Uvaria acuminata




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INTRODUCTION

This report consists of a presentation of 28 plants present in the farm of Baobab Trust, in Bamburi, Kenya (except for garlic and the baobab tree). Different uses of these plants are described, including medicinal properties and nutritional value, wherever possible. The list of the uses of each plant is not exhaustive.


The medicinal prescriptions given stemmed from African traditional medicine. Nowadays, more and more scientists take an interest in traditional medicinal plants. There are two main reasons. Firstly, their effectiveness as a medicine is due to an active substance present in the plant, which can be used to make chemical medicine. For example, Uvaria acuminata is said to cure tumours. Scientists have extracted from this plant a substance called uvaricin, which seems really efficient against cancerous cells. Secondly, encouraging the use of medicinal plants in countries (like Kenya) where the access to medical products is difficult and expensive is an idea that is becoming more and more developed, by NGOs and governments.
Many of the plants are known under several names, both Swahili and English. Some plants presented here are not indigenous, like fennel, and do not have Swahili names. And sometimes English names weren’t given to Kenyan plants. The names given in the summary are botanical names, because it’s the common link between all the plants. This summary is completed with indexes of Swahili and English names.
Some books are regularly mentioned in the references of the plants. More information about these are given at the end of this report.
Uses of a lot of plants, medicinal or not, are discovered regularly by scientists.

Uses and medicinal properties of 28 plants

in Baobab Trust farm, Bamburi, Kenya


Abstract

This report consists in a presentation of 28 plants present for the major part in the farm of Baobab Trust, in Bamburi, Kenya. Different uses of these plants are described, including medicinal properties and nutritional value, when it was possible. The list of the uses of each plant is not exhaustive.


By Marion Coisne (marion.coisne@gmail.com)

Autumn 2009


Swahili names index


Bizari : Curcuma longa

Dodoki : Luffa aegyptiaca

Kamili : Azadirachta indica

Kibalazi-mwitu : Cadaba farinosa

Kitozi : Aloe vera

Mbaazi : cajanus cajan

Mbambara : commiphora africana

Mbungo : Saba florida

Mburungia : Solanum melongena

Mbuyu : Adansonia digitata

Mganda-simba : uvaria acuminata

Mgweni : uvaria acuminata

Mjavikali : Clausena anisata

Mkabili : Cleome gynandra

Mkilifi : Azadirachta indica

Mkororo : commiphora africana

Mkuyu : Ficus sycomorus

Mlanyuni: Hoslundia opposita

Mnafu : Solanum nigrum

Mnamaji : Trichilia emetica

Mnavu : Solanum nigrum

Mnuamaji: Trichilia emetica

Moulambulo : Hoslundia opposita

Mpamba muriti : calotropis procera

Mpapai : Carica papaya

Mtimai: Trichilia emetica

Mtomoko : Anonna sqaumosa

Mturituri : commiphora africana

Mubale: Trichilia emetica

Muvengahonye : Clausena anisata

Muvhunambezo : Clausena anisata

Muwamaji: Trichilia emetica

Mvinje : casuarina equisetifolia

Mvunja-vumo : cadaba farinosa

Mwaacha : uvaria acuminata

Mwangani : Cleome gynandra

Mwarubaini : Azadirachta indica

Mzunze : Moringa oleifera

Nyasi ngombe : cymbopogon citratus

Tangaizi : Zingiber officinale

Vumbamanga : Ocimum basilicum



English names index

Apple of Sodom : calotropis procera

Atis : Annona squamosa

Aubergine : Solanum melongena

Baobab tree : Adansonia digitata

Basil : Ocimum basilicum

Bird gooseberry : Hoslundia opposita

Black nightshade : Solanum nigrum

Brinjal : Solanum melongena

Cape mahogany : Trichilia emetica

Custard apple : Annona squamosa

Dead Sea Fruit : calotropis procera

Drumstick tree : Moringa oleifera

Egg plant : Solanum melongena

Fennel : Foeniculum vulgare

Garlic : Allium sativum

Ginger : Zingiber officinale

Horseradish tree : Moringa oleifera

Horsewood : Clausena anisata

Lemon grass : cymbopogon citrates

Loofah : Luffa aegyptiaca

Luffa : Luffa aegyptiaca

Malfura : Trichilia emetica

Malfureira-nut : Trichilia emetica

Mudar fibre : calotropis procera

Neem tree : Azadirachta indica

Orange bird berry : Hoslundia opposita

Paw-paw : Carica papaya

Pigeon pea : cajanus cajan

Sponge gourd : Luffa aegyptiaca

Sugar apple : Annona squamosa

Sycamore fig : ficus sycomorus

Turmeric : Curcuma longa

Whistling tree : casuarina equisetifolia



Annexes




Nutritional values

CP : Crude protein. This is approximated by multiplying the Kjeldahl nitrogen analysis by the factor 6.25. Depending on the type of feed, a greater or lesser part of this is true protein while the remainder is inorganic nitrogen salts, amides, ect.


EE : ether extract (crude fat). This is measured as diethylether or petroleumether extracted material. It is includes not only oils and fats but fatty acids, resins, chlorophyl, etc.
CF- Crude fibre : This refers to organic matter insoluble in hot dilutes sulphuric acid and diluted sodium hydroxide solution. It should be noted that the crude fibre in many cases is a misleading indicator of the digestibility and nutritive value of a feed.
Ash : This is determinated by igniting samples until they are free of carbon. A high value of ash for plant materiel is often an indication of contamination with soil.
NFE-Nitrogen-free extract : this is the difference between the sum of the other constituents and the original dry weight. In other words, it is what remains after the other group of components have been detected by analysis.
DM-Dry matter : All analyses are given on a dry matter basis. To convert the value given on a dry matter basis to fresh matter basis as “feed basis”, the percentage figure is multiplied with the dry matter content.

About the references 
Information given in this report are from different references, books and websites. Some precisions about the books mentioned :
- African Traditional Medicine : a dictionary of plant use and applications, by H.D. Neuwinger. Medpharm Scientific Publ., 2000
- Common poisonous plants of East Africa, by Bernard Verdcourt and E.C. Trump, 1969
- Kenya Trees, Shrubs and Lianas by H.J. Beentje, 1994
- Medicinal plants of East Africa by J.O. Kokwaro, 1976
-The useful and Ornamental Plants in Zanzibar and Pemba by R.O. Williams, 1949
- Traditional Food Plants of Kenya, by Patrick M. Maundu, Grace W. Ngugi, Christine H.S. Kabuye, 1999
- Field guide to common Trees & Shrubs of East Africa by Njama Dharani, 2002
- Tropical Planting and Gardening by H.F. Macmillan, 1952
-Tropical Feeds : feeds information summaries and nutritional value, by Bo Göhl, FAO Feeds Information Centre, Animal Production and Health Division.

Adansonia digitata


Common name : Baobab tree

Swahili name : Mbuyu

Family : Bombacaceae



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