Water-Efficient Landscape Plant List. More information on these & other species is available in ec 1546




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Water-Efficient Landscape Plant List. More information on these & other species is available in EC 1546, Water-Efficient Landscape Plants. $5.50 from OSU Extension Service
Other Codes:

*Native to Oregon

**Some species in genus native to Oregon

#Particularly Suited for Oregon’s Eastside


Annuals

Arctotis (African daisy)

Calendula officianalis (pot marigold)

Celosia cristata (cockscomb)

Cleome hasslerana (spider flower)

Cosmos bipinnatus (garden cosmos)

Eschscholzia californica (California poppy)*

Gaillardia pulchella (blanket flower)

Gazania x hybrida (gazania)

Gilia capitata (blue thimble flower)*

Gilia tricolor (bird’s eyes)

Helianthus annuus (common sunflower)*

Limonium sinuatum (statice)

Papaver rhoeas (Shirley poppy)

Portulaca (moss rose)

Salvia farinacea (Texas violet)

Salvia splendens (scarlet sage)

Senecio cineraria (dusty miller)

Tropaeolum majus (nasturtium)

Verbena x hybrida (garden verbena)


Bulbs

Amaryllis belladonna (naked lady)

Brodiaea (brodiaea)*

Camassia (camas)*

Chinodoxa (glory-of-the-snow)

Crocus (crocus)

Cyclamen hederifolium (hardy cyclamen)

Fritillaria (fritillary)*

Galanthus nivalis (snowdrop)

Iris reticulata (reticulate iris)

Iris x hollandica (Dutch iris)

Leucojum aestivum (summer snowflake)

Muscari armeniacum (grape hyacinth)

Narcissus (daffodil)

Puschkinia scilloides (striped squill)

Scilla (bluebells)

Sternbergia lutea (winter daffodil)

Triteleia laxa (Ithuriel’s spear)

Tulipa (tulip)

Zantedeschia aethiopica (calla lilly)


Ferns & Groundcovers

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry)*

Ceanothus gloriosus (Pt Reyes ceanothus)

Daphne cneorum (rock daphne)

Fragaria ‘Lipstick’ (pink flowering strawberry)

Fragaria chiloensis (beach strawberry)*

Fragaria virginiana (wild strawberry)*

Helianthemum nummularium (sunrose)

Juniperus chinensis (Chinese juniper-prostrate forms)

Juniperus conferta ‘Blue Pacific’

Juniperus horizontalis (creeping juniper)*

Juniperus procumbens (Jap. Gdn juniper)

Juniperus sabina (Savin juniper)

Lithodora diffusa (lithodora)

Microbiota decussata (Siberean carpet cypress)

Oxalis oregana (wood sorrel)*

Penstemon pinnefolius (pine leaf penstemon)#

Polystichum munitum (Western sword fern)*

Sedum (stonecrop)** S. oregana & S. spathulifolium native to West of Cascades and S. lanceolatum# East of Cascades

Sempervivum tectorum (hen and chicks)

Thymus pseudolanuginosus (wooly thyme)

Thymus serphyllum (creeping thyme)

Thymus vulgaris (common thyme)

Vaccineum scoparum (whortleberry)*

Veronica pectinata (speedwell)
Grasses

Achnatherum hymenoides (Indian rice grass)*# Calamogrostis x acutiflora (feather reed grass)

Carex barbarae (Santa Barbara sedge)*

Fargesia nitida (clumping black bamboo)

Elymus elymoides (bottlebrush squirrel tail*

Elymus lanceolatua (streambank wheatgrass)*#

Festuca amethystina (large blue fescue)

Festuca cinerea (blue fescue)

Festuca idahoensis (Idaho fescue)*-will work as a turf grass

Helictotrichon sempervirens (blue oat grass)

Koeleria glauca (large blue hair grass)

Koeleria macrantha (K. cristata-prairie junegrass)*

Leymus racemosus ‘Glaucus’ (wild blue rye)

Panicum virgatum (switch grass)

Poa secunda (P. sandbergii; P. ampla)*

Pseudoregnia (Agropyron)


spicata (bluebunch wheatgrass)*#

Stipa gigantea (giant feather grass)


Perennials

Acanthus mollis (bear’s breech)

Achillea filipendulina (fernleaf yarrow)

Achillea millefolium (common yarrow)*

Agapanthus (African lily)

Agastache rugosa (Korean hummingbird mint)

Agastache species (hummingbird mint or hyssop)

Amsonia hubrichtii (blue star)

Anacyclus depressus (Mount Atlas Daisy)#

Anaphalis margaratacea (pearly everlasting)*

Antennaria microphylla (rosy pussytoes)*#

Aquilegia formosa (western columbine)*

Aquilegia sp. (columbine)*

Aster amellus (Italian aster)

Aurina saxatilis (basket-of-gold)

Balsamorhiza sagittata (arrowroot balsamroot)*#

Callirhoe involucrata (poppy mallow)

Coreopsis grandiflora (tickseed)

Coreopsis verticillata (thread-leaf tickseed)

