This draft has not been discussed




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61  Oxalidaceae (Draft: R. Elven)

THIS DRAFT HAS NOT BEEN DISCUSSED

61.1  Oxalis L. (1753), Sp. Pl. 433.
61.1.1  Oxalis acetosella L. (1753), Sp. Pl. 433.

S

2n= (1) 22 (2x). (2) 22-24. (3) 30.



2nD (1) Löve & Löve (1975) list several counts, two as arctic; Lövkvist & Hultgård (1999 S Sweden). (2-3) Bolkhovskikh et al. (1969) list two counts.

G RUS?


Comments:

(1) In the map of Hultén & Fries (1986 map 1260) some occurrences in Kanin Peninsula, Malozemelskaya and Bolshezemelskaya Tundras are close to or penetrating the Arctic. Should probably be accepted as a border case. (Elven)



62  Geraniaceae (Draft: R. Elven)

THIS DRAFT HAS NOT BEEN DISCUSSED

Comments:

(1) Erodium L'Hér. with E. cicutarium (L.) L'Hér. is reported from several arctic sites but I assume only as a casual. Not included. (Elven)

62.1  Geranium L. (1753), Sp. Pl. 676.

Comments:

(1) Geranium bicknellii Britt. (1897), Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 1897: 92, is mapped close to SW Hudson Bay by Porsild & Cody (1980) but is only reported well south of Churchill and from the James Bay area by Scoggan (1978). Not included. (Elven)
62.1.1  Geranium sylvaticum L. (1753), Sp. Pl. 681.

S

2n= 28 (4x).



2nD Löve & Löve (1975) list several counts, one Icelandic; Lövkvist & Hultgård (1999 S & N Sweden).

G ICE NOR RUS SIB GRL

Comments: Subsp. sylvaticum in the Arctic.
62.1.2  Geranium albiflorum Ledeb. (1829), Icon. Pl. Fl. Ross. 1: 6, t. 18.

S

2n= 28 (4x).



2nD Sokolovskaya (1970); Krogulevich (1971).

G RUS SIB

Comments:
62.1.3  Geranium pratense L. (1753), Sp. Pl. 681.

S

2n= 28 (4x).



2nD Löve & Löve (1975) list six non-arctic counts.

G RUS SIB

Comments:
62.1.4  Geranium erianthum DC. (1824), Prodr. 1: 641.

S

T [Described from Kamtchatka and N and W America.]



2n= 28 (4x).

2nD Sokolovskaya (1960a); Shimizu (1971).

G RFE ALA

Comments:



63  Linaceae (Draft: R. Elven)

THIS DRAFT HAS ONLY BEEN DISCUSSED SUPERFICIALLY WITH DR. EGOROVA

63.1  Linum L. (1753), Sp. Pl. 277.
63.1.1  Linum catharticum L. (1753), Sp. Pl. 281.

S

2n= 16 (2x).



2nD Löve & Löve (1975) list several counts, one Icelandic; Lövkvist & Hultgård (1999 S Sweden).

G ICE


Comments:

(1) Mapped by Kristinsson from the arctic parts of Iceland, in the Eyjafjördur area. (Elven)


63.1.2  Linum perenne L. (1753), Sp. Pl. 277.

S

Comments:



(1) If we consider all the northern material as races of L. perenne, we have to decide whether the northern Russian material is to be placed in a (widely defined) subsp. perenne or in a separate race, 'komarovii' or 'boreale'. If we split the L. perenne group on two species the names are clear (L. komarovii and L. lewisii) but then we should unite them in an aggregate   the L. perenne aggregate   with a comment. What we can't do is to recognise the Russian plant as a separate species while we keep the North American one within L. perenne. (Elven)

WARNING! Might be split on two species, L. komarovii and L. lewisii.
63.1.2.1  Linum perenne L. subsp. perenne

S L. perenne L. var. boreale (Juz.) Serg. in Krylov (1964), Fl. Zap. Sib. 12, 2: 3381; L. boreale Juz. in Kom. (1949, Fl. SSSR 14: 111, 718; L. komarovii Juz. in Kom. (1949, Fl. SSSR 14: 112, 719) subsp. boreale (Juz.) Egor. in Tzvel. (1996), Fl. Vost. Evr. 9: 354.

