University of kent school of physical sciences




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UNIVERSITY OF KENT


SCHOOL OF PHYSICAL SCIENCES
CAPS Report: 22 22 April – 21 September 2008 – 9 January 2009
22/09/200812/01/09
Generneral News

The CAPS Triennial Review has passed scrutiny at all levels and been approved.


The Centre intends to participate in programmes for the International Year of Astronomy, 2009 suipported by UNESCO and the IAU. . A series of lectures and observing evenings has been is envisioned. A scheduled in consideration with other astronomy-interested has yet to be made outgroups in Kent. Details are published online at:

http://astro.kent.ac.uk/mds/PR/iya2009-kent.html
The closing date for the SEPNet Astro Lectureship has no passed and candidate’s applications are now being assessed. Interviews are scheduled for Wednesday, February 18.
SEPNet Astro webpages are being organised by Dr Mark Price. Prof Michael Smith will help manage the information.
.
Grants
Professor Burchell passed the first, screening, stage of a Leverhulme grant application (£120,000) and has now been asked to submit the full proposal.

Outline approval of a STFC grant (~£17k) has been indicated to run a STFC funded PhD student summer school on Astrobiology at Kent in Sept. 2009. Prof. Burchell is the main organiser of this.

Financial upport for Space School for three years (£6.9K) has been approved under the STFC Small Award Scheme (PI: Smith).
Standard Grant application to STFC, for 1PDRA+1PhD (Froebrich) and 1PDRA (Smith) were considered as:” fundable, not funded”..

An FP7 Marie Curie programme ‘Travel Grant’ in collaboration with Porto and Indian astronomers has been negotiated and is now ready for signatures (PI is Nanda Kumar, Porto).


Visitors

  • Dr Gareth Collins (Imperial College) and his PhD student visited for a day to discuss ongoing collaborations.

  • A. Kearsley (Natural History Museum London) made several short visits to collaborate.

  • Dr. T. Kees (Leeds) visited for 2 days to collaborate on impact work.

  • Dr David Wilson (Keele) is visiting in January and February and revitalising the Space School Programme.

  • Other visitors to CAPS included. Nick Tothill (Exeter).for a seminar and discussions, Chris Rees in October,, Rene Oudemaijer (Leeds)


Conference/workshop attendance
Prof. Burchell, attended the Stardust Timber Cove II meeting in California (Nov. 2008) and presented two posters.

Prof. Burchell attended a workshop on organics in the early Solar System at ISSI (Bern) in Nov.

Dr Froebrich attended: Science from UKIDSS II - Workshop, RAS London, UK, talk given

15th and 16th December. Dr Frobrich attended a training course "Recruitment and Selection Training"

Dr Price attended an Autodyn computer code training course

Dr Froebrich held the following talks:
11.11.2008, Kings School Canterbury, Star clusters and the Structure of the

Milky Way Harvey Society talk


16.12.2008, RAS London, Characterising the properties and structures of (young)

star clusters and molecular clouds with UKIDSS Science from UKIDSS II - Workshop


Meetings
Prof. Burchell was the main organiser of a 1 day meeting at the Royal Astronomy Society on Comets after Stardust (Oct 10th, 2008). There were 14 speakers (including 2 from overseas) and 6 posters.

Prof. Burchell organised the first (1 day) meeting of a new national group of hydrocode impact modellers (held in London, end Sept. 2008)


Dr Froebrich attanded a UKIRT TAC Meeting, 24.11.
Publications
Prof Burchell had four new journal papers appearing in the period, making a total of 13 in 2008.

  1. Micro-craters in Aluminium Foils on NASA’s Stardust Spacecraft: Implications for dust microparticles emanating from Comet Wild 2. Kearsley A.T., Graham G.A., Burchell M.J., Cole M.J., Wozniakiewicz, Teslich N., Bringa E., Hörz F., Blüm and Poppe T. Int. J. Impact Engng., 35, 1616 – 1624, 2008.

  2. Survival of Seeds in Hypervelocity Impacts. Jerling A., Burchell M.J., Tepfer D. Int. J. Astrobiology 7, 217 – 222, 2008.

  3. Residual Temperature Measurements of Light Flash Under Hypervelocity Impact, Tsembelis K., Burchell MJ, Cole MJ, and Margaritis N. Int. J. Impact Engng. 35, 1368 – 1373, 2008.