Delospermum cooperi (purple iceplant)#

Delosperma nubigenum (yellow iceplant)#

Dianthus gratianopolitanus (cheddar pink)

Echinacea purpurea species and cultivars (Purple coneflower)

Epilobium canum (California fuschia)*

Epimedium sp. (bishop’s hat)

Erigeron (fleabane)** - E. speciosus (showy fleabane), recommended for Oregon gardens

Eriogonum (buckwheat)** - E. heracleoides and E umbellatum, and E. niveum (snow buckwheat) recommended for Eastside gardens

Eryngium (sea holly)

Eriophyllum lanatum (Oregon sunshine)*

Erysimum (wallflower)

Euphorbia polychroma (cushion spurge)

Gaillardia aristida (Indian blanket flower)*#

Gaillardia x grandiflora (blanketflower)

Gaillardia sp. (blanketflower)

Gazania linearis (treasure flower)

Geranium sanguineum (bloody cranesbill)

Helleborus (hellebore)

Hemerocallis species and cultivars (daylily)

Hesperaloe parviflora (red yucca)

Hyssopus officinalis (hyssop)

Iberis sempervirens (candytuft)

Iliamna rivularis (mountain hollyhock)*

Ipomopsis aggregata (scarlet gilia)

Iris (bearded iris)

Iris – Pacific Coast Hybrids*

Iris tenax (Oregon iris)*

Iris unguicularis (Algerian iris)

Leucanthumem x superbum (Shasta daisy)

Leucocrinum montanum (sand lily)*#

Linum perenne (blue flax)*

Lupinus (lupines)** Many suitable native and non-native selections

Malva alcea (mallow)

Mimulus nanus (dwarf purple monkey flower)*#

Oenothera berlandieri ‘Siskiyou’ (Mexican evening primrose)

Oenothera macrocarpa (Ozark sundrops)

Oenothera (evening primrose)**

Oenothera speciosa (Mex. evening primrose)

Paeonia obovata (forest peony)

Papaver orientale (Oriental poppy)

Penstemon sp. (beardtongue)** Many will grow well throughout Oregon: P. davidsonii, P. humilis, P. richardsonii, P speciosus, and P fruitcosus all recommended for Eastside

Penstemon barbatus (beardlip penstemon)

Perovskia atriplicifolia (Russian sage)

Phlomis russeliana (sticky Jerusalem sate)

Phlox difussa (spreading phlox)*

Phlox subulata (moss phlox)

Platycodon grandiflora (balloon flower)

Rudbeckia (black-eyed Susan)

Pulsatilla (pasque flower)

Ratibida columnifera (prairie coneflower)

Salvia clevelandii (CA blue sage)

Salvia leucophylla (purple sage)

Salvia officinalis (sage)

Silene uniflora (catchfly)

Sisyrinchium bellum (blue-eyed grass)*

Solidago (goldenrod)** S. canadensis is native to Oregon

Sphaeralcea cocinnea (scarlet globemallow)*#

Symphotrichon ascendens [Aster chilensis] *#

Symphotrichon subspicatum [Aster subspicatus]*

Teucrium chamaedrys (germander)

Veronica prostrata (speedwell)

Yucca sp. (yucca)
Shrubs

Aesculus californica (CA buckeye)*

Aesculus pavia (red buckeye)

Arctostaphylos columbiana (hairy manzanita)*

Arctostaphylos x media (Media manzanita)*

Arctostaphylos nevadensis (pinemat manzanita)*

Arctostaphylos patula (greenleaf manzanita)*

Artemesia (sagebrush, wormwood)**

Artimesia tridentata (big sagebrush)*#

Azara microphylla (boxleaf azara, chin-chin)

Baccharis pilularis (dwarf coyote bush)*

Berberis (Mahonia) aquifolium & B. nervosa (OR grape)*

Berberis (Mahonia) repens (creeping holly)*

Brachyglottis (Senecio) greyii (daisy bush, silver senecio)

Buxus (boxwood)

Calycanthus occidentalis (spice bush)

Caryopteris x clandonensis (bluebeard)

Ceanothus impressus (CA lilac)

Ceanothus thyrsiflorus (CA lilac)*

Ceanothus velutinus (buckbrush)*

Ceanothus ‘Victoria’ (CA lilac)

Cercis occidentalis (western redbud)*

Cercocarpus ledifolium (curl-leaf mountain mahogany)*#

Cercocarpus montanus (MT mahogany)*

Chamaebatiaria millefolium (desert sweet)*#

Chrysothamnus nauseosus (gray rabbitbrush)*#

Cistus (rockrose)

Corokia dammeri (wirebush)

Cornus sericea (redtwig dogwood)*

Cotinus coggyria (smoke tree)

Daphne caucasica (Caucasian daphne)

Dendromecon rigida (bush poppy)

Ericameria viscidiflorus lanceloatus (low green rabbitbrush)*#

Eleutherococcus sieboldianus ‘Variegatus (five fingered aralia)’

Fallugia paradoxa (Apache plume)#

Gaultheria shallon (salal)*

Garrya elliptica (coast silktassel)*

Garry fremontii (Fremont silktassel)*

Forsythia cultivars

Halimium (rockrose)