2n= (1) 18 (2x). (2) 36 (4x).

2nD (1-2) Bolkhovskikh et al. (1969) list two counts for each level, for L. alpinum.

G RUS SIB RFE?

Comments:

(1) The northern Russian material is considered as a separate var. boreale. Flora Europaea 2 (1968) recognizes the N Ural plants as: subsp. alpinum (Jacq.) Ockendon (1967), Feddes Repert. 74: 20 [basionym: L. alpinum Jacq. (1762), Enum. Stirp. Vindob. 54: 229]. Should we accept this? Egorova now recognizes it as L. komarovii subsp. boreale. (Elven)
63.1.2.2  Linum perenne L. subsp. lewisii (Pursh) Hultén (1947), Lunds Univ. Årsskr., n. f., avd. 2, 43, 1: 1122.

B L. lewisii Pursh (1814), Fl. Amer. Sept. 1: 210.

S

T [Described from N America, Rocky Mts. and banks of the Missouri.]



2n= 18 (2x).

2nD Löve & Löve (1975) list seven non-arctic counts.

G ALA CAN

Comments:



64  Euphorbiaceae (Draft: A.A. Korobkov)

THIS DRAFT HAS NOT BEEN DISCUSSED

64.1  Euphorbia L. (1753), Sp. Pl. 450.

Comments:

(1) Euphorbia helioscopia L. (1753), Sp. Pl. 459, has been found as a casual in a few places in the Arctic, e.g. in Vardø (NE Norway). (Elven)
64.1.1  Euphorbia discolor Ledeb. (1850), Fl. Ross. 3: 577.

S

2n=



2nD

G SIB


Comments:

(1) The species belong in the polymorphic E. esula complex and could perhaps be included in an extended E. esula L. (1753), Sp. Pl. 461. (Elven)



WARNING! Should be compared with E. esula before acceptance as a separate species.

65  Polygalaceae (Draft: R. Elven)

THIS DRAFT HAS NOT BEEN DISCUSSED

65.1  Polygala L. (1753), Sp. Pl. 701.
65.1.1  Polygala serpyllifolia J.A.C. Hose (1797), Ann. Bot. (Usteri) 21: 39.

S

2n= (1) 32. (2) 34. (3) c. 68.



2nD (1) Björse in Löve & Löve (1961). (2) Reese in Löve & Löve (1961); Glendinning (1960). (3) Glendinning (1960).

G GRL


Comments:

(1) One site in SE Greenland. (Elven)



66  Balsaminaceae (Draft: R. Elven)

THIS DRAFT HAS NOT BEEN DISCUSSED

66.1  Impatiens L. (1753), Sp. Pl. 937.
66.1.1  Impatiens noli-tangere L. (1753), Sp. Pl. 938.

S

2n= (1) 20 (2x). (2) 40 (4x).



2nD (1) Bolkhovskikh et al. (1969) list six non-arctic counts. (2) Skalinska et al. (1959).

G ALA


Comments:

(1) Reaches the Arctic as defined in the Yukon River delta. Replaced by I. capensis Meerb. (1775), Afbeeld. Zeldz. Gew. t. 10, in most of North America, e.g., in the Hudson/James Bay area, but that species does not seem to reach the Arctic. (Elven)



[00]  Thymelaeaceae (Draft: R. Elven)

THIS DRAFT HAS NOT BEEN DISCUSSED
Daphne L. (1753), Sp. Pl. 356, with D. mezereum L. (1753), Sp. Pl. 356, approaches but probably does not reach the Arctic in northern European Russia (Ko, Ka, MT, BT). The mapped sites seem to be too far south for it to be an acceptable border case. (Elven)

[00]  Hypericaceae (Draft: R. Elven)

THIS DRAFT HAS NOT BEEN DISCUSSED
Hypericum L. (1753), Sp. Pl. 783, with H. maculatum Cr. (1763), Stirp. Austr. 2: 64, approaches the Arctic in N Norway and in N Russia (BT) but is probably only found distinctly south of boundary. The plants that approach the Arctic belong to subsp. maculatum. (Elven)


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