Uses for People: Food Part of Plant that People Use




Дата канвертавання27.04.2016
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ARTICHOKE
Plant family: Sunflower (Asteraceae)

Uses for People: Food

Part of Plant that People Use: Flower bud

Ecosystem Functions: mulch, pollinators/beneficial insects

Season: Spring

Life Cycle: Perennial

Other information: Makes beautiful purple flowers.

Nutrition Notes: Lots of healthy fiber and folic acid. Low in fat and calories.

ARUGULA


Plant family: Mustard (Brassicaceae)

Uses for People: Food

Part of Plant that People Use: Leaf

Ecosystem Functions: Groundcover, pollinators/beneficial insects

Season: Year-round

Life Cycle: Self-sowing annual and some perennial varieties

Other information: Tastes great on sandwiches!

Nutrition Notes: Lots of vitamin A, vitamin C, and folic acid.

BLUEBERRY


Plant family: Heath (Ericaceae)

Uses for People: Food

Part of Plant that People Use: Berry/ fruit

Ecosystem Functions: pollinator

Season:

Life Cycle: perennial

Other information: Requires low-pH soil

Nutrition Notes: Packed with anti-oxidants which help prevent cancer!

BORAGE


Plant family: Borage (Boraganaceae)

Uses for People: Food

Part of Plant that People Use: flower

Ecosystem Functions: Pollinator/beneficial insects, mineral miners, mulch

Season:

Life Cycle: self-sowing annual

Other information: Cucumber flavor. Can put on salads or freeze in ice cubes.

Nutrition Notes: Has high amounts of Vitamin A

THYME


Plant family: Mint (Lamiaceae)

Uses for People: Tea, Culinary, Medicinal

Part of Plant that People Use: leaf

Ecosystem Functions: Pollinator/beneficial insects, mineral miners, groundcover

Season:

Life Cycle: perennial

Other information: Use for cooking or drink it during winter flu season to support your immune system. Divides easily. Bees love it.

CHAMOMILE


Plant family: Sunflower (Asteraceae)

Uses for People: Tea, Medicinal

Part of Plant that People Use: flower

Ecosystem Functions: mineral miner, pollinator/beneficial insects, groundcover

Season:

Life Cycle: perennial or annual

Other information: Pregnant women should not drink!

CHIVES


Plant family: Onion (Allium)

Uses for People: Culinary, medicinal

Part of Plant that People Use: leaf, flower

Ecosystem Functions: companion plant, pollinators/beneficial insects, mineral miners

Season:

Life Cycle: perennial

Other information: Scent of alliums may confuse pest insects.

Nutrition Notes: Chives have high amounts of sulfur which helps your body eliminate toxins.

CILANTRO


Plant family: Carrot (Apiaceae)

Uses for People: Culinary

Part of Plant that People Use: leaf

Ecosystem Functions: pollinators/beneficial insects

Season:

Life Cycle: self-sowing annual

Nutrition Notes: Low calorie with lots of Vitamin A.

DILL


Plant family: Carrot (Apiaceae)

Uses for People: culinary

Part of Plant that People Use: leaf/stem

Ecosystem Functions: Pollinator/beneficial insects

Season:

Life Cycle: self-sowing annual

GRAPE


Plant family: Grape (Vitaceae)

Uses for People: food

Part of Plant that People Use: fruit, leaf

Ecosystem Functions: pollinators

Season:

Life Cycle: perennial

Other information: One of the most ancient cultivated plants.

Nutrition Notes: Grapes have lots of anti-oxidants which help to prevent cancer.

EGYPTIAN WALKING ONION


Plant family: Onion (Allium)

Uses for People: food

Part of Plant that People Use: root/tuber, leaf

Ecosystem Functions: groundcover, companion plant

Season:

Life Cycle: perennial

Nutrition Notes: Like all alliums, these have high amounts of sulfur. Sulfur helps you body eliminate toxins.

MEYER LEMON


Plant family: Citrus (Rutaceae)

Uses for People: food

Part of Plant that People Use: fruit, flower

Ecosystem Functions: pollinators

Season:

Life Cycle: perennial

Other information: Meyer lemon is a cross between a lemon and an orange.

Nutrition Notes: Lots of vitamin C.

