvense

Canada thistle bud weevil

Larinus planus *




Thistle stem gall fly

Urophora cardui










Dalmatian toadflax

Toadflax flower-feeding beetle

Brachypterolus pulicarius *

Linaria genistifolia ssp.dalmatica

Toadflax moth

Calophasia lunula




Toadflax capsule weevil

Gymnetron antirrhini *




Stem-boring weevil

Mecinus janthinus




Root-boring moth

Eteobalea intermediella



















Diffuse knapweed

Sulphur knapweed moth

Agapeta zoegana

Centaurea diffusa

Broad-nosed seed head weevil

Bangasternus fausti




Knapweed peacock fly

Chaetorellia acrolophi




Knapweed root weevil

Cyphocleonus achates




Blunt knapweed flower weevil

Larinus obtusus




Spotted knapweed seed head moth

Metzneria paucipunctella




Brown-winged root moth

Pelochrista medullana




Grey-winged root moth

Pterolonche inspersa




Bronze knapweed root-borer

Sphenoptera jugoslavica




Green clearwing fly

Terellia virens




Banded gall fly

Urophora affinis




UV knapweed seed head fly

Urophora quadrifasciata




Russian knapweed gall nematode

Subanguina picridis










Field Bindweed

Bindweed gall mite

Aceria malherbae

Convolvulus arvensis

Bindweed moth

Tyta luctuosa










Gorse

Gorse or broom tip moth

Agonopterix nervosa *

Ulex europaeus

Gorse shoot-tip moth

Agonopterix ulicitella




Gorse seed weevil

Apion ulicis




Gorse thrips

Sericothrips staphylinus




Gorse spider mite

Tetranychus lintearius










Leafy spurge

Minute spurge flea beetle

Aphthona abdominalis

Euphorbia esula

Brown dot leafy spurge flea beetle

Aphthona cyparissiae




Black leafy spurge flea beetle

Aphthona czwalinae




Copper leafy spurge flea beetle

Aphthona flava




Brown-legged leafy spurge flea beetle

Aphthona lacertosa




Black dot leafy spurge flea beetle

Aphthona nigriscutis




Leafy spurge hawkmoth

Hyles euphorbiae




Red-headed leafy spurge stem borer

Oberea erythrocephala




Leafy spurge tip gall midge

Spurgia esulae




Leaf-tying moth

Lobesia euphorbiana










Meadow knapweed

UV knapweed seed head fly

Urophora quadrifasciata

Centaurea debeauxii







C. pratensis
















Mediterranean sage

Mediterranean sage weevil

Phrydiuchus tau

Salvia aethiopis
















Italian thistle

Thistle head weevil

Rhinocyllus conicus

Carduus pycnocephalus

Thistle crown weevil

Trichosirocalus horridus



















Musk thistle

Thistle head weevil

Rhinocyllus conicus

Carduus nutans

Thistle crown weevil

Trichosirocalus horridus




Musk thistle rust

Puccinia carduorum










Plumeless thistle

Thistle head weevil

Rhinocyllus conicus

Carduus acanthoides

Thistle crown weevil

Trichosirocalus horridus










Poison hemlock

Hemlock moth

Agonopterix alstroemeriana *

Conium maculatum
















Puncturevine

Puncturevine seed weevil

Microlarinus lareynii

Tribulus terrestris

Puncturevine stem weevil

Microlarinus lypriformis










Purple loosestrife

Black-margined loosestrife beetle

Galerucella calmariensis

Lythrum salicaria

Golden loosestife beetle

Galerucella pusilla




Loosestrife root weevil

Hylobius transversovittatus




Loosestrife seed weevil

Nanophyes marmoratus










Rush skeletonweed

Skeletonweed gall mite

Eriophyes chondrillae

Chondrilla juncea

Skeletonweed gall midge

Cystiphora schmidti




Rush skeletonweed rust

Puccinia chondrillina










Russian knapweed

Russian knapweed gall nematode

Subanguina picridis

Acroptilon repens
















Slenderflower thistle

Thistle head weevil

Rhinocyllus conicus

Carduus tenuiflorus
















Spotted knapweed

Sulphur knapweed moth

Agapeta zoegana

Centaurea maculosa

Broad-nosed seed head weevil

Bangasternus fausti

C. biebersteinii

Knapweed root weevil

Cyphocleonus achates




Lesser knapweed flower weevil

Larinus minutus




Blunt knapweed flower weevil

Larinus obtusus




Spotted knapweed seed head moth

Metzneria paucipunctella




Grey-winged root moth

Pterolonche inspersa




Bronze knapweed root-borer

Sphenoptera jugoslavica




Green clearwing fly

Terellia virens




Banded gall fly

Urophora affinis




UV knapweed seed head fly

Urophora quadrifasciata










Squarrose knapweed

Broad-nosed seed head weevil

Bangasternus fausti

Centaurea triumfettii

Grey-winged root moth

Pterolonche inspersa

C. virgata ssp.squarrosa

Banded gall fly

Urophora affinis




UV knapweed seed head fly

Urophora quadrifasciata










St. John's-wort

St. Johnswort borer

Agrilus hyperici

Hypericum perforatum

St. Johnswort inchworm

Aplocera plagiata




Klamath weed beetle

Chrysolina hyperici




Klamath weed beetle

Chrysolina quadrigemina




Klamath weed midge

Zeuxidiplosis giardi










Tansy Ragwort

Ragwort flea beetle

Longitarsus jacobaeae

Senecio jacobaea

Ragwort seed fly

Pegohylemyia seneciella




Cinnabar moth

Tyria jacobaeae










Yellow starthistle

Yellow starthistle bud weevil

Bangasternus orientalis

Centaurea solstitialis

Yellow starthistle peacock fly

Chaetorellia australis




Yellow starthistle hairy weevil

Eustenopus villosus




Yellow starthistle flower weevil

Larinus curtus




Yellow starthistle gall fly

Urophora sirunaseva










Yellow toadflax (Butter-and-eggs)

Toadflax flower-feeding beetle

Brachypterolus pulicarius

Linaria vulgaris

Toadflax moth

Calophasia lunula




Toadflax capsule weevil

Gymnetron antirrhini *




Root-galling weevil

Gymnetron linariae




Stem-boring weevil

Mecinus janthinus




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