  4. The thermal alteration by pyrolysis of the organic component of small projectiles of mudrock during capture at hypervelocity, Bowden S.A., Court R.W., Milner D., Baldwin E., Lindgren P., Crawford I., Parnell J., and Burchell MJ. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis 82, 312 - 314, 2008.

3 new journal papers have been submitted.
Dr Price has submitted two papers for the Lunar and Planetary Space conference in March.
Froebrich, D., Meusinger, H., Scholz, A., 2008, NTT follow-up observations

of star cluster candidates from the FSR catalogue, MNRAS, 390, 1598


Aspin, Colin; Beck, Tracy L.; Pyo, Tae-Soo; Davis, Chris J.; Schieven, Gerald M.; Khanzadyan, Tigran; Magakian, Tigran Yu.; Movsessian, Tigran A.; Nikogossian, Elena G.; Mitchison, Sharon; Smith, Michael D.

Near-IR Spectroscopy of Young Stars in the Braid Nebula Star Formation Region in Cygnus OB7, 2009, Astronomical J., 137, 431


Lucas, P. W.; Hoare, M. G.; Longmore, A.; Schröder, A. C.; Davis, C. J.; Adamson, A.; Bandyopadhyay, R. M.; de Grijs, R.; Smith, M.;et al., The UKIDSS Galactic Plane Survey2008, MNRAS 391, 136
Kraus, S.; et al including Smith, M.D., The origin of hydrogen line emission for five Herbig Ae/Be stars spatially resolved by VLTI/AMBER spectro-interferometry2008, Astronomy and Astrophysics, Volume 489, Issue 3, 2008, pp.1157-1173

Refereed accepted:
Ghosh, S., Froebrich, D., Freitas, A.A., 2008, Robust autonomous detection

of the defective pixels in detectors using a probabilistic technique,

Applied Optics, in press
Davis, C.J., Froebrich, D., Stanke, T., Megeath, S.T., Kumar, M.S.N., Adamson,

A., Eislöffel, J., Gredel, R., Khanzadyan, T., Lucas, P., Smith, M.D. and

Varricatt, W.P., 2009, A census of molecular outflows and their sources along

the Orion A molecular ridge. Characteristics and overall distribution, A&A, in

press
Dionatos, O.; Nisini, B.; Garcia Lopez, R.; Giannini, T.; Davis, C. J.; Smith, M. D.; Ray, T. P.; De Luca, M., Atomic jets from class 0 sources detected by Spitzer: the case of L1448-C, ApJ in press
Refereed submitted:
Rowles, J., Froebrich, D., 2009, The Structure of Molecular Clouds: I - All Sky

Near Infrared Extinction Maps, MNRAS, subm.


Froebrich, D., Meusinger, H., Davis, C.J., Schmeja, S., 2009, UKIRT follow-up

observations of the old open cluster FSR0358, MNRAS, subm.


Li, J. Z.; Smith, M. D.; Huang, M.; Qin, S. L., rotostellar fountains do shape the regional core mass function?, ApJ, submitted

Research Management

Prof. Burchell has been re-appointed (un-opposed) as Chair of the Astrobiology Society for Britain for 2 more years (2008 – 2010).

Prof. Burchell attended a planning meeting in Nashville (Tn) in Dec, as part of planning for next year’s Shock Compression of Condensed Matter conference to be held in Nashville.

Prof Smith attended the SEPNet-Astro Steering Group meeting at Chilbolton. The field in which the first UK LOFAR station is to be erected was visited.



Student news:
Stuart Standen joined CAPS as an MSc student supervised by Prof. Burchell (co-supervisor Dr. Froebrich).

Michael Knight joined CAPS as a PhD student supervised by Prof Smith (co-supervisor Dr. Miao).

Chris Rees joined CAPS in December as a part-time PhD student supervised by Prof Smith (co-supervisor Dr. Froebrich).
Jonathan Rowles submitted his first paper, produced extinction maps now online.
In Aug, Dr. Mark Price joined the group as a PDRA (on a STFC grant held by Burchell) to set up an impact modelling facility.
Visitors
Visitors to CAPS included. Jenniffer Hatchell (Exeter) and Antony Moraghan (Armagh in May.

Both held seminars during their visits

Prof. Steve Armes (Sheffield) visited for 1 day in mid Aug.
Conferences/Visits/Seminars

Froebrich, Smith and Rowles attended the Joint European National Astronomy Meeting

In Vienna in September. Froebrich gave a conference talk and Rowles presented a poster.