LEMON GRASS


Plant family: Grass (Poaceae)

Layer: herb

Uses for People: food, culinary

Part of Plant that People Use: leaves

Ecosystem Functions: mineral miner

Season:

Life Cycle: perennial

LLACON


Plant family: Sunflower (Asteraceae)

Layer: herb

Uses for People: food, medicinal

Part of Plant that People Use: tuber

Ecosystem Functions: mulch crop, pollinators/beneficial insects

Season:

Life Cycle: perennial

Other information: Eat like jicama---squeeze a lemon over it and sprinkle hot pepper.

Nutrition Notes: Sweet but your body cannot use the sugar.

OCA


Plant family: Oxalis (Oxalidaceae)

Layer: root

Uses for People: food

Part of Plant that People Use: tuber

Ecosystem Functions: groundcover

Season:

Life Cycle: perennial

Nutrition Notes: High in Vitamin C, potassium, and iron.

PURPLE TREE COLLARD


Plant family: Mustard (Brassicaceae)

Layer: shrub

Uses for People: food

Part of Plant that People Use: leaves

Season:

Life Cycle: perennial

Nutrition Notes: Contains lots of fiber and iron.

PLUM


Plant family: Rose (Rosaceae)

Layer: tree

Uses for People: food

Part of Plant that People Use: fruit

Ecosystem Functions: mulch

Season:

Life Cycle: perennial

Nutrition Notes: Good source of fiber and vitamins A and K.

RHUBARB


Plant family: Buckwheat (Polygonaceae)

Layer: herb

Uses for People: food

Part of Plant that People Use: stem

Ecosystem Functions: mineral miners, mulch crop

Season:

Life Cycle: perennial

Nutrition Notes: Low calories but good source of potassium, fiber, and Vitamin C.

SORREL


Plant family: Buckwheat (Polygonaceae)

Layer: herb

Uses for People: food

Part of Plant that People Use: leaves

Ecosystem Functions: mulch crop, mineral miner

Season:

Life Cycle: perennial

Nutrition Notes: Low in calories but high in fiber, vitamin C, and iron.

ST. JOHNS WORT


Plant family: Hypercaceae

Layer: herb

Uses for People: medicinal

Part of Plant that People Use: Leaves, flower

Ecosystem Functions: groundcover, pollinators/beneficial insects

Season:

Life Cycle: perennial

Other information: Tea is thought to help depression.

STRAWBERRY


Plant family: Rose (Rosaceae)

Layer: groundcover

Uses for People: food

Part of Plant that People Use: fruit

Ecosystem Functions: groundcover, pollinators/beneficial insects

Season:

Life Cycle: perennial

Nutrition Notes: High in Vitamin C.

YARROW


Plant family: Sunflower (Asteraceae)

Layer: herb

Uses for People: medicinal

Part of Plant that People Use: flower, leaves

Ecosystem Functions: pollinators/beneficial insects, mineral miners

Season:

Life Cycle: perennial

Other information: Ancient Greek warriors (including the famous Achilles for whom the plant is named) used this plant to treat battle wounds...it helped stop bleeding.

YERBA BUENA


Plant family: Mint (Laminaceae)

Layer: groundcover

Uses for People: Medicinal, tea

Part of Plant that People Use: leaves

Ecosystem Functions: groundcover, mineral miner, pollinator/beneficial insects

Season:

Life Cycle: perennial

Nutrition Notes: Contains vitamins A and C.

TREE TOMATO


Plant family: Tomato (Solanaceae)

Layer: shrub

Uses for People: food

Part of Plant that People Use: fruit

Ecosystem Functions: pollinator/beneficial insects

Season:

Life Cycle: perennial

Nutrition Notes: High in Vitamins A and C.

INCA BERRY


Plant family: Tomato (Solanaceae)

Layer: shrub

Uses for People: food

Part of Plant that People Use: fruit

Ecosystem Functions: pollinator/beneficial insects

Season:

Life Cycle: perennial

Nutrition Notes: High in Vitamin C.

GOUMI (SWEET SCARLET)


Plant family: Eleagnus (Eleagnaceae)

Layer: shrub

Uses for People: food

Part of Plant that People Use: fruit

Ecosystem Functions: nitrogen, mulch

Season:

Life Cycle: perennial

Nutrition Notes: High in Vitamin C.


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