This report consists of a presentation of 28 plants present in the farm of Baobab Trust, in Bamburi, Kenya (except for garlic and the baobab tree). Different uses of these plants are described, including medicinal properties and nutritional value, wherever possible. The list of the uses of each plant is not exhaustive.
The medicinal prescriptions given stemmed from African traditional medicine. Nowadays, more and more scientists take an interest in traditional medicinal plants. There are two main reasons. Firstly, their effectiveness as a medicine is due to an active substance present in the plant, which can be used to make chemical medicine. For example, Uvaria acuminata is said to cure tumours. Scientists have extracted from this plant a substance called uvaricin, which seems really efficient against cancerous cells. Secondly, encouraging the use of medicinal plants in countries (like Kenya) where the access to medical products is difficult and expensive is an idea that is becoming more and more developed, by NGOs and governments.
Many of the plants are known under several names, both Swahili and English. Some plants presented here are not indigenous, like fennel, and do not have Swahili names. And sometimes English names weren’t given to Kenyan plants. The names given in the summary are botanical names, because it’s the common link between all the plants. This summary is completed with indexes of Swahili and English names.
Some books are regularly mentioned in the references of the plants. More information about these are given at the end of this report.
Uses of a lot of plants, medicinal or not, are discovered regularly by scientists.
Uses and medicinal properties of 28 plants
in Baobab Trust farm, Bamburi, Kenya
This report consists in a presentation of 28 plants present for the major part in the farm of Baobab Trust, in Bamburi, Kenya. Different uses of these plants are described, including medicinal properties and nutritional value, when it was possible. The list of the uses of each plant is not exhaustive.
By Marion Coisne (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Swahili names index
Bizari : Curcuma longa
Dodoki : Luffa aegyptiaca
Kamili : Azadirachta indica
Kibalazi-mwitu : Cadaba farinosa
Kitozi : Aloe vera
Mbaazi : cajanus cajan
Mbambara : commiphora africana
Mbungo : Saba florida
Mburungia : Solanum melongena
Mbuyu : Adansonia digitata
Mganda-simba : uvaria acuminata
Mgweni : uvaria acuminata
Mjavikali : Clausena anisata
Mkabili : Cleome gynandra
Mkilifi : Azadirachta indica
Mkororo : commiphora africana
Mkuyu : Ficus sycomorus
Mlanyuni: Hoslundia opposita
Mnafu : Solanum nigrum
Mnamaji : Trichilia emetica
Mnavu : Solanum nigrum
Mnuamaji: Trichilia emetica
Moulambulo : Hoslundia opposita
Mpamba muriti : calotropis procera
Mpapai : Carica papaya
Mtimai: Trichilia emetica
Mtomoko : Anonna sqaumosa
Mturituri : commiphora africana
Mubale: Trichilia emetica
Muvengahonye : Clausena anisata
Muvhunambezo : Clausena anisata
Muwamaji: Trichilia emetica
Mvinje : casuarina equisetifolia
Mvunja-vumo : cadaba farinosa
Mwaacha : uvaria acuminata
Mwangani : Cleome gynandra
Mwarubaini : Azadirachta indica
Mzunze : Moringa oleifera
Nyasi ngombe : cymbopogon citratus
Tangaizi : Zingiber officinale
Vumbamanga : Ocimum basilicum
English names index
Apple of Sodom : calotropis procera
Atis : Annona squamosa
Aubergine : Solanum melongena
Baobab tree : Adansonia digitata
Basil : Ocimum basilicum
Bird gooseberry : Hoslundia opposita
Black nightshade : Solanum nigrum
Brinjal : Solanum melongena
Cape mahogany : Trichilia emetica
Custard apple : Annona squamosa
Dead Sea Fruit : calotropis procera
Drumstick tree : Moringa oleifera
Egg plant : Solanum melongena
Fennel : Foeniculum vulgare
Garlic : Allium sativum
Ginger : Zingiber officinale
Horseradish tree : Moringa oleifera
Horsewood : Clausena anisata
Lemon grass : cymbopogon citrates
Loofah : Luffa aegyptiaca
Luffa : Luffa aegyptiaca
Malfura : Trichilia emetica
Malfureira-nut : Trichilia emetica
Mudar fibre : calotropis procera
Neem tree : Azadirachta indica
Orange bird berry : Hoslundia opposita
Paw-paw : Carica papaya
Pigeon pea : cajanus cajan
Sponge gourd : Luffa aegyptiaca
Sugar apple : Annona squamosa
Sycamore fig : ficus sycomorus
Turmeric : Curcuma longa
Whistling tree : casuarina equisetifolia
CP : Crude protein. This is approximated by multiplying the Kjeldahl nitrogen analysis by the factor 6.25. Depending on the type of feed, a greater or lesser part of this is true protein while the remainder is inorganic nitrogen salts, amides, ect.
EE : ether extract (crude fat). This is measured as diethylether or petroleumether extracted material. It is includes not only oils and fats but fatty acids, resins, chlorophyl, etc.
CF- Crude fibre : This refers to organic matter insoluble in hot dilutes sulphuric acid and diluted sodium hydroxide solution. It should be noted that the crude fibre in many cases is a misleading indicator of the digestibility and nutritive value of a feed.
Ash : This is determinated by igniting samples until they are free of carbon. A high value of ash for plant materiel is often an indication of contamination with soil.
NFE-Nitrogen-free extract : this is the difference between the sum of the other constituents and the original dry weight. In other words, it is what remains after the other group of components have been detected by analysis.
DM-Dry matter : All analyses are given on a dry matter basis. To convert the value given on a dry matter basis to fresh matter basis as “feed basis”, the percentage figure is multiplied with the dry matter content.
About the references
Information given in this report are from different references, books and websites. Some precisions about the books mentioned :
- African Traditional Medicine : a dictionary of plant use and applications, by H.D. Neuwinger. Medpharm Scientific Publ., 2000
- Common poisonous plants of East Africa, by Bernard Verdcourt and E.C. Trump, 1969
- Kenya Trees, Shrubs and Lianas by H.J. Beentje, 1994
- Medicinal plants of East Africa by J.O. Kokwaro, 1976
-The useful and Ornamental Plants in Zanzibar and Pemba by R.O. Williams, 1949
- Traditional Food Plants of Kenya, by Patrick M. Maundu, Grace W. Ngugi, Christine H.S. Kabuye, 1999
- Field guide to common Trees & Shrubs of East Africa by Njama Dharani, 2002
- Tropical Planting and Gardening by H.F. Macmillan, 1952
-Tropical Feeds : feeds information summaries and nutritional value, by Bo Göhl, FAO Feeds Information Centre, Animal Production and Health Division.
Common name : Baobab tree
Swahili name : Mbuyu
Family : Bombacaceae