.

Froebrich held a seminar at the Joint Astronomy Centre, Hilo, USA, a seminar at Thuringian State Observatory, Tautenburg, Germany and a colloquium at the University of Heidelberg, Germany, during summer visits.


Froebrich carried out observations on the UK Infrared Telescope, Mauna Kea, in July.

Smith visited the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy in Heidelberg and attended sessions of the IAU conference on Cosmic Dust. He also attended a SEPNET–Astro meeting in Portsmouth and a LOFAR meeting in Southampton. Burchell attended a 4 day workshop on organics in the early Solar System at ISSI (Bern) in May, where he gave a talk. Burchell attended the 3rd Astrobiology Society of Britain (ASB) conference, Cardiff (July), where he gave 3 talks and the closing address by the Chair (he is Chair of the ASB). Burchell and Foster attended Asteroids, Comets and Meteors (ACM) 2008, in Baltimore in July. Both gave talks. In Aug, Burchell attended EANA08 (the European Astrobiology conference) in Neuchatel, Switzerland, where he gave a talk. Burchell has organised a 1 day meeting about comets at the Royal Astronomical Society for Oct 2008 and has been invited to organise one of the parallel sessions at the 2009 international conference on Shock Compression of Condensed Matter (Nashville, July 2009). Publications A Strategic Plan for CAPS has been published on the website; http://astro.kent.ac.uk/mds/CAPS/ The CAPS Triennial Review is due and a submission has been made to the Faculty Board. The document is available from the above website where all the previous ASM CAPS reports are also listed.


Journal Papers 2008 Acronyms - A&A: Astronomy & Astrophysics; MNRAS: Monthly Notices RAS; ApJ: Astrophysical Journal)

CAPS has published/submitted 20 papers so far this year. The full list is at:

http://astro.kent.ac.uk/research/2008caps-papers.htm
Recent papers include:
Residual Temperature Measurements of Light Flash Under Hypervelocity Impact, Tsembelis K., Burchell MJ, Cole MJ, and Margaritis N. Int. J. Impact Engng. 35, 1368 – 1373, 2008.
The thermal alteration by pyrolysis of the organic component of small projectiles of mudrock during capture at hypervelocity, Bowden S.A., Court R.W., Milner D., Baldwin E., Lindgren P., Crawford I., Parnell J., and Burchell MJ. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis 82, 312 - 314, 2008.
Sample Return of Interstellar Matter, Srama R. et al. (31 authors including Burchell M.J.). Experimental Astronomy, DOI 10.1007/s10686-008-9088-7 (open access journal).
Dust from comet Wild 2: Interpreting particle size, shape, structure and composition from impact features on the Stardust aluminium foils. A. T. Kearsley, J. Borg, G. A. Graham, M. J. Burchell, M. J. Cole, H. Leroux, J. C. Bridges, F. Hörz, P. J. Wozniakiewicz, P. A. Bland, J. P. Bradley, Z. R. Dai, N. Teslich, T. See, P. Hoppe, P. R. Heck, J. Huth, F. J. Stadermann, C. Floss, K. Marhas, T. Stephan and J. Leitner. Meteoritics and Planetary Science 43, 41 – 74, 2008.
Characteristics of Cometary Dust Tracks in Stardust Aerogel and Laboratory Calibrations. Burchell M.J., Fairey S.A.J., Wozniakiewicz P., Brownlee D.E., Hörz F., Kearsley A.T., See T.H., Westphal A., Green S.F., Trigo-Rodríguez J.M. Meteoritics and Planetary Science 43, 23 – 40, 2008.
Discovery of Non-Random Spatial Distribution of Impacts in the Stardust Cometary Collector. A.J. Westphal, R.K. Bastien, J. Borg, J. Bridges, D.E. Brownlee, M.J. Burchell, A.F. Cheng, B.C. Clark, Z. Djouadi, C. Floss, I. Franchi, Z. Gainsforth, G. Graham, S.F. Green, P.R. Heck, M. Horányi, P. Hoppe, F.P. Hörz, J. Huth, A. Kearsley, H. Leroux, K. Marhas, K. Nakamura-Messenger, S.A. Sandford, T.H. See, F.J. Stadermann, N.E. Teslich, S. Tsitrin, J.L. Warren, P.J. Wozniakiewicz, and M.E. Zolensky. Meteoritics and Planetary Science 43, 415 – 429, 2008.
Bulbous tracks arising from hypervelocity impact in aerogel. Trigo-Rodríguez J, Domínguez G., Burchell MJ, Hörz F, Lorca J. Meteoritics and Planetary Science 43, 75 – 86, 2008
Smelting of Fe-Bearing Glass During Hypervelocity Capture in Aerogel. Marcus M.A., Fakra S., Westphal A., Snead C., Keller L.P., Kearsley A., Burchell M. Meteoritics and Planetary Science 43, 87 – 96, 2008.
Identification of Mineral Impactors in Hypervelocity Impact Craters in Aluminium by Raman Spectroscopy of Residues. Burchell M.J., Foster N.J., Kearsley A.T. and Creighton J.A. Meteoritics and Planetary Science 43, 135 – 142, 2008.
Impact Cratering and Break-up of the Small Bodies of the Solar System. Leliwa-Kopystynski J., Burchell M.J. and Lowen D. Icarus 195, 817 – 826, 2008.