Hebe glaucophyllum (gray leaf hebe)

Holodiscus discolor (oceanspray)*

Ilex cornuta (Chinese holly)

Jasminum nudiflorum (winter jasmine)

Juniperus chinensis ‘Hetzii’

Juniperus squamata ‘Meyeri’

Lavandula (lavender of many kinds)

Lonicera nitida (box honeysuckle)

Oemleria cerasiformis (osoberry)*

Origanum (oregano)

Osmanthus delavayi & heterophyllus

Paxistima myrsinites (oregon box)*

Penstemon fruiticosus (shrubby penstemon)*

Philadelphus lewisii (western mock orange)*

Phlomis fruitcosa, italica & purpurea

Physocarpus malvaceus (mallow ninebark)*#

Pierus japonica (andromeda, pieris)

Pinus mugo (Mugo pine)

Potentilla fruticosa (bush cinquefoil)*

Prunus besseyi (western sandcherry)

Rhamnus californica (CA coffeeberry)*

Rhus aromatica (gro-low sumac)

Purshia tridentata (bitterbrush)*#

Ribes alpinum (alpine currant)#

Ribes aureum (golden currant)*

Ribes cereum (wax currant)*

Ribes sanguineum (flowering currant)*

Ribes speciosum (fuchsia-flowered currant)

Ribes viscossissium (sticky currant)*#

Rosa gymnocarpa (wood rose)*

Rosa glauca (R. ferruginiea - redleaf rose)

Rosmarinus (rosemary)

Salvia dorrii (purple sage)*#

Sambucus caerulea (blue elderberry)*

Santolina chamaecyparissus (lavender cotton)

Sarcococca (sweetbox)

Senecio viravira (dusty miller)

Symphoricarpos alba (snowberry)*

Syringa myeri (Meyer lilac)

Symphoricarpos orbiculatus (coralberry)

Viburnum lentago (nammyberry)

Yucca glauca & whipplei


Trees (Broadleaf)

Acer campestre (hedge maple)

Acer glabrum (rocky mountain maple)*

Acer griseum (paperbark maple)

Aesculus californica (California buckeye)*

Aesculus glabrum (Ohio buckeye)#

Amelanchier (serviceberry)** A. alnifolia is native

Arbutus unedo (strawberry tree)

Carpinus betulus (European hornbeam)

Cercis canadensis (eastern redbud)

Fraxinus angustifolia ‘Raywood’ (raywood ash)

Fraxinus pennsylvanica (green ash)

Ginkgo biloba (maindenhair tree)

Maackia amurensis (Amus maackia)

Malus hybrids (flowering crab)

Parrotia persica (Persian parrotia)

Prunus emarginata (bitter cherry)*

Prunus virginiana (chokecherry)* P. virginiana ‘Schubert’ recommended for Eastside Gardens

Quercus garryana (OR white oak)*

Quercus ilex (holly oak)

Quercus macrocarpa (bur oak)

Rhamnus purshiana (cascara)*

Salix scouleriana (scourler willow)*

Sorbus scopulina (moutain ash)*

Syringa reticulata ‘Ivory Silk’ (Jananese tree lilac)

Tilia tomentosa (silver linden)

Umbellularia californica (OR myrtle)*

Zelkova serrata (Japanese selkova)


Trees (Conifers)

Abies grandis (grand fir)*

Abies lasiocarpa (subalpine fir)*

Abies pinsapo (Spanish fir)

Acer circinatum (vine maple)*

Cedrus atlantica (Atlas cedar)

Cephlotaxus harringtonia (Japanese plum yew)

Chamaecyparis nootkatensis (Alaska cedar)

Cupressus glabra (AZ cypress)

Hamamelis sp. (witchhazel)

Juniperus chinensis (Chinese juniper)

Juniperus occidentalis (western juniper)*#

Juniperus scopulorum (Rocky MT juniper)*

Larex kaempheri (Japanese larch)

Larex occidentalis (western larch)*

Picea pungens (CO blue spruce)

Pinus aristata (britlecone pine)

Pinus contorta latifolia (lodgepole pine)*

Pinus contorta myrrayana (Murrayana pine, bonsai or sparse form)*

Pinus flexilis (limber pine)

Pinus montícola (western white pine)*

Pinus nigra (Austrian pine)

Pinus ponderosa (Ponderosa pine)*

Pinus sylvestris (Scotch pine)

Podocarpus alpinus (podocarpus, totara)

Taxus baccata (English yew)

X Cupressocyparis leylandii (Leyland cypress)
Vines

Campsis radicans (trumpet vine)

Campsis x tagliabuana (trumpet creeper)

Clematis cirrhosa (crowfoot)

Clematis tangutica (yellow lantern clematis)

Jasminum officinale (Poet’s jasmine)

Lonicera etrusca (honeysuckle)

Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)

Polygonium aubertii (silver lace vine)

Rosa banksiae (Banksia rose)



Vitis vinifera ‘Purpurea’ (Purple-leaved grape)

Wisteria (wisteria)


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