Caratti o Garatti, A., Froebrich, D., Eislöffel, J., Giannini, T., Nisini, B., 2008, Molecular jets driven by high-mass protostars: a detailed study of the IRAS 20126+4104 jet, A&A, 485, 137

Recent refereed acceptance:
Froebrich, D., Meusinger, H., Scholz, A., 2008, NTT follow-up observations of star cluster candidates from the FSR catalogue, MNRAS, accepted
Ghosh, S., Froebrich, D., Freitas, A.A., 2008, Robust autonomous detection of the defective pixels in detectors using a probabilistic technique, Applied Optics, accepted
Kraus et al. including Smith, Michael D. ; 2008,

The origin of hydrogen line emission for five HerbigAe/Be stars spatially resolved by VLTI/AMBER spectro-interferometry A&A, in press, astro-ph preprint: 2008arXiv0807.1119K


Non-refereed published:
Froebrich, D., Meusinger, H., Davis, C.J., 2008, FSR0190 - An Old Stellar Cluster in the Galaxy, UKIRT Newsletter
Matsuura, M.; Speck, A.K.; Smith, M. D.; Zijlstra, A.A.; Viti, S.; Lowe, K.T.E.; Redman, M.; Wareing, C.J.; Lagadec, E. 2007 . SINFONI Observations of Comet-shaped Knots in the Planetary Nebula NGC 7293 (the Helix Nebula) The Messenger, 132, 37-40

Posters presented:


Rowles, J., Froebrich, D., Smith, M.D., 2008, Exploitation of 2MASS: An All Sky Near Infrared Extinction Map, Poster at JENAM 2008

Nick Foster presented a poster at ACM2008 (Baltimore). Events/Media Space School was highly successful. Due to the congregating archbishops, only one weekend was possible. However, about 50 teenagers turned up. The event was very well run and all the helpers and staff must be thanked.

Froebrich participated in an outreach program for schools entitled "Test Strip".

Webpages for the CAPS group have been updated. This includes the Projects and missions page:



http://astro.kent.ac.uk/research/missions.htm
Burchell gave several local radio and media interviews about the start of the LHC at CERN.

Student news

Alex Howard got Msc degree

Rick Walker (co-with computer science) got PHD.

Jonathan Rowles reached completeion of his award of an MSc.

JR submitted his 9month report, decision pending

JR attanded JENAM2008 conference, presented poster

JR finished calculation on all sky extinction map

Alex Howard

Grants/Awards/Proposals

 

An STFC 3 An FP7 Marie Curie programme ‘Travel Grant’ in collaboration with Porto and Indian astronomers is in the process of negotiation (PI is Nanda Kumar, Porto).



Standard Grant applications were submitted to STFC, for one PDRA+1 Studentship

(Froebrich) and one PDRA+ compute cluster (Smith).

A 3 hour observing time slot on UKIRT was awarded (PI Froebrich), data has already been taken.

An application for £120,000 was made to Leverhulme by Burchell, to fund studies in response of organics to shock impacts. A NASA sub-contract was agreed for work at Kent in the impact lab ($12,500). Committees Froebrich attanded UKIRT TAC Meeting, 20.5.No news. He has also joined Smith on the SEPNET-Astro Steering Group. Burchell attended a meeting in Aug of the committee of the Federation of Astrobiology Organisations (at Neuchatel). In July, he Chaired a meeting of the Astrobiology Society of Britain committee during their conference in Cardiff



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